BACKGROUND OF SPEECH
Carrie Chapman Catt was a leader in the women's
suffrage movement. She worked as an organizer for the National American
Women's Suffrage Association and became its national president in 1900.
Carrie, a dynamic speaker, gave many lectures and published numerous writings
in support of the suffrage cause."Do You Know?" was the title
of a speech she gave frequently. It was later published in pamphlet form.
Her efforts in the women's rights movement culminated in the successful
adoption of the 19th Amendment in 1920.
DO YOU KNOW that the question of votes
for women is one which is commanding the attention of the whole civilized
world; that woman suffrage organizations of representative men and women
exist in twenty-seven different countries; that in this country alone
there are more than 1,000 woman suffrage organizations; that there is
an International and a National Men's League for Woman Suffrage and numbers
of local men's leagues; that the number of women who are asking for the
vote in this country is larger than the number of men who have ever asked
for anything in its entire history; that more and larger petitions asking
for votes for women have been sent to legislative bodies than for any
other one measure; that the press of this country is giving more space
to woman suffrage than to any other one public question; that the legislatures
of twenty-eight states this year entertained woman suffrage measures,
II of them favorably; and that a bill for a woman suffrage amendment to
the United States Constitution is now before Congress?
DO YOU KNOW that the women of New Zealand
and the women of Australia possess all the political rights accorded to
DO YOU KNOW that the women of Finland
vote in all elections upon the same terms as men, and that since the enfranchisement
in 1906, from sixteen to twenty-five have been elected to the different
rest of the speech in a pamphlet published in 1918.