Library of Congress > Tours > Online Tours

Visit Menu

Online Tours

Previous | Next

Exterior

Thirty three ethnological heads ornament the keystones of the first-story windows.They were modeled on a collection related to different ethnic races, from Arab to Zulu, at the Smithsonian Institution.

Selected by Librarian Ainsworth Rand Spofford, the nine great men commemorated by the busts across the portico of the front entrance pavilion at the second-story level are each silhouetted in front of a round window. From left to right as you stand in front of the building: Demosthenes, Emerson, Irving, Goethe, Franklin, Macaulay, Hawthorne, Scott and Dante. They were carved by Herbert Adams, Jonathan Scott Hartley and Frederick W. Ruckstull.

At the very front of the building, sits King Neptune, the Roman god of the sea and the brother of Minerva, and his court in the Neptune Fountain, which was sculpted by Roland Hinton Perry.

Ethological Heads

Thirty three ethnological heads ornament the keystones of the first-story windows.They were modeled on a collection related to different ethnic races, from Arab to Zulu, at the Smithsonian Institution.

Exterior view. Ethnological heads called "Turk," "Modern Egyptian (Hamite)," and "Abyssinian." Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building, Washington, D.C.

Exterior view. Ethnological head called "Chinese" on a keystone of a first story pavilion window. Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building, Washington, D.C.

Exterior view. Ethnological head called "Tibetan" on a keystone of a first story pavilion window. Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building, Washington, D.C.

Exterior view. Ethnological head on a keystone of a first story pavilion window. Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building, Washington, D.C.

Exterior view. Ethnological head called "Russian Slav" on a keystone of a first story pavilion window. Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building, Washington, D.C.

Exterior view. Ethnological head called "Blonde European" on a keystone of a first story pavilion window. Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building, Washington, D.C.]

Portico Busts

The nine great men commemorated by the busts across the portico of the front entrance pavilion at the second-story level are each silhouetted in front of a round window. They were selected by Librarian Ainsworth Rand Spofford and are, from left to right as you stand in front of the building: Demosthenes, Emerson, Irving, Goethe, Franklin, Macaulay, Hawthorne, Scott and Dante. They were carved by Herbert Adams, Jonathan Scott Hartley and Frederick W. Ruckstull.

King Neptune

At the front of the building is the Neptune Fountain showing King Neptune, the Roman god of the sea and the brother of Minerva, and his court. The figures were sculpted by Roland Hinton Perry.