TITLE: A Panel Discussion on Torture, Detainees and the U.S. Military
SPEAKER: Gary Solis, Patrick Finnegan, Jackie Northam, James Walker, Lee Casey
EVENT DATE: 07/11/2007
FORMAT: Video + Captions
RUNNING TIME: 91 minutes
TRANSCRIPT: View Transcript (link will open in a new window)
The Law Library of Congress hosted this first program in its new multimedia room. Law Library Scholar in Residence Gary Solis moderated the panel discussion touching upon several current topics of national interest and concern: Guantanamo; "high value" detainees; military commissions; fair trials; and allegations of torture by agents of the U.S., including military personnel. With their extensive personal involvement in combatant operations, expertise in legal issues relating to prisoner torture and mistreatment, and association with legislative concerns, the panelists provided tremendous insight into these timely subjects. The discussion was followed by a question-and-answer session with the audience.
Speaker Biography: Gary Solis is the Law Library's 2007 Scholar in Residence, and a retired Marine with 26 years of service. After tours of duty in Vietnam as an armor officer, he attended law school at the University of California at Davis and was a judge advocate for eighteen years. His Master of Laws in criminal law is from George Washington University Law School; his Ph.D. in the law of war is from the London School of Economics & Political Science, where he taught for several years. He is a recently retired U.S. Military Academy professor of law, where he headed the Academy's law of war program. He is an adjunct professor of law at the Georgetown University Law Center, where he teaches the law of war.
Speaker Biography: Brig. Gen. Patrick Finnegan, U.S. Army, is the Academic Dean of the U.S. Military Academy, at West Point. Before becoming Dean, he was Professor and Head of the Academy's Department of Law. After graduating from the Academy in 1971, Finnegan earned a Master of Public Administration degree from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He served in various infantry and intelligence billets before receiving his law degree from the University of Virginia Law School, where he was an editor of the law review and Order of the Coif. He was an instructor at the Army's Judge Advocate General's School, and was five times the senior legal advisor of major commands. In 1991 he served in the Persian Gulf in Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. He was the Staff Judge Advocate of U.S. Special Operations Command, and later of European Command during the Bosnian conflict.
Speaker Biography: Jackie Northam is National Public Radio's National Security Correspondent covering foreign affairs, defense and intelligence policies, and terrorism, among other topics. She is regularly heard on NPR's Morning Edition and All Things Considered. Since 2003, she has regularly traveled to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, reporting on the military detention center and military commissions. She was NPR's lead reporter on the Abu Ghraib abuse scandal, and the administration's policies on torture and the Geneva Conventions. While based in Nairobi, Kenya, she covered the Rwanda genocide and uprisings in Burundi and Tanzania; stationed in Budapest, she covered the fall of the Berlin Wall and events in the former Soviet Union; stationed in Phnom Penh, she reported on the disarming of the Khmer Rouge and uprisings in Thailand; based in London, she reported on the formation of the European Union. She is the recipient of three Edward R. Murrow Awards, a Unity Award, a Gabriel Award, and several Associated Press awards.
Speaker Biography: Brig. Gen. James C. Walker is the U.S. Marine Corps' senior military lawyer. He is the Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps and Director of the Marine Corps' Judge Advocate Division. Walker graduated from Clemson, with honors, and was commissioned a Lieutenant of Marines in 1979 when he gained his law degree at the University of South Carolina, with honors. He was first in his class at Naval Justice School, then served at Beaufort, S.C., as a prosecutor and then defense counsel, then was transferred to Marine Corps headquarters, in Washington, D.C. He earned a master of laws degree, with honors, from Georgetown University Law Center and a second master of laws degree at the Army's Judge Advocate General's School. He served on Okinawa and at El Toro, California; graduated from the Naval War College as a distinguished graduate; and was a legal advisor at the U.S. European Command during the Bosnian conflict. Twice he has been a battalion commander, rare for a lawyer.
Speaker Biography: Lee A. Casey is a partner in the Washington law firm Baker Hostetler, focusing on federal, environmental, constitutional and election law issues, as well as international and international humanitarian law. From 1986 to 1993, Casey served in various capacities in the federal government, including the Office of Legal Counsel and the Office of Legal Policy at the Department of Justice during the Reagan administration. Casey also served as Deputy Associate General Counsel at the Department of Energy.