• Audio Recording
    Swing Along! sound recording | 1 sound disc: 78 rpm, mono, 10 in. | Mx: 4420 -C Recorded in Jan., 1916. Sound Recording (Form).
    • Contributor: Edison - Cook, Will Marion - The Orpheus Male Chorus
    • Date: 1916
  • Audio Recording
    Thunderbolt sound recording | 1 sound disc: analog, 78 rpm, mono. ; 10 in. | "One Step" (Content). Mx: 4194 -2. Recorded c. May, 1919. Left groove wall only recorded. Sound Recording (Form).
    • Contributor: Emerson - Lada, [anton] - Nunez, [al] - Louisiana Five - Cawley, Joe
    • Date: 1919
  • Notated Music
    Gypsy blues Instrumental parts | 36 p., 7 x 5 in. | Parts: solo B-flat cornet (2), D-flat piccolo, C flute, E-flat clarinet, solo & 1st B-flat clarinets (2), 2nd B-flat clarinet, 3rd B-flat clarinet, oboe or C sax, bassoon, solo E-flat alto saxophone, B-flat soprano saxophone, E-flat alto saxophone, B-flat tenor saxophone, E-flat baritone saxophone, 1st B-flat cornet, 2nd & 3rd B-flat cornets (2), trombone ...
    • Contributor: M. Witmark & Sons - Blake, Eubie - Sissle, [noble] - Trinkaus, Geo. J.
    • Date: 1921
  • Notated Music
    Bandana sketches: four Negro spirituals Instrumental parts | 74 p., 12 1/4 x 9 in. | Chant (Nobody knows de trouble I've seen)--Lament (I'm troubled in mind)--Slave song (Many thousand gone)--Negro dance (Sometimes I feel like a motherless child). (Content). Copyright MCMXXII by Carl Fischer, New York (Copyright). Printed in United States Military Band Journal No. 277 Instrumental Parts (Form).
    • Contributor: Carl Fischer - White, Clarence Cameron - Lake, M.L.
    • Date: 1922

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  • Notated Music
    In Dahomey Instrumental parts | 38 p., 11 x 7 in. | Parts: piano, 1st and 2nd violins, viola, cello, bass, flute or piccolo, 1st & 2nd clarinets in A, oboe, bassoon, horns in D, 1st and 2nd cornets in A, trombone, drums. (Content). Copyright 1903 by Sol Bloom, New York & Chicago. (Copyright). 17 blank pages. "Characteristic March & Cake Walk." Instrumental Parts (Form).
    • Contributor: Sol Bloom - Johns, Al - Saddler, Frank
    • Date: 1903

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  • Notated Music
    Gladiolus rag Instrumental parts | 28 p. 10 3/4 x 7 in. | Parts: piano, 1st violin, 2nd violin, viola, cello, bass, flute, 1st clarinet in A, 1st cornet in A, 2nd cornet in A, trombone, drums. (Content). Copyright MCMIX by Jos. W. Stern & Co. (Copyright). "Composer of 'Maples [sic] Leaf Rag'" "Hot Chocolate Rag" by Malvin Franklin and Arthur Lange on reverse pages. Instrumental ...
    • Contributor: Jos. W. Stern & Co. - Recker, Robert
    • Date: 1909

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  • Notated Music
    The junk man rag Instrumental parts | 26 p., 11 x 7 in. | Parts: piano, 1st and 2nd violins, viola, cello, bass, flute, 1st clarinet in A, oboe, bassoon, horns in F, 1st and 2nd cornets in A, trombone, drums. (Content). Copyr. MCMXIII by Jos, W. Stern & Co. N.Y. (Copyright). 10 blank pages. "One Step or Two Step." Instrumental Parts (Form).
    • Contributor: Jos. W. Stern & Co. - Roberts, C. Luckyeth - Tyers, William H.
    • Date: 1913

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  • Notated Music
    Swing along! vocal score | 12 p., 10 3/8 x 6 7/8 in. | for male chorus and piano (Content). Copyright, 1912, by G. Schirmer (Copyright). "G. Schirmer's Collection of Part-Songs and Choruses for Men's Voices" No. 5696 One of "Three Negro Songs for Chorus of Men's Voices with Piano Accomapaniment" by Will Marion Cook. Each published separately. Vocal Score (Form).
    • Contributor: G. Schirmer - Cook, Will Marion
    • Date: 1912

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  • Audio Recording
    Salley in our alley sound recording | 1 sound disc: analog, 78 rpm, mono. ; 10 in. | Mx: ?. Recorded in mid-1922. Sound Recording (Form).
    • Contributor: Vocalion - Carry - Smith, [chris] - Criterion Male Quartet
    • Date: 1922
  • Book
    Will Accooe (d. 1904) Biography. Biography. Accooe also composed for other musicals. Williams and Walker's The Sons of Ham (1900) included some Accooe material. He also wrote a musical in 1901 with Will Marion Cook called The Cannibal King, but this was never staged.
  • Book
    Alton A. Adams Biography. Biography. Alton Augustus Adams, born in the Virgin Islands in 1889, remains an iconic figure there. When the United States took over the islands in 1917, the new governor appointed Adams chief musician. The band that Adams assembled entered the U.S. Navy as a unit, making Adams the first black bandmaster to serve in the U.S. Navy. He composed a great deal of ...
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    Maurice Arnold, 1865-1937 Biography. Biography. Maurice Arnold was one of many African-American students of Antonin Dvorak during Dvorak's 1894 stay in the United States. Arnold participated in Dvorak's famous January 23, 1894, concert at the National Conservatory of Music in New York City. Arnold's four "American Plantation Dances" were performed at the conservatory and garnered him a small measure of fame. He was also the author of ...
  • Book
    Eubie Blake, 1883-1983 Biography. Biography. Blake was one of the principle figures of the ragtime and early jazz revival of the 1970s, giving talks and performances well into his nineties. In 1979 the musical Eubie was created from his work; Blake himself made several cameo appearances in performances. Eubie Blake passed away shortly after his 100th birthday.
  • Book
    J. Tim Brymn, 1881-1946 Biography. Biography. After the revival of black musicals in 1921, Brymn immediately returned to stage work, appearing in Put and Take and conducting the orchestra for Liza. In 1923 Brymn introduced the "Black Bottom" dance to the world at large as part of the musical Dinah. Brymn also wrote several blues songs during the 1920s blues craze. In the 1930s Brymn conducted American military ...
  • Book
    Bob Cole, 1868-1911 Biography. Biography. James Weldon Johnson later referred to Cole as "the single greatest force in the middle period of the development of black theatricals in America." Although he is still not well known today, history bears out much of Johnson's claim. Cole was one of the handful of truly pioneering black composers and performers of his time.
  • Book
    Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, 1875-1912 Biography. Biography. In England, Coleridge-Taylor continued an active life in music. He composed, taught at Trinity College of Music, conducted numerous choral societies, and even conducted in the famed Handel Society from 1904 until his death. Samuel Coleridge-Taylor died on September 1, 1912, of pneumonia contracted due to overwork.
  • Book
    Will Marion Cook (1869-1944) Biography. Biography. Biography. Cook also followed his own advice. Thomas Riis, in his study of early black musical theater, singles out Cook's remarkable harmonic skill and compositional sophistication. When the pursuit of his classical career was stymied, Cook brought his exceptional talent to bear on popular music, perhaps paving the way for the marriage of popular spirit and classical complexity which became jazz. Either ...
  • Book
    R. Nathaniel Dett (1882-1943) Biography. Dett was opposed to the style of "swinging the spirituals" that was becoming popular during the 1930s. He held a poll among his students at Bennett College regarding their opinions of the popular style. One of his students, reflecting Dett' s teaching, wrote: "I like the music, but I don't like the way it was sung. . . . I think it lowers ...
  • Book
    Shepard N. Edmonds, 1876-1957 Biography. Biography. Little is known of Shepard N. Edmonds, except that he published some music. He was part of a vaudeville team with J. Leubrie Hill which performed on the East Coast around 1898.
  • Book
    James Reese Europe, 1881-1919 Biography. Biography. The impact of James Reese Europe on American music cannot be overestimated. Perhaps even more than Will Marion Cook, he shaped not only the music of his own time, but of future generations as well. His organizational accomplishments, far exceeding Cook's, prefigured the black-owned, black-run musical organizations that have existed since his time and to this day.
  • Book
    J. Leubrie Hill (John Leubrie), d. 1916 Biography. Biography. Florenz Ziegfeld, producer of the Ziegfeld Follies, was impressed enough to buy the rights for a few of the numbers from My Friend from Kentucky including "At the Ball, That's All" to use in his next Follies production. Parts of My Friend from Kentucky also were used in 1914's Darktown Follies, which played in a more conventional Broadway theater; this production was ...
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    Billy Johnson, 1858-1916 Biography. Biography. After a period in Chicago, where Johnson got married, dabbled in politics, wrote some songs, and appeared in the last Pekin Stock Company production, he returned to the New York stage around 1911. The last show he performed in was Twenty Miles from Home in 1914. Billy Johnson died in 1916 after a fall.
  • Book
    J. Rosamond Johnson (John Rosamond), 1873-1954 Biography. Biography. When World War I broke out, Johnson received a commission as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 15th Regiment. After the war, he toured with his own groups, and even sang and played the part of a lawyer in the original production of Porgy and Bess in 1935. J. Rosamond Johnson died in New York City on November 11, 1954.
  • Book
    Joe Jordan Biography. Biography. Around 1905, he began a long career as a conductor and composer, working with James Reese Europe on Ernest Hogan's Memphis Students performance troupe. In 1906 he became music director of Chicago's Pekin Theater Orchestra. Jordan also worked in Chicago as a composer and conductor for several musicals. He contributed songs such as "Lovey Joe" to Ziegfeld's 1910 Follies. In 1939 Jordan ...
  • Book
    John Larkins Biography. Biography. John Larkins was a minor figure in black music in the early part of the 20th century. He ran "Jolly" John Larkin's Company and employed James Reese Europe as its musical director from 1906-07. In 1910 he produced and starred in A Trip to Africa. His other credits include Royal Sam (1911) and Deep Central (1932).