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For Lesson One: Excerpt from "Resolution of the Continental Congress, 21 Februray 1787"

Whereas there is provision in the Articles of Confederation and perpetual Union for making alterations therein by the assent of a Congress of the United States and of the legislatures of the several States; And whereas experience hath evinced that there are defects in the present Confederation, as a mean to remedy which several of the States and particularly the State of New York by express instruction to their delegates in Congress have suggested a convention for the purposes expressed in the following resolution and such convention appearing to be the most probable mean of establishing in these states a firm national government.

Resolved that in the opinion of Congress it is expedient that on the second Monday in May next a Convention of delegates who shall have been appointed by the several states be held at Philadelphia for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation and reporting to Congress and the several legislatures such alternations and provisions therein as shall when agreed to by Congress and confirmed by the states render the federal constitution adequate to the exigencies of Government and the preservation of the Union.

From Documents Illustrative of the Formation of the Union of the American States. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1927