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Representation of a satellite in space beaming data to earth.
Image: USGS Landsat Project Web Site

Remote Sensing

Tracer Bullet 05-1

SCOPE

In general, remote sensing is the process of acquiring and recording information about an object without coming into direct contact with that object. In its earliest form remote sensing consisted of a camera mounted on some kind of aerial platform (balloon, kite, pigeon, etc.), from which a birds-eye view of a place could be recorded. The first aerial photograph from an airplane was taken in 1908 in a plane piloted by Wilbur Wright. Aerial reconnaissance was used during both world wars for military purposes, speeding the development of radar, infrared, electro-optical, and multispectral systems. During the Cold War “spy satellites” were used heavily on both sides, and although much of this imagery has been declassified, remote sensing continues to play a key role in the intelligence process for most technologically advanced countries. Today, the declassification and broad commercialization of systems allows private individuals to obtain high-resolution images for personal use, and satellite imaging has become ubiquitous within contemporary culture, most notably in film and television.

This guide focuses on the technologies used for observation and data collection from a significant distance; satellite remote-sensing and imaging of the earth and other celestial objects. Major fields within which remotely sensed data are most frequently used include agriculture, archaeology, astronomy, climatology, engineering, environmental science, forestry, geology, hydrology, meteorology, oceanography, and soil science. Also inextricably linked with remote sensing are the disciplines of cartography, geographic information systems (GIS), surveying, and geodesy. Remote sensing is used in surveillance of human activities for everyday security purposes, as well as in biology and medicine. Some resources on these related topics are included.

This guide supersedes TB 75-2 in providing a review of the literature on remote sensing in the collections of the Library of Congress. Not intended as a comprehensive bibliography, it is designed--as the name Tracer Bullet implies--to put the reader "on target."

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INTRODUCTIONS TO THE TOPIC

Acker, James, and others. Remote sensing from satellites. In Encyclopedia of physical science and technology. Robert A. Meyers, ed. 3rd ed. v. 14. San Diego, Academic Press, c2002. p. 161-202.
   Q123.E497 2002 v. 14 <SciRR>

Badgley, Peter C. Remote sensing. In McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science & technology. 9th ed. v. 15. New York, McGraw-Hill, c2002. p. 365-373.
   Q121.M3 2002 <SciRR>

Salvador, Jerry. Remote sensing. In The Gale encyclopedia of science. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmouth Lerner, eds. 3rd ed. v. 5. San Diego, Academic Press, c2004. p. 3410-3411.
   Q121.G37 2004 <SciRR>

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SUBJECT HEADINGS

Subject headings used by the Library of Congress, under which books on remote sensing can be located in most card, book, and online catalogs include the following.

Highly Relevant

REMOTE SENSING
   See also as a subdivision under topical headings, e.g.,
    VEGETATION AND CLIMATE--REMOTE SENSING.
   May be subdivided geographically, e.g., REMOTE SENSING--ARCTIC REGIONS.
REMOTE-SENSING IMAGES
   May also be used as a subdivision under names of places, e.g., MOON--REMOTE-SENSING IMAGES.
REMOTE-SENSING MAPS
   See also as a subdivision under names of places and topical headings, etc., e.g., ANTARCTICA--REMOTE-SENSING MAPS.

Relevant

AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS
AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY
   See also specialized aspects, e.g., AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY IN AGRICULTURE; ... IN ARCHAEOLOGY; ... IN BOTANY; ... IN FORESTRY; ... IN GEOGRAPHY; ... IN GEOLOGY; ... IN GEOMORPHOLOGY; ... IN HYDROLOGY, etc. (All of these may be subdivided geographically).
AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE
AERIAL VIEWS
ARTIFICIAL SATELLITES IN REMOTE SENSING
IMAGE ANALYSIS
IMAGE PROCESSING
IMAGING SYSTEMS
INFRARED IMAGING
MULTISPECTRAL PHOTOGRAPHY
PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION
PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION (MILITARY SCIENCE)
PHOTOGRAPHIC RECONNAISSANCE SYSTEMS
PHOTOGRAMMETRY
RADAR
SPACE SURVEILLANCE

Related

AERIAL OBSERVATION (MILITARY SCIENCE)
AERIAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY
CARTOGRAPHY
DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING
ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE
ELECTROOPTICAL DEVICES
ELECTROOPTICS
GEODESY
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS)
GEOLOGICAL MAPPING
GEOPHYSICS
IMAGING SYSTEMS IN MEDICINE
MAPS
MILITARY GEOGRAPHY
PATTERN RECOGNITION
SCIENTIFIC SATELLITES
SPACE OPTICS
THERMOGRAPHY

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BASIC TEXTS

Avery, Thomas Eugene, and Graydon Lennis Berlin. Fundamentals of remote sensing and airphoto interpretation. 5th ed. New York, Macmillan, c1992. 472 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Rev. ed of Interpretation of aerial photographs. 4th ed. c1985.
   TR810.A9 1992 <SciRR>

Campbell, James B. Introduction to remote sensing. 3rd ed. New York, Guilford Press, c2002. 621 p.
   Bibliography: p. 605-606.
   G70.4.C23 2002 <SciRR>

Drury, S. A. Images of the earth: a guide to remote sensing. 2nd ed. Oxford, Eng., New York, Oxford University Press, 1998. 203 p.
   Bibliography: p. 186-188.
   1st ed. published 1990 as: A guide to remote sensing.
   G70.4.D783 1998 <SciRR>

Gibson, Paul J. Introductory remote sensing: principles and concepts. London, New York, Routledge, 2000. 184 p.
   Bibliography: p. 172-173.
   G70.4.G52 2000

Lillesand, Thomas M., Ralph W. Kiefer, and Jonathan W. Chipman. Remote sensing and image interpretation. 5th ed. New York, Wiley, c2004. 763 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   G70.4.L54 2004 <SciRR>

Principles of remote sensing: an introductory textbook. [Edited by Lucas L. F. Janssen and Gerrit C. Huurneman.] 2nd ed. Enschede, The Netherlands, International Institute for Aerospace Survey and Earth Sciences, c2001.
180 p.
   Bibliography: p. 165-166.
   G70.4.P735 2001

Rees, Gareth. Physical principles of remote sensing. 2nd ed. Cambridge, Eng., New York, Cambridge University Press, 2001. 343 p.
   Bibliography: p. 317-320.
   G70.4.R44 2001

Sabins, Floyd F. Remote sensing: principles and interpretation. 3rd ed. New York, W. H. Freeman and Co., c1997. 494 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   G70.4.S15 1997

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ADDITIONAL TITLES

Abrahamian, Yuri, Radik Martirossyan, and F. V. Gasparian. Methods and materials for remote sensing: infrared photo-detectors, radiometers, and arrays. Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, c2004. 160 p.
   Bibliography: p. 143-156.
   G70.4.A27 2004

Chang, Chein-I. Hyperspectral imaging: techniques for spectral detection and classification. New York, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, c2003. 370 p.
   Bibliography: p. 353-364.
   G70.4.C46 2003

Commercial observation satellites: at the leading edge of global transparency. Edited by John C. Baker, Kevin M. O’Connell, Ray A. Williamson. Santa Monica, Calif., Rand, ASPRS, c2001. 643 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TL798.S3 C587 2001

Egan, Walter G. Optical remote sensing: science and technology. New York, M. Dekker, c2004. 507 p. (Optical engineering, v. 84)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QC441.E34 2004

Leachtenauer, Jon C., and Ronald G. Driggers. Surveillance and reconnaissance imaging systems: modeling and performance prediction. Boston, Artech House, c2001. 399 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TK7882.E2L43 2001

Principles and applications of imaging radar. Edited by Floyd M. Henderson and Anthony J. Lewis. New York, J. Wiley, c1998. 866 p. (Manual of remote sensing, v. 2)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   “Published in cooperation with the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.”
   G70.4.P733 vol. 2

Schott, John R. Remote sensing: the image chain approach. New York, Oxford University Press, 1997. 394 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   G70.4.S36 1997

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SPECIALIZED TITLES

Imagery and Photo Interpretation and Analysis

Arnold, Robert H. Interpretation of airphotos and remotely sensed imagery. Upper Saddle River, N.J., Prentice Hall, c1997. 249 p.
   Bibliography: p. 229-231.
   TR810.A75 1997 <SciRR>

Collins, Mary Rose. The aerial photo sourcebook. Lanham, Md., Scarecrow Press, 1998. 197 p.
   Bibliography: p. 93-287.
   TR810.C64 1998

Conway, Eric D. An introduction to satellite image interpretation. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, c1997. 242 p.
   Bibliography: p. 241-242.
   G70.4.C655 1997

Detection and identification of visually obscured targets. Edited by Carl Baum. Philadelphia, Taylor & Francis, c1999. 434 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   UF860.D43 1999

Interpreting remote sensing imagery: human factors. Edited by Robert R. Hoffman and Arthur B. Markman. Boca Raton, Fla.., Lewis Publishers, c2001. 289 p.
   Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
   G70.4.I58 2001

Lindgren, David T. Trust but verify: imagery analysis in the Cold War. Annapolis, Md., Naval Institute Press, 2000. 222 p.
   Bibliography: p. 195-203.
   UG763.L56 2000

Paine, David P., and James D. Kiser. Aerial photography and image interpretation. 2nd ed. Hoboken, N.J., John Wiley, c2003. 632 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TR810.P25 2003 <SciRR>

Read, Roger, and Ron Graham. Manual of aerial survey: primary data acquisition. Boca Raton, Fla., CRC Press/Whittles Publishing, 2002. 408 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Rev. ed. of Manual of aerial photography (1986).
   TR810.R37 2002 <SciRR>

Richards, J. A. Remote sensing digital image analysis: an introduction. 3rd ed. Berlin, New York, Springer, c1999. 363 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   G70.4.R53 1999

Thematic mapping from satellite imagery: a guidebook = Cartographie thematique derivee des images satellitaires: un guide. Edited by J. Denegre. Oxford, Eng., New York, published on behalf of the International Cartographic Association by Elsevier Science, 1994. 269 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   English and French.
   GA102.4.R44T47 1994

Walker, James W, and Steven Leroy De Vore. Low altitude large scale reconnaissance: a method of obtaining high resolution vertical photographs for small areas. Rev. ed. Denver, Colo., Interagency Archaeological Services, Rocky Mountain Regional Office, National Park Service, 1995. 161 p.
   Bibliography: p. 154-158.
   TR810.W35 1995

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Atlas of satellite observations related to global change. Edited by R J. Gurney, J. L. Foster, and C. L. Parkinson. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1993. 470 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QC981.8.C5A93 1993 <SciRR>

Bazler, Judith A. Earth science resources in the electronic age. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 2003. 303 p.
   QE48.87.B39 2003 <SciRR>

Barrett, E. C., and L. F. Curtis. Introduction to environmental remote sensing. 4th ed. Cheltenham, Glos., Eng., Stanley Thornes Publishers, 1999. 457 p.
   Bibliography: p. 435-445.
   QE33.2.R4B37 1999

Drury, S. A. Image interpretation in geology. 3rd ed. Malden, Mass., Blackwell Science, 2001. 290 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QE33.2.R4D78 2001

Dynamic earth environments: remote sensing observations from Shuttle-Mir missions. Edited by Kamlesh P. Lulla and Lev V. Dessinov, with Cynthia A. Evans, Patricia W. Dickerson, and Julie A. Robinson. New York, Wiley, c2000. 268 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QE33.2.R4 D96 2000

Foster, Norman H. Photogeology and photogeomorphology. Tulsa, Okla., American Association of Petroleum Geologists, c1992. 555 p. (Treatise of petroleum geology reprint series, no. 18)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TN271.P4F67 1992

Global environment remote sensing. Edited by Ken'ichi Okamoto. Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Ohmsha, Ltd., Burke, Va., IOS Press Inc. [distributor], c2001. 308 p.
   "Translated from the original Japanese edition: ‘Wave summit kouza: chikyu kankyo keisoku’ published by Ohmsha Ltd. c1999."
   QE33.2.R4G57 2001

Gupta, Ravi P. Remote sensing geology. 2nd ed. Berlin, New York, Springer, c2003. 655 p.
   Bibliography: p. 593-622.
   QE33.2.R4G86 2003

Images in weather forecasting: a practical guide for interpreting satellite and radar imagery. Edited by M. J. Bader and others. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1995. 499 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QC995.I43 1995

Jensen, John R. Remote sensing of the environment: an earth resource perspective. Upper Saddle River, N.J., Prentice Hall, 2000. 544 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QE33.2.R4J46 2000

Kramer, H. J. Observation of the earth and its environment: survey of missions and sensors. 4th ed. Berlin, New York, Springer, c2002. 1510 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   G70.6.K73 2002 <SciRR>

Legg, Christopher. Remote sensing and geographic information systems: geological mapping, mineral exploration, and mining. Chichester, Eng., New York, Wiley, published in association with Praxis Pub., c1994. 166 p.
   Bibliography p. 153-154.
   TN270.L498 1994

Los, Sietse Oene. Linkages between global vegetation and climate: an analysis based on NOAA advanced very high resolution radiometer data. Greenbelt, Md., National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Goddard Space Flight Center, Hanover, Md., available from NASA Center for Aerospace Information, 1998. 179 p.
   Bibliography: p. 81-90.
   QK754.5.L67 1998

National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on NASA-NOAA Transition from Research to Operations. Satellite observations of the Earth’s environment: accelerating the transition of research to operations. Washington, National Academies Press, c2003. 163 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   GE45.R44N38 2003

Parkinson, Claire L. Earth from above: using color-coded satellite images to examine the global environment. Sausalito, Calif., University Science Books, 1997. 175 p.
   Bibliography: p. 155-160.
   QE33.2.R4P378 1997

Remote sensing and climate modeling: synergies and limitations. Edited by Martin Beniston and Michel M. Verstraete. Dordrecht, Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, c2001. 343 p. (Advances in global change research, v. 7)
   QC981.8.C5R4383 2001

Remote sensing for the earth sciences. Edited by Andrew N. Rencz. 3rd ed. New York, Wiley, c1999. 707 p. (Manual of remote sensing, v. 3)
   Bibliography: p. 694-697.
   G70.4.P733 vol. 3

Sounding the troposphere from space: a new era for atmospheric chemistry. Edited by Peter Borrell and others. Berlin, New York, Springer, c2004. 446 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QC881.2.T75S68 2004

Verbyla, David L. Satellite remote sensing of natural resources. Boca Raton, Fla., Lewis Publishers, c1995. 198 p.    Includes bibliographical references.
   G70.4.V47 1995

Vincent, Robert K. Fundamentals of geological and environmental remote sensing. Upper Saddle River, N.J., Prentice Hall, c1997. 366 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QE33.2.R4V56 1997

Wilkie, David S. Remote sensing imagery for natural resources monitoring: a guide for first-time users. New York, Columbia University Press, c1996. 295 p.
   Bibliography: p. 274-280.
   G70.4.W438 1996 <SciRR>

Zuidam, R. A. van. Aerial photo-interpretation in terrain analysis and geomorphologic mapping. With contributions from F. I. van Zuidam-Cancelado and other members of the staff of the International Institute for Aerospace Survey and Earth Sciences (ITC). The Hague, Smits Publishers, c1986. 442 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   GB400.42.A35Z84 1986

Data Processing & Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Bettinger, Pete. Geographic information systems: applications in forestry and natural resources management. International ed. Boston, McGraw-Hill, Higher Education, c2004. 230 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   SD387.R4B48 2004

Congalton, Russell G. Assessing the accuracy of remotely sensed data: principles and practices. Boca Raton, Fla., Lewis Publications, c1999. 137 p.
   Bibliography: p. 125-131.
   G70.4.C647 1999

Decker, Drew. GIS data sources. New York, J. Wiley, c2001. 193 p.
   Bibliography: p. 137-138.
   G70.212.D44 2001 <SciRR>

DeMers, Michael M.. Fundamentals of geographic information systems. 3rd ed., New York, John Wiley & Sons, c2005. 468 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   G70.212.D46 2005 <SciRR>

Jensen, John R. Introductory digital image processing: a remote sensing perspective. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J., Prentice Hall, c1996. 316 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   G70.4.J46 1996 <SciRR>

People and the environment: approaches for linking household and community surveys to remote sensing and GIS. Edited by Jefferson Fox and others. Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, c2003. 319 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HD108.15.P46 2003

Rees, Gareth. The remote sensing data book. Cambridge, Eng., New York, Cambridge University Press, c1999. 262 p.
   Bibliography: p. 261-262.
   G70.4.R435 1999 <SciRR>

Spatial modelling of the terrestrial environment. Editors, Richard E. J. Kelly, Nicholas A. Drake, Stuart L. Barr. Chichester, Eng., Hoboken, N.J., Wiley, c2004. 276 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QE48.8.S63 2004 <SciRR>

Uncertainty in remote sensing and GIS. Edited by Giles M. Foody and Peter M. Atkinson. Hoboken, N.J., J. Wiley, c2002. 307 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   G70.4.U52 2002

Williams, Jonathan. GIS processing of geocoded satellite data. London, New York, Springer, c2001. 327 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   GA102.4.R44W56 2001

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RELATED TITLES

Archaeological prospecting and remote sensing. I. Scollar and others. Cambridge, Eng., New York, Cambridge University Press, 1990. 674 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   CC79.I44A73 1990

Barrett, Harrison H. Foundations of image science. Hoboken, N.J., Wiley-Interscience, c2004. 1540 p.
   Bibliography: p. 1473-1522.
   TK8315.B37 2003

Biological imaging and sensing. T. Furukawa, ed. Berlin, Springer, 2004. 298 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   R857.O6B556 2004

Holst, Gerald C. Electro-optical imaging system performance. 3rd ed. Winter Park, Fla., copublished by JCD Pub.; Bellingham, Wash., SPIE Optical Engineering Press, c2003. 442 p. (SPIE Press monograph, PM 121)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TA1750.H64 2003

Irvin, David W. History of strategic drone operations. Paducah, Ky., Turner Pub. Co., 2003. 128 p.
   UG763.I76 2003

Lashmar, Paul. Spy flights of the Cold War. Annapolis, Md., Naval Institute Press, 1996. 244 p.
   Bibliography: p. 232-238.
   First published by Sutton Publ. Ltd. England, 1966.
   UG763.L37 1996

Richelson, Jeffrey T. America’s space sentinels: DSP satellites and national security. Lawrence, Kan., University Press of Kansas, c1999. 329 p.
   Bibliography: p. 251-307.
   UG1523.R535 1999

Robb, Richard A. Biomedical imaging, visualization, and analysis. New York, Wiley-Liss, c2000. 339 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
    R857.O6R63 2000

Taubman, Philip. Secret empire: Eisenhower, the CIA, and the hidden story of America’s space espionage. New York, Simon & Schuster, c2003. 441 p.
   Bibliography: p. 403-419.
   UG763.T38 2003

Webb, Andrew R. Introduction to biomedical imaging. Hoboken, N.J., Wiley, c2003. 252 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   R857.O6W43 2003

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CONFERENCES, SYMPOSIA, ETC.

Conferences, Symposia, etc. are frequently the best source for the most up to date research on remote sensing and related topics, especially those of a highly technical nature. Conference information online is listed under OTHER ONLINE RESOURCES.

Selected Conference Titles

2nd GRSS/ISPRS Joint Workshop on Remote Sensing and Data Fusion over Urban Areas, URBAN 2003: Berlin, 22-23 May, 2003, Technische Universitat Berlin. Piscataway, N.J., Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, c2003. 308 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HT166.G75 2003

Remote sensing in the 21st century: economic and environmental applications: proceedings of the 19th EARSeL Symposium on remote sensing in the 21st century, Valladolid, Spain, 31 May-2 June 1999. EARsel Symposium (19th, 1999, Vallodolid, Spain). Edited by José Luis Casanova. Rotterdam, Brookfield, Vt., A. A. Balkema, 2000. 610 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   G70.5.E85E37 1999

Proceedings of the 17th EARSeL Symposium on Future Trends in Remote Sensing, Lyngby, Denmark, 17-19 June 1997. Edited by Preben Gudmandsen. Rotterdam, Brookfield, Vt., A. A. Balkema, 1998. EARsel Symposium on Future Trends in Remote Sensing (17th, 1997, Lyngby, Denmark). 496 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   G70.5.E85E37 1997

Geo-spatial and temporal image and data exploitation III: 21, 24 April 2003, Orlando, Florida. Nicholas L. Faust, William E. Roper, chairs/editors. Bellingham, Wash., SPIE, c2003. 254 p. (Proceedings of SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering, v. 5097)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   G70.212.G4156 2003

Remote sensing for environmental monitoring, GIS applications, and geology II: 23-26 September, 2002, Agia Pelagia, Crete, Greece. Manfred Ehlers, chair/editor. Bellingham, Wash., SPIE, c2003. (Proceedings of SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering, v. 4886)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   GE45.R44R46 2003

Sensors and camera systems for scientific, industrial, and digital photography applications IV: 21-23 January, 2003, Santa Clara, Calif. Morley M. Blouke, Nitin Sampat, Ricardo J. Motta, chairs/editors. Bellingham, Wash., SPIE, c2003. 408 p. (Proceedings of SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering, v. 5017)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TK7871.99.C45S456 2003

Unattended ground sensor technologies and applications V: 21-25 April, 2003, Orlando, Florida. Edward M. Carapezza, chair/editor. Bellingham, Wash., SPIE, c2003. 518 p. (Proceedings of the SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering, v. 5090)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TK7882.E2U5825 2003

UV/optical/IR space telescopes: innovative technologies and concepts: 3-5 August 2003, San Diego, Calif. Howard A. MacEwen, chair/editor. Bellingham, Wash., SPIE, c2004. 310 p.
(Proceedings of the SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering, v. 5166)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QB474.U94 2004

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ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING SERVICES (A&Is)

Below is a list of suggested print and electronic subscription A&I’s for finding periodical literature on remote sensing, followed by a list of open-access A&I’s. A complete and current list of all electronic databases can be found on the LC Databases & E-Resources web page http://eresources.loc.gov/). LC-access subscription databases are available from any LC public workstation. Open-access databases are available from any computer with Web access. Subscriptions listed here are current as of the print publication of this guide. This list includes A&I’s for relevant government documents, publications, and technical reports (‘gray literature’).

LC-Access A&Is
Print and Electronic

  • Applied Science & Technology Abstracts (ASTA) (1983 - present)
       Electronic Format

  • Applied Science & Technology Index (1958-present)
       Z7913.I7 <SciRR>

  • Academic Search Premier (Ebsco Research Databases)
       Electronic Format

  • Bibliography on Cold Regions Science and Technology (1951- 1988)
       GB2401.U53 <SciRR>

  • Bibliography of Agriculture Index (H.W. Wilson) (1964-present )
       Z5073.A46 <SciRR>

  • BioAg Index (1983-present)
       Electronic Format

  • Conference Papers Index (1982-present)
       Electronic Format

  • EI Compendex (1989-present)
       Electronic Format

  • Engineering Index (1884-1993)
       Z5851.E62 <SciRR>

  • GEOBASE (1980-present)
       Electronic Format

  • GeoREF (1785-present)
       Electronic Format

  • Government Reports Announcements & Index (1946-1996)
       Z7916.G78 <SciRR>
       (see also NTIS Bibliographic Database)

  • Inspec (ISI Web of Knowledge) (1969-present)
       Electronic Format

  • Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications (1895-present)
       Z1223.A18 <SciRR>

  • NTIS Bibliographic Database (1964-present)
       Microfiche <SciRR>
       Electronic Format

  • Science Citation Index (Institute for Scientific Information) (1945-2001)
       Z7401.S365<SciRR>

  • Science Citation Index Expanded (ISI Web of Knowledge) (1997-2004)
       Electronic Format

Open-Access A&Is

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SELECTED JOURNALS

Selected Journals are listed below with online information included; some may have articles available in full-text through LC online databases. For more information consult a reference librarian.

Agricultural Research Magazine (1953- )
   S1.A1815
   U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service
   http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/AR/index.html (Online index, 1978- ; full-text, 1996- .)

AIAA Journal (1963- )
   TL501.A688
   American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics (AIAA)
      http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=322&lupubid=2 (Index 1963-2004)

Aviation Week & Space Technology (1960- )
   TL501.A8
   New York, McGraw-Hill
      Online in LC: Academic Search Premier (Full-text, April 2, 2001 to present with a 4-day delay) and ProQuest (Full-text, Mar 11, 1996 to present)

Cartography and Geographic Information Science (1999- )
   GA101.A49
   Bethesda, Md., American Congress on Surveying and Mapping.
      Online in LC: InfoTrac (Full-text, Jan. 1999- )

Cartography and Geographic Information Systems (1990-1998)
   GA101.A49
   Bethesda, Md., American Congress on Surveying and Mapping

Computers & Geosciences (1975- )
   QE48.8.C62
   Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press

Earth Observation Magazine / EOM (1995- )
   G70.2.E27
   Littleton, Colo., EOM Inc.
   http://ask.usgs.gov/products.html (Full-text, Feb. 1995- )

Earth Observation Quarterly (Current Issues Only)
   <N&CPRR>
    European Space Agency
      http://esapub.esrin.esa.it/eoq/eoq.htm (Full-text, June 1994-June 2003)

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters (Unbound issues Jan. 2004- )
   <N&CPRR>
   New York, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
      http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?puNumber=8859 (Index, some abstracts)

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (Jan. 1980- )
   QC801.I2
   New York, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
      http://ewh.ieee.org/soc/grss/tgars.html (Tables of contents 1980-1989)

International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation: ITC journal (1999- )
   GE45.R44I58
   International Institute for Aerospace Survey and Earth Sciences
      http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/622741/description#description

International Journal of Remote Sensing (1980- )
   G70.4.I56
   London, Taylor & Francis, Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society
      http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/online/0143-1161.asp (Contents)
      Online in LC: Academic Search Premier (Full-text Jan. 10, 1998 to present, with a 12- month delay)

ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (1989- )
   TA593.A2P48
    Amsterdam, New York, Elsevier, International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
      http://www.elsevier.com/locate/isprsjprs (Tables of contents, abstracts)

Journal of Imaging Science and Technology (1992- )
   TR1.P7943
   Springfield, Va., Society for Imaging Science & Technology (IS & T)
      http://www.imaging.org/pubs/jist/index.cfm (Tables of contents, abstracts)

Nature (1869- )
   Q1.N2
   London, etc., Macmillan Journals Ltd., etc.
   http://www.nature.com/nature/ (Index 1997- )

Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing (PE & RS) (1986- )
   TA593.A2 P5
   Falls Church, Va., American Society for Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing.
   http://www.asprs.org/publications/pers/ (Tables of contents 1996- )

Remote Sensing of Environment (1969- )
   QE33.R44
   New York, American Elsevier Publishing.
   http://www.elsevier.com/locate/rse (Tables of contents, abstracts)

Subsurface Sensing Technologies and Applications (2000- )
   TA1750.S847
   New York, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
   http://www.kluweronline.com/issn/1566-0184/contents (Tables of contents, abstracts)

Surveying and Land Information Systems: Journal of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping (1990- )
   TA501.A6436
   Bethesda, Md., The Congress.
   http://www.acsm.net/salisjr.html (Abstracts 1999- )

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REPRESENTATIVE JOURNAL ARTICLES

Alsdorf, Douglas E. Water storage of the central Amazon floodplain measured with GIS and remote sensing imagery. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, v. 93, Mar. 2003: 55-66.
   G3.A7

Bishop, Gary A. Snowmobile contributions to mobile source emissions in Yellowstone National Park. Environmental science and technology, v. 35, July 2001: 2874-2881.
   TD180.E5

Cohen, Warren B., and Samuel N. Goward. Landsat’s role in ecological applications of remote sensing. Bioscience. v. 54, June 2004: 535-545.
   QH1.A277

Davis, C. H., and Shihua Sun. Long-term thinning of the southeast Greenland ice sheet from Seasat, Geosat, and GFO Satellite Radar altimetry. IEEE geoscience and remote sensing letters, v. 1, Apr. 2004: 47- 50.
   Unbound issues

de Wasseige, Carlos, and Pierre Defourny. Remote sensing of selective logging impact for tropical forest management. Forest ecology and management, v. 188, Feb. 2004: 161-73.
   SD1.F57

Elachi, Charles. Space imaging radar in planetary exploration and earth observation. AIAA journal, v. 39, 2001:
553-563.
   TL501.A688A2

Mehner, Henny, and others. Remote sensing of upland vegetation: the potential of high spatial resolution satellite sensors. Global ecology & biogeography, v. 13, July 2004: 359-369.
   QH84.G58

Ozesmi, S. L., and M. E. Bauer. Satellite remote sensing of wetlands. Wetlands ecology and management, v. 10, Oct. 2002: 381-402.
   QH541.5.M3W483

Schifter, I., L. Diaz, and J. Duran. Remote sensing study of emissions from motor vehicles in the metropolitan area of Mexico City. Environmental science & technology, v. 37, no. 2, Jan. 2003: 395-401.
   TD180.E5

Seelan, Santhosh K., and others. Remote sensing applications for precision agriculture: a learning community approach. Remote sensing of environment, v. 88, Nov. 2003: 157-169.
   QE33.R44

Stow, Douglas A., and others. Remote sensing of vegetation land-cover change in Arctic tundra ecosystems. Remote sensing of environment, v. 89, no. 3, Feb. 2003: 281-308.
   QE33.R44

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SELECTED MATERIALS

Selected materials in the Remote Sensing pamphlet box, in the Science & Business Reading Room.

Asker, James. U.S. declassifies more Cold War recce satellite imagery. Aviation week & space technology, v. 157, Nov. 4, 2002: 68-70.

Comis, Don. How wet’s our planet? Scientists want to be able to measure soil moisture everywhere, every day! Agricultural research, v. 52, Mar. 2004: 20-22.
   http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/AR/archive/mar04/ (HTML or PDF)

Conway, H., and others. Switch of flow direction in an Antarctic ice stream. Nature, v. 419, Oct. 3, 2002: 465.

El-Baz, Farouk. Space age archaeology. Scientific American, v. 277, Aug. 1997: 60-65.

Fischetti, Mark. Eye in the sky. Scientific American. v. 286, Feb. 2002: 92.

Mumby, Peter J., John R. M. Chisholm, and Chris D. Clark. A bird's-eye view of the health of coral reefs. Nature, v. 413, Sep. 6, 2001: 36.

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ORGANIZATIONS

Non-Governmental

American Congress on Surveying and Mapping (ACSM)
6 Montgomery Village Avenue, Suite #403
Gaithersburg, MD 20879
Tel.: (240) 632-9716
Fax: (240) 632-1321
Web: http://www.acsm.net/

American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics (AIAA)
1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500
Reston, VA 20191-4344
Tel: 703/264-7500 or (800) 639-AIAA
Fax: 703/264-7551
Electronic Library: http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=298
Publications and Papers: http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=2

American Society for Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing (ASPRS)
5410 Grosvenor Lane, Suite 210
Bethesda, MD 20814-2160
Tel.: (301) 493-0290
Web: http://www.asprs.org/
Email: sprs@asprs.org

IEEE Geoscience & Remote Sensing Society (GRSS)
IEEE Operations Center
445 Hoes Lane,
Piscataway, NJ 08854-1331
Tel: (732) 981-0060
Fax: (732) 981-1721
Web: http://www.ewh.ieee.org/soc/grss/index.html

International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC)
Hengelosestraat 99
P.O. Box 6
7500 AA Enschede
The Netherlands
Tel: + 31 (0)53 4874444
Fax: +31 (0)53 4874400
Web: http://www.itc.nl/ (searchable library catalogue)

International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE)
P.O. Box 10
Bellingham, WA 98227-0010
Tel.: (360) 676-3290
Fax: (360) 647-1445
Web: http://www.spie.org/ (digital library of 90K+ papers)
Email: spie@spie.org

Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society (RSPSoc)
c/o School of Geography
The University of Nottingham
University Park
Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
Tel: +44 (0)115-951-5435
Fax: +44 (0)115-951-5249
Web: http://www.rspsoc.org/

Society for Imaging Science and Technology (IS & T)
7003 Kilworth Lane
Springfield, VA 22151
Tel: (703) 642-9090
Fax: (703) 642-9094
Web: http://www.imaging.org/ (searchable abstract database).

Government, U.S.

National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA)
Goddard Space Flight Center
Code 130, Office of Public Affairs
Greenbelt, MD 20771
Tel: (301) 286-8955
Email: gsfcpao@pop100.gsfc.nasa.gov
Web: http://www.nasa.gov/centers/goddard/home/index.html

National Archives & Records Administration (NARA)
Cartographic & Architectural Records
8601 Adelphi Rd.
College Park, MD 20740-6001
Tel: (866) 272-6272
Web: http://www.archives.gov/
   For detailed outline of holdings see General Information Leaflet No. 26.

National Geospatial Intelligence Agency
4600 Sangamore Road
Bethesda, MD 20816-5003
Tel:(800) 455-0899
Web: http://www.nga.mil/portal/site/nga01/
   Formerly the National Imagery & Mapping Agency (NIMA), NGIA has products and services for the public, including Raster Roam.

U.S. Geological Survey
USGS National Center
12201 Sunrise Valley Drive
Reston, VA 20192, USA
Tel: (703) 648-4000
Web: http://www.usgs.gov
   USGS provides aerial photography and digital satellite data from multiple systems.

Government, Non-U.S. and International

Canada Centre for Remote Sensing
588 Booth Street
Ottawa, Ontario
Canada, K1A 0Y7
Tel: (613) 947-1216
Email: info-requests@ccrs.nrcan.gc.ca
Web: http://www.ccrs.nrcan.gc.ca/ccrs/homepg.pl?e

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS)
United States/North & South America
Code IY, NASA Headquarters
Washington, DC 20546-0001
Tel: (202) 358-1622
Fax: (202) 358-2798
Web: http://www.ceos.org/
   Membership encompasses the world's government agencies responsible for civil Earth Observation (EO) satellite programs, along with agencies that receive and process data acquired remotely from space.

European Space Agency (ESA)
European Space Agency
8-10 rue Mario Nikis
75738 Paris Cedex 15
France
Tel: +33-1-5369-7654
Fax: +33-1-5369-7560
Email: contactesa@esa.int
Web: http://www.esa.int/export/esaCP/index.html

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REMOTE SENSING IMAGES, ATLASES, MAPS & OTHER COLLECTIONS of aerial photography and remotely sensed data in the Library of Congress.

Unless otherwise noted these are in the collections of the Geography & Map Division. The online guide, Aerial Photographs & Remote Sensing Images (http://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/guide/gmillapa.html) provides a few additional details on some of the G&M collections. The remote-sensing maps and derived products listed below are a very small sample of the holdings of the Library.

This list is intended only to show a sample of the range of materials available:

Aerial survey, Manhattan Island, New York City. Made by Fairchild Aerial Camera Corporation, New York City, Aug. 4, 1921. New York, The Corporation, 1921.
   1 remote-sensing image on 6 sheets. Scale [ca. 1:10,000]
   Airphoto mosaic.
   “This mosaic was made by assembling 100 aerial photographs taken ... at an altitude of 1000 feet.”
   http://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/guide/gm068001.jpg (detail)
   G3804.N4:2M3A4 1921.F4 Vault Oversize

Coastal remote sensing. Charleston, S.C., NOAA Coastal Services Center, 2003. 1 atlas, scale not given.
   G1202.C6A4C6 2003

Iraq: a map folio. Central Intelligence Agency. Washington, Central Intelligence Agency; Springfield, Va., May be purchased from National Technical Information Service, 1992.
   1 atlas. Scales differ.
   Includes timeline of 20th century events in Iraq.
   Three folded col. maps in pocket: Southeastern Iraq [remote-sensing image map]; The Kurdish Lands; Transportation corridors into Iraq.
   Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.
   http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g7620m.gct00038
   G2250.U55 1992

Mosaic composed of aerial photographs, Washington D.C. Made by Air Service, U.S. Army, 3rd Photo. Section, Sept. 1922. 1 map. Scale [ca. 1:15,250]. (Port series (United States. Army. Corps of Engineers), no. 16)
   LC copy annotated in ink: From Port Series no. 16--1926.
   G3851.A4 1922.U5

Topographic map of Venus. Reston, Va., Dept. of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, 1990. 1 remote-sensing image. Scale 1:50,000,000. 1 mm. = 50 km.
   Exhibited at 27th IGC International Map & Book Exhibit, 1992.
   Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.
   http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3182v.ct001241
   G3182.V4 1990.G4

Washington, DC--from space. Image supplied by Earth Observation Satellite Company; image enhancement by KRS Remote Sensing; image produced and marketed by Spaceshots, Inc. Los Angeles, Spaceshots, Inc., c1988. 1 remote-sensing image. Scale [1:145,728]. 1" = 2.3 miles.
   True-color satellite remote-sensing image “from 450 miles in space.”
   Covers Washington, D.C. metropolitan area and eastern region.
   G3851.A43 1988.S5

Welcome to Stonehenge, world heritage site. London, English Heritage, 2003. 1 map, not drawn to scale.
   COblique col. aerial photograph from helicopter.
   CG5752.S75A4 2003.E5

World ocean database 2001. Editor, Sydney Levitus ... and others. Washington, U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, 2002- . 1 atlas. (NOAA Atlas NESDIS, 42-<48>)
   G2801.C72U5 2002

Uncataloged special collections in the Geography & Map Division include:

  • Earth Observation Satellite Company (EOSAT) Collection. (120 items). Large format Landsat photographic images of selected features of the Earth, 1980s.
  • Edgar Tobin Aerial Surveys Collection. (240 items). Aerial photographic mosaic prints of southern states, 1953–1954.
  • Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) Collection. (2,000 items). Innovative computer-generated maps exhibited at the annual esri Users' Conference from 1988–1993.
  • NASA Print Collection. (630 items). Color photo images (8- by 10-inch) of the Earth generated from satellite sensing devices, 1972–1978.
  • Nierenstein National Reality Company. (354 folders). Atlases, maps, and aerial photographs of American and Canadian cities and shopping centers, 1920s–1950s.
  • Remote Sensing Imagery and Aerial Photography Browse File. (25,000 items). Film cassettes and microfiche indexes of images of the Earth taken from satellites and aircraft, 1960s–1990s.

The Library’s collection in the Prints and Photographs Division includes aerial images of significant historical value, however they tend to be miscellaneous in nature and are not indexed for easy retrieval. The basic reference aid to locate aerial photographs is the P&P Card Catalog.

Aerial photographs in the P&P collection are listed mainly under the subject heading “aerial photographs” but can also be found under related headings, such as “bombing, aerial,” etc. The P&P Online Catalog (PPOC-http://lcweb2.loc.gov/pp/pphome.html) has a few of these collections cataloged as well as many individual images. The subject headings list can be browsed online. Digitized online collections include the 4,200 images in the Panoramic Photographs (http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/coll/187_pans.html) collection.

Many of the P&P images are land views, primarily of the United States, and include prominent landmarks and features such as rivers, dams, reservoirs, etc. There are also images of airfields (commercial and military), shorelines, military actions (including ground, naval and air combat) and intelligence, industrial areas, cities, railroads, and natural disasters (hurricanes, floods, etc.).

Selected aerial photograph collections:

  • German Aerial Photographic Collection. Three separate collections of German aerial photographs, 1914-1918. Originally collected by the Air Division of the German War Ministry or the Rehse Archives in Munich (ca. 200 prints).
  • German Materials Confiscated by the United States Military Intelligence Authorities Collection. Includes German aerial photographic mosaics of Poland and Yugoslavia, 1943 (111 prints), and German aerial photographs of French towns and areas in Austria and northern Italy during World War I.
  • Greenough Collection. Contains aerial photographs of communications lines and trenches in France, some captioned, prepared by the French Army’s Section de Photo Adrienne, 1915, and of Forts Domaumonth and Fleury, and others, 1916 (ca. 75 photos).
  • Adolph Hitler Collection. Includes an album of aerial photographs of 60 different German cities presented to Hitler by Lufthansa Airlines (65 prints). These photographs were made during travels on Hitler’s private Lufthansa airplanes.
  • Ernest L. Jones Collection. Includes an aerial photograph showing poisonous gas being used by French forces on the Western Front and other aerial photographs of various cities and prominent places, 1917-1920 (ca. 150 prints).
  • Matson Photo Service Collection. Oblique aerial photographs of villages and landscapes in Egypt, Lebanon, Palestine, and Syria, 1931-1937 (ca. 500 negatives).
Additional collections include:

  • William “Billy” Mitchell Collection.
  • John J. Pershing Collection.
  • Polish Aerial Photograph Collection.
  • Scamahorn Air Photo Company Collection.
  • Spence Air Photo Collection.
  • Spencer & Wyckoff Collection.
  • Tissandier Collection.
  • Nathan Farragut Twining Collection.
  • United States Agricultural Adjustment Administration Collection.
  • United States Air Force Collections.
  • United States Army Collection.
  • United States Defense Department Collection.
  • United States Navy Collection.
  • United States War Information Office Collection.

Selected aerial photographs online:

[Aerial view of bomb damage in Tokyo, Japan, during the second world war ]. LOT 10423. [1945] U.S. Army A.A.F. photo. No. A-58577 AC.

Aerial view of Hiroshima after the bomb. NYWTS - SUBJ/GEOG--Japan--Hiroshima--Atom Bomb Destruction--Ruins. 1946 Jun 26.

Aerial view of Paris, France, from balloon, showing the Arc de Triomphe at left center. LOT 7586. 1889. Tissandier Collection. LC-USZ62-94572 (b&w film copy neg.)

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REMOTE SENSING IMAGES, ATLASES, MAPS & OTHER COLLECTIONS of aerial photography and remotely sensed data in government archives, universities and other organizations

Earth Resources Observations & Science (EROS) Data Center
U.S. Geological Survey
47914 252nd Street
Sioux Falls, SD 57198-0001
Tel: 800-252-4547; (605) 594-6151
Fax: 605-594-6589
Email: custserv@usgs.gov
Web: http://edc.usgs.gov/
   Declassified satellite imagery (e.g., Corona, Argon and Lanyard, 1959-1980) used in early mapping programs may be obtained here.

National Archives at College Park
Special Media Archives Services Division (Aerial Team)
8601 Adelphi Road
College Park, MD 20740-6001
Tel:(301) 837-3520
   See esp. Reference Paper No. 107 (A Finding Aid to National Archives Records Relating to the Cold War, Reconaissance & Satellite Imagery). Declassified satellite imagery (e.g., Corona, Argon and Lanyard, 1959-1980) used in early mapping programs may be obtained here.

University of California, Berkeley
Aerial Photography Collection
Earth Sciences & Map Library
50 McCone Hall
Tel: (510) 642-2997
Fax: (510) 643-6576
Web: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/EART/air-catalog.html (catalog of aerial photography, mostly of California)

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DIGITAL LIBRARY ACRHIVES

Most remotely sensed data is in digital form; collections of these data sets are publicly available at the following archives.

Center for Earth Observation (CEO)
   Data Set Archive
   Yale University
   http://www.yale.edu/ceo/DataArchive/DataArchive.html

Eoli Web Catalog
   European Space Agency
   http://eoli.esa.int/servlets/template/welcome/entryPage.vm
      Multi-mission catalogue that gives access to ESA's catalogues of EO products.

Earth Resources Observations & Science (EROS) Data Center
   U.S. Geological Survey
   http://edcwww.cr.usgs.gov/
      Aerial photography and remote-sensing data and products, searchable using a number of tools, described at the EOS Data Gateway. Declassified satellite imagery (e.g., Corona, Argon and Lanyard) used in early mapping programs may be obtained.

GeoGratis
   Canada Centre for Remote Sensing
   http://geogratis.cgdi.gc.ca/clf/en
      Free web and file transfer protocol (ftp) site that distributes geospatial data of Canada.

Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
   NASA
   http://gcmd.nasa.gov/Data/datasets.html
      Find data sets by topic, link to portals to other data sets, and get information on the most recent data set titles.

Ionia
   European Space Agency
   http://dup.esrin.esa.int/ionia/
      Visualize and get access to a number of Earth Observation Level 3 products; includes a web map server visualization tool, and a World Fire Atlas.

ISPRS Data Sets Collection
   International Society for Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing
   http://www.isprs.org/data/index.html
      Close-range images, laser data, aerial images, and satellite images.

ITC Satellite Images and Data Sets
   International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC)
   http://www.itc.nl/~bakker/satellite.html

NASA Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs)
   http://nasadaacs.eos.nasa.gov/
      Earth science data, data-handling software, and user support.

NASA Goddard Earth Sciences DAAC
   http://daac.gsfc.nasa.gov/
      Archived earth science data and related information, based on a hierarchical search starting with the following categories: atmosphere; biosphere; cryosphere; oceans; radiance; or imagery.

National Archives at College Park
   Special Media Archives Services Division (Aerial Team)
   8601 Adelphi Road
   College Park, MD 20740-6001
   Tel:(301) 837-3520
      See esp. Reference Paper No. 107 (A Finding Aid to National Archives Records Relating to the Cold War, Reconaissance & Satellite Imagery)

National Satellite Land Remote Sensing Data Archive (NSLRDA)
   U.S. Geological Survey
   http://edc.usgs.gov/archive/nslrsda/
      Derived from 40+ years of satellite remote sensing, this archive includes more than 28,000 gigabytes of data from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) carried aboard National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's polar orbiting weather satellites and more than 880,000 declassified intelligence satellite photographs, and more.

NOAA National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service
   http://www.saa.noaa.gov/nsaa/products/welcome
      The Comprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System (CLASS) is an electronic library of NOAA environmental data. CLASS is the facility for the distribution of NOAA and U.S. Dept. of Defense (DoD) Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite (POES) data and derived data products. CLASS is now archiving and distributing data from NOAA's Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES).

Visible Earth (NASA)
   http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/
      Purpose of NASA's Visible Earth is to provide a consistently updated, central point of access to the superset of NASA's Earth science-related images, animations, and data visualizations

Vision and Autonomous Systems Center (VASC) Image Database
   Carnegie Mellon University
   http://vasc.ri.cmu.edu/idb/
      Over 5,000 total images divided between nearly 200 different data sets, and which can be downloaded in either .tgz or .zip format.

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COMMERCIAL SATELLITE IMAGE SOURCES

DigitalGlobe
http://www.digitalglobe.com/
   Data and products from existing sources of remote sensing and geospatial information imagery (SPOT, LandSat, etc.) and from their own QuickBird satellite. Search the online image library.

EurImage
http://www.eurimage.com/
   Multi-mission satellite data.

HyVista
http://www.hyvista.com/main.html
   Airborne Hyperspectral Surveys and Information Products

Image Web Server
http://www.earthetc.com/

Ocean Imaging
http://www.oceani.com/
   Acquisition, processing and analysis of aerial and satellite-derived environmental data with work centered on monitoring the ocean environment, as well as coastal areas, wetlands and lakes.

Radarsat International
http://www.rsi.ca/
   Imagery from a variety of platforms. Includes image gallery.

Satellite Imaging Corporation
http://www.satimagingcorp.com/
   A global provider of high resolution image data, Geographic Information System (GIS) services, and mapping solutions.

SpaceImaging
http://www.spaceimaging.com/
   Ikonos, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) IRS earth observation satellites, and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery.

Spot Image
http://www.spot.com/html/SICORP/_401_.php
   Geographic information products and services derived from the Spot satellites.

TerraServer (Microsoft)
http://terraserver.microsoft.com/
   USGS imagery and topographic maps

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OTHER ONLINE RESOURCES

Aerial Photographic Archive of the Middle East
   http://www.arts.uwa.edu.au/Classics/archeology/rsame.html
      Established in 1978 under the patronage of Crown Prince Hassan bin Talal of Jordan. To date it consists of over 8000 photographs and several hundred maps for several countries, mainly Jordan. Includes a list of “Publications Arising and of Relevance.”

Asian Center for Research on Remote Sensing
   http://www.acrors.ait.ac.th/

Australian Centre for Remote Sensing (ACRES)
   http://www.ga.gov.au/acres/

GEOSCAN Database
   Canada Centre for Remote Sensing
   http://ess.nrcan.gc.ca/esic/geoscan_e.php
       Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) scientific publications.

Catalogue of Internet Resources: Remote Sensing
   Centre for Digital Library Research, Strathclyde University, Glasgow, Scotland
   http://bubl.ac.uk/link/r/remotesensing.htm

DigitalEarth.org
   Open Planning Project and GeoData Alliance Collaboration
   http://www.digitalearth.org/
      A collaborative weblog for discussing geo-technology issues, with a focus on new ways of connecting up geographic technology infrastructure.

Digital Lunar Orbiter Photographic Atlas of the Moon
   Lunar and Planetary Institute
   http://www.lpi.usra.edu/resources/lunar_orbiter/
      The digital Lunar Orbiter Atlas of the Moon is a reproduction of the 675 plates contained in the definitive Bowker and Hughes reference manual to the global photographic coverage of the Moon.

Earth Observation Earthnet Online
   European Space Agency
   http://earth.esa.int/

Earth Observation Portal: EO Portal
   http://www.eoportal.org/
      Includes an images gallery, maps builder, and interactive catalogues.

Earth Observatory Library: Remote Sensing
   National Aeronautics & Space Administration.
   http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Library/RemoteSensing/

Earthshots: Satellite Images of Environmental Change
   U.S. Geological Survey
   http://edcwww.cr.usgs.gov/earthshots/slow/tableofcontents

The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth
   NASA
   http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/default.htm

Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) (NASA)
   http://gcmd.nasa.gov/index.html
      GCMD offers descriptions of Earth science data sets using a specified set of information - known as the Directory Interchange Format (DIF). This site is loaded with resources, including the GeoSpatial One-Stop.

International Society for Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing (ISPRS)
   http://www.isprs.org/

Introduction to Imagery Intelligence
   Federation of American Scientists
   http://www.fas.org/irp/imint/imint_101.htm

Looking@Earth [electronic resource]. Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. c2000.
   http://www.nasm.si.edu/galleries/lae/css_gal110.htm
      Online version of the Looking at Earth gallery in the National Air and Space Museum, Washington, D.C. Documents the changing ways our planet has been viewed from above, and how these views are used to predict the weather, survey the terrain, monitor crops and forests, plan cities, locate resources, and gather intelligence.

NASA Climate & Radiation Branch
   http://climate.gsfc.nasa.gov/index.php
      Research focuses on atmospheric measurement, numerical modeling, and climate analysis. Investigates atmospheric radiation, both as a driver for climate change and as a tool for the remote sensing of Earth's atmosphere and surface

Observing the Earth (EOS)
   http://www.esa.int/export/esaEO/index.html
      Data, satellite information, publications, and more.

Raster Roam
National Geospatial Information Agency (NGIA)
   http://geoengine.nga.mil/geospatial/SW_TOOLS/NIMAMUSE/webinter/rast_roam.html
      Provides public access to view and download imagery, maps, digital elevation data and other geographic information produced by the U.S. Government and commercial vendors.

Remote Sensing Data Directories & Inventories
   International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC)
   http://www.itc.nl/~bakker/invdir.html

Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan
   http://www.restec.or.jp/restec_e.html
      Includes a data library.

Remote Sensing Tutorial
   NASA Goddard and EOS
   http://rst.gsfc.nasa.gov/start.html

SPIE Digital Library
   The International Society for Optical Engineering
   http://spiedl.org/
      90K + citations for papers from SPIE journals and proceedings published since 1998; cites and abstracts for most since 1995. Subscription required for access to full text.

WWW Virtual Library: Remote Sensing
   http://www.vtt.fi/tte/research/tte1/tte14/virtual/
      Main goal is to share information among researchers and practitioners in the field.

Fulltext Books Online

People and pixels: linking remote sensing and social science. Diana Liverman ... and others, editors. Washington, National Academy Press, 1998. 244 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   http://books.nap.edu/books/0309064082/html/index.html
   HD108.8.P46 1998

Remote sensing users’ guide. Version 1.0. Authors: Terry A. Bright and others. Produced by the U.S. Army Environmental Center (USAEC) and Topographic Engineering Center (TEC). April 29, 1997.
77 p.
   http://www.fas.org/irp/imint/docs/remote.pdf

Dehqanzada, Yahya A. Secrets for sale: how commercial satellite imagery will change the world. Washington, D.C., Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, c2000. 45 p.
   http://www.ceip.org/programs/transparency/FINALreport.pdf
   HD9696.R453 U63 2000 <SciRR>

Conference Information Online

American Congress on Surveying and Mapping (ACSM)
   Conference Sessions Papers
      http://www.acsm.net/sessions.html

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)
   Conferences & Events
      http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=1

American Society for Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing (ASPRS)
   Sponsored Meetings
      http://www.asprs.org/meetings/upmeeting.html

International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
   International Society of Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing (ISPRS)
      http://www.isprs.org/publications/archives.html (Includes links to selected conferences with full-text of proceedings.

International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
   Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society (GRSS)
   http://www.ewh.ieee.org/soc/grss/igarss.html

The International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE)
   Conferences Calendar - With searchable index for all past conferences to 1997.
      http://spie.org/app/conferences/index.cfm
   Proceedings - Searchable index for volume, conference, or year (pre-1980).
      http://spie.org/app/Publications/index.cfm?fuseaction=proceedings

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