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A Confederacy of Maps

A collection of Civil War maps, many of which were used by Gen. Robert E. Lee and Gen. Thomas J. ?Stonewall? Jackson, is now available online.

The maps, from the Geography and Map Division, were obtained from Mrs. R.E. Christian, granddaughter of Maj. Jedediah Hotchkiss (1828-1899), a topographic engineer in the Confederate Army.

Thirty five miles around Richmond, Va. Compiled by Jed. Hotchkiss Jedediah Hotchkiss

"The Hotchkiss Map Collection" contains cartographic items by Hotchkiss (1828-1899), who made detailed battle maps, primarily of the Shenandoah Valley, some of which were used by Generals Lee and Jackson for their combat planning and strategy. Several of the maps have annotations of various military officers, demonstrating their importance in the military campaigns. The collection also includes maps made or used by Hotchkiss during his postwar years, including maps with information about railroads, minerals and mining, geology and history. Most of them focus on Virginia and West Virginia, but also cover other states and even the world.

One such map, Hotchkiss' masterpiece, "Map of the Shenandoah Valley," prepared at the request of Stonewall Jackson and presented to the Library by Mrs. Christian in 1964, shows the offensive and defensive points of the Shenandoah Valley from the Potomac River to Lexington, Va. Hotchkiss also filled several notebooks with topographic and strategic drawings. The collection consists of 341 sketchbooks, manuscripts and annotated printed maps. This online presentation includes all the materials in the Hotchkiss Map Collection, some of which also appear in the complementary American Memory collection "Civil War Maps, 1861-1865."

The online presentation offers two essays, including one on "The Hotchkiss Maps In-Depth."

"The Hotchkiss Maps Collection" joins more than 140 other thematic collections in American Memory, the Library's Web site of more than 10 million items of important historical resources, ranging from the papers of U.S. presidents, Civil War photographs, maps and early films of Thomas Edison to papers documenting the women's suffrage and civil rights movements, Jazz Age photographs, the first baseball cards and film and sound recordings.

A. Jedediah Hotchkiss, creator. "Thirty five miles around Richmond, Va. Compiled by Jed. Hotchkiss, Top. Engineer, Staunton, Virginia, from the surveys of the C.S. Engineers, U.S. Engineers, and the U. States Coast Survey," 1867. Geography and Map Division. Reproduction information: Call No.: G3884.R5 1867 .H6 CW 631

B. [Jedediah Hotchkiss, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left], 189-?]. Prints and Photographs Division. Reproduction information: Reproduction No.: LC-USZ62-103955 (b&w film copy neg.); Call No.: BIOG FILE - Hotchkiss, Jedediah, 1828-1899 <item> [P&P]