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Teaching Speaking & Listening Skills with Primary Sources


Students practice speaking and listening skills while explore General Winfield Scott’s “Orders No. 25” for the general removal of the Cherokee from their eastern lands.


After completing this learning activity, students will be able to:

  • Explain in detail the nature and content of General Scott’s orders regarding the Cherokee; and
  • Apply college-ready listening and speaking skills

Time Required

Two 45-minute class periods.

Recommended Grade Range



Cherokee Removal


American History or Forced Native American Removal


College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Speaking and Listening

The Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects are explicit about the speaking and listening skills necessary for students to succeed in college. In addition to the reading and writing skills contained in the CCSS, the standards also demand sophisticated speaking and listening in all subject areas.

Comprehension and Collaboration

1. Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
3. Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric.

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

4. Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
6. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.


Adapted from a lesson plan created by Terry Roberts, National Paideia Center

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