History Daybook Home >> August
Images from the Prints
New York Times headline: "Japan Surrenders, End
of War! Emperor Accepts Allied Rule; M’Arthur (sic)
Supreme Commander; Our Manpower Curbs Voided."
On August 15, 1945, Emperor
Hirohito addressed his people directly, for
the first time ever, on radio to announce Japan’s unconditional
surrender to the Allies: Great Britain, the Soviet Union,
France, and the United States.
The Allies’ Victory in Japan is commemorated on this date,
marking the end of World War II, the most catastrophic war in history.
More people were killed and more cities all around the globe were
destroyed than in any other war.
V-E Day, Victory in Europe, occurred on May 8, 1945 when Germany
surrendered, thereby allowing the Americans to concentrate on defeating
Japan in the Pacific Theater. The formal treaty of surrender between
Japan and the Allies was signed on September 2, 1945 aboard the
First Lieutenant Sally Hitchcock Pullman,
Army nurse, wrote about her patients' joy in a letter to her
" ... For the past few
days I've been dying to write you -- THAT IT'S ALL OVER, that
this terrible war has ended and what it was like over here when
word first came over the radio. My wards were bedlam. What a
time! I wouldn't have missed it for anything ... that first night
when the news of the surrender came over.
My four wards went wild. I have never
been hugged or kissed or spun around so many times in my whole
life. Even had a dance with a cute young guy who had been over
here 28 months and states that this was his first dance in all
that time! How wonderful it was to see such pure, unadulterated
joy and bedlam, and real smiles and laughter!!
... Above all was the relief we would not
have to invade Japan. We all knew there would have been terrible
casualties if we had to invade. And so it's over. Now the talk
is how and when we will get home ... "
Lieutenant Colonel Ben M. Snyder, bombardier,
was on rotation back to the States for more training, in Midland,
Texas when the news broke.
of us had expected a Japanese surrender for months to come. Ostensibly,
the invasion of the Home Islands was certain to come; at fearful
cost to both sides.
And then ... came the electrifying announcement;
too blessedly good to be true. We were just returning to the barracks
from dinner when the official announcement of the capitulation
was flashed across the nation from Washington, D.C.
There was instant bedlam involving everyone
on the Base, but particularly among the thousands of veterans of
the air campaigns stretching across the globe. The tide of excitement
streaked through the streets, rushed through the clubs, enveloped
the flight line. Horns blared in the towns, church bells rang;
cries of rejoicing and relief from every heart and voice."
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