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Photo of Bessie Coleman wearing an aviator's helmet and goggles.

Photo: Bessie Coleman,
First African American Pilot

From GRIN (Great Images in NASA)

African American Science Books for Younger Readers

Tracer Bullet 94-4


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SCOPE

This guide lists sources chronicling the considerable contributions and achievements made by African Americans in the fields of science and technology. Aimed at younger readers, these references have been chosen to help students gain a better understanding and appreciation of the significant accomplishments of African American scientists, engineers, and inventors. Some source materials useful to elementary and secondary teachers and librarians are also included. Not meant to be a comprehensive bibliography, this guide is designed--as the name of the series implies--to put the user "on target."

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SUBJECT HEADINGS

Subject headings used by the Library of Congress, under which books on Afro-Americans in science and technology can be located in most card, book, and online catalogs, include those listed below. In addition to these, see also subject headings beginning with "Afro-American" for classes of persons engaged in specific scientific pursuits, e.g., "Afro-American Agriculturalists," "Afro-American Surgeons." These subject headings may or may not be followed by the subdivision "Biography," but will include the subdivision "Juvenile Literature." Some libraries use the Dewey decimal classification system and/or the Sears list of subject headings. Consult your librarian for assistance in locating materials using these resources.

Highly relevant

AFRO-AMERICAN INVENTORS--BIOGRAPHY--JUVENILE LITERATURE
AFRO-AMERICAN INVENTORS--JUVENILE LITERATURE
AFRO-AMERICAN SCIENTISTS--BIOGRAPHY--JUVENILE LITERATURE
AFRO-AMERICAN SCIENTISTS--JUVENILE LITERATURE

Relevant
AFRO-AMERICAN ASTRONAUTS--BIOGRAPHY--JUVENILE LITERATURE
AFRO-AMERICAN EXPLORERS--BIOGRAPHY--JUVENILE LITERATURE
AFRO-AMERICAN NURSES--JUVENILE LITERATURE
AFRO-AMERICAN PHYSICIANS--BIOGRAPHY--JUVENILE LITERATURE
AFRO-AMERICAN SURGEONS--BIOGRAPHY--JUVENILE LITERATURE

More general
    AFRO-AMERICANS--BIOGRAPHY--JUVENILE LITERATURE

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COLLECTIVE BIOGRAPHIES

American Black scientists and inventors. Washington, National Science Teachers Association, 1975. 79 p.
   Q141.A46
   Includes bibliographies
   Contents: Jenkins, E. S. Ernest E. Just, cell physiologist.--Hudson, G. H. Garrett Augustus Morgan: Big Chief Mason, ingenious American.--Ryder, E. C. George Washington Carver, agricultural scientist.--Jackson, W. S. Benjamin Banneker, Black astronomer.--Jenkins, E. S. Percy L. Julian, soybean chemist.--Jackson, W. S. Granville T. Woods, railway communications wizard.--Hudson, G. H. Charles Richard Drew, blood plasma pioneer.--Hudson, G. H. Charles Henry Turner, scientist, teacher, author, humanitarian.--Hudson, G. H. Matthew A. Henson, famous explorer.--Jenkins, E. S. Leon Roddy, spider man.--Ryder, E. C. Elijah McCoy, inventor.--Ryder, E. C. Daniel Hale Williams, pioneer heart surgeon.

Black mathematicians and their works. Edited by Virginia K. Newell and others. Ardmore, Pa., Dorrance, c1980. 327 p.
   QA28.B58 <SciRR>
   Includes bibliographies.

Black scientists & inventors. Richard L. Green and others. Chicago, Empak Enterprises, c1990. 31 p.
   Pamphlet box <SciRR>
   Contents: Benjamin Banneker.--George Washington Carver.--Charles Drew.--Lloyd A. Hall.--Frederick M. Jones.--Percy L. Julian.--Lewis H. Latimer.--Joseph Lee.--Jan E. Matzeliger.--Elijah McCoy.--Garrett H. A. Morgan.--Norbert Rillieux.

Brodie, James Michael. Created equal: the lives and ideas of Black American innovators. New York, W. Morrow, c1993. 208 p.
   E185.96.B835 1993 <MRR Alc>

Burt, McKinley. Black inventors of America. Portland, Ore., National Bk. Co., c1969. 143 p.
   T39.B87 1969

Carwell, Hattie. Blacks in science: astrophysicist to zoologist. Hicksville, N.Y., Exposition Press, c1977. 95 p.
   Q141.C23 <SciRR>
   Bibliography: p. 93-94.

Haber, Louis. Black pioneers of science and invention. San Diego, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1991, c1970. 264 p.
   Q141.H2 1991 <SciRR>
   Reprint. Originally published, New York, Harcourt, Brace & World, 1970.
Bibliography: p. 245-254.

Haskins, James. Against all opposition: Black explorers in America. New York, Walker, 1992. 86 p.
   E185.96.H353 1992
   Bibliography: p. 83-84.

Haskins, James. Outward dreams: Black inventors and their inventions. New York, Walker, 1991. 101 p.
   T39.H37 1991 and Pamphlet box <SciRR>
   Bibliography: p. 97-98.

Hayden, Robert C. 11 African-American doctors. Rev. and expanded ed. Frederick, Md., Twenty-First Century Books, c1992. 206 p.
   R695.H39 1992

Hayden, Robert C. 9 African-American inventors. Frederick, Md., Twenty-First Century Books, c1992. 169 p.
   T39.H39 1992

Hayden, Robert C. 7 African-American scientists. Rev. and expanded ed. Frederick, Md., Twenty-First Century Books, c1992. 171 p.
   Q141.H37 1992

Ives, Patricia Carter. Creativity and inventions: the genius of Afro-Americans and women in the United States and their patents. Arlington, Va., Research Unlimited, 1987. 88 p.
   T21.I84 1987 <SciRR>
   Bibliography: p. 81-86.

James, Portia P. The real McCoy: African-American invention and innovation, 1619-1930. Washington, Published for the Anacostia Museum of the Smithsonian Institution by the Smithsonian Institution Press, c1989. 110 p.
   T39.J28 1989
   Bibliography: p. 103-106.

Klein, Aaron E. The hidden contributors: Black scientists and inventors in America. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1971. 203 p.
   E185.8.K56

McKissack, Pat, and Fredrick McKissack. African-American scientists. Brookfield, Conn., Millbrook Press, c1994. 96 p.
   Q141.M36 1994
   Examines the lives and achievements of African American scientists from colonial days to the present.

Peters, Raymond Eugene, and Clinton M. Arnold. Black Americans in aviation. San Diego, Calif., Neyenesch Printers, c1975. 85 p.
   TL553.P47
   Bibliography: p. 83.

A Salute to Black scientists and inventors. Chicago, Empak Enterprises, c1985. 28 p. (An Empak "Black history" publication series, v. 2)
   Q141.S285 1985

Yount, Lisa. Black scientists. New York, Facts on File, c1991. 111 p.
   Q141.Y68 1991
   Bibliography: p. 106.

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INDIVIDUAL BIOGRAPHIES

Carson, Ben, and Cecil B. Murphey. Gifted hands. Washington, Review and Herald Pub. Association, c1990. 232 p.
   RD592.9.C37A3 1990b
   The chief of pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins University Hospital tells about his life and some of his cases.

Conley, Kevin. Benjamin Banneker. New York, Chelsea House Publishers, c1989. 109 p.
   QB36.B22C66 1989
   Bibliography: p. 106.
   Chronicles the life of an 18th-century Black tobacco farmer who taught himself mathematics, astronomy, and clockmaking, became famous for his almanacs, and participated in the original survey of Washington, D.C.

Diamond, Arthur. Paul Cuffe. New York, Chelsea House Publishers, c1989. 111 p.
   E185.97.C96D53 1989
   Bibliography: p. 108
   A biography of the American seaman and merchant who encouraged fellow Blacks to colonize Sierra Leone, sought a stronger legal position for Blacks in America, and was responsible for a Massachusetts law giving Blacks the right to vote.

Gilman, Michael. Matthew Henson. New York, Chelsea House Publishers, c1988. 110 p.
   G635.H4G55 1988
   Bibliography: p. 108.
   Follows the life of the Black explorer who accompanied Robert Peary on the expedition to the North Pole.

Gray, James Marion. George Washington Carver. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Silver Burdett Press, c1991. 138 p.
   S417.C3G73 1990
   Bibliography: p. 127-129.
   Describes the life and accomplishments of the former slave who became a scientist and devoted his career to helping the South improve its agriculture.

Haskins, James, and Kathleen Benson. Space challenger: the story of Guion Bluford; an authorized biography. Minneapolis, Carolrhoda Books, c1984. 64 p.
   TL789.85.B58H37 1984
   Guy Bluford, the first Black American in space, was a crew member of the space shuttle Challenger on its August 1983 flight.

Johnson, LaVerne C. Bessie Coleman. Chicago, Empak Enterprises, c1992. 32 p.
   Bessie Coleman became famous as the world's first Black female pilot.
Pamphlet box <SciRR>

Mahone-Lonesome, Robyn. Charles Drew. New York, Chelsea House Publishers, c1990. 109 p.
   RD27.35.D74M34 1990
   A biography of the surgeon who conducted research on the properties and preservation of blood plasma and was a leader in establishing blood banks.

Mitchell, Barbara. Shoes for everyone: a story about Jan Matzeliger. Minneapolis, Carolrhoda Books, c1986. 63 p.
   TS990.M335M58 1986
   A biography of the half-Dutch/half-Black Surinamese man who, despite the hardships and prejudice he found in his new Massachusetts home, invented a shoe-lasting machine that revolutionized the shoe industry in the late 19th century.

Naden, Corinne J. Ronald McNair. New York, Chelsea House, 1990. 109 p.
   TL789.85.M36N34 1990
   Bibliography: p. 106.
   A biography of the Black astronaut who was a crew member aboard the ill-fated Challenger space shuttle mission that exploded on takeoff in January 1986.

Ott, Virginia, and Gloria Borseth Swanson. Man with a million ideas: Fred Jones, genius/inventor. Minneapolis, Lerner Publications Co., c1977. 109 p.
   T40.J59O87 1977
   A biography of Frederick McKinley Jones, the Black engineer and inventor who is credited with many inventions, including refrigeration units for trucks and railroad cars, the portable x-ray unit, and the ticket dispenser.

Patterson, Lillie. Sure hands, strong heart: the life of Daniel Hale Williams. Nashville, Abingdon, c1981. 159 p.
   RD27.35.W54P37
   Bibliography: p. 157-159.
   A biography of the Black surgeon who, among other achievements, was the first to perform open heart surgery.

Pitrone, Jean Maddern. Trailblazer; Negro nurse in the American Red Cross. New York, Harcourt, Brace & World, 1969. 191 p.
   RT37.D3P5
   A biography of Frances Reed Elliott Davis whose determination to help relieve the physical pains of her people led her to become the first Black nurse enrolled by the American Red Cross.

Rich, Doris L. Queen Bess: daredevil aviator. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, c1993. 153 p.
   TL540.C646R52 1993
   Bibliography: p. 137-141.
   About Bessie Coleman.

Sims, Doris J. Stop and go: Garrett Morgan, inventor. Los Angeles, Children's Cultu-Lit Book Co., c1980. 32 p.
   TE228.S56 1980
   A brief biography of the inventor of the traffic light and the gas mask.

Talmadge, Katherine S. The life of Charles Drew. Frederick, Md., Twenty-First Century Books, c1992. 84 p.
   RD27.35.D74T35 1991
   Bibliography: p. 83.
   A biography of the Black surgeon who was noted for his research on blood plasma.

Towle, Wendy. The real McCoy: the life of an African-American inventor. Paintings by Wil Clay. New York, Scholastic, c1993. 1 v. (unpaged).
   A biography of Elijah McCoy, the Canadian-born Black American who studied engineering in Scotland and patented over 50 inventions despite the obstacles he faced because of his race.
   T40.M43T68 1993

Turner, Glennette Tilley. Lewis Howard Latimer. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Silver Burdett Press, c1991. 128 p.
   T40.L37T87 1990
   Bibliography: p. 113-119.
   A biography of the African American inventor who, among other contributions, invented an inexpensive method of manufacturing carbon filaments for electric light bulbs.

Verheyden-Hilliard, Mary Ellen. Mathematician and administrator, Shirley Mathis McBay. Bethesda, Md., Equity Institute, c1985. 31 p.
   QA29.M38V47 1985
   A brief biography of the woman mathematician who was the first African American to earn a Ph.D. from the University of Georgia.

Verheyden-Hilliard, Mary Ellen. Scientist and administrator, Antoinette Rodez Schiesler. Bethesda, Md., Equity Institute, c1985. 31 p.
   QD22.S34V47 1985
   Relates the story of an African American woman who overcame childhood difficulties with mathematics and went on to earn a Ph.D. in chemistry.

Verheyden-Hilliard, Mary Ellen. Scientist and strategist, June Rooks. Bethesda, Md., Equity Institute, c1988. 31 p.
   Q143.R58V47 1988
   A brief biography of June Rooks, a Black woman who contracted polio as a child, struggled against poverty, earned her degree in physics, and went on to become an operations research analyst with the U.S. Navy.

Wolfe, Rinna. Charles Richard Drew, M.D. New York, F. Watts, 1991. 64 p.
   RD27.35.D74W65 1991
   Bibliography: p. 62.
   A biography of the noted physician, focusing on his discovery of methods for separating plasma from blood.

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BIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCE TOOLS

Adams, Russell L. Great Negroes, past and present. Edited by David P. Ross, Jr. 3rd ed. Chicago, Afro-Am Pub. Co., 1969. 212 p.
   E185.96.A4 1969 <MRR Biog>

Afro-American encyclopedia. Chief compiler and editor, Martin Rywell. North Miami, Fla., Educational Book Publishers, 1974. 10 v.
   E185.A28 <MRR Alc>

Altman, Susan. Extraordinary Black Americans from colonial to contemporary times. Chicago, Childrens Press, c1989. 240 p.
   E185.96.A56 1989

Blacks in science: ancient and modern. Editor, Ivan Van Sertima. New Brunswick, U.S.A., Transaction Books, c1983. 302 p. (Journal of African civilizations, v. 5, no. 1/2)
   DT14.J68, v. 5, no. 1/2 <MRR Alc>
   Bibliography: p. 295-297.

Brignano, Russell C. Black Americans in autobiography: an annotated bibliography of autobiographies and autobiographical books written since the Civil War. Rev. and expanded ed. Durham, N.C., Duke University Press, 1984. 193 p.
   Z1361.N39B67 1984 <MRR Biog>

A Century of Black surgeons: the U.S.A. experience. Edited by Claude H. Organ, Jr. and Margaret M. Kosiba. Norman, Okla., Transcript Press, c1987. 2 v. (973 p.)
   RD27.34.C46 1987
   Bibliography: v. 2, p. 943-946.

Contemporary heroes and heroines. Ray B. Browne, editor. In association with Glenn J. Browne and Kevin O. Browne. Detroit, Gale Research, c1990-92. 2 v.
   CT120.C662 1990
   Includes bibliographical references.

Contributions of Black women to America. Edited by Marianna W. Davis. Columbia, S.C., Kenday Press, 1982, c1981. 2 v.
   E185.86.C585 1982
   Includes bibliographies.
   Contents: v. 1. The arts, media, business, law, sports--v. 2. Civil rights, politics and government, education, medicine, sciences.

Dictionary of American Negro biography. Edited by Rayford W. Logan and Michael R. Winston. New York, Norton, c1982. 680 p.
   E185.96.D53 1982 <MRR Biog>

Encyclopedia of Black America. Edited by W. Augustus Low, Virgil A. Clift. New York, Da Capo Press, 1984, c1981. 921 p.
Reprint. Originally published, New York, McGraw-Hill, c1981.
   E185.E55 1984 <MRR Ref Desk>

Epic lives: one hundred Black women who made a difference. Jessie Carney Smith, editor. Detroit, Visible Ink Press, c1993. 632 p.
   E185.96.E65 1993
   Bibliography: p. 603-632.

Ginsberg, Dale Ann. Black history, Black lives: a comprehensive list of Black biographies for young people arranged by birthdate. Merion Station, Pa., Anndale Books, 1986. 25 p.
   Z1361.N39G54 1986

Great women in the struggle: an introduction for young readers. Toyomi Igus, editor. Orange, N.J., Just Us Books, c1991. 107 p. (Book of Black heroes, v. 2)
   E185.96.G74 1991
   Bibliography: p. 100-101.

Hancock, Sibyl. Famous firsts of Black Americans. Gretna, La., Pelican Pub. Co., 1983. 94 p.
   E185.96.H23 1983
   Bibliography: p. 93-94.

Hawkins, Walter L. African American biographies: profiles of 558 current men and women. Jefferson, N.C., McFarland, c1992. 490 p.
   E185.96.H38 1992 <MRR Biog>
   A second volume, profiling 332 contemporaries, is in press.

Hornsby, Alton. Chronology of African-American history: significant events and people from 1619 to the present. Detroit, Gale Research, c1991. 526 p.
   E185.H64 1991 <MRR Ref Desk>
   Includes bibliographical references.

Hudson, Wade, and Valerie Wilson Wesley. Afro-Bets Book of Black heroes from A to Z: an introduction to important Black achievers for young readers. Orange, N.J., Just Us Books, 1988. 54 p.
   E185.96.H77 1988
   Bibliography: p. 52.

Hughes, Langston, and Milton Meltzer. African American history: four centuries of Black life. New York, Scholastic, c1990. 312 p.
   E185.H83 1990
   Revision of A pictorial history of Black Americans, 5th ed. (c1983).

Innis, Doris Funnye, and Juliana Wu. Profiles in Black: biographical sketches of 100 living Black unsung heroes. Consulting editor, Joyce Duren. New York, CORE Publications, 1976. 240 p.
   E185.96.I56 <MRR Biog> and <B&E Biog>
   Bibliography: p. 232-237.

Lee, George L. Interesting people: Black American history makers. Jefferson, N.C., McFarland, c1989. 210 p.
   E185.96.L37 1989 <MRR Biog>

Leipold, L. Edmond. Famous American Negroes. Minneapolis, T. S. Denison, 1967. 75 p.
   E185.96.L4

Miller, Carroll L. Role model Blacks: known but little known role models of successful Blacks. Muncie, Ind., Accelerated Development Inc., c1982. 322 p.
   E185.96.M52 1982
   Includes bibliographical references.

Notable Black American women. Jessie Carney Smith, editor. Detroit, Gale Research, c1992. 1334 p.
   E185.96.N68 1992 <MRR Biog> and <B&E Biog>
   Includes bibliographical references.

Salley, Columbus. The Black 100: a ranking of the most influential African-Americans, past and present. Secaucus, N.J., Carol Pub. Group, c1993. 383 p.
   E185.96.S225 1993
   Bibliography: p. 374-375.

A Salute to historic Black firsts. Publisher and editor, Richard L. Green. Chicago, Empak Pub. Co., c1989. 32 p. (An Empak "Black history" publication series, v. 7)
   E185.96.S243 1989

Sammons, Vivian O. Blacks in science and medicine. New York, Hemisphere Pub. Corp., c1990. 293 p.
   Q141.B58 1990 <SciRR Desk> and <MRR Biog>
   Bibliography: p. 261-268.

Spradling, Mary Mace. In Black and white: a guide to magazine articles, newspaper articles, and books concerning more than 15,000 Black individuals and groups. 3rd ed. Detroit, Gale Research Co., c1980. 2 v. (1282 p.)
   Z1361.N39S655 1980 <MRR Biog>
   Bibliography: p. 1267-1282.
   ---- ---- Supplement: a guide to magazine articles, newspaper articles, and books concerning more than 6,700 Black individuals and groups. Detroit, Gale Research, c1985. 628 p.
   Z1361.N39S655 1980 Suppl. <MRR Biog>
   Bibliography: p. 621-628.

Stratton, Madeline Robinson. Negroes who helped build America. Boston, Ginn, 1965. 165 p.
   E185.96.S8

Swisher, Robert. Black American biography, compiled by Robert Swisher; and Black American scientists, compiled by Carol Tullis; and Black Americans in public affairs, compiled by Richard Hicks. Bloomington, Indiana University Libraries, 1969. 52 p.
   Z1361.N39S93

Williams, James C. At last recognition in America: a reference handbook of unknown Black inventors and their contributions to America. v. 1. Chicago, B.C.A. Pub. Corp., c1978.
   T39.W54
   Also available on microfilm (93/4578(T) <MicRR>).

Who's who among Black Americans. 1st- ed.; 1975/76- Detroit, Gale Research.
   E185.96.W52 <B&E Biog> and <MRR Biog>

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RESOURCES FOR TEACHERS

Anderson, Talmadge. Introduction to African American studies: cultural concepts and theory. Dubuque, Iowa, Kendall/Hunt, c1992. 292 p.
   E185.A49 1992
   Includes bibliographical references.

Black history month resource book. Mary Ellen Snodgrass, editor. Detroit, Gale Research, c1993. 430 p.
   E184.7.B53 1993
   Bibliography: p. 405-408.

Goggins, Ellen O., and Joy S. Lindbeck. High school science enrollment of Black students. Journal of research in science teaching, v. 23, Mar. 1986: 251-262.
   Q181.A1J6

Going to school: the African-American experience. Edited by Kofi Lomotey. Albany, State University of New York Press, c1990. 242 p.
   LC2771.G65 1990
   Bibliography: p. 223-237.

Kuntz, Patricia S. African studies computer resources. Internet and beyond: African linkages. College & research libraries news, v. 55, Feb. 1994: 68-70.
   Z671.C62

Minorities in science: the pipeline problem. Science, v. 258, Nov. 13, 1992: 1175-1180, 1185-1187, 1190-1191, 1194-1196, 1199-1201, 1204-1206, 1209- 1210, 1213, 1216-1218, 1223-1225, 1228, 1231-1232, 1235.
   Q1.S35
   "Selected Resources": p. 1235.
   A series of articles addressing concerns over the barriers faced by minority students seeking careers in science and technology.

Science for all cultures. A collection of articles from NSTA's journals. Compiled by Shelley Johnson Carey. Arlington, Va., National Science Teachers Association, c1993. 64 p.
   Pamphlet box <SciRR>

Tobias, Randolf. Math and science education for African-American youth: a curriculum challenge. In National Association of Secondary School Principals. NASSP bulletin, v. 76, Oct. 1992: 42-48.
   L13.N27

Williams, Helen E. Books by African-American authors and illustrators for children and young adults. Chicago, American Library Association,
   Z1037.W672 1991
   1991. 270 p.

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BOOK/FILM REVIEWS AND "BEST BOOK" SOURCES

Appraisal: science books for young people. v. 1- winter 1967- Boston, Children's Science Book Review Committee. quarterly.
   Z7401.A63

Malinowsky, H. Robert. Best science and technology reference books for young people. Phoenix, Oryx Press, 1991. 216 p.
   Z7401.M277 1991 <SciRR>

Morrison, Philip, and Phylis Morrison. Science books for young people. Scientific American, v. 269, Dec. 1993: 132-137, 139.
   T1.S5

Outstanding science trade books for children in 1992. Science & children, v. 30, Mar. 1993: 26-35.
   Best Books Vertical file <SciRR>
   The annotated list is a regular feature of the March issue.

Science books & films. v. 1- Apr. 1965- Washington, American Association for the Advancement of Science. 9 issues a year.
   Z7403.S33 <SciRR A&I>

Science books & films' best books for children, 1988-91. Maria Sosa, Shirley M. Malcom, editors. Washington, American Association for the Advancement of Science, c1992. 300 p. (AAAS publication, 92-30H)
   Z7401.S362 1992 <SciRR>

Science & technology: a purchase guide for libraries. Pittsburgh, Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, Science and Technology Dept., 1992. 168 p.
   Best Books Vertical file <SciRR>
   Published annually since 1963, this is an annotated bibliography of new books in science, technology, consumer medicine, and related subjects intended primarily for the general adult reader. A special feature is the selection of books for libraries which buy only 50-100 titles each year.

Wolff, Kathryn, Susan M. O'Connell, and Valerie J. Montenegro. AAAS science book list, 1978-1986. Washington, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1986. 568 p. (AAAS publication, 85-24)
   Q181.A1A68 no. 85-24 <SciRR>

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SELECTED MATERIALS

Selected materials available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet boxes include the following:

African American contributions to science and engineering. Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, 1992. 32 p.
African American inventors. Cobblestone, v. 13, Feb. 1992: 2-42.

Black contributors to science and energy technology. Washington, U.S. Dept. of Energy, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1979. 25 p.
   "DOE/OPA 0035(79)."

Blacks in science calendar. 1994. Oakland, Calif., Blacks in Science Calendar, c1993. 28 p.
   Each month features one or more portraits of an African-American scientist, accompanied by a biographical sketch, and notes in the calendar's date blocks record significant events in the lives and work of African-American scientists and inventors that occurred on those dates.

Donovan, Richard X. Black scientists of America. Portland, Ore., National Book Co., 1990. 132 p.
   Bibliography: p. 107-110.

Focus ... African Americans in science and technology. Harambee, v. 3, Jan. 1992: 1-8.

Howell, Ann Chandler. Conscious choices of African-Americans during the American Revolution.
   Chicago, Chandler/White Pub. Co., c1991. 32 p.

Outstanding women in mathematics and science. Windsor, Calif., National Women's History Project, c1991. 1 v. (unpaged)
   Partial contents: Jewel Plummer Cobb, biologist.--Shirley A. Jackson, physicist.--Retha Clark King, chemist.

A Salute to Black inventors. Chicago, Chandler/White Pub. Co., c1986- 90. 7 v. (Black science activity books)
   Contents: Communication.--Food.--Old West.--Safety.--Transportation.--Working easier.--Black women inventors.
   A teachers' guide is also available.

Thomas Alva Edison's associate, Lewis Howard Latimer: a Black inventor. A biography and related experiments you can do. Southfield, Mich., Thomas Alva Edison Foundation, c1985. 32 p.

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ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF INFORMATION

African Scientific Institute (ASI)
P.O. Box 12161
Oakland, CA 94604
Telephone: (510) 653-7027
Publishes annually a calendar highlighting African Americans in science and Sci-Tech News. Sponsors conferences and provides consulting and research services. Also serves as a referral agent for young people interested in scientific and technical careers.

Alliance to Involve Minorities in Mathematics (AIM)
J. Arthur Jones, Project Director
2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W.
Room HA476
Washington, DC 20418
Telephone: (202) 334-3294
A program of the National Academy of Sciences to stimulate interest in the mathematical professions among minorities.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Directorate for Education & Human Resources Program
1333 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20005-4792
Telephone: (202) 326-6620
Publishes Science Education News which provides information on resources, opportunities, and activities relating to science, mathematics, and technology for educators and librarians.

Junior Engineering Technical Society, Inc. (JETS)
1420 King Street, Suite 405
Alexandria, VA 22314-2715
Telephone: (703) 548-5387
Encourages engineering as a vocation through its publishing program of bibliographies, pamphlets, guidance materials, and teacher resources on engineering and technology.

Martin Luther King Memorial Library
Black Studies and Biography Divisions
District of Columbia Public Library
901 G Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20001
Telephone: (202) 727-1211/(202) 727-2079
Both divisions maintain large collections of biographical information on African Americans in all subject areas and publish bibliographies on African Americans in science and invention.

National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering, Inc. (NACME)
3 West 35th Street
New York, NY 10001-2281
Telephone: (212) 279-2626
Promotes minority careers in engineering, including mathematics and science at the high school level.

National Science Foundation (NSF)
Division of Human Resource Development
Room 815
4201 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, VA 22230
Telephone: (703) 306-1634
Supports student enrichment programs, teacher development, curriculum expansion, and research-oriented and training activities designed to correct underrepresentation in science, engineering, and mathematics education.

National Technical Association, Inc. (NTA)
206 North Washington Street, Suite 200
Alexandria, VA 22314
Telephone: (703) 684-3951
Disseminates career opportunity information to African Americans and seeks to motivate minority youth toward technical careers.

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
New York Public Library
515 Malcolm X Boulevard
New York, NY 10037
Telephone: (212) 491-2200
Maintains a large collection of works by and about peoples of African descent in all subject areas. Extensive archival holdings, vertical files, audio tapes, prints and photographs. Kaiser Index to Black Resources covers material dated 1948-86.

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