South Carolina State Guide
Finding Aids to Collections in the Archive of Folk Culture: South Carolina Collections
The Archive of Folk Culture holds approximately 2700 collections consisting of more than 150,000 sound recordings and 3 million items. At this time only a portion of them have catalog records and finding aids. Contact the Folklife Reading Room for additional information about collections.
Folklife in Your State: South Carolina
The collections of the American Folklife Center contain rich and varied materials from Michigan that document the diversity of the state's folk traditions. South Carolina's Local Legacies Projects, an exploration of local traditions and celebrations, is available on the Center's Web page.
America's Library is especially designed for elementary and middle- school students.
Explore the States: South Carolina
Jump Back in Time
February 18, 1865
This site allows you to search and view newspaper pages from 1836-1922 from more than 20 states and the District of Columbia. Search this collection to find selected newspaper articles that mention events in South Carolina.
African-American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship
This exhibition showcases the incomparable African-American collections of the Library of Congress.
American Treasures of the Library of Congress
The Battle of Ft. Sumter
Laws of South Carolina
In 1860, South Carolina became the first state to secede from the United States. As more states followed suit and the Confederate States of America took shape, many federal installations in the South were taken over by state governments. Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, continued to fly the U.S. flag, even as Confederate forces surrounded it.
This two-volume collection of laws in force, titles of those repealed, and the two royal charters granted by King Charles II was compiled by Nicholas Trott (1663-1740). It is one of the finest examples of early American printing.
A South Carolina Courthouse
This 1826 Greek Revival courthouse by Robert Mills is a fitting example of the courthouse as symbol of democracy. It is one of more than 11,000 courthouses photographed in a project that created the most comprehensive survey to date of an American building type.
On December 6, 1860, the people of South Carolina voted for delegates to a convention whose decision was a foregone conclusion. "The only questions," one observer wrote, "are when shall she secede, and what she shall then do." The convention assembled in Charleston on December 18, the committee of 169 voted unanimously for secession from the United States.
France In America
Conceived in partnership with France’s national library, the Bibliothèque nationale de France, France in America /France en Amérique is a bilingual digital library made available by the Library of Congress. It explores the history of the French presence in North America from the first decades of the sixteenth century to the end of the nineteenth century. Search the project to find items related to South Carolina, including the map Charles-Town, capitale de la Caroline.
Parallel Histories: Spain, the United States, and the American Frontier
Parallel Histories: Spain, the United States, and the American Frontier/Historias Paralelas: España, Estados Unidos y la Frontera Americana is a bilingual, multi-format English-Spanish digital library site that explores the interactions between Spain and the United States in America from the fifteenth to the early nineteenth centuries.
Bibliographies and Guides
U.S. State Poets Laureate
This site provides the names of all current state poets laureate of the United States. It also includes a history of the laureateship in each state, as well the District of Columbia, and attempts to provide a comprehensive listing of all previous state poets laureate. Included is information on the position of State Poet Laureate in South Carolina.
The Guide to Law Online
Guide to Law Online, prepared by the Law Library of Congress Public Services Division, is an annotated guide to sources of information on government and law available online. It includes selected links to useful and reliable sites for legal information on U.S. states and territories, including South Carolina.
Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC)
Search PPOC using the subject heading United States--South Carolina to find digital images related to South Carolina, such as prints, photographs, and political cartoons. Search in PPOC using the term South Carolina or names of cities, towns, and sites to locate additional images.
American Memory Timeline
A comprehensive look at America's history through primary sources. The following resources pertaining to South Carolina are included in the timeline.
Primary Sources by State
The Library of Congress has rich documents and artifacts from every state, the U.S. territories, and the District of Columbia. Click on South Carolina to view historic artifacts and cultural materials from the state.
Creating a Primary Source Archive: All History Is Local
Examine the interplay between national, state, local, and personal history. Students produce a digital collection of primary sources from their family or local community based on the collections in American Memory.
Exploring Community Through Local History: Oral Stories, Landmarks and Traditions
Students explore the local history of the community in which they live through written and spoken stories; through landmarks such as buildings, parks, restaurants, or businesses; and through traditions such as food, festivals and other events of the community or of individual families.
Local History: Mapping My Spot
Students create their town’s history for coming generations and place themselves on the map in a literal as well as figurative sense, by producing portions of an updated version of an early twentieth century panoramic map from the American Memory collections.
On January 13, 1833, President Andrew Jackson wrote Vice President Martin Van Buren expressing his opposition to South Carolina's defiance of federal authority. He closed with the assertion, "nothing must be permitted to weaken our government at home or abroad."
The mayor of Charleston, South Carolina, surrendered control of the city to Union Brigadier General Alexander Schimmelfennig at 9:00 a.m. on Saturday, February 18, 1865. With commanding General William T. Sherman's arrival imminent, evacuation of the city began on February 17 and continued through the early morning hours of February 18. The city had been under siege since July 10, 1863.
On March 18, 1782, John C. Calhoun was born near Abbeville, South Carolina. Calhoun served as a congressman, senator, secretary of war, secretary of state, and vice president of the United States.
James F. Byrnes was born in Charleston, South Carolina, on May 2, 1882. (He falsified his year of birth in order to become a court reporter-stenographer in 1900. As a result, his birth year is often reported as 1879.)
Early on the morning of Sunday, September 9, 1739, twenty black Carolinians met near the Stono River, approximately twenty miles southwest of Charleston. At Stono's bridge, they took guns and powder from Hutcheson's store and killed the two storekeepers they found there.
On Christmas Day, December 25, 1830, the Best Friend of Charleston became the first regularly scheduled steam locomotive passenger train in the United States. The locomotive made its initial run on the first six miles of track of the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company. Chartered in 1827, the same year that the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was incorporated, the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company steamed out of Charleston. The new line was designed to make Charleston competitive with Savannah, Georgia for the cotton trade.
Veterans History Project Home Page
The Veterans History Project (VHP) collects and preserves the remembrances of American war veterans and civilian workers who supported them. Browse the database by state of residence to locate veterans from South Carolina.