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Villaricca, Chile

Chile - Physiography

Chile - Physiography

On March 3, 2015, the Villaricca (aka Villa Rica) volcano erupted. The Villaricca volcano is a stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano. These towering peaks rise hundreds to thousands of meters above their surroundings. They are formed of stratified layers of viscous lava flows and fragmental material. The Villaricca volcano is 124 km northeast of Valdivia, Chile.  Read More

Ukraine

Ukraine

Ukraine

Ukraine's army began to withdraw its heavy weapons from the front line in the eastern part of the country. Pro-Russian rebels claimed to also have begun this process. The truce agreement included the removal of heavy weapons from both sides.  Read More

Yemen

Yemen

Yemen

Huthi Rebels surrounded the Presidential Palace in the capital, Sanaa, and forced President Abd Rabuh Mansur Hadi to step down. In May 1990, the Republic of Yemen was established with the merger of North Yemen (capital: Sanaa) and South Yemen (capital: Aden). North Yemen gained independence from the Ottoman Empire (1918); South Yemen gained independence from the United Kingdom (1967).  Read More

Syria

Syria

Syria

Syria, located in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey; it also borders Jordan and Iraq. The climate is mostly desert, with hot, dry summers and mild rainy winters along the coast. Cold weather periodically hits Damascus, to include snow and sleet.  Read More

Iraq

Iraq: Country Profile

Iraq: Country Profile

Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain during the course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last was Saddam Husayn.  Read More