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[Detail] Group of Company G, 114th Pennsylvania Infantry

1) Chronological Thinking

Students can use the photograph collection as a springboard for learning about causes and results of the Civil War. Pictures of events surrounding Lincoln's assassination can lead students to study circumstances and effects of the assassination. Using photographs showing the fate of conspirators in Lincoln's assassination, students can compare the Civil War justice system with crime and punishment today.

Search on assassination, conspirator, funeral,and Lincoln.

2) Historical Comprehension

Many photographs in the collection document contemporary lifestyle of the 1860s, in connection with the War and in general. Students can study structures in cities and small towns. For example, students can review photographs of Atlanta during Sherman's occupation. Students can compare building sizes, styles, and types in Civil War Atlanta to buildings in present day Atlanta.

Search on names of cities and towns, such as Atlanta.

3) Historical Analysis and Interpretation

Using this collection, students can begin to understand that photographers bring a point of view to their photographs. For example, the collection contains more photographs of Union (Federal) soldiers than Confederate. Students might be asked to:

Search on the words Union and Federal (404 hits) and Confederate (107 hits), and then make a hypothesis about why there are more pictures of Northern personnel and activities. Students might then use other sources to confirm or refute their hypotheses.

4) Historical Research Capabilities

Students can use the collection as a basis for research. For example, students might formulate a hypothesis to explain differences in style of dress and grooming among soldiers and armies. They might examine differences in uniforms between officers and enlisted men, and among different brigades. For example, the Zouaves of the 114th Pennsylvania Infantry have uniforms that imitate the French infantry in Algeria. Students also may discover that some African American troops wear uniforms, but others with the Federal army do not. Using other sources, students can research reasons for differences in dress, and compare Civil War army dress to U.S. military dress codes today.

Search on soldiers, infantry, officer, company, and the names of specific army companies, such as Zouaves.

5) Historical Issue Analysis and Decision Making

Students can use the photographs to study how people of the 1860s solved problems using the resources at hand. The photographs document peacetime and wartime technology. Students also can explore security measures of the time. They might find examples of breastworks built to fortify positions, blockhouses built to provide secure firing positions, signal towers, hot air balloons, and forts reinforced with gabions (wickerwork cylinders filled with earth) or even bales of cotton. Students can compare Civil War fortifications with those available today.

Search on balloon, bridge, breastworks, building, carriage, fortification, photographer, tent, tower, and wagon.