LC Cataloging Newsline

Online Newsletter of the Cataloging Directorate

Library of Congress Volume 8, no. 9, ISSN 1066-8829, September 2000


New on the PCC Home Page
PCC Participants Meeting at ALA
BIBCO-at-Large Meeting at ALA
PCC Cataloger Training Activities
National Library of New Zealand Joins NACO
Recent BEAT Highlights
The PCC in Argentina and Chile

New on the PCC Home Page

The semi-annual PCC Participants Meeting was held on Sunday, July 9, 2000 in conjunction with the ALA Annual Conference in Chicago. For the complete summary of the event visit the Web site at URL

The BIBCO-at-Large meeting discussed the linking of serial and monograph bibliographic records using the MARC 21 765-787 linking fields. It also discussed bibliographic file maintenance (BFM) issues as a BIBCO requirement. The issue of quality of BIBCO records was revisited, resulting in several action items. The Working Group on Series Numbering issued an update of continuing activities stemming from its final report. For the complete meeting summary, visit URL

The Standing Committee on Standards has created and charged the 042 Task Group to study the matter of defining a new code in the 042 field to indicate that the headings in a pre-AACR2 bibliographic record were under authority control. This would allow the records to be labeled "pcc" if all the access points were under authority control while the description and punctuation remained unchanged. The charge and membership of the task group are listed on the Web at URL

The PCC Task Force on Multiple Manifestations of Electronic Resources is investigating the "single record approach" that specifies a means by which an electronic version can be noted on the record for the print original. The task force charge and membership are available on the Web site at URL

The Subject Authority Cooperative Program (SACO) has developed a list of frequently-asked-questions (FAQ) and posted them to the SACO home page. Among the topics re research required in support of new proposals, how to track incoming proposals, and how to propose a new subject heading. For the comprehensive source on subject proposal submission visit the Web at URL

An FAQ has also been developed for series, including information about the PCC national series treatment policy. All questions and responses are found on the PCC home page at URL

The Library of Congress, OCLC, and the Research Libraries Group (RLG) have embarked on a project for the conversion of Chinese language bibliographic data from the Wade-Giles system of romanization to pinyin. Volunteers from among independent NACO libraries will assist in the review and possible "manual" conversion of problematic authority records. A NACO liaison will be provided to give specific support for the "pinyin volunteers." Details are available at URL

The subfield $b of the 040 field (Language of cataloging) contains a code for the language used in cataloging, i.e., the language used in notes, subject headings, etc., which is not to be confused with the language of text (008/35-37 in the bibliographic record). In bibliographic records issued by the Library of Congress, regardless of source, there should be either no 040 $b or, if one is retained, it should contain the code for English (eng). Further news is available at URL

PCC Participants Meeting at ALA

The Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) held its regular ALA-related participants meeting July 9, 2000, under newly-elected chair Marjorie Bloss (Center for Research Libraries). Larry Alford (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), was introduced as chair-elect.

Bloss delivered a brief report on membership and statistical growth in the various components of the PCC and then introduced the chairs of the standing committees for status reports. The Standing Committee on Training, chaired by Carol Hixson (University of Oregon), continues to refine its plans for a BIBCO participants manual and has established several task groups on educational needs. The Standing Committee on Standards, chaired by Joan Schuitema (Loyola University Chicago), has received the final report of the Cross Reference Task Group and begun new task groups on the 042 field in bibliographic records and another on multiple manifestations of electronic resources. The Standing Committee on Automation, chaired by Karen Calhoun (Cornell University), continues to focus on the charge of a task group that is working with vendors to provide sets of bibliographic records for major aggregations of journals.

The chair of the BIBCO Operations Committee reported that it has received a proposal to link serial and monographic bibliographic records through the new MARC 765-787 linking fields. The issue of maintenance of BIBCO bibliographic records to ensure currency is also under consideration. The chair of the CONSER Operations Committee reported that the proposed revisions of AACR2, Chapter 12, and related sections, were receiving wide support. CONSER has formally begun a two year experiment to add publication pattern data to CONSER records in an OCLC-defined 891 field.

The guest speaker for the evening was Sever Bordeianu (University of New Mexico). His presentation dealt with cataloging productivity. He based his remarks on articles he and associates have published in _Technical Services Quarterly_.

The meeting ended with a presentation of awards. Pat Thomas, who received the Margaret Mann Citation, was presented an award for outstanding achievements in cataloging and for fostering programs in the PCC. Carol Fleishauer was awarded for her role as CONSER representative on the Policy Committee. Catherine Tierney received her award for her contributions to the PCC as a BIBCO representative on the Policy Committee. Joan Schuitema, who will be leaving the Standing Committee on Standards as chair, was given an award for three years of outstanding leadership. Michael Kaplan, outgoing chair of the PCC Policy Committee, was given an award for his years of service to the PCC and his contributions for the expansion of constituents.

Detailed minutes and reports from PCC-related meetings at the ALA annual conference can be found on the Program for Cooperative Cataloging homepage, at URL .

BIBCO-at-Large Meeting at ALA

Ruta Penkiunas (Library of Congress BIBCO Coordinator) and Marjorie Bloss welcomed BIBCO members to a discussion of technical and quality issues.

The first issue was that of adding linking fields (MARC 765- 787) between serial and related monographic bibliographic records. CONSER-at-Large had already discussed and revised the discussion paper by David Van Hoy (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) and Adam Schiff (University of Washington). Since these fields are newly available for monographs, BIBCO participants prefer to delay implementation until the impact on their operations of the changes to AACR2, Chapter 12, and related MARBI changes is determined. In particular, they want to evaluate the value of such fields to end users in light of library administrators' concerns over cost- effectiveness.

The maintenance of BIBCO records was thoroughly discussed as part of the consideration of a draft of BIBCO Program parameters prepared by Ana Cristan (Cooperative Cataloging Team, Library of Congress). The parameters document is the first attempt to compile into a single listing the requirements of BIBCO participation. Work will continue on this document for later presentation to the PCC Policy Committee.

Further details, with draft documents, can be found on the BIBCO home page, at URL


PCC Cataloging Training Activities

The PCC Standing Committee on Training, under new chair Carol Hixson (University of Oregon), has started several initiatives in professional training for catalogers. The committee discussed these endeavors at its recent meeting during the ALA Annual Conference in Chicago.

While the NACO, SACO, and BIBCO programs have continued their expansion with the general training given to new participants, the number of trainees and training dates has increased but the number of trainers has not. Investigations are under way to conduct such training through distance education methods, perhaps including the World Wide Web.

In addition there is an increasing concern for continuing education for catalogers already participating in PCC components. Efforts are under way to collaborate with such groups as ALCTS, the OCLC regional networks, and, on an international level, Great Britain's Copyright Libraries Shared Cataloguing Programme. These measures seek to utilize their capabilities and existing resources to further PCC activities in professional, continuing education.

Documentation is another need identified by the committee. Adam Schiff (University of Washington) has nearly completed a SACO participant's manual.

National Library of New Zealand Joins NACO

The National Library of New Zealand, one of New Zealand's leading cultural institutions and information centers, has expanded its participation in the Program for Cooperative Cataloging.

The library has contributed subject authority proposals through SACO for several years. Participation has now expanded to include the Name Authority Cooperative Program (NACO) with training by PCC trainer, Bill Garrison (University of Colorado, Boulder) in September 2000. The National Library of New Zealand serves as a central collection of New Zealand national bibliography and Pacific Islands material. Authority records contributed are anticipated to be heavily weighted in these areas.

Established by an act of Parliament in 1966, the National Library of New Zealand incorporates several pre-existing libraries and national services.

Recent BEAT Highlights

Major Bibliographic Enrichment Advisory Team (BEAT) projects are moving increasingly into electronic services and expanding to collaborative work with the Library's public services divisions. This account reports recent activities of the team and suggests where additional information is available.

The BEAT home page (URL

has recently been updated with information on the background, aims, membership, and recent activities of the team, as well as online versions of various current and archival BEAT reports. The BEAT pages also provide descriptions of the various projects and links to the home pages of these other ongoing initiatives, where more detailed information and current status may be reviewed.


Begun in 1999, the project enhances traditional printed library bibliographies by placing them on the Web and expands the information provided by including annotated citations, tables of contents (TOCs), indexes, and back-of-book bibliographies cited therein. Reciprocal links are made among the bibliographies, data files, and the online catalog record for all titles in the bibliographies. This cross-linking enables the searcher to identify other related resources. Links to pertinent online journal indexes and to Web resources and applicable subject headings in the Library's OPAC are also included.

A pilot project, "Guide to Business History Resources," was completed in 1999, and BECites+ is currently working with public service staff in preparing additional bibliographies on entrepreneurship (franchising and venture capital), immigration, and on Thomas Jefferson. The project makes use of OCLC's Cooperative Online Resource Catalog (CORC) software to compile the respective sections on related Internet resources for the bibliographies. Additional projects focus on business and Hispanic topics. The updated BECites+ Web page is located at URL


BEOnline+ provides both bibliographic and direct access to selected online resources, enabling improved access to Internet information for Library users in addition to more traditional data obtained from searches of the Library's catalogs. It, too, is noteworthy for the cooperative efforts of reference and cataloging units in selection, description, and provision of access to Internet resources.

Expanded BEOnline+ activities include first, the continuation of the original BEOnline+ project, using CORC to select free monographic Web-based business resources by reference librarians in the Science, Technology, and Business Division (STBD), Business Section. Second, the "Alcove 9" project of the Humanities and Social Sciences Division with STBD, is creating a "virtual alcove" of free electronic resources to augment the eight physical alcoves in the Main Reading Room of the Library of Congress. Third, staff from the _Handbook of Latin American Studies_ (HLAS) are experimenting with adding records to the CORC resource catalog for those Internet resources to be reviewed in the handbook. The BEOnline+ Web site is located at URL

Digital Tables of Contents

The Digital Tables of Contents Project has created more than two thousand machine-readable TOCs for selected works in economics, political science, technology, computer science, and bibliography. Cross-linking the TOCs and the MARC catalog records makes them available to searchers who use a Web browser to access the Library's online catalog. In addition, Web indexing software also makes catalog and TOC records available to users anywhere through the World Wide Web when a search result returns one of the BEAT TOCs. Readers will find examples at URL

The PCC in Argentina and Chile

On August 14-18, 2000, cooperative cataloging program specialist Ana Cristan presented a NACO class to members of the cataloging staff of the Biblioteca Max von Buch at the Universidad de San Andres (UDESA) in Victoria, Argentina. With the successful completion of this training, UDESA becomes the first Spanish- speaking library from Latin America to join NACO.

Planning for this training began in March 1999, when the director of the Biblioteca Max von Buch, Irene Munster, and the head of cataloging, Estela Chahbenderian, visited the Cooperative Cataloging Team as part of a U.S. tour. The UDESA library is one of the few in Latin America that uses the LC classification system for its collection and catalogs on OCLC.

The workshop and all materials were presented in Spanish. Cristan translated the existing NACO training manual for OCLC participants into Spanish. With the help of Elizabeth Steinhagen (University of New Mexico), John Wright (Brigham Young University), and Ageo Garc´┐Ża (Tulane University), catalogers in LC's History and Literature Cataloging Division, Fundacion Antorchas intern Nora Luaces in LC's Hispanic Reading Room, staff of the Cataloging Policy and Support Office, and others, the manuals were translated, reviewed, and shipped in time for the workshop.

Participants and observers included three members of the cataloging staff of UDESA, a retired library science professor, two library science professors from the Universidad de Buenos Aires, and heads of cataloging and/or technical services from the Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, and the Universidad del Museo Social Argentino.

Soledad Fernandez-Corugedo, Coordinator of the RENIB (Red Nacional de Informacion Bibliografica) bibliographic network in Santiago de Chile, invited Cristan to visit the RENIB offices for an exchange of information. The agenda for this two-day visit included a meeting with members of the RENIB network and members of the Chilean library community. Cristan also presented an overview of the PCC to an audience of more than fifty librarians.

LC CATALOGING NEWSLINE (ISSN 1066-8829) is published irregularly by the Cataloging Directorate, Library Services, Library of Congress, and contains news of cataloging activities throughout the Library of Congress. Editorial Office: Cataloging Policy and Support Office, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540-4305. Editor, Robert M. Hiatt; Editorial Advisory Group: Victoria Behrens, John Byrum, Roselyne Chang, Jurij Dobczansky, Anthony Franks, Less Hawkins, Albert Kohlmeier, Susan Morris, Geraldine Ostrove, David Smith, David Williamson, and Roman Worobec. Address editorial inquiries to the editor at the above address or [email protected] (email), (202) 707-5831 (voice), or (202) 707-6629 (fax). Listowner: David Williamson. Address subscription inquiries to the listowner at [email protected].

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