Early recollections of the mines, and a description of the great Tulare valley.
James H. Carson (d. 1853) wrote this volume, supposed to be the first book printed in Stockton, not long before his death. Early recollections of the mines (1852) first appeared as a supplement to the San Joaquín Republican in 1852 and was published shortly afterward as a bound pamphlet. The version published here was reprinted in the Magazine of history, 1931. Carson offers a...
Carson, James H.
California in 1849.
Charles F. Hotchkiss (b. ca. 1807) was a New Haven, Connecticut merchant, who sailed to California in December, 1848, bringing a cargo of goods for the miners across Panama at Chagres. California in 1849 (1933) was written out by Hotchkiss at the age of seventy-three and published more than fifty years later in The Magazine of history. He recalls his experiences as a merchant...
California letters of Lucius Fairchild,
Lucius Fairchild (1831-1896) left Madison, Wisconsin, for California in 1849 and remained in the West until 1858. On his return to Wisconsin, Fairchild carved out a remarkable career as a soldier-politician: serving in a Wisconsin regiment in the Civil War, winning election as governor in 1866, and then representing the United States abroad in a variety of diplomatic posts. California letters of Lucius Fairchild...
Gold and sunshine, reminiscences of early California
James J. Ayers left St. Louis, Missouri for California in 1849. He remained to carve out a career for himself in journalism. Gold and sunshine (1922) was completed by Ayers in retirement at Azusa in 1896 but not published until after his death. He recalls his 1849 voyage to California and brief career as a miner in Calaveras County, newspaper publishing in Mokelumne Hill...
Ayers, James J.
Echoes of the past about California,
John Bidwell (1819-1900) was born in Chautaugua County, New York, and was living in Ohio when he decided to seek his fortune in California in 1841. He journeyed west as part of the first emigrant train going overland from Missouri to California, where he found work at Fort Sutter. He sided with governor Micheltorena in the 1844 revolt but aided the Bear Flag rebels...
Bidwell, John - Steele, John - Quaife, Milo Milton
From the Kennebec to California; reminiscences of a California pioneer.
Henry Hiram Ellis (1829-1909) of Maine sailed round the Horn to San Francisco in 1849. From the Kennebec to California (1959) contains various versions of his reminiscences covering his adventures as a gold miner, captain of a Sacramento River boat and Pacific merchant ship, San Francisco police officer and Chief of Police (1875-1877).
Old Californian days
James Steele visited California in the 1880s. Old Californian days (1889) is the book Steele based on that trip. He provides a sketch of the history of California before the Gold Rush and surviving remnants of that history: the mission churches (San Gabriel and San Juan Capistrano), Spanish-American culture in modern California, and Native American tribes.
Booth, Edmund - San Joaquin Pioneer & Historical Society (Stockton, Calif.)
Three years in California [1851-54]
Edinburgh-born artist John David Borthwick (1825-c.1900) left New York for California in 1851, crossing the Isthmus at Chagres. In 1860 Borthwick returned to Britain, where his paintings were exhibited in several galleries including the Royal Academy. Three years in California (1857) focuses on his experiences mining gold and quartz at Hangtown, Foster's Bar, Downieville, Mississippi Bar, Jacksonville, and Carson's Hill. He devotes much attention...
Borthwick, John David
A Yankee trader in the gold rush; the letters of Franklin A. Buck,
A native of Maine, Franklin Agustus Buck (1826-1909) was working in New York City when he heard of the gold strikes and set out for California in January 1849. A Yankee trader in the gold rush (1930) contains Buck's letters to his sister in Maine. They chronicle his first dozen years in the West: a voyage round the Horn to San Francisco; prospecting and...
Buck, Franklin Agustus - White, Katherine A.
The diary of a forty-niner,
Chauncey de Leon Canfield (1843-1909) first published "The diary of a forty-niner" in 1906, and 1,200 of the 2,000 copies in that edition were burned. Joseph Gaer's Bibliography of California literature, 20 describes this book as written in the form of a diary, but fictional.' The diary of a forty-niner (1920) reprints Canfield's 1906 publication. It purports to be the diary of Alfred T....
Canfield, Chauncey L.
One man's gold; the letters & journal of a forty-niner, Enos Christman,
Enos Christman (1828-1912), a West Chester, Pennsylvania printer's apprentice, left for the gold fields in June 1849, returning in October 1852. One man's gold (1930) contains both sides of his correspondence with his fiancee and his former boss in West Chester and his journal of his experiences in the West. Highlights include his brief career as prospector on the Calaveras River and Mariposa diggings...
California gold rush merchant; the journal of Stephen Chapin David.
Stephen Chapin Davis (1833-1856) and his brother left Nashua, New Hampshire, to act as agents for local merchants in Gold Rush California. Before he was done, young Davis crossed Panama four times in the period June 1850-May 1854. California gold rush merchant (1956) prints Davis's journal entries from the original in the Henry E. Huntington Library. Highlights include his Panama crossings; descriptions of Marysville,...
A Gil Blas in California.
Alexandre Dumas (1802-1870) was one of France's most acclaimed novelists of the nineteenth century. A Gil Blas in California (1933) is an English translation of a work first published in Brussels in 1852, with Dumas presenting it as his rendering of a young Frenchman's firsthand account of his adventures in the California Gold Rush. Many critics doubt its claims as a work of non-fiction....
Early voyages to California ...
Albert Peabody (1806-1879) and John Eagleston were Salem, Massachusetts merchants who sailed to California in the last months of 1848 to exploit the market for Eastern goods among the miners. Early voyages to California (1874) reprints two pieces from the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute. In the first, Peabody describes his December 1848 sailing with a cargo of foodstuffs and mining tools for...
Peabody, Alfred - Eagleston, John H.
California, in-doors and out; or, How we farm, mine, and live generally in the Golden State.
California, in-doors and out | How we farm, mine, and live generally in the Golden State
During her three years as matron of the Female Prison at Sing Sing, 1844-1848, Eliza Burhans Farnham (1815-1864) tried to institute reforms based on phrenology. Discharged from the post, she soon learned that her lawyer-husband had died in California, leaving her with affairs to settle there. Farnham set about organizing a pioneer party of single, educated women to join her in the voyage round...
Farnham, Eliza W. (Eliza Wood)
Scenes of life in California,
Friedrich Gerstäcker (1816-1872), a native of Hamburg, left Germany in 1837 for a six-year stay in New York. On his return to Germany, he published two travel memoirs, and the Frankfurt government subsidized his return to America in 1849 to collect information for prospective emigrants to California. On his return home, he published several books dealing with his travels. Scenes of life in California...
Gerstäcker, Friedrich - Cosgrave, George - Revilliod, Gustave