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Collection The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America

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  • Audio Recording

    Fanfare for the common man

    sound recording | 1 sound cartridge : digital, stereo ; 5 1/2 x 6 1/2 in. | From Library of Congress concert, "Aaron Copland Centennial" recorded on November 14, 2000 in the Coolidge Auditorium. (c) Copyright 1944 by The Aaron Copland Fund for Music, Inc. Copyright Renewed. Used by permission of Boosey & Hawkes, Inc., Sole Publisher & Licensee. (Copyright Notice). Sound Recording (Form).

    • Contributor: Unpublished - Copland, Aaron - United States Marine Band
    • Date: 2000
  • Audio Recording

    Anchors aweigh

    sound recording | 1 sound disc: digital; 4 2/4 in. | Taken from "The Bicentennial Collection: Celebrating the 200th Anniversary of 'The President's Own' United States Marine Band," disc 2. Originally released by Victor; Cat. 18817-A, B-25572-2, recorded September 26, 1921. Sound Recording (Form).

    • Contributor: United States Marine Band - Zimmerman, Charles A. - U.S. Marine Band
    • Date: 1998
  • Audio Recording

    The marines' hymn

    sound recording | 1 sound disc: digital; 4 2/4 in. | Taken from "The Bicentennial Collection: Celebrating the 200th Anniversary of 'The President's Own' United States Marine Band," disc 4. Original release information: William F. Santelmann, conducting RCA metal master, Mx. WD8-MB-1201, c. 1942 Sound Recording (Form).

    • Contributor: United States Marine Band - U.S. Marine Band
    • Date: 1998
  • Audio Recording

    Stars and stripes forever

    sound recording | 1 sound disc: digital; 4 2/4 in. | Taken from "The Bicentennial Collection: Celebrating the 200th Anniversary of 'The President's Own' United States Marine Band," disc 5. Original release information: Albert F. Schoepper, conducting. RCA Cat. LSP-2687, Recorded by RCA at Crapton Auditorium, Howard University, Washinton, DC, December 10, 1962. Sound Recording (Form).

    • Contributor: United States Marine Band - Sousa, John Philip - U.S. Marine Band
    • Date: 1998
  • Audio Recording

    Four ruffles and flourishes and Hail Columbia

    sound recording | 1 sound disc : digital, stereo ; 4 3/4 in. | Taken from CD "Ceremonial Music" by The United States Air Force Band. Track 51. 30 second (Extent). excerpt used by permission of the copyright holder. (Standard Restriction). Sound Recording (Form).

    • Contributor: United States Air Force Band
    • Date: 1993
  • Audio Recording

    Guadalcanal march [from Victory at sea]

    sound recording | Recorded at a concert held at the Library of Congress in 2002. "The Guadalcanal March" by Richard Rodgers Copyright (c) 1952 by Williamson Music Copyright Renewed. International Copyright Secured. All Rights Reserved. Reprinted by Permission. (Copyright Notice). 30 second (Extent). Due to copyright restrictions, only excerpts from this item are available. (Standard Restriction). Sound Recording (Form).

    • Contributor: Rogers, Richard - Virginia Grand Concert Band
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    America the Beautiful

    Article. "America the Beautiful" has been called "an expression of patriotism at its finest." It conveys an attitude of appreciation and gratitude for the nation's extraordinary physical beauty and abundance, without triumphalism. It has also been incorporated into a number of films including The Sandlot and The Pentagon Wars. Its lyricist, Katharine Lee Bates, died March 28, 1929, and is buried in Falmouth, Massachusetts, ...

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Anchors Aweigh

    Article. Charles Zimmermann died just before the U.S. entered WWI but his counterpart, John Philip Sousa, enlisted in the U.S. Naval Reserve and was paid one dollar per month to organize the young musicians recruited into the service. He molded the Great Lakes Navy Band into an accomplished musical organization and became the first Navy musician to hold the rank of Lieutenant Commander. Midshipman ...

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Battle hymn of the republic

    Article. But it was when Julia Ward Howe visited Washington, DC in 1861 that the tune properly came to be called "The Battle Hymn of the Republic." Howe and her husband, both of whom were active abolitionists, experienced first-hand a skirmish between Confederate and Union troops in nearby Virginia, and heard the troops go into battle singing "John Brown's Body." That evening, November 18, ...

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Columbia the Gem of the Ocean

    Article. Sheet music from both 1843 and 1846 credited the American title as "Columbia, the Land of the Brave." Yet between these two dates, in 1844, the song was also published under the title it subsequently retained, "Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean." Extremely popular during Abraham Lincoln's Civil War administration, the song became a standard tune in the U.S. Marine Corps Band's repertoire.

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Eternal Father, Strong to Save

    Article. Eternal Father, was a favorite hymn of both President Theodore Roosevelt, a former Secretary of the Navy (1897-98), and President Franklin D. Roosevelt, a former Assistant Secretary of the Navy. It was performed as the body of President John F. Kennedy, a PT boat commander in World War II, was brought to lie in state at the U.S. Capitol.

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Fanfare for the Common Man

    Article. In March 1943, income taxes were a major issue for the common man. The United States had been at war about fifteen months and government spending soared. The previous year, as other taxes rose, only one in seven taxpayers had managed to save enough from their wages to pay the federal government. Congress had just recently required employers to withhold an employee's estimated ...

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    God Bless America

    Article. Irving Berlin lived a long life, one hundred and one years, and built a catalog of over 1,000 songs. His first published song was "Marie from Sunny Italy" (1907) and his first major hit was "Alexander's Ragtime Band" (1911). He also wrote for Broadway and the movies. Among his most recognized songs are "A Pretty Girl Is Like a Melody," "Mandy," "White Christmas," ...

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Hail Columbia

    Article. Up until the 1890s "Hail Columbia" was played as the de facto national anthem of the United States. President Lincoln once mentioned he had to stand up and take off his hat when "Hail Columbia" was sung. Many Europeans actually took it to be the U.S. anthem and played it accordingly. In 1889 it was played in that fashion to honor Thomas Edison ...

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Hail to the Chief

    Article. -- "The Lady of the Lake" by Sir Walter Scott

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    I'll Be Home for Christmas

    Article. In December 1965, having completed the first U.S. space rendezvous and set a record for the longest flight in the U.S. space program, the astronauts Frank Borman and James Lovell hurtled back to earth aboard their Gemini 7 spacecraft. Asked by NASA communication personnel if they wanted any particular music piped up to them, the crew requested Bing Crosby's recording of "I'll Be ...

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Marines' Hymn

    Article. The first version of the song was copyrighted, published and distributed in 1919 by The Leatherneck - a Marine Corps magazine printed in Quantico, Virginia. On November 21, 1942, the Commandant of the United States Marine Corps approved a slight change in the words of the first verse, to read "In air, on land, and sea" instead of the earlier "In the air, ...

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    My Country 'Tis of Thee

    Article. Smith initially wrote another verse, which he cut because it seemed too strident and not in keeping with what he wanted to be a peaceful homage to the nation. Beethoven and Haydn have incorporated the music of this song into their own work and, on August 28, 1963, Rev. Martin Luther King quoted Smith's lyrics when he stated from the steps of the ...

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Of Thee I Sing

    Article. View posters from the New Deal era in American Memory

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    U.S. Air Force Song

    Article. Melodies and songs are often quoted within another piece of music and "Off We Go" is no exception. Frank Zappa's twenty-five-minute opus "Billy the Mountain," a pastiche of American musical genres, incorporates melodic references to "Off We Go" and a number of other tunes such as "Over the Rainbow," "Pomp and Circumstance," and television's the Tonight Show theme.

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Over There

    Article. President Wilson described "Over There" as "a genuine inspiration to all American manhood" and Cohan remained unwavering in his patriotic fervor. However, a significant number of artists and performers grew increasingly disillusioned with a war in which 9,000,000 individuals lost their lives (117,000 of whom were Americans). Thus Cohan’s work was contrapuntal to the edgier music produced by performers such as James Reese ...

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Semper Paratus

    Article. The work of the U.S. Coast Guard has always included a strong humanitarian emphasis. Orville and Wilbur Wright, for example, were able to engage members of the Coast Guard to assist in their historic first. Years later Orville Wright told this story:

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Star Spangled Banner

    Article. The Anacreontic Society was founded around 1766, and named in honor of the ancient Greek court poet Anacreon, who in the sixth century B.C., entertained his tyrannical patrons with lyrics celebrating wine, women, and song. In 1791 Franz Josef Haydn was the Society's honored guest at a performance of one of his own symphonies, which indicates the primacy of the group's musical interests. ...

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    Stars and Stripes Forever

    Article. The "Flute in C" with silver keys and ferrules was used for 11 years by Mr. Louis P. Fritze, a member of the Sousa Band. He played it in the Band's 1910 around-the-world tour. It has been repaired by a broad silver band at the socket of the head-joint and had mother-of-pearl set in the "stopper."

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002
  • Manuscripts/Mixed Material

    The Army Goes Rolling Along

    Article. Refrain: Then it's Hi! Hi! Hey!The Army's on its way.Count off the cadence loud and strong,For where e'er we go,You will always knowThat The Army Goes Rolling Along.

    • Contributor: Library of Congress
    • Date: 2002