Collection Items

  • Audio Recording
    Swing Along! sound recording | 1 sound disc: 78 rpm, mono, 10 in. | Mx: 4420 -C Recorded in Jan., 1916. Sound Recording (Form).
    • Contributor: Edison - Cook, Will Marion - The Orpheus Male Chorus
    • Date: 1916
  • Audio Recording
    Thunderbolt sound recording | 1 sound disc: analog, 78 rpm, mono. ; 10 in. | "One Step" (Content). Mx: 4194 -2. Recorded c. May, 1919. Left groove wall only recorded. Sound Recording (Form).
    • Contributor: Emerson - Lada, [Anton] - Nunez, [Al] - Louisiana Five - Cawley, Joe
    • Date: 1919
  • Notated Music
    Gypsy blues Instrumental parts | 36 p., 7 x 5 in. | Parts: solo B-flat cornet (2), D-flat piccolo, C flute, E-flat clarinet, solo & 1st B-flat clarinets (2), 2nd B-flat clarinet, 3rd B-flat clarinet, oboe or C sax, bassoon, solo E-flat alto saxophone, B-flat soprano saxophone, E-flat alto saxophone, B-flat tenor saxophone, E-flat baritone saxophone, 1st B-flat cornet, 2nd & 3rd B-flat cornets (2), trombone...
    • Contributor: M. Witmark & Sons - Blake, Eubie - Sissle, [Noble] - Trinkaus, Geo. J.
    • Date: 1921
  • Notated Music
    Bandana sketches: four Negro spirituals Instrumental parts | 74 p., 12 1/4 x 9 in. | Chant (Nobody knows de trouble I've seen)--Lament (I'm troubled in mind)--Slave song (Many thousand gone)--Negro dance (Sometimes I feel like a motherless child). (Content). Copyright MCMXXII by Carl Fischer, New York (Copyright). Printed in United States Military Band Journal No. 277 Instrumental Parts (Form).
    • Contributor: Carl Fischer - White, Clarence Cameron - Lake, M.L.
    • Date: 1922

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  • Notated Music
    In Dahomey Instrumental parts | 38 p., 11 x 7 in. | Parts: piano, 1st and 2nd violins, viola, cello, bass, flute or piccolo, 1st & 2nd clarinets in A, oboe, bassoon, horns in D, 1st and 2nd cornets in A, trombone, drums. (Content). Copyright 1903 by Sol Bloom, New York & Chicago. (Copyright). 17 blank pages. "Characteristic March & Cake Walk." Instrumental Parts (Form).
    • Contributor: Sol Bloom - Johns, Al - Saddler, Frank
    • Date: 1903

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  • Notated Music
    Gladiolus rag Instrumental parts | 28 p. 10 3/4 x 7 in. | Parts: piano, 1st violin, 2nd violin, viola, cello, bass, flute, 1st clarinet in A, 1st cornet in A, 2nd cornet in A, trombone, drums. (Content). Copyright MCMIX by Jos. W. Stern & Co. (Copyright). "Composer of 'Maples [sic] Leaf Rag'" "Hot Chocolate Rag" by Malvin Franklin and Arthur Lange on reverse pages. Instrumental...
    • Contributor: Jos. W. Stern & Co. - Recker, Robert
    • Date: 1909

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  • Notated Music
    The junk man rag Instrumental parts | 26 p., 11 x 7 in. | Parts: piano, 1st and 2nd violins, viola, cello, bass, flute, 1st clarinet in A, oboe, bassoon, horns in F, 1st and 2nd cornets in A, trombone, drums. (Content). Copyr. MCMXIII by Jos, W. Stern & Co. N.Y. (Copyright). 10 blank pages. "One Step or Two Step." Instrumental Parts (Form).
    • Contributor: Jos. W. Stern & Co. - Roberts, C. Luckyeth - Tyers, William H.
    • Date: 1913

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  • Notated Music
    Swing along! vocal score | 12 p., 10 3/8 x 6 7/8 in. | for male chorus and piano (Content). Copyright, 1912, by G. Schirmer (Copyright). "G. Schirmer's Collection of Part-Songs and Choruses for Men's Voices" No. 5696 One of "Three Negro Songs for Chorus of Men's Voices with Piano Accomapaniment" by Will Marion Cook. Each published separately. Vocal Score (Form).
    • Contributor: G. Schirmer - Cook, Will Marion
    • Date: 1912

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  • Audio Recording
    Salley in our alley sound recording | 1 sound disc: analog, 78 rpm, mono. ; 10 in. | Mx: ?. Recorded in mid-1922. Sound Recording (Form).
    • Contributor: Vocalion - Carry - Smith, [Chris] - Criterion Male Quartet
    • Date: 1922
  • Biography
    Will Accooe (d. 1904) Biography. Biography. Will Accooe (18??-1904) was an important songwriter during the birth of the black musical. By 1896, Accooe was working as musical director for John Isham's Octoroons, a successful and popular quasi-minstrel troupe. At the Nashville Exposition of 1897 his "Tennessee Centennial March" was one of the biggest hits of the approximately 450 compositions by black composers played by E. C. Brown in...
  • Biography
    Alton A. Adams Biography. Biography. Alton Augustus Adams, born in the Virgin Islands in 1889, remains an iconic figure there. When the United States took over the islands in 1917, the new governor appointed Adams chief musician. The band that Adams assembled entered the U.S. Navy as a unit, making Adams the first black bandmaster to serve in the U.S. Navy. He composed a great deal of...
  • Biography
    Maurice Arnold, 1865-1937 Biography. Biography. Maurice Arnold was one of many African-American students of Antonin Dvorak during Dvorak's 1894 stay in the United States. Arnold participated in Dvorak's famous January 23, 1894, concert at the National Conservatory of Music in New York City. Arnold's four "American Plantation Dances" were performed at the conservatory and garnered him a small measure of fame. He was also the author of...
  • Biography
    Eubie Blake, 1883-1983 Biography. Biography. Eubie Blake was one of the most important figures in early-20th-century African-American music, and one whose longevity made him a storehouse of the history of ragtime and early jazz music and culture. Born in Baltimore in 1883, Blake began playing piano professionally when he was 16; he wrote his first composition, "Sounds of Africa," (later retitled "Charleston Rag") around the same time....
  • Biography
    J. Tim Brymn, 1881-1946 Biography. Biography. James Tim Brymn (1881-1946) was another talented musician and songwriter who took advantage of the rise of the black musical to expand the range of black music. Born in Kingston, North Carolina, Brymn was educated at Shaw University and the National Conservatory of Music in New York
  • Biography
    Bob Cole, 1868-1911 Biography. Biography. Robert Allen Cole was born on July 1, 1868, in Athens, Georgia, the son of former slaves. Like Will Marion Cook and James Reese Europe, he became one of the most important composers of his generation, creating a model for other African-American musicians and composers. By 1891 Cole was a member of Jack's Creoles, a black minstrel company based in Chicago. Within...
  • Biography
    Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, 1875-1912 Biography. Biography. Samuel Coleridge-Taylor was born in Croydon, England, on August 15, 1875. His father, a doctor from Sierra Leone, was forced to return to his home country around the time of Samuel's birth because he was not permitted to practice medicine in England. Samuel remained in England with his mother.
  • Biography
    Will Marion Cook (1869-1944) Biography. Biography. Biography. One of the most important figures in pre-jazz African-American music, Will Marion Cook is also one of its better known personalities. As a composer, conductor, performer, teacher, and producer, he had his hand in nearly every aspect of the black music of his time and worked with nearly every other important musician in his fields. Uncompromising and difficult to work with,...
  • Biography
    R. Nathaniel Dett (1882-1943) Biography. Robert Nathaniel Dett was born in Drummondsville, Ontario, Canada, on October 11, 1882. His ancestors were among the slaves who escaped to the North and settled in that slave-founded town. In 1901, Dett began studying piano with Oliver Willis Halstead in nearby Lockport. Three years later he was admitted to the Oberlin Conservatory, where he majored in piano and composition. In 1908, Dett...
  • Biography
    Shepard N. Edmonds, 1876-1957 Biography. Biography. Little is known of Shepard N. Edmonds, except that he published some music. He was part of a vaudeville team with J. Leubrie Hill which performed on the East Coast around 1898.
  • Biography
    James Reese Europe, 1881-1919 Biography. Biography. Eubie Blake said of James Reese Europe, "He was our benefactor and inspiration. Even more, he was the Martin Luther King of music." Europe earned this praise by being an unflagging innovator not only in his compositions and orchestrations, but in his organizational ability and leadership. One of America's greatest musicians, he progressed from strength to strength but was pointlessly cut down...
  • Biography
    J. Leubrie Hill (John Leubrie), d. 1916 Biography. Biography. John Leubrie Hill was born about 1869. Little is known of his early life, but by 1896, he was writing songs with Alex Rogers. He also acted and wrote songs for the Williams and Walker musicals in the first decade of the 20th century.
  • Biography
    Billy Johnson, 1858-1916 Biography. Biography. Billy Johnson was born in Charleston, South Carolina, in1858 and was educated in Augusta, Georgia. By 1881 he was performing in minstrel shows. In 1886 he joined Lew Johnson's minstrels and the following year moved to Hicks and Sawyer's minstrels, where he stayed for six seasons. During stints with several other minstrel troops, he began writing songs and eventually landed a job...
  • Biography
    J. Rosamond Johnson (John Rosamond), 1873-1954 Biography. Biography. John Rosamund Johnson was one of the more important figures in black music in the first part of the 20th century, usually in partnership with Bob Cole or with his brother James Weldon Johnson. While he is chiefly remembered today as the composer of the Black National Anthem, "Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing," he had a varied career as a pianist, songwriter,...
  • Biography
    Joe Jordan Biography. Biography. Joe Jordan (1882-1971) was born in Cincinnati, raised in St. Louis, and moved to Chicago in his youth. From 1900-05, Jordan concentrated on writing piano rags, but also contributed a song to Sons of Ham (1900).
  • Biography
    John Larkins Biography. Biography. John Larkins was a minor figure in black music in the early part of the 20th century. He ran "Jolly" John Larkin's Company and employed James Reese Europe as its musical director from 1906-07. In 1910 he produced and starred in A Trip to Africa. His other credits include Royal Sam (1911) and Deep Central (1932).