Collection Items

  • Article
    Boris Godunov (opera) Article. Music by Modest Mussorgsky, revised and orchestrated by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; libretto by Modest Mussorgsky, after Aleksandr Pushkin; stage direction: Alexander Sanin; sets by Aleksandr Golovin, Alexandre Benois, and Konstantin Yuon; costumes by Ivan Bilibin, Dmitri Stelletsky, Aleksandr Golovin, Alexandre Benois, Boris Anisfeld, Eugene Lanceray, Stephan Yaremich, and Konstantin Yuon; stage direction by Alexander Sanin; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 19 May 1908,...
    • Contributor: Mussorgsky, Modest - Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Sanin, Alexander - Golovin, Aleksandr - Benois, Alexandre - Yuon, Konstantin - Bilibin, Ivan - Yaremich, Stephan - Anisfeld, Boris - Stelletsky, Dmitri - Lanceray, Eugene
    • Date: 1908-05-19
  • Article
    Le Pavillon d'Armide (ballet in one act and three tableaux) Article. Bronislava Nijinska was attending a rehearsal of Le Pavillon d'Armide in November 1908 when she first set eyes on Serge Diaghilev. "He was an imposing figure: tall, rather heavy, impeccably dressed, carrying a walking cane and holding his hat in his left hand….The expression on his face was at once menacing and attractive—like a bulldog's, initially discouraging all friendly overtures. Looking at him,...
    • Contributor: Tcherepnin, Nikolai - Benois, Alexandre - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1909-05-19
  • Article
    " Polovtsian Dances" from act 2 of the opera Prince Igor Article. According to Bronislava Nijinska, dancer Adolph Bolm created the role of the Chief Warrior, “with such intense artistic force…that he has remained forever unsurpassed in it.”
    • Contributor: Borodin, Aleksandr - Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Glazunov, Aleksandr - Roerich, Nikolai - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1909-05-19
  • Article
    Le Festin (suite of dances) Article. Bronislava Nijinska remembered the “Grand Pas Classique Hongrois,” from the ballet Raymonda, which concluded the premiere performance of Le Festin. “The triumphant furor at the end of the performance was so great, there are not adequate words to describe the enthusiasm of the audience.”
    • Contributor: Glazunov, Aleksandr - Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Glinka, Mikhail - Mussorgsky, Modest - Tchaikovsky, Petr Ilich - Korovin, Konstantin - Bakst, Leon - Benois, Alexandre - Bilibin, Ivan - Marius Petipa - Kshessinsky, Feliks - Fokine, Michel - Gorsky, Aleksandr - Golts, Nikolai
    • Date: 1909-05-18
  • Article
    Ivan the Terrible (The Maid of Pskov) (opera) Article. NOTE: there are no documents in the collections pertaining to this.
    • Contributor: Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Golovin, Aleksandr - Roerich, Nikolai - Stelletsky, Dmitri - Sanin, Alexander
    • Date: 1909-05-24
  • Article
    Ruslan and Ludmilla (act 1) (opera) Article. NOTE: there are no documents in the collections pertaining to this.
    • Contributor: Glinka, Mikhail - Bakhturin, Konstantin - Shirkov, Valerian - Korovin, Konstantin - Sanin, Alexander
    • Date: 1909-06-02
  • Article
    Les Sylphides (ballet; "Romantic reverie" in one act) Article. Music by Frédéric Chopin, orchestrated by Aleksandr Glazunov, Igor Stravinsky, and Sergei Taneyev; sets and costumes by Alexandre Benois; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 2 June 1909, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris. [A prior version of the work was produced in 1907 as Chopiniana.]
    • Contributor: Chopin, Frédéric - Glazunov, Aleksandr - Stravinsky, Igor - Taneyev, Sergei - Benois, Alexandre - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1909-06-02
  • Article
    Cléopâtre (ballet in one act) Article. Music by Anton Arensky, with additional music by Aleksandr Glazunov, Mikhail Glinka, Modest Mussorgsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Sergei Taneyev, Nikolai Tcherepnin; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 2 June 1909, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris. [Cléopâtre was based on Fokine’s 1908 Une Nuit d’Egypte, which featured three of the Ballets Russes most famous dancers: Anna Pavlova, Ida Rubinstein, and...
    • Contributor: Arensky, Anton - Glazunov, Aleksandr - Tcherepnin, Nikolai - Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Glinka, Mikhail - Mussorgsky, Modest - Taneyev, Sergei - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1909-06-02
  • Article
    Judith (act 3) (opera) Article. NOTE: there are no documents in the collections pertaining to this.
    • Contributor: Serov, Alexander - Maykov, A. - Serov, Valentin - Bakst, Léon - Sanin, Alexander
    • Date: 1909-06-07
  • Article
    Le Carnaval (ballet in one act) Article. Music by Robert Schumann, orchestrated by Anton Arensky, Aleksandr Glazunov, Anatol Liadov, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai Tcherepnin; libretto by Léon Bakst and Michel Fokine; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 20 May 1910, Theater des Westens, Berlin.
    • Contributor: Schumann, Robert - Arensky, Anton - Tcherepnin, Nikolai - Glazunov, Aleksandr - Liadov, Anatol - Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1910-05-20
  • Article
    Schéhérazade (choroegraphic drama in one act) Article. Music by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; libretto by Léon Bakst, Alexandre Benois and Michel Fokine; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 4 June 1910, Théâtre National de l’Opéra, Paris. With its exotic and colorful décor and cast of harem wives and slaves, Schéhrazade was considered the epitome of Diaghilev’s Orientalism and one of the most popular ballets produced by...
    • Contributor: Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Bakst, Léon - Benois, Alexandre - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1910-06-04
  • Article
    Giselle (ballet in 2 acts) Article. Music by Adolphe Adam; libretto by Vernoy de Saint-Georges and Théophile Gautier; sets and costumes by Alexandre Benois; choreography by Jean Coralli, Jules Perrot, Marius Petipa, with revisions by Michel Fokine; premiere on 18 June 1910, Théâtre National de l’Opéra, Paris.
    • Contributor: Adam, Adolphe - Saint-Georges, Vernoy De - Gautier, Théophile - Benois, Alexandre - Coralli, Jean - Perrot, Jules - Petipa, Marius - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1910-06-18
  • Article
    The Firebird (ballet in one act and one tableux) Article. Stung by criticism from the Paris critics that claimed Diaghilev produced well-danced ballets with exotic décors and costumes, but with no comparable innovative music component, he turned to the young composer Igor Stravinsky. The Firebird represented Stravinsky’s first commission from the Ballets Russes and proved to be the catalyst that began his ascent to international acclaim. The ballet is considered to be one...
    • Contributor: Stravinsky, Igor - Fokine, Michel - Golovin, Aleksandr - Bakst, Léon
    • Date: 1910-06-25
  • Article
    Les Orientales (choreographic divertissement) Article. Music by Anton Arensky, Aleksandr Borodin, Aleksandr Glazunov, Christian Sinding, and Edvard Grieg, with orchestration by Igor Stravinsky; sets by Konstantin Korovin; costumes by Konstantin Korovin and Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 25 June 1910, Théâtre National de l’Opéra, Paris.
    • Contributor: Arensky, Anton - Sinding, Christian - Borodin, Aleksandr - Glazunov, Aleksandr - Grieg, Edvard - Stravinsky, Igor - Korovin, Konstantin - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1910-06-25
  • Article
    La Spectre de la Rose (choreographic tableux) Article. Music by Carl Maria von Weber, orchestrated by Hector Berlioz; libretto by Jean-Louis Vaudoyer, after a poem by Théophile Gautier; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 19 April 1911, Théâtre de Monte-Carlo, Monte Carlo. This ballet featured only two dancers and Fokine described the intimate stage setting as “a tiny room, the two walls of which meet...
    • Contributor: Weber, Carl Maria Von - Berlioz, Hector - Vaudoyer, Jean-Louis - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1911-04-19
  • Article
    Narcisse (ballet in 1 act) Music by Nikolai Tcherepnin; libretto by Léon Bakst; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 26 April 1911, Théâtre de Monte-Carlo, Monte Carlo.
    • Contributor: Tcherepnin, Nikolai - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1911-04-26
  • Article
    " Au Royaume sous-Marin," scene 6 from the opera Sadko Article. Music by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; sets by Boris Anisfeld; costumes by Boris Anisfeld and Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 6 June 1911, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris. [Adolph Bolm re-choreographed the work for the 1916 American tour with sets and costumes by Natalia Goncharova.]
    • Contributor: Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai - Anisfeld, Boris - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1911-06-06
  • Article
    Petrouchka (ballet in four tableux) Article. Nijinska also discusses her brother Vaslav Nijinsky’s performance at the end of the work: “With an agonizing pain and sadness in his eyes, he extends a trembling arm in farewell to the crowd, knowing that only they, the gray, common, Russian crowd, love and understand Petrouchka. The heavy wooden head hangs to one side, and the tragic eyes stare out of the grotesque,...
    • Contributor: Stravinsky, Igor - Benois, Alexandre - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1911-06-13
  • Article
    Swan Lake (ballet in 2 acts and 3 tabluex) Article. Music by Petr Ilich Tchaikovsky; libretto by Vladimir Begichev and Vasily Geltser adapted by Marius Petipa; Sets by Konstantin Korovin and Aleksandr Golovin; costumes by Aleksandr Golovin; choreography by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov, revised by Michel Fokine; premiere 30 November 1911, Royal Opera House, London. [This production was condensed into two acts from a version that was performed at the Maryinsky Theater...
    • Contributor: Tchaikovsky, Petr Ilich - Begichev, Vladimir - Geltser, Vasily - Petipa, Marius - Korovin, Konstantin - Golovin, Aleksandr - Ivanov, Lev - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1911-11-30
  • Article
    Le Dieu Bleu (ballet in 1 act) Article. Music by Reynaldo Hahn; libretto by Jean Cocteau and Fréderic de Madrazo; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 13 May 1912, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris.
    • Contributor: Hahn, Reynaldo - Cocteau, Jean - Madrazo, Fréderic De - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1912-05-13
  • Article
    Thamar (ballet in 1 act) Article. Music by Mily Balakirev; libretto by Léon Bakst, based on a poem by Mikhail Lermontov; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 20 May 1912, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris.
    • Contributor: Balakirev, Mily - Bakst, Léon - Fokine, Michel
    • Date: 1912-05-20
  • Article
    L' Après-Midi d'un Faune (choreographic poem) Article. Music by Claude Debussy; libretto based on a poem by Stéphane Mallarmé; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Vaslav Nijinsky; premiere on 29 May 1912, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris. Nijinsky’s stark and erotic choreography was criticized by the Parisian press as obscene. Dancer and actress Ida Rubinstein agreed to perform the role of the Nymph but, after only one rehearsal, she...
    • Contributor: Debussy, Claude - Bakst, Léon - Nijinsky, Vaslav
    • Date: 1912-05-29
  • Article
    Daphnis et Chloë (ballet in 1 act and 3 scenes) Article. Music by Maurice Ravel; libretto by Michel Fokine, after Longus, Les Amours Pastorales de Daphnis et de Chloé; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 8 June 1912, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris.
    • Contributor: Ravel, Maurice - Fokine, Michel - Bakst, Léon
    • Date: 1912-06-08
  • Article
    Jeux (poem dansé) Article. NOTE: there are no documents in the collections pertaining to this.
    • Contributor: Debussy, Claude - Bakst, Léon - Nijinsky, Vaslav
    • Date: 1913-05-15
  • Article
    Le Sacre du Printemps (ballet in 2 acts) Article. In her diary, Bronislava Nijinska relates the events surrounding the appointment of Marie Rambert as an assistant to Nijinsky for Le Sacre. After visiting the studio of Jacques-Dalcroze, Diaghilev claimed that “he was concerned that our artists would not be able to master the difficult rhythms…and that he had invited Dalcroze’s best pupil…to teach us eurhythmics. I was burning with indignation and protested...
    • Contributor: Stravinsky, Igor - Roerich, Nikolai - Nijinsky, Vaslav
    • Date: 1913-05-29