Collection Items

  • Collection
    Cartoon Prints, American This assemblage of more than 500 prints made in America during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries encompasses several forms of political art. Most of the prints are from the division's PC/US series, which consists of individually cataloged political cartoons and caricatures. All of the prints meet two criteria: they were originally designed to express sentiments relating to civic life and government in the United...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S. - Bucholzer, H. - Childs, John - Clay, Edward Williams - Currier, Nathaniel - Magee, John L. - Maurer, Louis - Robinson, Henry R. - Currier & Ives
    • Date: 1766

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Fight between the Kentucky coon & the Tenessee [i.e. Tennessee] alligator 1 print : lithograph with watercolor, on wove paper ; 31.5 x 42.2 cm. (image) | A woodland fantasy satirizing the prominent figures of the 1844 election campaign. The artist again favors Whig candidate Henry Clay, the "Kentucky Coon," who is shown overwhelming Democrat James K. Polk, the "Tenessee [i.e. Tennessee] Alligator," in a wrestling contest. Clay exults, "It is no use to try...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H. - Baillie, James S.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The two bridges 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 32.3 x 43.5 cm. (image) | As in "Texas Coming In" (no. 1844-28), a bridge over Salt River is the central motif, making the difference between the Whigs' successful crossing to the "Presidential Chair" and the disastrous route taken by the Democrats. The artist shows Whig candidates Clay and Frelinghuysen crossing a sturdy, modern "People's Bridge."...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Political cock fighters 1 print : lithograph with watercolor, on wove paper ; 30.5 x 41.9 cm. (image) | A figurative portrayal of the 1844 presidential contest as a cock-fight, in which Whig candidate Henry Clay prevails. Clay and Democratic opponent Polk battle in a pit or ring as several prominent political figures look on. The Polk bird is obviously waning, having lost many of its feathers....
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H. - Baillie, James S.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Pilgrims' progress 1 print : lithograph with watercolor, on wove paper ; 31.5 x 44.2 cm. (image) | Democratic party war-horse Andrew Jackson appears frequently in the satires of the 1844 election campaign. Here, wearing a long frock coat and tall hat, he leads a donkey carrying Democratic candidates Polk and Dallas toward "Salt River," a figure of speech for political disaster. The candidates ride in...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Footrace, Pennsylvania Avenue. Stakes $25,000 1 print : lithograph with watercolor, on wove paper ; 31.9 x 44.9 cm. (image) | The race for a $25,000 prize (the president's salary) is a metaphor for the 1844 campaign. The favored contender here is Henry Clay. The other runners are James K. Polk and John Tyler, while commentaries are offered by a farmer, vice presidential candidate Theodore Frelinghuysen, and Whig stalwart...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Virtuous Harry, or set a thief to catch a thief! 1 print : lithograph with watercolor, on wove paper ; 31.1 x 42 cm. (image) | A satire on the Whig party's anti-annexation platform. The question of whether or not to annex Texas was a large issue separating candidates in the 1844 campaign. Annexation's serious implications for the future of slavery in the United States polarized voters between Polk, who supported it, and Clay,...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Balloon ascension to the presidential chair 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 45.3 x 31.1 cm. (image) | Reflecting Whig preelection confidence in the campaign of 1844, the artist portrays that party's ascendancy over the Democrats in the race for the presidency. Bucholzer uses the metaphor of a hot-air balloon race between Whig candidates Henry Clay and Theodore Frelinghuysen (on the right) and Democratic nominee James K. Polk....
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The little magician invoked 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 32.5 x 44.3 cm. (image) | Martin Van Buren, known as "the Little Magician" for his remarkable political agility, summons spirits to divine the Democratic or "Loco Foco" prospects for election in 1844. He sits in an astrological circle, conjuring up three imps in the smoke of his pipe, and addresses them: Spirits white and Gray...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Texas coming in 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 32 x 44.5 cm. (image) | A pro-Democrat cartoon forecasting the collapse of Whig opposition to the annexation of Texas. James K. Polk, the expansionist candidate, stands at right near a bridge spanning "Salt River." He holds an American flag and hails Texans Stephen Austin (left) and Samuel Houston aboard a wheeled steamboat-like vessel "Texas." Austin,...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Uncle Sam and his servants 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 29.3 x 34.9 cm. (image) | An anti-Tyler satire, lampooning the incumbent's efforts to secure a second term against challengers Henry Clay and James Polk. With his shoulder to the door Tyler bars the entry of (left to right) John C. Calhoun, Clay, Polk, and Andrew Jackson. Tyler: "D--n you keep out. I tell you Uncle...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Loco Foco triumphal honors 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 29.8 x 44 cm. (image) | A mock triumphal procession ridiculing "Loco Foco" or radical Democratic support of candidates James K. Polk and George M. Dallas. The Loco Focos are portrayed as ragged Irishmen, carrying the two candidates on a rail. Polk, holding tight to the rail, remarks, "It appears to me, friend Dallas that there...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Not a drum was heard nor a funeral note . . . 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 31.3 x 43.3 cm. (image) | The erosion of Democratic support for presidential hopeful Martin Van Buren is portrayed as the funeral of "the Kinderhook fox." The print was deposited for copyright on May 22, 1844, one week before the Democratic National Convention squelched Van Buren's presidential ambitions by nominating James K. Polk. Former president Andrew...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Sold for want of use 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 30.1 x 42.5 cm. (image) | Bucholzer again uses animal characterizations to poke fun at the respective faults of prominent Democrats in the 1844 presidential race. In an interior, Whig nominee Henry Clay conducts a livestock auction, offering (left to right) an ass with the head of incumbent John Tyler, a goose with James K. Polk's...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Matty meeting the Texas question 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 29.9 x 44.5 cm. (image) | A satire on the Democrats' approach to the delicate question of the annexation of Texas. In marked contrast to his portrayal of the issue as a beautiful woman in "Virtuous Harry" (no. 1844-27), the artist here presents Texas as the ugly hag War or Chaos, brandishing a dagger, pistols, whips,...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Tyrants prostrate liberty triumphant 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 28.9 x 43.9 cm. (image) | A polemic applauding Democratic support of the Dorrite cause in Rhode Island. (See also "Trouble in the Spartan Ranks," and "The Great Political Car and Last Load of Patriots," nos. 1843-6 and 1845-5). In the spring of 1842 Thomas Wilson Dorr led an abortive revolt against the Charter government of...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Bursting the balloon 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 45.3 x 31.1 cm. (image) | Democratic frustrations in the race for the "Presidential Chair" are again parodied in the sequel or companion to "Balloon Ascension to the Presidential Chair" (no. 1844-32). Here the ascent of the Democrats is foiled as their balloon explodes, dumping Polk (far right) and his vice-presidential running-mate George M. Dallas into...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Cleansing the Augean stable 1 print : lithograph with watercolor, on wove paper ; 30.1 x 44 cm. (image) | A pro-Whig satire, envisioning the cleansing of the "Augean Stable" of government corruption by presidential candidate Henry Clay and other Whigs. The title derives from one of the twelve mythical labors of Hercules. The hero was to clean King Augeas's stables, which had been inhabited for thirty years...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Polk in his extremity 1 print : lithograph with watercolor on wove paper ; 45.8 x 29.7 cm. (image) | Henry Clay's easy ascent to the presidency here is in contrast to the serious difficulties experienced by his Democratic opponent James K. Polk. Clay has reached the top of a large pole and has the "Civic Crown" in his grasp. Below him Polk is pushed and prodded by...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Polk & Co. Going up Salt River 1 print : lithograph with watercolor, on wove paper ; 31.9 x 44.3 cm. (image) | The artist foresees a Democratic defeat in the 1844 presidential election. Party figures Martin Van Buren, Thomas Hart Benton, vice-presidential candidate George M. Dallas, Andrew Jackson, and presidential nominee James K. Polk are in a dinghy towed by the "Steamer Ballot Box" up Salt River toward political defeat....
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    A peep at the future 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 31.4 x 42.1 cm. (image) | A Whig fantasy on the supposed outcome of the 1844 election. Here Henry Clay and Theodore Frelinghuysen occupy the White House. They watch from a window as John Tyler plays a hand organ and leads a group of minstrels outside, asking "A few Pennies Gentlemen for the poor Virginny minstrels!"...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Anti annexation procession 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 31.8 x 42.9 cm. (image) | A cynical look at the opposition to American annexation of Texas during the 1844 campaign. At the head of a motley procession is Whig candidate and professed anti-annexationist Henry Clay, riding a raccoon (which looks more like a fox). He is followed by three groups of men. The first (right)...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The hunter of Kentucky 1 print : lithograph with watercolor on wove paper ; 32.6 x 44 cm. (image) | Henry Clay is the hunter, and various Democrats his quarry. Clay wears a fringed buckskin outfit and coonskin cap reminiscent of Davy Crockett and the Western characters of the contemporary stage, such as Nimrod Wild-Fire or Jibbenainosay. (In Bucholzer's earlier cartoon "Treeing Coons," no. 1844-20, James Polk wears...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The masked battery or Loco-Foco strategy 1 print : lithograph on wove paper ; 31.8 x 44.9 cm. (image) | Another commentary on the Texas question (see "Texas Coming In," no. 1844-28), illustrating Democratic campaign strategy as advanced by Andrew Jackson. The idea of the annexation of Texas, repudiated by many of the early presidential candidates in the field, including Henry Clay and Martin Van Buren, was embraced by Democratic...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Progress of reform!!! No. 1 1 print : lithograph with watercolor, on wove paper ; 32.9 x 44.6 cm. (image) | A scene in New York, outside the gates of City Hall Park. Two well-dressed men with top hats overturn the table of two apple-women. One of the men (from all appearances a Loco Foco radical Democrat) shouts at the women, "What right have you to live? Come, clear...
    • Contributor: Baillie, James S., Active - Bucholzer, H.
    • Date: 1844