Home Subject Heading and Term Source Codes

Subject Heading and Term Source Codes

Introduction
Subject Source Codes
Subject Source Code Usage in MARC and MODS/MADS

Introduction

Subject Sources identifies subject heading lists, thesauri, and databases that are the sources of topical, geographic, chronological, and other headings or terms used to describe the subject content of a resource, and assigns a code to each source. The purpose of this list is to identify the vocabulary used in records. or code assignment, general structure, usage, and maintenance guidelines see Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes.

These sources are general subject heading and thesauri, such as the Library of Congress Subject Headings, along with a number of focused subject term lists like Medical Subject Headings or Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names. Additional specialized lists are provided with source codes in
            Genre/Form Term and Code Source Codes
            Occupation Term Source Codes
            Function Term Source Codes
            Temporal Term Source Codes
Since general thesauri often contain a broad spectrum of terms, including genre, forms, occupations, functions, and time periods, the source codes in this list may be used in the metadata elements identified for each of the specialized source lists. Likewise, the special thesauri listed there may also be used in the metadata elements identified below under usage.

Some subject heading lists incorporate names and titles and others employ independent name and title lists for parts of a subject heading. Thus the lists assigned source codes in Name and Title Source Codes may also be used in the metadata elements identified below under usage.

Classification schemes and subject category codes include caption terms and, frequently, index terms that identify the classes in the scheme and the category codes. Some systems use those caption and index terms as subject terms in bibliographic records. Thus the lists assigned source codes in Classification Scheme Source Codes and Subject Category Code Source Codes may also be used in the metadata elements identified below under usage, when the terms from those classification schemes and subject category codes are used as subject terms.

Arrangement of the List

Entries in the list are arranged in alphabetical order by the code and consist of the source code followed by the bibliographic citation for the source documentation. The citations are linked to the online source for some codes.

Code Structure

Each code consists of a maximum of 12 lowercase alphabetic characters. Possible additions to codes are described in Source Codes.

Subject Source Codes

aass
"Asian American Studies Library subject headings" in A Guide for establishing Asian American core collections (Berkeley, CA: Asian American Studies Library, University of California, Berkeley)
aat
Art & architecture thesaurus (Los Angeles, CA: Getty Research Institute, Getty Vocabulary Program) External Link
abne
Autoridades de la Biblioteca Nacional de España (Madrid: Biblioteca Nacional de España)
aedoml
Listado de encabezamientos de materia de música (Madrid: Asociación Española de Documentación Musical) External Link
afo
AFO - Viikin kampuskirjaston ontologia (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
agrifors
AGRIFOREST-sanasto (Helsinki: Helsingin Yliopisto)
agrovoc
AGROVOC multilingual agricultural thesaurus (Rome: APIMONDIA)
agrovocf
AGROVOC thésaurus agricole multilingue (Rome: APIMONDIA)
agrovocs
AGROVOC tesauro agrícola multilingée (Roma: APIMONDIA)
afset
American Folklore Society Ethnographic Thesaurus External Link
aiatsisl
AIATSIS language thesaurus (Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies) External Link
aiatsisp
AIATSIS place thesaurus (Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies) External Link
aiatsiss
AIATSIS subject Thesaurus (Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies) External Link
aktp
Alphavētikos Katalogos Thematikōn Perigrapheōn (Naupaktos: Papacharalampeios Dēmosia Kentrikē Vivliothēkē Naupaktou)
albt
Arbetslivsbibliotekets tesaurus (Stockholm: Arbetslivsbiblioteket)
allars
Allärs: allmän tesaurus pä svenska (Helsingfors: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu)
apaist
APAIS thesaurus: a list of subject terms used in the Australian Public Affairs Information Service (Canberra: National Library of Australia)
asft
Aquatic sciences and fisheries thesaurus (Rome: Cambridge Scientific Abstracts)
asrcrfcd
Australian Standard Research Classification: Research Fields, Courses and Disciplines (RFCD) classification (Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics) External Link
asrcseo
Australian Standard Research Classification: Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) classification (Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics) External Link
asrctoa
Australian Standard Research Classification: Type of Activity (TOA) classification (Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics) External Link
asth
Astronomy thesaurus (Epping, N.S.W.: Anglo-Australian Observatory for the International Astronomical Union)
ated
Australian Thesaurus of Education Descriptors (ATED) (Melbourne, Vic.: Australian Council for Educational Research) External Link
atg
Agricultural thesaurus and glossary (Beltsville, MD: National Agricultural Library) External Link
atla
Religion indexes: thesaurus (Evanston, IL: American Theological Library Association)
aucsh
Qâ'imat ru'ûs mawdû'ât al-fahras al-'Arabîyah al-mowahad = Arabic Union Catalog Subject Headings
barn
Svenska ämnesord för barn (Stockholm: Svensk biblioteksförening)
bella
Bella: specialtesaurus för skönlitteratur (Helsingfors: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu)
bet
British education thesaurus (Leeds: Leeds University Press)
bhammf
BHA, Bibliographie d'histoire de l'art, mots-matière/français (Paris: Institut national d'information scientifique et technique)
bhashe
BHA, Bibliography of the history of art, subject headings/English (Santa Monica, CA: J. Paul Getty Trust ; Paris: Centre national de recherche scientifique)
bhb
Bibliography of the Hebrew Book (National Library of Israel)
bib1814
1814-bibliografi: emneord for 1814-bibliografi (Oslo: Nasjonalbiblioteket)
bibalex
Bibliotheca Alexandrina name and subject authority file (Alexandria, Egypt: Bibliotheca Alexandrina)
biccbmc
BIC Children's Books Marketing Classifications (London: Book Industry Communication) External Link
bicssc
BIC standard subject categories (London: Book Industry Communication) External Link
bidex
Bilindex: a bilingual Spanish-English subject heading list (Oakland: California Spanish Language Data Base)
bisacmt
BISAC Merchandising Themes External Link
bisacrt
BISAC Regional Themes External Link
bisacsh
BISAC Subject Headings External Link
bjornson
Bjornson: emneord for Bjornsonbibliografien External Link
blcpss
COMPASS subject authority system
blmlsh
British Library - Map library subject headings (London: British Library)
blnpn
British Library newspaper place names (London: British Library)
bt
Bioethics thesaurus (Washington, DC: Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown Univ.)
cabt
CAB thesaurus (Slough [England]: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux)
cash
Canadian subject headings (Ottawa, ON: Library and Archives Canada)
ccsa
Catalogue collectif suisse des affiches (Berne: Bibliothèque nationale suisse)
cct
Zhong guo fen lei zhu ti ci biao (di er ban) = Chinese Classified Thesaurus (Beijing: Guo jia tu shu guan "Zhongguo tu shu guan fen lei fa" bian wei hui)
ccte
Carto-Canadiana thesaurus - English (Ottawa, ON: Library and Archives Canada)
cctf
Carto-Canadiana thésaurus - Français (Ottawa, ON: Bibliothèque et Archives Canada)
cdcng
Catalogage des documents cartographiques: forme et structure des vedettes noms géographiques - NF Z 44-081 (Paris-La Défense: AFNOR)
ceeus
Counties and equivalent entities of the United States its possessions, and associated areas (Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology)
chirosh
Chiropractic Subject Headings [PDF: 272 KB] External Link
cht
Chicano thesaurus for indexing Chicano materials in Chicano periodical index (Berkeley: Chicano Studies Library Publications Unit, University of California, Berkeley)
ciesiniv
CIESIN indexing vocabulary (University Center, MI: Consortium for International Earth Science Information Network)
cilla
Cilla: specialtesaurus för musik (Helsingfors: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu)
collett
Collett-bibliografi: litteratur av og om Camilla Collett (Oslo: Nasjonalbiblioteket) External Link
conorsi
CONOR.SI (name authority file) (Maribor, Slovenia: Institut informacijskih znanosti (IZUM))
csahssa
"Controlled vocabulary" in Health and safety science abstracts (Bethesda, MD: Cambridge Scientific Abstracts)
csalsct
CSA life sciences collection thesaurus (Bethesda, MD: Cambridge Scientific Abstracts)
csapa
"Controlled vocabulary" in Pollution abstracts (Bethesda, MD: Cambridge Scientific Abstracts)
csh
Kapsner, Oliver Leonard. Catholic subject headings (Haverford, PA: Catholic Lib. Assoc.)
csht
Chinese subject headings (Taipei: National Central Library)
cstud
Classificatieschema's Bibliotheek TU Delft (Delft: Technische Universiteit Delft, Bibliotheek)
czmesh
Czech MeSH External Link
czenas
Soubor vĕcných autorit Národní knihovny ČR = CZENAS thesaurus: a list of subject terms used in the National Library of the Czech Republic (Praha: Národní knihovna Čseké republiky)
dcs
Descritores em Ciências da Saúde = Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud = Health Sciences Descriptors (São Paulo: BIREME)
ddcri
Dewey Decimal Classification Relative Index (Dublin, Ohio: OCLC Online Computer Center)
ddcrit
DDC retrieval and indexing terminology; posting terms with hierarchy and KWOC (Alexandria, VA: Defense Documentation Center, Defense Logistics Agency)
ddcut
Dewey Decimal Classification user terms (Dublin, Ohio: OCLC Online Computer Center)
dissao
"Dissertation abstracts online" in Search tools: the guide to UNI/Data Courier Online (Louisville, KY: UNI/Data Courier Online)
dit
Defense intelligence thesaurus (Washington, DC: Defense Intelligence Agency)
dltlt
Cuddon, J. A. A dictionary of literary terms and literary theory (Oxford ; Malden, Mass.: Blackwell)
dltt
Quinn, E. A dictionary of literary and thematic terms (New York, NY: Facts on File, Inc.)
drama
Drama: specialtesaurus för teater och dans (Helsingfors: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu)
dtict
Defense Technical Information Center thesaurus (Fort Belvoir, VA: DTIC)
ebfem
Encabezamientos bilingües de la Fundación Educativa Ana G. Mendez (Puerto Rico: Fundación Educativa Ana G. Mendez)
eclas
ECLAS thesaurus (Luxembourg: European Communities, Office for Official Publications)
eet
European education thesaurus External Link
eflch
E4Libraries Category Headings External Link
eks
Eduskunnan kirjaston asiasanasto (Helsinki: Eduskunnan kirasto)
embne
Encabezamientos de Materia de la Biblioteca Nacional de España (Madrid: Biblioteca Nacional de España) External Link
emnmus
Emneord for musikkdokument i EDB-kataloger (Norwegian Directorate for Public and School Libraries)
ept
Evropski pedagoški tezaver = European education thesaurus (EET) : slovenska razlčica - izdelana po angleški različci (Ljubljana: Zavod Republike Slovenije za solstvo)
erfemn
Erfaringskompetanses emneord (Nasjonalt senter for erfaringskompetanse innen psykisk helse) External Link
ericd
Thesaurus of ERIC descriptors (Washington: Educational Resources Information Center, National Institute of Education, U.S. Dept. of Education)
est
International energy: subject thesaurus ([Paris]: International Energy Agency, Energy Technology Data Exchange)
eum
Eesti uldine märksonastik External Link
eurovocen
Eurovoc thesaurus (English) External Link
eurovocsl
Eurovoc thesaurus (Slovenian) External Link
fast
Faceted application of subject terminology (Dublin, Ohio: OCLC) External Link
finmesh
FinMeSH External Link
fire
FireTalk, IFSI thesaurus (Champaign, IL: Illinois Fire Service Institute)
fmesh
Liste systématique et liste permutée des descripteurs français MeSH (Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France: Service information médicale automatisée de l'INSERM)
fnhl
First Nations House of Learning Subject Headings (Vancouver, BC: Xwi7xwa Library, University of British Columbia)
francis
Base de donneés FRANCIS: plan de classement = FRANCIS database classification scheme (Vandoeuvre: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
fssh
FamilySearch Subject Headings (FamilySearch) External Link
galestne
Gale Group subject thesaurus and named entity vocabulary (Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group)
gccst
Government of Canada core subject thesaurus (Gatineau [Quebec]: Library and Archives Canada) External Link
gem
GEM controlled vocabularies (Syracuse, NY: ERIC Clearinghouse on Information & Technology, Gateway to Educational Materials)
geonet
NGA GEOnet Names Server (GNS) (National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency) External Link
georeft
GeoRef thesaurus (Alexandria, VA: American Geological Institute)
gnd
Gemeinsame Normdatei (Leipzig, Frankfurt: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek) External Link
gnis
Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) (United States Geological Survey, Board on Geographic Names) External Link
gst
Gay studies thesaurus: a controlled vocabulary for indexing and accessing materials of relevance to gay culture, history, politics and psychology (Princeton, NJ: Michel)
gtt
GOO-trefwoorden thesaurus (Den Haag: Koninklijke Bibliotheek)
hamsun
Hamsun: emneord for Hamsunbibliografien External Link
hapi
HAPI thesaurus and name authority, 1970-2000 (Los Angeles, CA: UCLC Latin America Center Pubs.)
helecon
Asiasanasto HELECON-tietikantoihin (Helsinki: Helsingin Kauppakorkeakoulu)
henn
Hennepin County Library cumulative authority list (Edina, MN: Hennepin Co. Library)
hkcan
Hong Kong Chinese Authority File (Name) - HKCAN (Honk Kong: JULAC)
hlasstg
HLAS subject term glossary (Washington, DC: Library of Congress, Hispanic Division, Handbook of Latin American Studies section)
hoidokki
Hoitotieteellinen asiasanasto (Helsinki: Sairaanhoitajien koulutussätiö)
hrvmesh
Croatian MeSH / Hrvatski MeSH (Zagreb: Medicinski fakultet Sveucilita u Zagrebu - Sredinja medicinska knjinica)
huc
U.S. Geological Survey water-supply paper 2294: hydrologic basins unit codes (Reston, VA: U.S. Geological Survey)
humord
HUMORD (Norway: Universitetsbibliotekene i Oslo, Bergen og Tromsø)
ibsen
Ibsen: emneord for Den internasjonale Ibsen-bibliografien (Oslo: Nasjonalbiblioteket)
ica
Index of Christian art (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University)
icpsr
ICPSR controlled vocabulary system (Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research)
idas
ID-Archivschlüssel [Informationsdienst zur Verbreitung unterbliebener Nachrichten] (Amsterdam: Internationales Institut für Sozialgeschichte)
idsbb
Thesaurus IDS Basel Bern (Basel: Universitätsbibliothek; Bern: Universitätsbibliothek)
idszbz
Thesaurus IDS Nebis Zentralbibliothek Zürich (Zürich: Zentralbibliothek)
idszbzes
Thesaurus IDS Nebis Bibliothek Englisches Seminar der Universität Zürich (Zürich: Universität Zürich)
idszbzna
Thesaurus IDS Nebis Zentralbibliothek Zürich, Nordamerika-Bibliothek (Zürich: Zentralbibliothek)
idszbzzg
Thesaurus IDS Nebis Zentralbibliothek Zürich, Graphische Sammlung (Zürich: Zentralbibliothek)
idszbzzh
Thesaurus IDS Nebis Zentralbibliothek Zürich, Handschriftenabteilung (Zürich: Zentralbibliothek)
idszbzzk
Thesaurus IDS Nebis Zentralbibliothek Zürich, Kartensammlung (Zürich: Zentralbibliothek)
iescs
International energy subject categories and scope (Paris: International Energy Agency)
iest
International energy: subject thesaurus (Paris, France: International Energy Agency, Energy Technology Data Exchange)
ilpt
Index to legal periodicals: thesaurus (New York, NY: H.W. Wilson)
inist
INIS: thesaurus (Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency)
inspect
INSPEC thesaurus (London: Institution of Electrical Engineers)
ipat
IPA thesaurus and frequency list (Bethesda, MD: American Society of Hospital Pharmacists)
ipsp
Defense intelligence production schedule. (Washington, DC: Defense Intelligence Agency)
isis
"Classification scheme" in Isis (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press)
itglit
International thesaurus of gay and lesbian index terms (Chicago?: Thesaurus Committee, Gay and Lesbian Task Force, American Library Association)
itrt
International Thesaurus of Refugee Terminology (New York & Geneva: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)
jhpb
Język haseł przedmiotowych Biblioteki Narodowej = National Library of Poland Subject Headings (Warszawie: Biblioteki Narodowej)
jhpk
Język haseł przedmiotowych KABA = KABA Subject Headings (Warszawie: Stowarzyszenie Bibliotekarzy Polskich, Centrum Formatów i Kartotek Haseł Wzorcowych Biblioteki Uniwersyteckiej w Warszawie)
jlabsh
Kihon kenmei hyômokuhyô = [Japan Library Association] Basic subject headings (Tokyo: Nihon Toshokan Kyôkai)
juho
JUHO - Julkishallinnon ontologia External Link (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto)
jupo
JUPO - Julkisen hallinnon palveluontologia (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
jurivoc
JURIVOC External Link
kaa
Kasvatusalan asiasanasto (Jyväskylä: Kasvatustieteiden tutkimuslaitos)
kao
KVINNSAM ämnesordsregister = KVINNSAM subject headings (Göteborg: Göteborgs universitetsbibliotek, Kvinnohistoriska samlingarna)
kassu
Kassu - Kasvien suomenkieliset nimet (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
kauno
KAUNO - Kaunokki-ontologin (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
kaunokki
Kaunokki: kaunokirjallisuuden asiasanasto (Helsinki: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu)
kdm
Khung dê muc hê thông thông tin khoa hoc và ky thuât quôc gia (Hà Nôi: Viên Thông Tin Khoa Hoc Và Ky Thuât Trung Uong)
khib
Emneord, KHiB Biblioteket (Bergen: Kunst- og designhøgskolen i Bergen, Biblioteket)
kito
KITO - Kirjallisuudentutkimuksen ontologia (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
kitu
Kirjallisuudentutkimuksen asiasanasto (Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden seura)
kkts
Katalogos Kathierōmenōn Typōn Syllogikou Katalogou Demosion Vivliothekon (Livadeia: Dēmosia Kentrikē Vivliothēkē Levadeias)
koko
KOKO-ontologia (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
kssbar
Klassifikationssystem for svenska bibliotek. Ämnesordregister. Alfabetisk del (Lund: Bibliotekstjanst)
kta
Kielitieteen asiasanasto (Helsinki: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu)
kto
KTO - Kielitieteen ontologia (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
ktpt
Kirjasto- ja tietopalvelualan tesaurus (Tampere: Tampereen yliopisto)
ktta
Käsi - ja taideteollisuuden asiasanasto (Kuopio: Kuopinon kKäsi - ja taideteollisuusakatemia taito- ja tutkimuskeskus Taitemia)
kubikat
kubikat External Link
kula
Kulttuurien tutkimuksen asiasanasto (Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden seura)
kulo
KULO - Kulttuurien tutkimuksen ontologia (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
kupu
He puna kupu/ Maori Wordnet (Wellington: National Library of New Zealand)
lacnaf
Library and Archives Canada name authority file (Ottawa: ON: Library and Archives Canada)
lapponica
Lapponica (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
larpcal
Lista de assuntos referente ao programa de cadastramento automatizado de livros da USP (São Paulo: Universidade de São Paulo, Sistema Integrado de Bibliotecas)
lcac
Library of Congress Annotated Children's Cataloging Program subject headings (Washington, DC: LC, Cataloging Distribution Service)
lcdgt
Library of Congress demographic group term and code List (Washington, DC: LC Policy and Standards Division)
lcsh
Library of Congress subject headings (Washington, DC: LC, Cataloging Distribution Service)
lcshac
Children's subject headings in Library of Congress subject headings: supplementary vocabularies (Washington, DC: Library of Congress, Cataloging Distribution Service)
lcstt
List of Chinese subject terms (Taipei: National Central Library)
lctgm
Thesaurus for graphic materials: TGM I, Subject terms External Link
lemac
Llista d'encapçalaments de matèria en català (Barcelona: Biblioteca de Catalunya, Servei de Normalització Bibliogràfica)
lemb
Lista de encabezamientos de materia para bibliotecas (Santafe de Bogotá: Rojas Eberhard Editores, Ltda)
liito
LIITO - Liiketoimintaontologia (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
liv
Legislative indexing vocabulary (Washington, DC: Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service)
lnmmbr
Lietuvos nacionalines Martyno Mazvydo bibliotekos rubrikynas (Vilnius: LNMMB)
local
Locally assigned term
ltcsh
Land Tenure Center Library list of subject headings (Madison, WI: Land Tenure Center Library, University of Wisconsin-Madison)
lua
Liikunnan ja urheilun asiasanasto (Jyvässkylä: Likkunnan ja kansanterveyden edustämissätiö)
maaq
Madâkhil al-asmâ' al-'arabîyah al-qadîmah (Cairo: Maktabah al-Akâdîmîyah)
maotao
MAO/TAO - Ontologi för museibranschen och Konstindustriella ontologin (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
mar
Merenkulun asiasanasto = MariTerm (Maritime technology) (Helsinki: Finnish Maritime Administration)
masa
Museoalan asiasanasto (Helsinki: Museovirasto)
mech
Iskanje po zbirki MECH External Link
mero
MERO - Merenkulkualan ontologia (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
mesh
Medical subject headings (Bethesda, MD: National Library of Medicine) External Link
mipfesd
Macrothesaurus for information processing in the field of economic and social development (Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)
mmm
"Subject key" in Marxism and the mass media (New York: International General)
mpirdes
Macrothesaurus para el procesamiento de la información relativa al desarrollo económico y social (Paris: Organización de Cooperación y Desarrollo Económicos)
msc
Mathematical subject classification (Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society)
msh
Trimboli, T., and Martyn S. Marianist subject headings [PDF: 138 KB] External Link
mtirdes
Macrothésaurus pour le traitement de l'information relative au développement économique et social (Paris: Organisation de coopération et développement économiques)
musa
Musiikin asiasanasto: erikoissanasto (Helsinki: Kirjastopalvelu)
muso
MUSO - Ontologi för musik (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
muzeukc
MuzeMusic UK classical music classification (London: Muze Europe Ltd)
muzeukn
MuzeMusic UK non-classical music classification (London: Muze Europe Ltd)
muzvukci
MuzeVideo UK contributor index (London: Muze Europe Ltd)
naf
NACO authority file
nal
National Agricultural Library subject headings (Beltsville, MD: National Agricultural Library)
nalnaf
National Agricultural Library name authority file (Beltsville, Maryland; National Agricultural Library)
nasat
NASA thesaurus (Washington: NASA, Scientific and Technical Information Office)
nbdbt
NBD Biblion Trefwoordenthesaurus (Zoetermeer: NBD Biblion) External Link
nbiemnfag
NBIs emneordsliste for faglitteratur (Norwegian Institute for Children's Books) External Link
ncjt
National criminal justice thesaurus (Rockville, MD: U.S. Dept. of Justice, Institute of Justice, National Criminal Justice Reference Service)
ndlsh
Koktsu Kokkai Toshokan kenmei hyômokuhyô = National Diet Library list of subject headings (Tokyo: Kokuritsu Kokkai Toshokan)
[former code for this source was “ndllsh”; replaced April, 2011]
netc
National Emergency Training Center Thesaurus (NETC) [also available as PDF: 1 MB] External Link
nicem
NICEM subject headings and classification system (Albuquerque, NM: National Information Center for Educational Media)
nimacsc
NIMA cartographic subject categories (Bethesda, MD: National Imagery and Mapping Agency)
nlgaf
Archeio Kathierōmenōn Epikephalidōn (Athēna: Ethnikē vivliothēkē tēs Hellados)
nlgkk
Katalogos kathierōmenōn onomatōn physikōn prosōpōn (Athēna: Ethnikē vivliothēkē tēs Hellados)
nlgsh
Katalogos Hellēnikōn thematikōn epikephalidōn (Athēna: Ethnikē vivliothēkē tēs Hellados)
nlmnaf
National Library of Medicine name authority file (Bethesda, Maryland: National Library of Medicine)
no-ubo-mr
Menneskerettighets-tesaurus (Norwegian Center for Human Rights, University of Oslo)
noraf
Norwegian Authority File (Norway: National Library of Norway)
noubojur
Thesaurus of Law (Norway: Universitetsbiblioteket i Oslo) External Link
noram
Noram: emneord for Norsk-amerikansk samling (Oslo: Nasjonalbiblioteket) External Link
norbok
Norbok: emneord i Norsk bokfortegnelse (Norbok) (Oslo: Nasjonalbiblioteket) External Link
noubomn
University of Oslo Library Thesaurus of Science (Realfagstermer) (Norway: Universitetsbiblioteket i Oslo)
nsbncf
Nuovo Soggettario (Firenze: Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze) (Oslo: Nasjonalbiblioteket) External Link
nskps
Priručnik za izradu predmetnog kataloga u Nacionalnoj i sveučilišnoj knjičnici u Zagrebu (Manual for NSK subject headings) (Zagreb: Nacionalne i sveučilišne knjičnice u Zagrebu)
ntcpsc
"National Translations Center primary subject classification" in National Translations Center primary subject classification and secondary descriptors (Washington, DC: National Translations Center, Cataloging Distribution Service, Library of Congress)
ntcsd
"National Translations Center secondary descriptors" in National Translation Center primary subject classification and secondary descriptor (Washington, DC: National Translations Center, Cataloging Distribution Service, Library of Congress)
ntids
Norske tidsskrifter 1700-1820: emneord (Oslo: Nasjonalbiblioteket) External Link
ntissc
NTIS subject categories (Springfield, VA: National Technical Information Service)
nzggn
New Zealand gazetteer of official geographic names (New Zealand Geographic Board Ngā Pou Taunaha o Aotearoa (NZGB)) External Link
nznb
New Zealand national bibliographic (Wellington: National Library of New Zealand)
odlt
Baldick, C. The Oxford dictionary of literary terms (Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press)
ogst
Oregon GILS Subject Tree (Oregon: Oregon State Library and Oregon Information Resource Management Division (IRMD))
opms
Opetusministeriön asiasanasto (Helsinki: Opetusministeriön)
ordnok
Ordnokkelen: tesaurus for kulturminnevern (Directorate for Cultural Heritage) External Link
pascal
Base de donneés PASCAL: plan de classement = PASCAL database classification scheme (Vandoeuvre: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
pepp
The Princeton encyclopedia of poetry and poetics (Princeton: Princeton University Press)
peri
Perinnetieteiden asiasanasto (Helsinki: Kirjastopalvelu)
pha
Puolostushallinnon asiasanasto (Helsinki: Kirjastopalvelu)
pkk
Predmetnik za katoliške knjižnice (Ljubljana: Maribor)
pmbok
Guide to the project management body of knowledge (PMBOK Guide) (Newtown Square, PA: Project Management Institute)
pmcsg
Combined standards glossary (Newtown Square, PA: Project Management Institute)
pmont
Powerhouse Museum Object Name Thesaurus External Link
pmt
Project management terminology. Newtown Square, PA: Project Management Institute
poliscit
Political science thesaurus II (Pittsburgh: University Center for International Studies, University of Pittsburgh)
popinte
POPIN thesaurus: population multilingual thesaurus (Paris: Population Information Network)
precis
PRECIS: a manual of concept analysis and subject indexing (London: British Library)
prvt
Patent- och registreringsverkets tesaurus (Stockholm: Patent- och Registreringsverket)
psychit
Thesaurus of psychological index terms. (Washington: American Psychological Association)
puho
PUHO - Puolustushallinnon ontologia (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
qlsp
Queens Library Spanish language subject headings (Queens, New York: Queens Library)
qrma
Qâ'imat ru'ûs al-mawdûât al-'Arabîyah = List of Arabic subject headings (al-Kuwayt: Dhat al-Salasil)
qrmak
Qâ'imat ru'ûs al-mawdû'ât al-'Arabîyah al-qiyâsîyah al-maktabât wa-marâkaz al-ma'lûmât wa-qawâid al-bayânât (al-Qâhirah: Dâr Shurûq)
qtglit
A queer thesaurus : an international thesaurus of gay and lesbian index terms (Amsterdam: Homodok)
quiding
Quiding, Nils Herman. Svenskt allmänt författningsregister för tiden från år 1522 till och med år 1862 (Stockholm: Norstedt)
ram
RAMEAU: répertoire d'authorité de matières encyclopédique unifié (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale)
rasuqam
Répertoire d'autorités-sujet de l'UQAM (Montéral: Université du Québec Montréal, Services techniques des bibliothèques)
renib
Renib [base de datos de autoridad] (Santiago de Chile: Biblioteca Nacional)
reo
Māori Subject Headings thesaurus -- Ngā Ūpoko Tukutuku External Link
rero
Indexation matires RERO (Martigny: Réseau des bibliothèques de Suisse occidentale)
rerovoc
Indexation matiéres RERO autoritès (Martigny: Rèseau des bibliothéques de Suisse occidentale)
rma
Ru'us al-mawdu'at al-'Arabiyah (al-Riyad: 'Imadat Shu'un al-Maktabah, Jam. al-Riyad)
rpe
Rubrikator po ekonomike = Rubricator on economics (Moskva: Institut nauchnoi informatsii po obshchestvennym naukam)
rswk
Regeln für den Schlagwortkatalog (Berlin: Deutsches Bibliotheksinstitut)
rswkaf
Alternativform zum Hauptschlagwort
rugeo
Natsional'nyi normativnyi fail geograficheskikh nazvanii Rossiiskoi Federatsii (Moskva: Rossiiska íà gosudarstvennaíà biblioteka)
rurkp
Predmetnye rubriki Rossiiskoi knizhnoi palaty (Moskva: Rossiiskaíà knizhnaíà palata)
rvm
Répertoire de vedettes-matière (Québec, Québec: Bibliothèque de l'Université Laval)
samisk
Sámi bibliografia (Norga) = Samisk bibliografi (Norge) = Sami bibliography (Norway) (Oslo: Nasjonalbiblioteket) External Link
sanb
South African national bibliography authority file
sao
Svenska ämnesord (Stockholm: Kungliga Biblioteket, LIBRIS-avdelningen)
sbiao
Svenska barnboksinstitutets ämnesordslista (Stockholm: Svenska barnboksinstitutet)
sbt
Soggettario Sistema Bibliotecario Ticinese (Cantone Ticino, Svizzera: Sistema Bibliotecario Ticinese)
scbi
Soggettario per i cataloghi delle biblioteche italiane (Firenze: Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze)
scgdst
Subject categorization guide for defense science and technology (Fort Belvoir, VA: Defense Technical Information Center, Defense Logistics Agency)
scisshl
SCIS subject headings (Carlton South, Vic.: Curriculum Corp.)
scot
Schools Online Thesaurus (ScOT) (Melbourne, Vic.: Education Services Australia Ltd.) External Link
sears
Sears list of subject headings (New York: H.W. Wilson)
sfit
Svenska filminstitutets tesaurus (Stockholm: Svenska filminstitutet)
sgc
Spolni geslovnik COBISS.SI = COBISS.SI General List of subject headings (Slovenian subject headings) (Maribor, Slovenia: Institut informacijskih znanosti (IZUM))
sgce
Spolšni geslovnik COBISS.SI = COBISS.SI General List of subject headings (English subject headings) (Maribor, Slovenia: Institut informacijskih znanosti (IZUM))
shbe
Subject headings in business and economics (Stockholm: Handelshögskolan i Stockholm)
she
SHE: subject headings for engineering (New York: Engineering Index, inc.)
shsples
Subject headings for school and public libraries = Encabezamientos de materia para bibliotecas escolares y públicas (Santa Barbara, Calif.: Libraries Unlimited)
sigle
SIGLE [System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe] manual, Part 2, Subject category list (Den Haag: European Association for Grey Literature Exploitation)
sipri
SIPRI library thesaurus (Stockholm: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute)
sk
"Zhong guo gu ji shan ban shu zong mu" fen lei biao [Si ku] (Beijing: Zhong guo gu ji shan ban shu zong mu bian ji ling dao xiao zu ban gong shi)
skon
Att indexera skönlitteratur: Ämnesordslista, vuxenlitteratur (Stockholm: Svensk biblioteksförening)
slem
Sears: lista de encabezamientos de materia (New York: H. W. Wilson)
smda
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Directory of Airplanes (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Air & Space Museum)
snt
Sexual nomenclature : a thesaurus (Boston: G.K. Hall)
socio
Sociological Abstracts Thesaurus (Bethesda, Maryland: CSA)
solstad
Solstad: emneord for Solstadbibliografien (Oslo: Nasjonalbiblioteket)
sosa
Sociaalialan asiasanasto (Helsinki: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu)
spines
Tesauro SPINES: un vocabulario controlado y estructurado para el tratamiento de información sobre ciencia y tecnología para el desarrollo (Madrid: UNESCO, ICYT)
ssg
Splošni slovenski geslovnik External Link
sthus
Subject Taxonomy of the History of U.S. Foreign Relations (U. S. Department of State, Office of the Historian) External Link
stw
Standard-Thesaurus Wirtschaft = STW Thesaurus for Economics (Kiel: ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek fur Wirtschaftswissenschaften) External Link
swd
Schlagwortnormdatei (Frankfurt am Main: Die Deutsche Bibliothek)
swemesh
Svenska MeSH = Swedish MeSH (Stockholm: Karolinska Institutets Bibliotek)
taika
Taideteollisuuden asiasanasto (Helsinki: Kirjastopalvelu)
tasmas
Tesaurus de Asuntos Sociales del Ministerio de Asuntos Sociales de España (Madrid: Ministerio de Asuntos Sociales de España)
taxhs
A taxonomy or human services: a conceptual framework with standardized terminology and definitions for the field (El Monte, CA: Info. and Referral Fed. of LA County)
tbjvp
Tesauro de la Biblioteca Dr. Jorge Villalobos Padilla, S.J. (Guadalajara: ITESO Universidad Jesuita de Guadalajara) External Link
tekord
TEK-ord : UBiTs emneordliste for arkitektur, realfag, og teknolog (Norway: Universitetsbiblioteket i Trondheim) External Link
tero
TERO - Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin ontologia (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
tesa
Tesauro Agrícola (Beltsville, Maryland: National Agricultural Library)
test
Thesaurus of engineering and scientific terms (Washington: U.S. Dept. of Defense)
tgn
Getty thesaurus of geographic names (Los Angeles, CA: Getty Research Institute)
thesoz
Thesaurus for the Social Sciences (Germany: GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences) External Link
tha
Barcala de Moyano, Graciela G., Cristina Voena. Tesauro de Historia Argentina (Buenos Aires, Editorial Dunken)
tho
Thesauros Hellēnikōn Oron (Athēna: Ethniko Kentro Tekmēriosēs)
thub
Thesaurus de la Universitat de Barcelona (Barcelona: Universitat de Barcelona, Centre de Recursos per a l'Aprenentatge i la Investigació, Procés Tècnic)
tips
Tesauro ISOC de psicología (Madrid: Instituto de estudios documentales sobre ciencia y tecnologia) External Link
tisa
Villagrá Rubio, Angel. Tesauro ISOC de sociología autores (Madrid: Instituto de estudios documentales sobre ciencia y tecnologia) External Link
tlka
Investigació, Procés Tècnicn kirjaston asiasanasto (Helsinki: Työväenliikkeen kirjasto)
tlsh
Subject heading authority list (Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Library, Transportation Library)
trt
Transportation resource thesaurus (Silver Spring, MD: CDB Enterprises)
trtsa
Teatterin ja tanssin asiasanasto (Helsinki: BTJ Kirjastopalvelu)
tsht
Thesaurus of subject headings for television (Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press)
tsr
TSR-ontologia (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
ttka
Teologisen tiedekunnan kirjaston asiasanasto (Helsinki: Helsingin yliopisto)
ttll
Roggau, Zunilda. Tell. Tesauro de lengua y literatura (Santa Fe, Argentina: Nuevo Parhadigma)
tucua
Thesaurus for use in college and university archives (Chicago, IL: Society of American Archivists) External Link
udc
Universal decimal classification (London: British Standards Institute)
ukslc
UK Standard Library Categories (London: BIC) External Link
ulan
Union list of artist names (Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute)
umitrist
University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute structured thesaurus (Ann Arbor, MI: Research Information and Publications Center, University of Michigan, Transportation Research Institute)
unbisn
UNBIS name authority list (New York, NY: Dag Hammarskjld Library, United Nations; [ London]: Chadwyck-Healey)
unbist
UNBIS thesaurus (New York, NY: Dag Hammarskjld Library, United Nations)
unescot
UNESCO thesaurus = Thésaurus de l'UNESCO = Tesauro de la UNESCO (Paris: UNESCO Publishing)
usaidt
USAID thesaurus: Keywords used to index documents included in the USAID Development Experience System. (Washington, DC: U.S. Agency for International Development)
valo
VALO - Fotografiska ontologin (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link
vcaadu
Vocabulario controlado de arquitectura, arte, diseño y urbanismo (Buenos Aires: Vitruvio Red de Bibliotecas de arquitectura, arte, diseño y urbanismo, Subcomisión de lenguaje) External Link
vffyl
Vocabulario de la Biblioteca Central de la FFyL (Buenos Aires: Facultad de Filosofa y Letras de la Universidad de Buenos Aires) External Link
vmj
Vedettes-matière jeunesse (Montréal, QC: Services documentaires multimédia)
waqaf
Maknas Uloom Al Waqaf (Kuwait: Kuwait Awqaf Public Foundation)
watrest
Thesaurus of water resources terms: a collection of water resources and related terms for use in indexing technical information (Washington: U.S. Bureau of Reclamation)
wgst
Washington GILS Subject Tree (Tumwater, WA: Washington State Library)
wot
A Women's thesaurus (New York: Harper & Row)
wpicsh
WPIC Library thesaurus of subject headings (Pittsburgh, PA: Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic Library, University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine)
ysa
Yleinen suomalainen asiasanasto (Helsinki: Kirjastopalvelu)
yso
YSO - Yleinen suomalainen ontologia (Helsinki: Kansalliskirjasto) External Link

Subject Source Code Usage in MARC and MODS/MADS

MARC 21 Formats and Fields

  • Bibliographic records
    • 033 $2 (Date/Time and Place of an Event / Source of place term)
    • 257 $2 (Country of Producing Entity / Source)
    • 380 $2 (Form of Work / Source of term)
    • 381 $2 (Other Distinguishing Characteristics of Work or Expression / Source of term)
    • 518 $2 (Date/Time and Place of Event Note / Source of term)
    • 600-651 $2 (Subject Added Entry - Name, Corporate, Meeting, Uniform Title, Chronological, Topical, Geographic / Source of heading or term)
    • 654 $2 (Subject Added Entry -- Faceted Topical Term / Source of heading or term)
    • 662 $2 (Subject Added Entry - Hierarchical place name / Source of heading or term)
    • 751 $2 (Added Entry - Geographical Name / Source of heading or term)
    • 752 $2 (Added Entry - Hierarchical Place Name / Source of heading or term)
  • Authority records
    • 040 $f (Cataloging Source / Subject heading / thesaurus conventions
    • 700-788 $2 (Heading Linking Entries / Source of heading or term)
    • 370 $2 (Associated Place / Source of term)
    • 372 $2 (Field of Activity / Source of term)
    • 373 $2 (Affiliation / Source of term)
    • 376 $2 (Family Information / Source of term)
    • 380 $2 (Form of Work / Source of term)
    • 381 $2 (Other Distinguishing Characteristics of Work or Expression / Source of term)
  • Classification records
    • 700-711, 730-751, 754 $2 (Index Term - Name, Corporate, Meeting, Uniform Title, Chronological, Topical, Geographic, Faceted Topical / Source of heading or term)
  • Community Information records
    • 600-651 $2 (Subject Added Entry - Name, Corporate, Meeting, Uniform Title, Chronological, Topical, Geographic / Source of heading or term)
    • 654 $2 (Subject Added Entry -- Faceted Topical Term / Source of heading or term)

MODS/MADS Elements

  • mods: subject @authority
  • mads: authority / topic @authority
  • mads: authority / temporal @authority
  • mads: authority / geographic @authority
  • mads: authority / hierarchicalGeographic @authority
  • mads: related / topic @authority
  • mads: related / temporal @authority
  • mads: related / geographic @authority
  • mads: related / hierarchicalGeographic @authority
  • mads: variant / topic @authority
  • mads: variant / temporal @authority
  • mads: variant / geographic @authority
  • mads: variant / hierarchicalGeographic @authority

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