Library of Congress


The Library of Congress > Teachers > Classroom Materials > Presentations and Activities > Timeline
Timeline Home Page
The American Revolution
British Reforms and Colonial Resistance
George Washington to Robert Stewart

No sooner had the French and Indian War ended than an Indian uprising broke out on the Ohio frontier. This uprising is known as Pontiac's Rebellion, named for the Indian leader who organized the Indians in these hostilities. George Washington wrote to his friend and business associate Robert Stewart. In his letter, how does Washington describe the uprising? What difficulties with Virginia's response does he mention?

View the original document from George Washington Papers. Use your browser's Back Button to return to this point.

Another tempest has arose upon our Frontiers, and the alarm spread wider than ever; in short the Inhabitants are so apprehensive of danger that no Families stand above the Conogocheage road and many are gone of below it; their Harvests are in a manner lost, and the distresses of the Settlement appear too evident and manifold to need description: In Augusta many people have been killed, and numbers fled, and confusion anddespair prevails in every Quarter. At this Instant a calm is taking place, which forebodes some mischief to Collo. Bouquet at least those who wish well to the Convoy are apprehensive for him since it is not unlikely that the retreat of all the Indian Parties at one and the same time from our Frontiers is a probable proof of their Assembling a force somewhere, and for some particular purpose; none more likely then to oppose his March.

It was expected that our Assembly woud have been called in such exegencies as these but its concluded (as I have been informed) that an Assembly without money coud be no eligable plan; to comprehend the meaning of this expression, you must know, the Board of Trade at the Instance of the British Merchants, have undertaken to rebuke us in the most ample manner for our Paper Emission's; and therefore the Governor and Council hath directed 1000 Militia to be employed for the protection of the Frontiers 500 of which are to be Drafted from Hampshire &ca. and be under the Command of Collo. Stephen whose Military Courage and Capacity (says the Governor) is well established. The other 500 from the Southern Frontier Counties are to be conducted by Major Lewis so that you may readily conceive what an enormous expence must attend these Measures. Stephens immediately upon the Indians retiring, advanced to Fort Cumberland with 200 or 250 Militia in great parade and will doubtless archieve some signal advantage of which the Publick will soon be informed.

I think I have now communicated the only News which these parts afford; it is of a melancholy nature indeed and yet we cannot tell how, or when it is to end. I hope you have got matters settled to your liking before this time. I shoud rejoice to hear it, as I shoud do at every thing that gives you pleasure or profit.
top of page

View the original document from George Washington Papers. Use your browser's Back Button to return to this point.