American Memory Historical Collections
Examples of materials related to North Carolina are provided for most of the collections listed below. Search on the term North Carolina to locate additional resources within these American Memory collections
Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress
The complete Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress consist of approximately 20,000 documents which include incoming and outgoing correspondence and enclosures, drafts of speeches, and notes and printed material.
The African-American Experience in Ohio: Selections from the Ohio Historical Society
This selection of manuscript and printed text and images illuminates the history of black Ohio from 1850 to 1920, a story of slavery and freedom, segregation and integration, religion and politics, migrations and restrictions, harmony and discord, and struggles and successes.
African American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A. P. Murray Collection, 1818-1907
This collection presents a panoramic and eclectic review of African-American history and culture, spanning almost 100 years from the early 19th through the early 20th centuries, with the bulk of the material published between 1875 and 1900.
African-American Sheet Music, 1850-1920: Selected from the Collections of Brown University
This collection consists of 1,307 pieces of African-American sheet music dating from 1850-1920. It includes many songs from the heyday of antebellum black face minstrelsy in the 1850s and from the abolitionist movement of the same period.
After the Day of Infamy: "Man-on-the-Street" Interviews Following the Attack on Pearl Harbor
This collection contains 12 hours of opinions recorded following the bombing of Pearl Harbor from over 200 individuals across the United States. Browse the collection by geographic location to locate interviews from Alamance County and Burlington in North Carolina.
America from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA and OWI, ca. 1935-1945
The images in the Farm Security Administration-Office of War Information Collection are among the most famous documentary photographs ever produced. Created by a group of U.S. government photographers, the images show Americans in every part of the nation. The collection contains more than 2,000 black-and-white and eight color photographs of North Carolina.
America Singing: Nineteenth-Century Song Sheets
This collection spans the period from the turn of the nineteenth century to the 1880s, although a majority of the song sheets were published during the height of the craze, from the 1850s to the 1870s.
America's First Look into the Camera: Daguerreotype Portraits and Views, 1839-1864
The Library's daguerreotype collection consists of approximately 600 photographs dating from 1839 to 1864. Portrait daguerreotypes produced by the Mathew Brady studio make up the major portion of the collection.
American English Dialect Recordings: The Center for Applied Linguistics Collection
This collection contains 118 hours of recordings documenting North American English dialects. The recordings include speech samples, linguistic interviews, oral histories, conversations, and excerpts from public speeches. Browse the collection by place to locate nineteen recordings from North Carolina.
American Environmental Photographs, 1891-1936: Images from the University of Chicago Library
This collection consists of 4,500 photographs documenting natural environments, ecologies, and plant communities in the United States at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. Browse the collection by state to locate ninety-seven images of North Carolina.
American Landscape and Architectural Design, 1850-1920: a Study Collection from the Harvard Graduate School of Design
This collection offers views of cities, specific buildings, parks, estates and gardens. In addition to photographs, views of locations around the country include plans, maps, and models. Browse the collection by place using the subject heading United States--North Carolina--(city) to locate images of North Carolina.
American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1940
The collection includes 2,900 documents representing the work of over 300 writers from 24 states. The histories describe the informant's family education, income, occupation, political views, religion, medical needs, diet and miscellaneous observations. Included in the collection are 174 titles of mostly first-person accounts of life in North Carolina during the Great Depression.
American Notes: Travels in America, 1750-1920
This collection comprises 253 published narratives by Americans and foreign visitors recounting their travels in the colonies and the United States and their observations and opinions about American peoples, places, and society from about 1750 to 1920. Search the full text option on North Carolina to locate more than 100 items that pertain to North Carolina.
- Letters to the Connecticut courant, Pennsylvania independent republican, Washington chronicle, North Carolina union banner, Nemaha courier, Pittsburg commercial, and Topeka record, by D.F. Drinkwater, secretary of the United press association. [Special Correspondence of the Union Banner in Salisbury, North Carolina].
- Prominent features of a northern tour. Written from a brief diary, kept in travelling from Charleston, S. C. to, and through Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New-Hampshire, Vermont, Lower and Upper Canada, New York, Maine, North-Carolina, South Carolina, and back to Charleston again, Commencing on the 12th of June, 1821, and terminating the 12th of November following.
An American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera
This collection comprises 28,000 primary source items dating from the 17th century to the present and encompassing key events and eras in American history. Browse the geographic location of printing to locate more than forty items printed in North Carolina.
Architecture and Interior Design for 20th Century America: Photographs by Samuel Gottscho and William Schleisner, 1935-1955
This collection is comprised of over 29,000 photographs primarily of architectural subjects, including interiors and exteriors of homes, stores, offices, factories, historic buildings, and other structures concentrated chiefly in the northeastern United States. The collection contains more than 80 photographs for North Carolina.
Baseball Cards, 1887-1914
This collection presents 2,100 early baseball cards dating from 1887 to 1914. Browse the collection by city to locate baseball players in Goldsboro, Greensboro, Raleigh, and Winston-Salem.
Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1938
The collection contains more than 2,300 first-person accounts of slavery and 500 black-and-white photographs of former slaves. Browse by states to locate slave narratives from North Carolina.
Built in America: Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record, 1933-Present
The Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) collections document achievements in architecture, engineering, and design in the United States through a comprehensive range of building types and engineering technologies. Browse the collection by place to locate items for North Carolina.
By Popular Demand: Jackie Robinson and Other Baseball Highlights, 1860s-1960s
This online presentation introduces a multi-faceted man and a variety of complex issues, topics, and events that risk oversimplification in any short retelling. Also included is a sampler of thirty four images related to early baseball (1860s-1920s) from various files and collections in the Prints & Photographs Division, Library of Congress.
"California as I Saw It": First-Person Narratives of California's Early Years, 1849-1900
The collection consists of the full texts and illustrations of 190 books documenting the formative era of California's history through eyewitness accounts. It covers the dramatic decades between the Gold Rush and the turn of the twentieth century. Search the full text option on North Carolina to locate more than 40 items that pertain to North Carolina.
- California Sketches. New Series. By O.P. Fitzgerald. With an introduction by Bishop George F. Pierce ... [A Southern Methodist minister, Oscar Penn Fitzgerald (1829-1911) of North Carolina was sent to California as a missionary by his denomination in 1855.]
- The Land of Gold. Reality Versus Fiction. By Hinton H. Helper. [Hinton Rowan Helper (1829-1909) of North Carolina became one of the South's most controversial figures in the 1850s for his criticisms of slavery in The land of gold and his better known book, The impending crisis. Indeed, he found it prudent to move to New York before the Civil War, and he received diplomatic appointments in Latin America from the Lincoln administration.]
The Capital and the Bay: Narratives of Washington and the Chesapeake Bay Region, 1600-1925
This collection comprises 139 books on Washington, D.C. and the Chesapeake Bay region including first-person narratives, early histories, historical biographies, promotional brochures, and books of photographs that capture in words and pictures a distinctive region as it developed between the onset of European settlement and the first quarter of the twentieth century.
- A Journey to the Land of Eden, and Other Papers / by William Byrd. [In 1728 Colonel William Byrd of Westover (1674-1744) served on a commission appointed to run a boundary line between Virginia and North Carolina, through the Dismal Swamp.]
A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875
This collection consists of a linked set of published congressional records of the United States of America from the Continental Congress through the 43rd Congress, 1774-1875.
The Church in the Southern Black Community, 1780-1925
This compilation of printed texts traces how Southern African Americans experienced and transformed Protestant Christianity into the central institution of community life.
Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
The images in this collection are drawn from the New-York Historical Society's rich archival collections that document the Civil War.
Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789
The Continental Congress Broadside Collection (253 titles) and the Constitutional Convention Broadside Collection (21 titles) contain 274 documents relating to the work of Congress and the drafting and ratification of the Constitution.
The Emergence of Advertising in America: 1850-1920
This collection presents over 9,000 images relating to the early history of advertising in the United States.
The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920
The collection documents the historical formation and cultural foundations of the movement to conserve and protect America's natural heritage.
- U.S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 31, Chap. 392, p. 177. "An Act To Authorize the Establishment, at Some Point in North Carolina, of a Station for the Investigation of Problems Connected with Marine Fishery Interests of the Middle and South Atlantic Coast."
- U.S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 41, Part 2, p. 1801 and map preceding p. 1801. "By the President of the United States of America. A Proclamation."
[Sets aside a tract of land in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia, acquired by the United States under the provisions of the Act of March 1, 1911 (36 Stat. 961), as the Unaka National Forest.]
First American West: The Ohio River Valley, 1750-1820
This collection assembles rare books, pamphlets, newspapers, maps, prints, and manuscripts collected by Reuben T. Durrett and by the Filson Historical Society of Louisville, Kentucky. Durrett founded the society in 1884 and it named after John Filson, author of The Discovery, Settlement and Present State of Kentucke (1784), a promotional tract recognized as the first history of the state.
- Letter from Richard Caswell to Evan Shelby.
[Fragment of a letter from Caswell to Shelby with warnings about war with the Northern and Southern Native American tribes and their arming by foreign powers. John Sevier's name appears on page 2 and it is possible that Caswell's letter also contained a discussion of the situation between North Carolina and the state of Franklin.]
- Letter from Richard Caswell to Evan Shelby.
[North Carolina's governor Caswell wrote to Shelby who was serving as brigadier-general of the militia in the trans-mountain region's Washington District.]
First-Person Narratives of the American South, 1860-1920
This collection includes diaries, autobiographies, memoirs, travel accounts, and ex-slave narratives of prominent individuals, as well as of relatively inaccessible populations: women, African Americans, enlisted men, laborers, and Native Americans. Browse the geographic index to locate items pertaining to North Carolina.
The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress
The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress presents the papers of the nineteenth-century African-American abolitionist who escaped from slavery and then risked his own freedom by becoming an outspoken antislavery lecturer, writer, and publisher.
From Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection, 1824-1909
This collection consists of 397 pamphlets, published from 1824 through 1909, by African-American authors and others who wrote about slavery, African colonization, Emancipation, Reconstruction, and related topics. The materials range from personal accounts and public orations to organizational reports and legislative speeches.
George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress, 1741-1799
This collection consists of approximately 65,000 items (176,000 pages). Correspondence, letterbooks, commonplace books, diaries and journals, reports, notes, financial account books, and military papers accumulated by George Washington from 1741 through 1799 are organized into nine series.
Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920
This collection includes 3,042 pieces of sheet music published in America between 1850 and 1920. It presents a wide variety of types of vocal music: bel canto, minstrel songs, protest songs, sentimental songs, patriotic and political songs, plantation songs, Civil War songs, spirituals, dance music, songs from vaudeville and musicals, Tin Pan Alley and World War I. Browse the subject index to locate songs and music for North Carolina.
The James Madison Papers, 1723-1836
The James Madison Papers from the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress document the life of the man who came to be known as the "Father of the Constitution" through correspondence, personal notes, drafts of letters and legislation, an autobiography, legal and financial documents, and miscellaneous manuscripts.
The Geography & Map Division of the Library of Congress holds more than 4.5 million items, of which Map Collections represents only a small fraction, those that have been converted to digital form. The collection is organized according to seven major categories: Cities and Towns, Conservation and Environment, Cultural Landscapes, Discovery and Exploration, General Maps, Military Battles and Campaigns, and Transportation and Communication. Browse the geographic location index to locate more than 100 maps of North Carolina.
Music for the Nation: American Sheet Music, 1820-1860 & 1870-1885
This collection consists of over 62,000 pieces of sheet music registered for copyright during the nineteenth century.
The Nineteenth Century in Print: Books
This collection is particularly strong in poetry and in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology.
The Nineteenth Century in Print: Periodicals
This collection comprises periodicals published in the United States during the nineteenth century, primarily during the second half of the century. The materials selected illuminate the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology.
Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929
This collection assembles a wide array of Library of Congress source materials from the 1920s that document the widespread prosperity of the Coolidge years, the nation's transition to a mass consumer economy, and the role of government in this transition. Search the full text option of the collection to find items pertaining to North Carolina.
Quilts and Quiltmaking in America, 1978-1996
This collection represents a wide range of quiltmaking techniques, from highly traditional to innovative. The quilts pictured exhibit excellent design and technical skill in a variety of styles and materials.
Selected Civil War Photographs
This collection contains 1,118 photographs. Most of the images were made under the supervision of Mathew B. Brady, and include scenes of military personnel, preparations for battle, and battle after-effects. The collection also includes portraits of both Confederate and Union officers, and a selection of enlisted men. Browse the subject index to locate images of North Carolina troops.
September 11, 2001, Documentary Project
The September 11, 2001, Documentary Project captures the heartfelt reactions, eyewitness accounts, and diverse opinions of Americans and others in the months that followed the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and United Airlines Flight 93. Browse the subject index to locate two interviews from Greensboro, North Carolina.
Southern Mosaic: The John and Ruby Lomax 1939 Southern States Recording Trip
A multi-format ethnographic field collection that includes approximately 700 sound recordings, as well as photographic prints, fieldnotes, dust jackets, and other manuscripts documenting a three-month, 6,502-mile trip through the southern United States collecting folksongs. Browse the photo subject index to locate more than fifty images of Asheville, North Carolina.
Taking the Long View: Panoramic Photographs, 1851-1991
This collection contains approximately 4,000 images featuring American cityscapes, landscapes, and group portraits. Browse the collection by place to locate more than forty images of North Carolina.
The Thomas Jefferson Papers at the Library of Congress
The complete Thomas Jefferson Papers at the Library of Congress consists of approximately 27,000 documents ranging in date from 1606 to 1827. Correspondence, memoranda, notes, and drafts of documents make up two-thirds of the Papers.
Touring Turn-of-the-Century America: Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company, 1880-1920
This collection of photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company Collection includes over 25,000 glass negatives and transparencies as well as about 300 color photolithograph prints, mostly of the eastern United States. Browse the collection by place to locate more than ninety images of North Carolina.
Washington as It Was: Photographs by Theodor Horydczak, 1923-1959
This collection documents the architecture and social life of the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, including exteriors and interiors of commercial, residential, and government buildings, as well as street scenes and views of neighborhoods.
The Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers at the Library of Congress
This collection documents the lives of Wilbur and Orville Wright and highlights their pioneering work which led to the world's first powered, controlled and sustained flight. Included in the collection are correspondence, diaries and notebooks, scrapbooks, drawings, printed matter, and other documents, as well as the Wrights' collection of glass-plate photographic negatives.
Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party
The photographs in this collection document the National Woman's Party's push for ratification of the 19th Amendment as well as its later campaign for passage of the Equal Rights Amendment. Browse the subject index to locate two photographs for North Carolina.
Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating the Manuscript Division's First 100 Years
Included are the papers of presidents, cabinet ministers, members of Congress, Supreme Court justices, military officers, diplomats, reformers and political activists, artists and writers, scientists and inventors, and other prominent Americans whose lives reflect our country's evolution.