John Tyler Papers
The John Tyler Papers, one of twenty-three presidential collections in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division, contains more than 1,400 items dating from 1691 to 1918, most of which fall between 1757 and 1918. The collection is made up primarily of correspondence, including letters and copies of letters to or from Tyler (1790-1862), a governor and U.S. representative and senator from Virginia, who served as vice president under William Henry Harrison before becoming the tenth president of the United States upon Harrison’s death in 1841. Also included are letters to and from Julia Gardiner Tyler, Tyler’s second wife, and members of the Gardiner family, and “autograph” letters by others, which were collected by Tyler.
A selection of highlights includes:
- Letter, John Tyler to William C. Rives, Jr., April 9, 1841, responding to news of William Henry Harrison's death.
- Letter, Caleb Cushing to John Tyler, July 18, 1844, concerning the Treaty of Wanghia, the first trade treaty between the U.S. and China.
- John Tyler, Address to the People of the Northern States, Virginia Convention, draft fragment, n.d. .
- Engraved seated portrait, John Tyler, from the original painting by Chapel, 1863, Johnson, Fry, and Co., Publishers, New York.
Additional Digital Collections
American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and
Other Printed Ephemera
The Printed Ephemera collection comprises 28,000 primary
source items dating from the seventeenth century to the
present and encompasses key events and eras in American
history. Search the
collection to find
items related to John Tyler, including his veto of the
rechartering the Bank
of the United States in 1841 and a treaty
with Ecuador ratified in 1842.
Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional
Documents and Debates, 1774-1875
This collection contains a large selection of congressional
material related to John Tyler's political career
as a member of the House of Representatives,
U.S. senator, vice president, and president. Search
this collection by date and type of publication to
find materials related to Tyler.
- The Annals
of Congress provides the text of congressional
debates from Tyler's service in the House of Representatives
- The Register
of Debates provides the text of congressional
debates from Tyler's service in the U.S. Senate (1827-36).
- The Congressional
Globe provides the text of congressional
debates and presidential messages from Tyler's presidency
(1841-45), including his First,
and Fourth Annual
Messages to Congress. This publication also contains
information on the first
presidential veto overridden by Congress
in American history, a vote on a minor funding bill
for cutters and steamers that occurred on Tyler's
last day in office.
- The United
States Statutes at Large contain the full text
of all the laws enacted and treaties ratified during
Tyler's presidency, including the Webster-Ashburton
Treaty of 1843 that normalized U.S.-British relations
and the first formal
treaty signed between the U.S.
- The Journal
of the Congress of the Confederate States of America documents
the proceedings of the Confederate Congress from
1861 to 1865. After Virginia seceded from the Union,
Tyler served in the provisional Confederate Congress
and was elected to the Confederate States of America's
House of Representatives. Tyler died on
January 18, 1862, before he could take his seat. A
in honor of John Tyler can be found in the
Journals on January 20, 1862.
Do Solemnly Swear...": Presidential Inaugurations
This collection contains approximately 400 items relating
to presidential inaugurations, including an image of John
Tyler receiving the news of William Henry Harrison's
Music for the Nation: American Sheet Music, Ca. 1820 to 1860
This collection consists of over 15,000 pieces of sheet music registered for copyright during the years 1820 to 1860.