Ulysses S. Grant Papers
The papers of Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), army officer and eighteenth president of the United States, contain approximately 50,000 items dating from 1819-1974, with the bulk falling in the period 1843-1885. They include general and family correspondence, speeches, writings, reports, messages, military records, financial and legal records, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, memorabilia, and other papers. The collection relates to Grant's service in the Mexican War and Civil War, his pre-Civil War career, and his postwar service as U.S. secretary of war ad interim under President Andrew Johnson, his 1868 presidential campaign and two-term presidency, his unsuccessful 1880 presidential bid, and his extensive travels and financial difficulties. The collection also includes the manuscript draft of his Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, correspondence and memoirs of his wife Julia Dent Grant (1826-1902), and a galley proof of the biography Ulysses S. Grant: Warrior and Statesman (1969) by his grandson Ulysses S. Grant III.
A selection of highlights from this collection includes:
- Ulysses S. Grant's assignment to command the armies of the United States, signed by President Abraham Lincoln, March 10, 1864.
- Letter, Ulysses S. Grant to Edwin M. Stanton, May 11, 1864, in which he proposed "to fight it out on this line if it takes all summer."
- Communication between Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee prior to Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House, Virgnia, April 9, 1865.
- Ulysses S. Grant, manuscript copy of first inaugural address delivered March 4, 1869.
- Ulysses S. Grant, manuscript page of memoir, ca. 1884-85, expressing his regret for the last assault on Cold Harbor, Virginia, June 3, 1864.
Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress
The Abraham Lincoln Papers contain more than 180 items
to, from, or referring to Ulysses S. Grant.
Among the collection’s Grant-related materials
- Abraham Lincoln to Ulysses S. Grant, Monday, July
13, 1863 (Congratulations on capture of Vicksburg).
- Ulysses S. Grant to Abraham Lincoln, Saturday, January
21, 1865 (Military appointment for Robert Todd Lincoln).
- Ulysses S. Grant to Abraham Lincoln, Tuesday, January
31, 1865 (Telegram concerning Hampton Roads Conference).
Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional
Documents and Debates, 1774-1875
This collection contains a large selection of congressional
material related to Ulysses S. Grant's military career
and presidency (1869-77).
- The Congressional
Globe contains congressional debate and
presidential messages from Grant's first administration
(1869-73), including his First,
and Fourth Annual
Messages to Congress.
- The Congressional
Record began publication in 1873 and it
is the fourth and final series of publications containing
the debates of Congress. The Congressional
Record is only available
in this collection from 1873 to 1875, and includes
Grant's Fifth and Sixth
Annual Messages to Congress.
- The United
States Statutes at Large contains the full text
of all the laws enacted and treaties ratified during
Grant's presidency, including the 15th
Amendment to the
Constitution and the Civil
Rights Act of 1875.
The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920
This collection documents the historical formation and
cultural foundations of the movement to conserve and protect
America's natural heritage through books, pamphlets, government
documents, manuscripts, prints, photographs, and motion
picture footage drawn from the collections of the Library
of Congress. President Ulysses S. Grant signed into law
Establishing Yellowstone National Park in 1872 and
Culture Act in
Printed Ephemera: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera
The Printed Ephemera collection comprises 28,000 primary
source items dating from the seventeenth century to the
present and encompasses key events and eras in American
history. Search the
collectoin to find
items related to Grant including his proclamation announcing
Amendment to the Constitution and campaign
literature from the 1868 election.
U.S. Presidential Inaugurations: "I Do Solemnly Swear..." A Resource Guide
This collection contains approximately 400 items relating
to presidential inaugurations, including Grant's first
inauguration in 1869 and his second
inauguration in 1873.
William T. Sherman Papers
The papers of General William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) span the years 1810-1897, with the bulk of the material originating between 1848 and 1891. The Sherman Papers includes many letters to and from Ulysses S. Grant.
Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents
Celebrating the Manuscript Division's First 100 Years
In honor of the Manuscript Division's centennial, its
staff selected for online display approximately ninety
representative documents from the fifteenth century
to the mid-twentieth century. The collection contains Ulysses
S. Grant's commission
as lieutenant general signed
by Abraham Lincoln.