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[Detail] Yellow ribbon from 1911 Suffrage Parade

2) Other Legal Rights

It took many years of organized struggle for women to gain the right to vote. However, between the first woman suffrage convention in 1848, and the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, women and others did gain voting rights in some states. During this time, women also lobbied for child labor laws, women's labor rights, and education.

Search on child labor, laws, and women's trade unions. For example, in "The Trade Union Woman," [1915] Alice Henry gives an overview of the women's trade union movement. In "Persuasion or Responsibility," Florence Kelley reports on child labor and illiteracy. She says,

According to the latest report of the Department of Education, the per cent of our population enrolled in the public schools had diminished during the past five years. The cotton fields of the South call for the black children, the cotton mills, wherever found, summon the white children. In the middle states, the sweat-shops of the great cities, the glassworks, and the Pennsylvania mines absorb the boys and girls.

Schools cost money, and boards of education are composed chiefly of business men, men eager to keep down the taxes and willing to have children work. ... It may be a mere coincidence,(but an interesting one), that illiteracy looms largest where women have least power, and grows less where they vote. Of the twenty states which have fewest illiterate children, women vote in eighteen.

From "Persuasion or Responsibility," by Florence Kelley, Political Equality Series, Vol II. No. 8,
Published Monthly by the National American Woman Suffrage Association. [c 1900]