Another Library exhibition that featured ancient as well as legendary manuscripts was "Scrolls
from the Dead Sea: The Ancient Library of Qumran and Modern Scholarship." The exhibition was on view in 1993, but like most major Library exhibitions, is available for viewing indefinitely on this Web site. Since their discovery nearly half a century ago, the scrolls and the identity of the nearby settlement have been the object of great scholarly and public interest, as well as heated debate and controversy. Why were the scrolls hidden in caves? Who placed them there? Who lived in Qumran, where the scrolls were discovered? Were its inhabitants responsible for the scrolls and their presence in the caves? Of what significance are the scrolls to Judaism and Christianity? These questions, for which there are no definitive answers, are explored in this exhibition.
Want to learn about other ancient materials?
In Rome Reborn: The Vatican Library & Renaissance Culture you can see such artifacts as Gospel of Luke in Arabic from A.D. 993. This tenth-century Egyptian codex was donated to Pope Eugene IV by the Egyptian delegates at the Council of Ferrara-Florence. Translated from a Coptic original, it is one of the earliest Arabic versions of any part of the New Testament, none of which can be dated before the late eighth or ninth centuries. The text displayed is from Luke 20.
The collections of the Library's Asian Division contain one of the world's earliest surviving printed materials, the dharani prayer charms from A.D. 770. You can learn more about the Asian Division collections in the "Asian Collections: An Illustrated Guide." Other "Illustrated Guides" to the extraordinary holdings of the Library can be accessed at Illustrated Guides home page. There you will find guides to the "European Collections," "Geography and Maps," "Hispanic and Portuguese Collections," "Manuscripts," "Music, Theater, Dance," "Prints and Photographs," "Rare Books and Special Collections," "Motion Pictures, Broadcasting, Recorded Sound," "Africana Collections," "Asian Collections," "Hebraic Collections" and "Near East Collections."
A. U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, [Map of Mali], 1994, Washington D.C. Geography and Map Division.
B. Gospel of Luke 20: 1-8, in Arabic, A.D. 993, Cairo. Vatican Library (not in Library of Congress)