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The Library of Congress > Teachers > Classroom Materials > Collection Connections > The African-American Experience in Ohio

[Detail] Soldier and Two Women.

Speeches, editorials, and photographs in The African-American Experience in Ohio, 1850-1920 capture the attitudes and beliefs of a number of African Americans persevering through the social turmoil of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Newspaper articles allow for an in-depth examination of Jim Crow laws, while materials relating to the colonization movement open the way to considering the issue of how to respond to racism in America. Other items provide the opportunity to practice analyzing text while learning about the Emancipation Proclamation, to create timelines, and to research African-American inventors and the slave trade.

Chronological Thinking: Foreign Affairs During the Civil War

Charles W. Chesnutt's short article on Frederick Douglass is followed by a chronology covering the years 1817 to 1895 that illustrates Douglass's influence on pivotal events in American history. A search on Frederick Douglass also yields a number of articles chronicling various speeches and appearances that Douglass made, which can enhance the use of the biographical timeline.

A number of surveys from pamphlets and news articles, such as the Reverend George Williams's Centennial: The American Negro from 1776-1876 offer examples of continuity and change, and of cause and effect relationships that unfold over time.

Visual timelines illustrating a variety of topics, including African Americans in the military, the Civil War, ex-slaves, and politicians, can be created using images found through searches that combine photograph with other relevant terms.