Collection Items

  • Web Page
    Related Resources Related Performing Arts Encyclopedia special presentation:
  • Web Page
    Rights and Access The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or...
  • Article
    Timeline of Ballets Russes 1850 Italian dancer, choreographer, and teacher Enrico Cecchetti is born on 21 June in Rome (d.1928). Cecchetti debuted at the Maryinsky Theatre in 1887, where he worked until 1902. Cecchetti joined the Ballets Russes in 1910 as a teacher and administrator, where he remained-except for a brief tour of the United States with Anna Pavlova in 1913-until 1918. While part of the Ballets Russes,...
    • Date: 1850
  • Article
    Boris Godunov (opera) Article. Music by Modest Mussorgsky, revised and orchestrated by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; libretto by Modest Mussorgsky, after Aleksandr Pushkin; stage direction: Alexander Sanin; sets by Aleksandr Golovin, Alexandre Benois, and Konstantin Yuon; costumes by Ivan Bilibin, Dmitri Stelletsky, Aleksandr Golovin, Alexandre Benois, Boris Anisfeld, Eugene Lanceray, Stephan Yaremich, and Konstantin Yuon; stage direction by Alexander Sanin; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 19 May 1908,...
    • Contributor: Mussorgsky, Modest - Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Sanin, Alexander - Golovin, Aleksandr - Benois, Alexandre - Yuon, Konstantin - Bilibin, Ivan - Yaremich, Stephan - Anisfeld, Boris - Stelletsky, Dmitri - Lanceray, Eugene
    • Date: 1908-05-19
  • Article
    Le Pavillon d'Armide (ballet in one act and three tableaux) Article. Music by Nikolai Tcherepnin; libretto by Alexandre Benois (based on Théophile Gautier's Omphale); sets and costumes by Alexandre Benois; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 19 May 1909, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris.
    • Contributor: Tcherepnin, Nikolai - Benois, Alexandre - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1909-05-19
  • Article
    " Polovtsian Dances" from act 2 of the opera Prince Igor Article. Music by Aleksandr Borodin, completed and partly orchestrated by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Aleksandr Glazunov; sets and costumes by Nikolai Roerich; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 19 May 1909, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris. [The “Polovtsian Dances” were so successful that the work was performed without singers in later seasons.]
    • Contributor: Borodin, Aleksandr - Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Glazunov, Aleksandr - Roerich, Nikolai - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1909-05-19
  • Article
    Le Festin (suite of dances) Article. Music by Aleksandr Glazunov, Mikhail Glinka, Modest Mussorgsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Petr Ilich Tchaikovsky; sets by Konstantin Korovin; costumes by Leon Bakst, Alexandre Benois, Ivan Bilibin, Konstantin Korovin; pre-existing choreography by Marius Petipa, with arrangements and new choreography by Michel Fokine, Aleksandr Gorsky, Nikolai Golts, and Feliks Kshessinsky; premiere on 18 May 1909, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris. [This divertissement, a pastiche of dances from...
    • Contributor: Glazunov, Aleksandr - Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Glinka, Mikhail - Mussorgsky, Modest - Tchaikovsky, Petr Ilich - Korovin, Konstantin - Bakst, Leon - Benois, Alexandre - Bilibin, Ivan - Marius Petipa - Kshessinsky, Feliks - Fokine, Michel - Gorsky, Aleksandr - Golts, Nikolai
    • Date: 1909-05-18
  • Article
    Ivan the Terrible (The Maid of Pskov) (opera) Article. Music by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; libretto by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, after Lev Mey; sets by Aleksandr Golovin and Nikolai Roerich; costumes by Dmitri Stelletsky; stage direction by Alexander Sanin; premiere on 24 May 1909, Théâtre de Châtelet, Paris. [The opera was produced again on 8 July 1913, Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London.]
    • Contributor: Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Golovin, Aleksandr - Roerich, Nikolai - Stelletsky, Dmitri - Sanin, Alexander
    • Date: 1909-05-24
  • Article
    Ruslan and Ludmilla (act 1) (opera) Article. Music by Mikhail Glinka; libretto by Konstantin Bakhturin, Valerian Shirkov, and others after Pushkin; sets and costumes by Konstantin Korovin; stage direction by Alexander Sanin; premiere on 2 June 1909, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris. [The opera was first produced in 1842 in Saint Petersburg.]
    • Contributor: Glinka, Mikhail - Bakhturin, Konstantin - Shirkov, Valerian - Korovin, Konstantin - Sanin, Alexander
    • Date: 1909-06-02
  • Article
    Les Sylphides (ballet; "Romantic reverie" in one act) Article. Music by Frédéric Chopin, orchestrated by Aleksandr Glazunov, Igor Stravinsky, and Sergei Taneyev; sets and costumes by Alexandre Benois; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 2 June 1909, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris. [A prior version of the work was produced in 1907 as Chopiniana.]
    • Contributor: Chopin, Frédéric - Glazunov, Aleksandr - Stravinsky, Igor - Taneyev, Sergei - Benois, Alexandre - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1909-06-02
  • Article
    Cléopâtre (ballet in one act) Article. Music by Anton Arensky, with additional music by Aleksandr Glazunov, Mikhail Glinka, Modest Mussorgsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Sergei Taneyev, Nikolai Tcherepnin; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 2 June 1909, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris. [Cléopâtre was based on Fokine’s 1908 Une Nuit d’Egypte, which featured three of the Ballets Russes most famous dancers: Anna Pavlova, Ida Rubinstein, and...
    • Contributor: Arensky, Anton - Glazunov, Aleksandr - Tcherepnin, Nikolai - Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Glinka, Mikhail - Mussorgsky, Modest - Taneyev, Sergei - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1909-06-02
  • Article
    Judith (act 3) (opera) Article. Music by Alexander Serov; libretto by A. Maykov and others, after the biblical book of Judith; sets by Valentin Serov and Léon Bakst; costumes by Léon Bakst; stage direction by Alexander Sanin; premiere on 7 June 1909, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris.
    • Contributor: Serov, Alexander - Maykov, A. - Serov, Valentin - Bakst, Léon - Sanin, Alexander
    • Date: 1909-06-07
  • Article
    Le Carnaval (ballet in one act) Article. Music by Robert Schumann, orchestrated by Anton Arensky, Aleksandr Glazunov, Anatol Liadov, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai Tcherepnin; libretto by Léon Bakst and Michel Fokine; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 20 May 1910, Theater des Westens, Berlin.
    • Contributor: Schumann, Robert - Arensky, Anton - Tcherepnin, Nikolai - Glazunov, Aleksandr - Liadov, Anatol - Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1910-05-20
  • Article
    Schéhérazade (choroegraphic drama in one act) Article. Music by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; libretto by Léon Bakst, Alexandre Benois and Michel Fokine; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 4 June 1910, Théâtre National de l’Opéra, Paris. With its exotic and colorful décor and cast of harem wives and slaves, Schéhrazade was considered the epitome of Diaghilev’s Orientalism and one of the most popular ballets produced by...
    • Contributor: Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Bakst, Léon - Benois, Alexandre - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1910-06-04
  • Article
    Giselle (ballet in 2 acts) Article. Music by Adolphe Adam; libretto by Vernoy de Saint-Georges and Théophile Gautier; sets and costumes by Alexandre Benois; choreography by Jean Coralli, Jules Perrot, Marius Petipa, with revisions by Michel Fokine; premiere on 18 June 1910, Théâtre National de l’Opéra, Paris.
    • Contributor: Adam, Adolphe - Saint-Georges, Vernoy De - Gautier, Théophile - Benois, Alexandre - Coralli, Jean - Perrot, Jules - Petipa, Marius - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1910-06-18
  • Article
    The Firebird (ballet in one act and one tableux) Article. Music by Igor Stravinsky; libretto by Michel Fokine; sets by Aleksandr Golovin, with additional costumes by Léon Bakst; premiere on 25 June 1910, Théâtre National de l’Opéra, Paris. [The work was restaged in 1926 with sets and costumes by Natalia Goncharova.]
    • Contributor: Stravinsky, Igor - Fokine, Michel - Golovin, Aleksandr - Bakst, Léon
    • Date: 1910-06-25
  • Article
    Les Orientales (choreographic divertissement) Article. Music by Anton Arensky, Aleksandr Borodin, Aleksandr Glazunov, Christian Sinding, and Edvard Grieg, with orchestration by Igor Stravinsky; sets by Konstantin Korovin; costumes by Konstantin Korovin and Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 25 June 1910, Théâtre National de l’Opéra, Paris.
    • Contributor: Arensky, Anton - Sinding, Christian - Borodin, Aleksandr - Glazunov, Aleksandr - Grieg, Edvard - Stravinsky, Igor - Korovin, Konstantin - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1910-06-25
  • Article
    La Spectre de la Rose (choreographic tableux) Article. Music by Carl Maria von Weber, orchestrated by Hector Berlioz; libretto by Jean-Louis Vaudoyer, after a poem by Théophile Gautier; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 19 April 1911, Théâtre de Monte-Carlo, Monte Carlo. This ballet featured only two dancers and Fokine described the intimate stage setting as “a tiny room, the two walls of which meet...
    • Contributor: Weber, Carl Maria Von - Berlioz, Hector - Vaudoyer, Jean-Louis - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1911-04-19
  • Article
    Narcisse (ballet in 1 act) Music by Nikolai Tcherepnin; libretto by Léon Bakst; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 26 April 1911, Théâtre de Monte-Carlo, Monte Carlo.
    • Contributor: Tcherepnin, Nikolai - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1911-04-26
  • Article
    " Au Royaume sous-Marin," scene 6 from the opera Sadko Article. Music by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; sets by Boris Anisfeld; costumes by Boris Anisfeld and Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 6 June 1911, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris. [Adolph Bolm re-choreographed the work for the 1916 American tour with sets and costumes by Natalia Goncharova.]
    • Contributor: Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Anisfeld, Boris - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1911-06-06
  • Article
    Petrouchka (ballet in four tableux) Article. Music by Igor Stravinsky; libretto by Igor Stravinsky and Alexandre Benois; sets and costumes by Alexandre Benois; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 13 June 1911, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris.
    • Contributor: Stravinsky, Igor - Benois, Alexandre - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1911-06-13
  • Article
    Swan Lake (ballet in 2 acts and 3 tabluex) Article. Music by Petr Ilich Tchaikovsky; libretto by Vladimir Begichev and Vasily Geltser adapted by Marius Petipa; Sets by Konstantin Korovin and Aleksandr Golovin; costumes by Aleksandr Golovin; choreography by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov, revised by Michel Fokine; premiere 30 November 1911, Royal Opera House, London. [This production was condensed into two acts from a version that was performed at the Maryinsky Theater...
    • Contributor: Tchaikovsky, Petr Ilich - Begichev, Vladimir - Geltser, Vasily - Petipa, Marius - Korovin, Konstantin - Golovin, Aleksandr - Ivanov, Lev - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1911-11-30
  • Article
    Le Dieu Bleu (ballet in 1 act) Article. Music by Reynaldo Hahn; libretto by Jean Cocteau and Fréderic de Madrazo; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 13 May 1912, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris.
    • Contributor: Hahn, Reynaldo - Cocteau, Jean - Madrazo, Fréderic De - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1912-05-13
  • Article
    Thamar (ballet in 1 act) Article. Music by Mily Balakirev; libretto by Léon Bakst, based on a poem by Mikhail Lermontov; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 20 May 1912, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris.
    • Contributor: Balakirev, Mily - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1912-05-20