April 7, 1865
On April 3, 1865, Union troops led by General Grant captured Richmond immediately following the fall of Petersburg, which was just one day before the Union attacked the Confederate capital.
Richmond has been a major focus for destruction because it is the Confederate's capital. The north felt that if they could just gain control over Richmond they could win the war.
At the time, Confederate armies at Fredericksburg were blocking the path to Richmond. Grant believed that if he could defeat the Southern forces in Fredericksburg that then he'd have an open path to Richmond.
The Confederates, that were living in Richmond, knew that the Union was coming so they burned the important parts of the city so that the Billy Yanks wouldn't benefit from capturing Richmond. After the city was burned it's residents evacuated the city before arrived.
The paper mill in the picture was burned by the Confederates because the Southerners thought that it was an important part of the city and didn't want the Union to benefit from it.
Just before the Fall of Richmond was the siege of Petersburg. Petersburg was a port on the Appomattox River. It was a major trade center where products like luggage, tobacco, clothing, and livestock came in and were shipped out.
The fall of Petersburg was on April 2, 1865 and it was only one day later that the north captured Richmond.
Right by Petersburg is Fort Henry which was established in 1645. Fort Henry is where the ten month siege took place
This could very well be the last big battle of the Civil War. Maybe this war will finally end and then the citizens of North America will be able to resume their normal lives. It's been a long and bloody war, may the best country win.
"Richmond (Virginia)." Microsoft 1998 Encyclopedia Deluxe Edition. CD-ROM. 1998.
"Timeline-1865." The American Civil War Overview. Online. <http://anake.advanced.Org/3055/graphics/timelines/ timeline1865.html>. 19 October 1998.