Bib-1 Attribute Set

Updated: March 20014

See below: Rules pertaining to Bib-1 Attribute Combinations

  1. Use Attributes
  2. Relation Attributes
  3. Position Attributes
  4. Structure Attributes
  5. Truncation Attributes
  6. Completeness Attributes

Bib-1 Use Attributes

Name Value Semantics
Personal name 1 See bib1 semantics
Corporate name 2
Conference name 3
Title 4
Title series 5
Title uniform 6
LC card number 9
BNB card no. 10
BGF number 11
Local number 12
Dewey classification 13
UDC classification 14
Bliss classification 15
LC call number 16
NLM call number 17
NAL call number 18
MOS call number 19
Local classification 20
Subject heading 21
Subject Rameau 22
BDI index subject 23
INSPEC subject 24
MESH subject 25
PA subject 26
LC subject heading 27
RVM subject heading 28
Local subject index 29
Date 30
Date of publication 31
Date of acquisition 32
Title key 33
Title collective 34
Title parallel 35
Title cover 36
Title added title page 37
Title caption 38
Title running 39
Title spine 40
Title other variant 41
Title former 42
Title abbreviated 43
Title expanded 44
Subject precis 45
Subject rswk 46
Subject subdivision 47
No. nat'l biblio. 48
No. legal deposit 49
No. govt pub. 50
No. music publisher 51
Number db 52
Number local call 53
Code--language 54
Code--geographic area 55
Code--institution 56
Name and title * 57
Name geographic 58
Place publication 59
Microform generation 61
Abstract 62
Note 63
Author-title 1000
Record type 1001
Name 1002
Author 1003
Author-name personal 1004
Author-name corporate 1005
Author-name conference 1006
Identifier--standard 1007
Subject--LC children's 1008
Subject name -- personal 1009
Body of text 1010
Date/time added to db 1011
Date/time last modified 1012
Authority/format id 1013
Concept-text 1014
Concept-reference 1015
Any 1016
Server-choice 1017
Publisher 1018
Record-source 1019
Editor 1020
Bib-level 1021
Geographic-class 1022
Indexed-by 1023
Map-scale 1024
Music-key 1025
Related-periodical 1026
Report-number 1027
Stock-number 1028
Thematic-number 1030
Material-type 1031
Doc-id 1032 Original semantics (changed 8/97, see extensions below).A persistent identifier, or Doc-ID, assigned by a server, that uniquely identifies a document on that server.
Host-item 1033
Content-type 1034
Anywhere 1035
Author-Title-Subject 1036

Bib-1 Use Attributes -- Extensions (beyond 1995 version)

Name Value Semantics
Doc-id(semantic definition change) 1032 The following semantic definition was adopted at the August 1997 ZIG meeting. An identifier or Doc-ID, assigned by a server, that uniquely identifies a document on that server. May or may not be persistent. May be, for example, a URL.
SICI 1037 The Serial Item and Contribution Identifier; based on NISO Z39.56, which provides an extensible mechanism for the creation of a code which uniquely identifies either an issue of a serial title or a contribution (e.g., article) within a serial regardles of distribution meduim (paper, electronic, microform, etc.).
Following (thru 1083 submitted by German Library)
Abstract-language 1038 The language code or the language name for the language of the abstract. Entries are made in accordance with ISO 639-1988 'Code for the representation of names of language'. The 2-digit letter code is used as language code, the English term is used as language name.
Application-kind 1039 Information (code or full text) about the patent application.
Classification 1040 The code or the section heading of a classification system. The attribute is a general (broad) attribute for codes which are not existing as a serch key.
Classification-basic 1041 The code or the section heading of the Dutch classification system.
Classification-local-record 1042 The code or the section heading of a classification system assigned to a holding record.
Enzyme 1043 The enzyme code or the enzyme nomenclature. Codes are assigned by the 'Enzyme Commission' in the 'International Union of Biochemistry'.
Possessing-institution 1044 A code (library symbol or other code) of the institution which possesses the document. The codes are agreed upon between the partners.
Record-linking 1045 An alphabetical code which determines the type of linking.
Record-status 1046 Information about the status of the record, e.g. new, corrected, deleted, revised.
Treatment 1047 A statement (code or full text) describing subject aspects of the content.
Control-number-GKD 1048 The identification number of a corporate body name from the German authority file for corporate body names "Gemeinsame Koerper-schaftsdatei" (GKD).
Control-number-linking 1049 The unique identification number of the linked record. Attribute 'code-record-type' contains a code for the type of record which contains the 'control-number-linking' (b - bibliographical record, e - record for copy-specific data, n - authority record, l - holding record, p - record for cross references, v - full text). Attribute 'code-record-linking' contains a code which determines the type of linking.
Control-number-PND 1050 The identification number of a personal name from the German authority file for personal names "Personennamendatei" (PND).
Control-number-SWD 1051 The identification number of a subject heading from the German authority file for subject headings "Schlagwortnormdatei" (SWD).
Control-number-ZDB 1052 The identification number of a document in the German database for serials "Zeitschriftendatenbank" (ZDB).
Country-publication (country of Publication)1053 The country code or the country name of the country where the document has been published. Entries are made according to ISO 3166 'Codes for the Representation of Names of Countries'. As country code a 2-digit letter code is used, as country name the English country name.
Date-conference (meeting date)1054 The date of the conference or of another meeting.
Date-record-status 1055 The date on which the record status was assigned.
Dissertation-information 1056 Information about a dissertation thesis, or another publication connected with an academic degree.
Meeting-organizer 1057 The name of the organizer or the sponsor of a conference.
Note-availability 1058 Information about the availability of a document (delivery information).
Number-CAS-registry (CAS registry number)1059 The 'Chemical Abstract Registry' number of the substance described in a document.
Number-document (document number)1060 The publication number of the document (e.g. the number of the abstract in a secondary publication, or the number of the manuscript in a primary journal) provided that this number is not used as 'internal key' in the database. A publication number used as 'internal key' is entered in Attribute 12.
Number-local-accounting 1061 The account number of the document assigned by the accounting system.
Number-local-acquisition 1062 Document acquisition number assigned by the system.
Number-local-call-copy-specific 1063 The document's shelf number.
Number-of-reference (reference count)1064 The number of literature references cited in a document.
Number-norm 1065 The number of a norm or standard.
Number-volume 1066 The number of single volumes of a multivolume publication, (year's) issues of serials, parts of multivolume publications, serials journals etc.
Place-conference (meeting location)1067 The place where the conference or meeting was held.
Reference (references and footnotes)1068 A literature reference from a document. The bibliographic data of a reference consists e.g. of a title, author, journal, publication year, volume and page information of the cited document.
Referenced-journal (reference work)1069 The title of a journal cited in a document.
Section-code 1070 The section code of a subject classification.
Section-heading 1071 The section heading of a subject classification
Subject-GOO 1072 A subject heading from the 'Gemeenschappelijke Onderwerps Onts luiting' (GOO).
Subject-name-conference 1073 A conference name used as subject heading.
Subject-name-corporate 1074 A corporate body name used as a subject heading.
Subject-genre/form (Formerly "Subject-name-form" renamed August 2003) 1075 A formal topical subject heading, e.g. collection of articles, handbook, source.
Subject-name-geographical 1076 A geographical/ethnographical subject heading.
Subject--chronological (formerly "Subject-name-chronological" renamed August 2003) 1077 A chronological subject heading.
Subject--title (formerly "Subject-name-title" renamed August 2003) 1078 A title proper used as subject heading.
Subject--topical (formerly "Subject-name-topical" renamed August 2003) 1079 A topical subject heading.
Subject-uncontrolled 1080 An uncontrolled subject term. General (broad) attribute for subject terms not specified any further, existing as a search key.
Terminology-chemical (chemical name)1081 The description of a chemical substance. This is either the name of the substance or a name from another classification system, e.g. enzyme code.
Title-translated 1082 The translation of a title.
Year-of-beginning 1083 The publication year of the first issue/volume of serial publications (journals, newspapers, etc.).
Following (thru 1096) submitted by Danish National Library Authority, approved at January 1998 ZIG meeting
Year-of-ending 1084 The publication year of the last issue/volume of serial publications (journals, newspapers, etc.
Subject-AGROVOC 1085 A subject heading from the multilingual agricultural thesaurus from FAO.
Subject-COMPASS 1086 A subject heading from Computer Aided Subject System from British Library.
Subject-EPT 1087 A subject heading from European Pedagogical Thesaurus.
Subject-NAL 1088 A subject heading from National Agricultural Library.
Classification-BCM 1089 A classification number from British Catalogue of Music.
Classification-DB 1090 A classification number from Deutsche Bibliothek.
Identifier-ISRC 1091 ISRC. International standard recording code (ISO 3901).
Identifier-ISMN 1092 International standard music number (ISO 10957). ISMN
Identifier-ISRN 1093 ISRN. International standard technical report number (ISO 10444).
Identifier-DOI 1094 Digital Object Identifier.
Code-language-original 1095 A code that indicates the original language of the item.
Title-later 1096 A later version of title.

Following (1097 thru 1111) are Dublin Core Use attributes, originally approved at June 1998 ZIG meeting. These were re-affirmed at October 98 meeting, however, according to the decision at the meeting, the semantics (as well as mappings) are whatever a server decides. For detailed semantics of the Dublin Core elements, see Description of Dublin Core Elements

Name Value
DC-Title 1097
DC-Creator 1098
DC-Subject 1099
DC-Description 1100
DC-Publisher 1101
DC-Date 1102
DC-ResourceType 1103
DC-ResourceIdentifier 1104
DC-Language 1105
DC-OtherContributor 1106
DC-Format 1107
DC-Source 1108
DC-Relation 1109
DC-Coverage 1110
DC-RightsManagement 1111

The following (1112 thru 1184) are GILS Use attributes, approved at the June 1998 ZIG meeting. The GILS Use Attributes correspond semantically to GILS Core Elements, described in the GILS Z39.50 Specification Annex E.

Name Value
Controlled Subject Index 1112
Subject Thesaurus 1113
Index Terms -- Controlled 1114
Controlled Term 1115
Spatial Domain 1116
Bounding Coordinates 1117
West Bounding Coordinate 1118
East Bounding Coordinate 1119
North Bounding Coordinate 1120
South Bounding Coordinate 1121
Place 1122
Place Keyword Thesaurus 1123
Place Keyword 1124
Time Period 1125
Time Period Textual 1126
Time Period Structured 1127
Beginning Date 1128
Ending Date 1129
Availability 1130
Distributor 1131
Distributor Name 1132
Distributor Organization 1133
Distributor Street Address 1134
Distributor City 1135
Distributor State or Province 1136
Distributor Zip or Postal Code 1137
Distributor Country 1138
Distributor Network Address 1139
Distributor Hours of Service 1140
Distributor Telephone 1141
Distributor Fax 1142
Resource Description 1143
Order Process 1144
Order Information 1145
Cost 1146
Cost Information 1147
Technical Prerequisites 1148
Available Time Period 1149
Available Time Textual 1150
Available Time Structured 1151
Available Linkage 1152
Linkage Type 1153
Linkage 1154
Sources of Data 1155
Methodology 1156
Access Constraints 1157
General Access Constraints 1158
Originator Dissemination Control 1159
Security Classification Control 1160
Use Constraints 1161
Point of Contact 1162
Contact Name 1163
Contact Organization 1164
Contact Street Address 1165
Contact City 1166
Contact State or Province 1167
Contact Zip or Postal Code 1168
Contact Country 1169
Contact Network Address 1170
Contact Hours of Service 1171
Contact Telephone 1172
Contact Fax 1173
Supplemental Information 1174
Purpose 1175
Agency Program 1176
Cross Reference 1177
Cross Reference Title 1178
Cross Reference Relationship 1179
Cross Reference Linkage 1180
Schedule Number 1181
Original Control Identifier 1182
Language of Record 1183
Record Review Date 1184

Following were approved at the October '98 ZIG meeting. These were proposed on behalf of Music Libraries Online Project

Name Value Semantics
Performer1185 Names of the Performer/Conductor (e.g. Alfred Brendel)
Performer-Individual 1186 Individual name of a Performer/Conductor (e.g. Alfred Brendel)
Performer-Group 1187 Name of a performance group or ensemble (e.g. London Symphony Orchestra)
Instrumentation 1188 Musical instrument used in the work (e.g. Piano, Violin)
Instrumentation-Original 1189 Musical instrument used in the original arrangement of the piece
Instrumentation-Current 1190 Musical instrument used in the given arrangement of the piece
Arrangement 1191 Arrangement of the work (e.g. Piano Trio, String Quartet)
Arrangement-Original 1192 Arrangement of the original work (e.g. Piano Trio, String Quartet)
Arrangement-Current 1193 Arrangement of the given arrangement (e.g. Piano Trio, String Quartet)
Musical Key-Original 1194 Key of the original arrangement
Musical Key-Current 1195 Key of the current arrangement
Date-Composition 1196 Date of the original composition of the work
Date-Recording 1197 Date of the current recording of the work
Place-Recording 1198 Place where the recording was made (e.g. Royal Festival Hall)
Country-Recording 1199 Country where the recording was made (ISO)
Number-ISWC 1200 International Standard Work Code (ISO/TC 46/SC 9/WG)
Number-Matrix 1201 Matrix number of recording
Number-Plate 1202 Publisher's plate number
Classification-McColvin 1203 McColvin Classification Scheme
Duration 1204 Duration of the work (or estimated duration) in seconds
Number-Copies 1205 Number of copies available (in the case of searching for performance sets for an ensemble)
Musical Theme 1206 A representation of a musical theme either as string format agreed between target and origin (e.g. Plaine and Easie) or as an EXTERNAL
Instruments - total number1207 Total number of instruments (e.g. for a quartet, value would be 4)
Instruments - distinct number1208 Number of distinct instruments. (e.g. for a string quartet with two violins, 1 viola, 1 cello, value would be 3)

Following was approved at the August '99 ZIG meeting; proposed by Juha Hakala, Helsinki University Library.

Name Value Semantics
Identifier - URN 1209 Uniform Resource Name

Following was approved at the December 2000 ZIG meeting; proposed by TZIG.

Name Value Semantics
Sears Subject Heading 1210 Sears List of Subject Headings

Following was approved at the October 2001 ZIG meeting; proposed by Dana Dietz on behalf of NISO SC AV.

Name Value Semantics
OCLC Number 1211 A sequential accession number assigned by OCLC as records are entered into OCLC WorldCat (the OCLC Online Union Catalog). Numbers are not re-used, but when records are merged, the old number is kept as a cross-reference to the new record.

The following are based on a proposal from NORZIG, March 2003, approved August 2003.

Name Value Definition Syntax/reference Area of use Examples
Composition 1212 Type of composition [Mus] Two.letter Code. See MARC 21 008 pos.18-19 Searching for music (scores and sound recordings) Blues: bl
Opera: op
Intellectual level 1213 Target audience such as todlers, preschools, etc. One character Code. See MARC 21 008 pos.22 Limiting factor in literary searches Adults:   a
Age 0 - 5: l
Easyreader: q
EAN 1214 European article number (EAN) A 13-digit number where 1-3: type of merchandise 4-12: ISBN minus check digit (if type is book) 13: check digit. See UNIMARC 073 $a and NORMARC 025 $a Searching for specific items A book with ISBN 82-03-15849-8 gets the EAN:
NLC 1215 Canadian class. system Code consisting of capital letter(s), digits and punctuation. See MARC 21 055 Subject search HT154
CRCS 1216 CRCS (Computing Review Classification Scheme) Code of form: X.n.m Where X is a capital letter, n and m etc. are digits and the full stops indicate the hierarchy. See MARC 21 084 $a and $2 and NORMARC 062 $a Subject search Database theory: H.2.0
Nationality 1217 nationality (author) Code consisting of two lowercase letters. See UNIMARC 7xx $c and NORMARC 1xx $j Qualifying names Norwegian: no
Equinox 1218 equinox (Map) Name of equinox. See MARC 21 255 $e Limiting factor in searching for maps eq.1950
Compression 1219 specific type of compression MARC 21 856 $c Limiting search result  
Format 1220 electronic format MARC 21 856 $q Limiting search result  
Subject - occupation 1221 Subject added entry - occupation Index term. See MARC 21 656 $a Subject search Biologist
Subject - function 1222 Subject added entry - function Index term. See MARC 21 657 $a Subject search  
Edition 1223 Edition of document Text. See MARC 21 250 $a Limiting search result 2.ed
Special education ed.

The following, proposed by An Liu of the US Government Printing Office, was approved October 2007.

Name Value Definition Syntax/reference Examples
GPO Item Number

An item number assigned by the U.S. Government Printing Office .Used to manage the distribution of publications to libraries within GPO's Depository Library System. An item number may be assigned to a category of publications, a series, or an individual title. The GPO item number is an agency-assigned data element. Numbers are assigned from the List of Classes of United States Government Publications Available for Selection by Depository Libraries maintained by GPO.

(Not the same as the unique number that identifies each entry in the Monthly Catalog of Government Publications, nor is it an order number.)

MARC 21 tag 074


The following, proposed by the Library of Congress, was approved March 2014.

Name Value Definition Syntax/reference Examples

A generic, single index combining  place, publisher, and date. (To avoid searching  multiple indexes for publication/production information.)

  • 257 $a2
  • 260 $abcdefg3
  • 264 $abc3
  • 270 $270abcd
  • paris
  • Insight Press
  • 1979


The following (5000-10,000) reserves a block of values for private usage; they will never be assigned by the Z39.50 Maintenance Agency. Implementors may use these however they choose, they are not intended for interoperability -- different implementors may define them differently, and assignments of these values need not be reported to the Z39.50 Maintenance Agency.
Reserved for private usage5000-10,000

Bib-1 Relation Attributes

Name Value Semantics
less than 1  See bib1 semantics
less than or equal 2 
equal 3 
greater or equal 4 
greater than 5 
not equal 6 
phonetic 100 
stem 101  
relevance 102 
AlwaysMatches 103 

Bib-1 Relation Attributes -- Extensions

Name Value Semantics
Within (added by agreement at the August 1997 ZIG meeting) 104 When this relation attribute is supplied the intent is to select records where the value of the access point as determined by the Use attribute is within the bounds specified by the term (where the term itself may be composed of several terms). A profile or implementor agreement may specify precisely what form a term should take when this relation attribute is used, and how the term specifies bounds. As an example, see the implementor agreement Linear Range Searching

Bib-1 Position Attributes

Name Value Semantics
first in field 1 See bib1 semantics
first in subfield 2
any position in field 3

Bib-1 Structure Attributes

Name Value Semantics
phrase 1 See bib1 semantics
word 2
key 3
year 4
date (normalized) 5
word list 6
date (un-normalized) 100
name (normalized) 101
name (un-normalized) 102
structure 103
urx 104
free-form-text 105
document-text 106
local number 107
string 108
numeric string 109

Bib-1 Truncation Attributes

Name Value Semantics
right Truncation 1See bib1 semantics
left Truncation 2
left and right 3
do not truncate 100
process # in search term 101
regExpr-1 102
regExpr-2 103

Bib-1 Truncation Attributes -- Extensions

Name Value Semantics
Z39.58 (added at October, 1996 ZIG meeting) 104 Truncation as defined in Z39.58-1992, section 7.7.2: "Character Masking" (page 9); including subsections "Variable number of characters", and "Fixed number of characters". The rules governing the ussage of this attribute are explicitly articulated as follows (if this is inconsistent with Z39.58, these rules take precedence).

The character '?' (question mark) is used to mask a variable number of characters. It may be followed by a positive integer, i.e. one or more consecutive decimal digits (where the first is positive) in which the positive integer represented by the string of digits (beginning with the digit immediately following the '?', up to and not including the first non-digit character), indicates a range of characters to mask, from zero up to and including the specified integer.

When '?' is not immediately followed by a positive decimal digit, it indicates an arbitrary number of characters to mask (from zero to a system defined limit).

The character '#' (pound or number sign) is used to mask a single character. Multiple consecutive occurrences of '#' may be used to indicate a precise number of characters to mask.

Bib-1 Completeness Attributes

Name Value Semantics
incomplete subfield 1 See bib1 semantics
complete subfield 2
complete field 3

Rules pertaining to Bib-1 Attribute Combinations

The second integer in the sequence is to be supplied if and only if there are multiple attributes in the list. Values are:

    1. Select the first supported attribute in the list.
    2. Select the best attribute in the list.