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Career Opportunities in Science and Technology

Tracer Bullet 05-4

SCOPE

Science touches our lives in many ways -- in medicine, computers, military defense, and textiles, to name a few. As new fields of science and technology emerge, so do new career opportunities. The physical, life, earth, applied, and engineering sciences provide stimulating and enriching opportunities for those with vocational/technical training, college diplomas, and advanced degrees.

This guide is intended for those who wish to investigate career possibilities and opportunities in science and technology. Sources providing descriptions of jobs and careers in these areas and required training skills and courses of study are listed, as are sources on the potential job market and opportunities in these fields. This Tracer Bullet updates and supersedes TB 91-6. Not meant to be a comprehensive bibliography, this compilation is designed--as the name of the series implies--to put the reader “on target.”

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INTRODUCTIONS

Braben, D. W. To be a scientist. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 1994. 166 p.
   Q147.B65 1994

Easton, Thomas A. Careers in science. 4th ed. Chicago, VGM Career Books, c2004. 210 p.
   Bibliography: p. 209-210.
   Q147.E27 2004 <SciRR>

Science careers: personal accounts from the experts. Edited by Lawrence O. Flowers. Lanham, Md., Scarecrow Press, 2003. 151 p.
   Q147.S28 2003

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SUBJECT HEADINGS

Subject headings used by the Library of Congress, under which books on career opportunities in science and technology can be located in most card, book, and online catalogs, include the following:

Highly Revelant

SCIENCE--VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE
TECHNOLOGY--VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE
   See also subdivision "Vocational Guidance" under specific professions, fields of knowledge or skills, e.g. Air Traffic Control--Vocational Guidance"; " Engineering--Vocational Guidance"; " Telecommunication--Vocational Guidance"; " Welding--Vocational Guidance

Relevant

HIGH TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIES--VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE
   See also subdivision "Vocational guidance" under specific industries e.g., "Aerospace Industries--Vocational Guidance"; " Electronic Industries-- Vocational Guidance"
JOB VACANCIES
   See also specific cities or states, e.g, "Job Vacancies--Maryland"
WOMEN IN SCIENCE
   See also specific disciplines e.g., " Women in Aeronautics"; " Women in Medicine"

Related

ENGINEERS--UNITED STATES--RECRUITING
   See also subdivision "Recruiting" under specific professions, or occupational groups, e.g., "Nurses--United States--Recruiting"; " Scientists--United States- Recruiting"
SCIENTISTS--EMPLOYMENT--UNITED STATES
   See also subdivision "Employment" under professional or occupational groups, e.g., "Engineers--Employment--United States"; " Medical Personnel--Employment-- United States"
SCIENTISTS--SUPPLY AND DEMAND
   See also subject headings for professional and occupational groups following the subdivision "Supply and demand", e.g., "Audiologists--Supply and Demand; Engineers--Supply and Demand; Nurse Practitioners--Supply and Demand"
WOMEN SCIENTISTS
   See also specific disciplines, e.g., "Women Engineers"; " Women Geologists"

More General

CAREER EDUCATION--UNITED STATES
SCIENTISTS--UNITED STATES
VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE--UNITED STATES
   See also specific cities or states, e.g., "Vocational Guidance--Maryland"; " Vocational Guidance--Washington Metropolitan Area"
VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE FOR WOMEN

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BASIC TEXTS

Basta, Nicholas. Careers in high tech. 2nd ed. Lincolnwood, Ill., VGM Career Horizons, c1999. 96 p.
   TA157.B3418 1999

Emko, Tod. Vault guide to technology careers. New York, Vault Inc., c2004. 109 p.
   T58.5.E525 2004

Exploring health care careers. 2nd ed. Chicago, Ferguson Pub. Co., c2002. 2 v. (949 p.)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   R690.E97 2002 <SciRR>

Exploring tech careers: real people tell you what you need to know. 3rd ed. Chicago, Ferguson Pub. Co., 2001. 2 v. (997 p.)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   T65.3.E95 2001 <SciRR>

Farr, J. Michael and LaVerne L. Ludden. Best jobs for the 21st century. 2nd ed. Indianapolis, Ind., JIST Works, c2001. 688 p.
   HF5381.15.F37 2001 <MRR>

Fiske, Peter S. Put your science to work: the take-charge career guide for scientists. Washington, American Geophysical Union, 2001. 179 p.
   Bibliography: p. 171-173.
   Q147.F58 2001
   Revised and updated edition of To boldly go. 1996.

Goldberg, Jan. Careers for scientific types & others with inquiring minds. Lincolnwood, Ill., VGM Career Horizons, c2000. 137 p.
   Q147.G64 2000

Goldberg, Jan. Real people working in science. Lincolnwood, Ill., VGM Career Horizons, c1998. 125 p.
   Q147.G65 1998

Krannich, Ronald L., and Caryl Rae Krannich. The best jobs for the 21st century. 3rd ed. Manassas Park, Va., Impact Publications, 1998. 305 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HF5382.K68 1998 <BusRR>
   Revised edition of The best jobs for the 1990s & into the 21st century. 1995.

Schaffer, William A. High-tech careers for low-tech people. 2nd ed. Berkeley, Calif., Ten Speed Press, c1999.
258 p.
   Bibliography: p. 250.
   TA158.S33 1999

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SPECIALIZED TITLES

Belikoff, Kathleen. Opportunities in biological science careers. Rev. ed. Chicago, VGM Career Books, c2004.
173 p.
   QH314.W525 2004
   Revised edition of Opportunities in biological science careers. Charles A. Winters. c1998.

Bird, Drew, and Mike Harwood. Information technology careers: the hottest jobs for the new millennium. Scottsdale, Ariz., Coriolis Group Books, 2000. 416 p.
   Bibliography: p. 390-391.
   T58.5.B49 2000

Brown, Sheldon S. Opportunities in biotechnology careers. Chicago, VGM Career Books, c2001. 148 p.
   TP248.215.B766 2001

Burns, Julie Kling. Opportunities in computer careers. New York, VGM Career Books, c2002. 144 p.
   QA76.25.B85 2002

Camenson, Blythe. Opportunities in forensic science careers. Chicago, VGM Career Books, c2001. 149 p.
   Bibliography: p. 131-132.
   HV8073.C316 2001 <SciRR>

Careers in focus: Aviation. New York, Ferguson, c2005. 192 p.    TL561.C376 2005

Careers in focus: Computer & video game design. New York, Ferguson, c2005. 188 p.
   QA76.76.C672C33 2005

Careers in focus: Earth science. Chicago, Ferguson Pub. Co., c2002. 186 p.
    QE34.C37 2002

Careers in focus: Energy. Chicago, Ferguson Pub. Co., c2002. 187 p. TJ163.2.C367 2001

Careers in focus: Internet. 2nd ed. Chicago, Ferguson Pub. Co., c2003. 171 p.
   TK5105.875.I57C369 2003

Careers in focus: Medical technicians. 4th ed. New York, Ferguson, 2004. 188 p.
   R855.3.C36 2004

Doyle, Kevin, and others. The complete guide to environmental careers in the 21st century. Washington, Island Press, c1999. 447 p.
   GE60.D69 1999 <SciRR>
   Revised edition of The new complete guide to environmental careers. 1993.

Fasulo, Michael, and Paul Walker. Careers in the environment. 2nd ed. Lincolnwood, Ill., VGM Career Horizons, c2000. 275 p.
   GE60.F37 2000 <SciRR>

Garcia, Kimberly. Careers in technology. Bear, Del., Mitchell Lane Publishers, c2002. 96 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   T65.3.G37 2002

Haroun, Lee. Career development for health professionals. Philadelphia, Saunders, c2001. 324 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   R690.H377 2001

Heitzman, William Ray. Opportunities in marine and maritime careers. Chicago, VGM Career Horizons, c1999.
142 p.
   VK160.H37 1999

Krueger, Gretchen Dewailly. Opportunities in petroleum careers. Lincolnwood, Ill., VGM Career Horizons, 1999.
148 p.
   Bibliography: p. 145-148.
   HD9560.5.K78 1999

Pond, Robert J. Introduction to engineering technology. 6th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J., Pearson Prentice Hall, c2005. 398 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TA157.P66 2005

Sindermann, Carl J., and Thomas K. Sawyer. The scientist as consultant: building new career opportunities. New York, Plenum Press, c1997. 341 p.
   Q147.S562 1997
   Bibliography: p. 303-305

Swanson, Barbara Mardinly. Careers in health care. 5th ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, c2005. 321 p.
   R697.A4S93 2005

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TITLES FOR YOUNGER READERS

Apel, Melanie Ann. Careers in information technology. Rev. ed. New York, Rosen Pub. Group, 2003. 128 p.
   Bibliography: 123-124.
   T58.5.A64 2003

Discovering careers for your future: science. Chicago, Ferguson Pub., c2000. 92 p.
   Q147.D57 2000

Frisch, Carlienne. Everything you need to know about getting a job. New York, Rosen Pub. Group, 2000. 64 p.
   Bibliography: p. 61-62.
   HF5381.2.F74 2000

Kahn, Jetty. Women in computer science careers. Mankato, Minn., Capstone Press, 2000. 48 p.
   Bibliography: p. 45.
   QA76.25.K35 2000

Marinelli, Deborah A. Careers in animal care and veterinary science. New York, Rosen Pub. Group, 2001. 122 p.
   Bibliography: p. 116-118.
   SF80.M36 2001

Maupin, Melissa. Computer engineer. Mankato, Minn., Capstone Books, c2001. 48 p.
   Bibliography: p. 45.
   QA76.25.M38 2001

Maze, Stephanie. I want to be an environmentalist. San Diego, Harcourt, c2000. 47 p.
   GE60.M39 2000

McAlary, Florence Aleen, and Judith Love Cohen. You can be a woman marine biologist. Rev. ed. Marina del Rey, Calif., Cascade Pass, c2001. 38 p.
   QH91.16.M43 2001

Olesky, Walter. Choosing a career in agriculture. New York, Rosen Pub. Group, 2001. 64 p.
   Bibliography: p. 61.
   S494.5.A4O44 2001

Pasternak, Ceel. Cool careers for girls as environmentalists. Manassas Park, Va., Impact Publications, 2002.
128 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   GE60.P37 2002

Schaefer, Lola M. We need veterinarians. Mankato, Minn., Pebble Books, c2000. 24 p.
   Bibliography: p. 23.
   SF756.S32 2000

Zannos, Susan. Careers in science and medicine. Bear, Del., Mitchell Lane Publishers, c2002. 96 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q149.U5Z36 2002

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RELATED TITLES

Field, Ben T., and Paul K. Wright. Better resumes in 3 easy steps. New York, Delmar Publishers, c2000. 77 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HF5383.F485 2000

Gale, Linda. Discover what you’re best at: the national career aptitude system and career directory. Rev. ed. New York, Simon & Schuster, c1998. 181 p.
   HF5381.7.G34 1998
   Revised edition of Discover what you’re best at. 1990.

Garber, Janet. I need a job, now what?! New York, Silver Lining Books, c2001. 176 p.
   HF5382.7.G37 2001

Graber, Steven. The everything resume book: great resumes for everybody from student to executive. Holbrook, Mass., Adams Media, c2000. 322 p.
   HF5383.G637 2000

Hamilton, Leslie. WOW!: resumes for high tech jobs. New York, McGraw-Hill, c1999. 131 p.
    HF5383.H253 1999

Job hunting A to Z: the WetFeet insider guide to landing the job you want. San Francisco, WetFeet, c2003. 101 p.
   HF5382.7.J619 2003

Morem, Susan. How to get a job and keep it: career and life skills you need to succeed. Chicago, Ferguson Pub. Co., c2002. 262 p.
   HF5382.7.M645 2002

Real-resumes for medical jobs. Anne McKinney, editor. Fayetteville, N.C., Prep. Pub., c2001. 183 p.
   R690.R39 2001

Resumes for scientific and technical careers. 2nd ed. Lincolnwood, Ill., VGM Career Horizons, c2000. 151 p.
   Q147.R47 1999

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HANDBOOKS, ENCYCLOPEDIAS AND DIRECTORIES

Career guide to industries. 1992-  Washington, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
   URL: http://www.bls.gov/oco/cg/
   HF5382.5.U5C316 <BusRR>

Directory of engineering graduate studies & research. 1992-  Washington, American Society for Engineering Education.
   T61.D57 <SciRR>

Free & inexpensive career materials: a resource directory. 3rd ed. Chicago, Ferguson Pub., c2001. 1 v. (unpaged).
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HF5382.5.U5F72 2001

Kreeger, Karen Young. Guide to nontraditional careers in science. Philadelphia, Taylor & Francis, c1999. 263 p.
   Bibliography: p. 243-253.
   Q147.K73 1999 <SciRR>

Michelozzi, Betty Neville, Linda J. Surrell, and Robert I. Cobez. Coming alive from nine to five in a 24/7 world: a career search handbook for the 21st century. 7th ed. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2003. 343 p.
   Bibliography: p. 325-344.
   HF5381.M46 2003
   Revised edition of Coming alive from nine to five. 6th ed. 2000.

Professional careers sourcebook. 1990-  Detroit, Gale Research.
   HF5382.5.U5P76 <BusRR>

Summer jobs in the USA. 2002-  Lawrenceville, N.J., Thompson/Peterson’s.
   HF5382.5.U5S76 <BusRR>

The Top 100. The fastest growing careers for the 21st century. 3rd ed. Chicago, Ferguson Pub., c2001. 428 p.
   HF5382.T59 2001 <BusRR>

VGM’s careers encyclopedia. 5th ed. Chicago, VGM Career Books, c2002. 449 p.
   HF5382.5.U5C337 2002 <BusRR>

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ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING SERVICES

Abstracting and indexing services that index relevant journal articles and other literature are listed below. Suggested terms for searching are “Careers,” “Job Selection,” and “Vocational Guidance.” Many of the titles may now be available in electronic format. Consult a reference librarian for the location and format of abstracting and indexing services and computer terminals.

Applied Science & Technology Index (1913- )
   Z7913.I7 <SciRR>

General Science Index (1978- )
   Z7401.G46 <SciRR>

Government Reports Announcements & Index (1946- )
   Z7916.G78 <SciRR>

Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications (1895- )
   Z1223.A18 <N&CPR>

Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature (1900- )
   AI3.R45 <BusRR>

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JOURNALS

Journals that often contain articles on careers and career planning can be found include the following:

Career Development Quarterly
HF5381.A1V55
The Career Guide: Dun's Employment Opportunities Directory
HF5382.5.U5D86 <MRR>
CPC Annual HF5382.5.U5C6
Journal of Career Planning & Employment LB2343.5.A15
Occupational Outlook Quarterly HF5382.5.U5O3

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REPRESENTATIVE JOURNAL ARTICLES

Arenofsky, Janice. Creating your career path. Career world, v. 30, Sept. 2001: 6-10.
   HF5381.A1C2853

Bonous-Hammarth, Marguerite. Pathways to success: affirming opportunities for science, mathematics, and engineering majors. Journal of Negro education, v. 69, winter/spring 2000: 92-111.
   LC2701.J6

Earth scientists and national security: careers focus. Geotimes, v. 47, Feb. 2002: 19-23.
   QE1.G56

Fox, Mary Frank, and Paula E. Stephan. Careers of young scientists: preferences, prospects and realities by gender and field. Social studies of science, v. 31, Feb. 2001: 109-122.
   Q1.S812

Freeman, Richard, Eric Weinstein, and Elizabeth Marincola. Competition and careers in biosciences. Science, v. 294, Dec. 14, 2001: 2293-2294.
   Q1.S35

Gaensslen, R. E. How do I become a forensic scientist? Educational pathways to forensic science careers. Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, v. 376, Aug 2003: 1151-1155.
   Not in LC

Henry, Celia M. Careers in bioinformatics. Chemical & engineering news, v. 80, Jan. 7, 2002: 47-53.
   TP1 .C35

Miner, Gary. Plotting a career path. Journal. American Water Works Association, v. 93, June 2001: 62-66.
   TD201.A512

Serabian, Michael. The long and winding road: your career path in NDT. Materials evaluation, v. 59, Apr. 2001: 503-506.
   TA406.5.N66
   URL: http://www.pqndt.com/NDT-articles/articles-NDT_career_path.html

Wetherill, Karen, and others. Redefining professional career development in the twenty-first century: a systemic approach. High school journal, v. 85, Dec. 2001/Jan. 2002: 54-66.
   L11.H5

Zheng, Yan, and Brian H. Kleiner. Developments concerning career development and transition. Management research news, v. 24, no. 3/4, 2001: 33-39.
   HD28.M386

Zint, Michaela, and Megan M. Hanson. Exploring environmental careers. Environmental science & technology, v. 36, Jan. 1, 2002: 22A-26A.
   TD180.E5

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SELECTED MATERIALS

Selected materials available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet box collection include:

Bernstein, Alan. Choosing: What “color” is your ideal career path? Careers & colleges, Jan./Feb. 2003: 8, 10-11.

Employment outlook for new PhDs improves, as other fields hire more physicists. Physics today, v. 51, Jan. 1998: 49-50.

Field, Shelly. Science and engineering careers. In 100 best careers for the 21st century. 2nd ed. Foster City, Calif., IDG Books Worldwide, c1999. p. 252-261.

Johnson, Anthony M., and C. Breck Hitz. Career opportunities in optics. Physics today, v. 53, May 2000: 25-28.
   URL: http://www.physicstoday.org/pt/vol-54/iss-4/p34.html

Science careers: playing to win. Science, v. 265, Sept. 23 1994: 1909-1938.

Special issue: careers for physicists. Physics today, v. 54, Apr. 2001: 34-48.

Snyder, John A. Biology careers for the next century. Carolina tips, v. 60, Aug. 1997: 17-20.

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ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF INFORMATION

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Office of Opportunities in Science
1333 H Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20005
Telephone: (202) 326-6610
URL: http://www.aaas.org

Commission on Professionals in Science and Technology
1200 New York Ave., NW, Ste. 390
Washington, D.C. 20005
Telephone: (202) 326-7080
URL: http://www.cpst.org

National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Blvd.
Arlington, VA 22230
Telephone: (703) 306-1070
URL: http://www.nsf.gov/

Many societies and organizations host career/employment information on their sites. A few are provided below as examples. For the names and addresses of such societies consult the Encyclopedia of Associations. This encyclopedia is available at most large public libraries.

American Astronomical Society
URL: http://www.aas.org/education/publications/careerbrochure.html

American Chemical Society
URL: http://www.chemistry.org/portal/a/c/s/1/educatorsandstudents.html

American Physical Society
URL: http://www.aps.org/jobs/

American Society for Microbiology
URL: http://www.asm.org/Education/index.asp?bid=1185

National Society of Black Engineers
URL: http://www.nsbe.org

Society of Women Engineers
URL: http://www.swe.org/

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SELECTED INTERNET RESOURCES

Career Opportunities in Science, Technology and Public Policy
URL: http://www.sais-jhu.edu/studentservices/career_services/Students_Alumni/Sector_Profiles/
Science.pdf

Careers in Oceanography, Marine Science & Marine Biology
URL: http://scilib.ucsd.edu/sio/guide/career.html
   This career directory is divided into three sections: general guides for oceanography and marine science; guides for marine biology, marine mammals, zoos and aquariums; and other guides covering all of science.

College Board Career Information
URL: http://www.collegeboard.com/html/careerbrowser.html

Council for Agricultural Science and Technology: Careers in the Science of Food, Agriculture, and Environment
URL: http://www.cast-science.org/cast/src/cast_top.htm

Federal Jobs Digest
URL: http://www.jobsfed.com/

Federal World
URL: http://www.fedworld.gov/jobs/jobsearch.html

Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services: Careers in Agriculture
URL: http://www.florida-agriculture.com/consumers/careers.htm

The Furman University Biology Careers Page
URL: http://www.furman.edu/~snyder/careers/careers.html
   This page and its links help you to explore the occupations that have a biological "flavor." Each of the occupation names listed under "Many Specific Careers Described" will connect you to one or more pertinent Web sites. And, of course, each of those sites is likely to provide links to many other relevant pages of information.

JobStar
URL: http://jobstar.org

Junior Achievement Student Career Center
URL: http://studentcenter.ja.org/
   One-stop, interactive online resource that students can navigate to gain knowledge on how to find a college, pay for college, plan a business, handle their money and select a career.

Mapping Your Future
URL: http://mapping-your-future.org/

Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2004-05 Edition
URL: http://www.bls.gov/oco/
   Maintained by the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

The Riley Guide
URL: http://www.rileyguide.com

Science Careers - Careers Resources
URL: http://sciencecareers.sciencemag.org/feature/advice/advice.shl
   Maintained by Science magazine

Sea Grant: MarineCareers.net
URL: http://www.marinecareers.net/resources/websites.htm
   Useful site with career information and links to other career sites.

Smithsonian Institution - Sources for Information on Careers in Biology, Conservation and Oceanography
URL: http://www.si.edu/resource/faq/nmnh/careers.htm

Today’s Military - Military Careers
URL: http://www.todaysmilitary.com/mc/t13_mc_milcar.php

USA Jobs
URL: http://www.usajobs.opm.gov/
Maintained by the U.S. Office of Personnel Management

US News and World Report
URL: http://www.usnews.com/usnews/work/wohome.htm
   A broad-based resource with information about different career fields; including "best jobs," career outlook, and employment trends.

United States Geological Survey (USGS)
URL: http://interactive2.usgs.gov/learningweb/explorer/geocareers.htm

Wall Street Journal Career Journal
URL: http://www.careerjournal.com/

Women in Technology International
URL: http://www.witi4hire.com/index.phtml

Many colleges and universities provide career information for students. For a particular college or university, you may use a search engine such as Google or Yahoo and search using the name of the college and word career.

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