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The Library of Congress > Cataloging, Acquisitions > PCC > SACO > Summary of Decisions > Editorial Meeting Number 1608

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August 15, 2016

PSD policy specialist responsible for this list: J. Young



This classification number would represent the human body as a topic in the philosophy of Blaise Pascal, but the subject headings indicate that the work being cataloged is about humanism in Pascal’s works. If the work really is about the human body, the subject headings should be revised and the proposal may be resubmitted. If not, the work should be classed in B1904.H86, and the proposal was therefore not necessary and should be deleted by the cataloger.


The related subject proposal was not approved; see the entry below under Studio teaching for an explanation. The classification proposal was likewise not approved.


The first two subject headings assigned to the work are Teenagers in literature and Israeli literature—21st century—History and criticism. The classification number proposed is for teenagers as a topic in prose and fiction, not in literature in general. The meeting requests that the work be reexamined to determine whether it is about teenagers in Israeli fiction or in Israeli literature. A proposal in the span PJ5013.A-Z (treatment of special classes in Israeli literature) or PJ5030.T44 may be resubmitted along with a revised bibliographic record.


The work being cataloged is about the face in English and French literature. Since the coverage does not seem to favor one language or the other, the work should class in PN56.A-Z. A proposal in that span may be resubmitted.


Dionys Mascolo was an intellectual whose first fictional work was published in 2014, 17 years after his death. CSM F 632 indicates that “the time period during which the author was productive” is an important factor in determining a literary author number. Because Mascolo could not have been productive in the twenty-first century, the meeting revised the proposal to PQ2673.A768275, French authors whose names begin with “M” and who began to publish around 1950, flourishing after 1960.


Manuel Millás was a literary author who wrote in Catalan, and should be classed in PC3937.3942-3937.436, not with Spanish literary authors in PQ. The proposal may be resubmitted.


The meeting prefers that this work on religious occupations be classed with occupations in general at Z695.1.O3. The proposal was not necessary.


The first subject heading assigned to the work being cataloged is Wilmer, William Holland, 1863-1936—Library, which indicates that it is a bibliography of works that Wilmer owned, not works by or about him. The work should be classified with the subject if has a subject focus (e.g., ophthalmology, Z6669), or in Z997.A2-Z, private libraries, if not. Neither of those two options requires a proposal. If upon reexamination of the work the cataloger determines that the work is indeed a bibliography of works by or about Wilmer, the subject headings should be revised and the proposal may be resubmitted.



Subdivisions to be added to lists of free-floating subdivisions:

                       H 1180, Plants and crops
                                    $x Nomenclature (Popular)—French, [Italian, etc.]

Other decisions:

Businesspeople, Greek

SHM H 350 sec. 1 states, “Do not use adjectival qualifiers that represent jurisdictions or geographic regions in connection with classes of persons. Use geographic subdivision instead. Use geographic subdivision to mean either ‘currently in’ or ‘originally from.’” The resource is about Greeks in Egypt and can be described using three headings: Businesspeople—Greece; Businesspeople—Egypt; and Greeks—Egypt. The proposal was not approved.

Japan—Foreign relations—21st century

The work being cataloged covers the first twelve years of the 21st century at most and is sufficiently cataloged with the existing heading Japan—Foreign relations—1989- . The proposal was not necessary.


The proposal provided a description of Katarism, a political movement in Bolivia, but provided no support for the heading itself. The title of the encyclopedia article cited may provide the necessary justification. The proposal may be resubmitted.

Konaks; Konaks in literature; Yalıs; Yalıs in literature

Konaks and yalıs are types of dwellings in Turkey. The meeting discussed whether the dwellings are sufficiently unique to Turkey that works about them cannot be cataloged with an English-language heading.

Konaks are generally defined in English-language reference sources as large and ornate dwellings with many rooms; some sources translate the word konak directly into palace.  These palaces may be either private or official residences.  The meeting determined that works about them may be assigned the headings Palaces, Dwellings, Official residences, and/or [group of officials]—Dwellings. The headings Palaces in literature and Dwellings in literature already exist in LCSH, but Official residences in literature would need to be proposed if needed.  The proposals Konaks and Konaks in literature were not approved.

Yalıs are dwellings along the shore of the Bosphorus. The meeting was unable to determine whether they are a type of architecture that is unique to that area and therefore decided to approve the proposals Yalıs and Yalıs in literature.

Kyodong Island (Korea)

SHM H 690 requires that Geonet be consulted for geographic features outside the United States, but it was not cited in the proposal. Geonet has a different approved form of the name, along with other variants. The proposal may be resubmitted with the appropriate Geonet citation.

Mosul Dam (Iraq)

The Geonet citation given in the proposal did not include the variants, which should be listed and provided as UFs. The proposal may be resubmitted.

Mythology, Circassian

The proposal should have included information about the work being cataloged in English. The proposal may be resubmitted.

Political plays, Turkish

The proposal should have included information in English in addition to the Turkish title of the work being cataloged. The proposal may be resubmitted.

Political prisoners’ writings, Philippine (English)

The title and information provided about the work being cataloged are in English, but neither supports the qualifiers, Philippine and English. The proposal may be resubmitted.

Public prosecutors

Rather than trying to add various position titles and levels of government as UFs to this existing heading, and given the precedent set with the headings City attorneys and County attorneys, the meeting prefers that each type of prosecutor have its own heading. The proposal was not approved.

Studio teaching

The work can be adequately cataloged by assigning Project method in teaching, Student-centered teaching, and College teaching. The proposal was not necessary.

Surveillance; Surveillance in motion pictures

The meeting noted several problems with the proposal Surveillance. SHM H 370 sec. 1.d states, “When establishing a new heading that is an intermediate term in a hierarchy, add the new heading as a BT to the authority records for all existing narrower headings…” LCSH includes several headings that clearly should be narrower terms of Surveillance, including for example Electronic surveillance; Military surveillance; and Police patrol—Surveillance operations. Those are easy to find because there are UFs beginning with the word surveillance for all of them. Other headings that do not include the word surveillance also need to be examined to see if they should be NTs, too, such as Traffic monitoring; Patient monitoring; Aerial observation (Military science); Eavesdropping; and Undercover operations. No proposals to revise the reference structure of existing headings accompanied the proposal, however.

The BT also needs to be reconsidered; Observation (Psychology) is inappropriate because surveillance is not a psychological concept and does not therefore belong in the Psychology hierarchy.

In addition, the only reference source cited in the proposal was Wikipedia, even though surveillance is a concept for which a definition can be found in any general dictionary of the English language. Definitions can also be found in numerous specialized dictionaries, such as the DOD Dictionary of Military Terms, which is freely available online, and Black’s Law Dictionary. See SHM H 202 for the research requirements for proposals for new concepts.

For some time, policy specialists have been aware that LCSH would benefit from the addition of a general heading for surveillance, but have been stymied by the issues that it causes, some of which are laid out in the first two paragraphs above. If the cataloger who made this proposal is willing to undertake a project to assist PSD in resolving the issues, the subject policy specialists would be happy to discuss it over email.  The proposal is not approved until such time as the issues can be resolved.

In the meantime, the proposal for Surveillance in motion pictures is clearly needed for a CIP; existing headings are all too specific for the work, which discusses a wide variety of surveillance techniques that are depicted in films. The meeting has therefore taken the unusual, but not unprecedented, step of approving the proposal Surveillance in motion pictures without approving the proposal for Surveillance, the base concept. 

The meeting would also like to take this opportunity to remind CIP Partners that SACO proposals that are based on CIP cataloging must include a cataloger’s note indicating that they are for CIPs. This proposal did not include such a note and was therefore not put into the proper workflow. That in turn led to a significant delay in the delivery of the CIP data to the publisher. 

Tanzanian drama (English); Short stories, Tanzanian (English)

The information provided in the proposals supports the substantive portion of the headings, Tanzanian drama and Short stories, Tanzanian, but does not support the qualifier.  The language of the works in a collection of literature cannot be assumed from the title of the collection, particularly when the country of origin is multilingual. The proposals may be resubmitted.


Proposals for literary and religious works, and “general” terms

The Policy and Standards Division has been developing Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT) since 2007, and in 2015 added terms for literary and religious works, as well as “general” terms that cross disciplines (e.g., Encyclopedias). 

Proposals for new and revised genre/form terms in the disciplines of literature and religion and proposals for “general” terms are now being accepted. 

Terms for musical works were also added to LCGFT in 2015, but issues with a small number of terms suggested by Music Library Association’s Form/Genre Task Force await resolution.  Proposals for those terms will be published and approved on Tentative Lists according to the standard practice. 

Proposals for new and revised genre/form terms for music are not being accepted at this time. 

Questions and comments about LCGFT may be addressed to Janis L. Young at [email protected].