Life and adventures of Col. L.A. Norton.
Lewis Adelbert Norton (b. 1819) grew up in Canada and western New York. Banished from Canada for taking the Patriot side in the Rebellion of 1837-1838, Norton settled in Illinois, where he raised a regiment for the Mexican War. On his return home, he led an overland party to California. Life and adventures of Col. L.A. Norton (1887) describes Norton's early life and his...
Norton, L. A. (Lewis Adelbert)
California as it is & as it may be; or, A guide to the gold region,
Felix Paul Wierzbicki (1815-1860) left his native Poland after participating in the doomed revolution of 1830. He made his way to America where he received a medical degree and practiced in Providence, Rhode Island. When the Mexican War broke out, Wierzbicki enlisted in the Army and was sent to California. Wierzbicki left the Army shortly after reaching the West and practiced medicine until the...
Wierzbicki, Felix Paul - Lyman, George D. (George Dunlap)
Government and Law
Illustration XI: View of the procession in celebration of the Admission of California, October 29, 1850. Crossing the Plaza of San Francisco. J. Prendergast, del.; on stone by Coquardon; lith. of Zakreski & Hartman. LC-USZ62-763 It was August 1848 before the United States Senate ratified the treaty ending the Mexican War and recognizing the transfer of California to American hands. Local Army commanders, "Forty-eighters,"...
Recollections of California, 1846-1861
William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) of Ohio won military fame as one of the greatest Union generals in the Civil War. His association with California began when he served as an aide to Generals Philip Kearny and Richard Barnes Mason during the Mexican War. He remained in California as an adjutant to General Persifor Smith. Sherman's military tour in California ended in January 1850, but...
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh)
The United States and California
The Mexican government and Spanish-speaking Californians became increasingly suspicious of the motives of the "Americans" of the United States. In 1844, John Charles Frémont led a party of Army topographical engineers that "accidentally" crossed the Sierras into California and traveled the length of the San Joaquin Valley before making their way home. In 1845, a commodore in the U.S. Navy, misinformed about relations between...
Reminiscences and incidents of "the early days" of San Francisco
The English-born John Henry Brown (1810-1905) went to sea at an early age and was living among the Cherokees in 1843 when he set out for the Pacific Coast. Reminiscences and incidents of "the early days" of San Francisco (1886) describes his early work at Sutter's Fort before his permanent move to San Francisco, where he became a saloonkeeper and hotelkeeper. He offers a...
Brown, John Henry
Thirty years in California; a contribution to the history of the state from 1849 to 1879.
Samuel Hopkins Willey (1821-1914), a Presbyterian seminarian in Massachusetts, sailed to California as a home missionary in December 1848. He was a chaplain of the 1849 constitutional convention and served churches in San Francisco, Monterey, Santa Cruz, and Benecia. From 1862 to 1869 he headed the College of California at Berkeley, which was turned over to the University of California. Thirty years in California...
Willey, Samuel H. (Samuel Hopkins)
Gold and sunshine, reminiscences of early California
James J. Ayers left St. Louis, Missouri for California in 1849. He remained to carve out a career for himself in journalism. Gold and sunshine (1922) was completed by Ayers in retirement at Azusa in 1896 but not published until after his death. He recalls his 1849 voyage to California and brief career as a miner in Calaveras County, newspaper publishing in Mokelumne Hill...
Ayers, James J.
Addresses, reminiscences, etc. of General John Bidwell.
John Bidwell (1819-1900) was born in Chautaugua County, New York, and lived in Ohio when he decided to seek his fortune in California in 1841 and journeyed west as part of the first emigrant train going overland from Missouri to California. There he found work at Fort Sutter. He sided with governor Micheltorena in the 1844 revolt but aided the Bear Flag rebels in...
Bidwell, John - Royce, Charles C.
A trip to the gold mines of California in 1848.
John Swan (1817-1896), an English sailor, settled in Monterey in 1843 and joined other Californians in the rush to the gold fields to the north in July 1848. A trip to the gold mines of California in 1848 (1960) prints a memoir written out by Swan in 1870 giving an account of his ride north to Log Cabin Ravine and daily life as a...
Swan, John Alfred - Hussey, John A.
The sunset land; or, The great Pacific slope.
John Todd (1800-1873), a Congregationalist clergyman in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, wrote widely and published several religious magazines. The sunset land (1870) contains Todd's experiences as a visitor to California in the mid 1860s, with essays on the state's history, climate, agricultural products, and geology; gold mining; the Calaveras redwoods; and Yosemite Valley. He devotes a chapter to Mormonism and what he believes to be its...
Harvey Wood (1828-1895), a young clerk in a New Jersey store, joined the Kit Carson Association of would-be California miners that set out from New York in February 1849, sailing to Texas and crossing Mexico overland to find passage north to San Diego. Wood reached the Southern Mines in July 1849, spending the next seven years searching for gold on the Merced and Stanislas...
A year of American travel.
Jessie Benton Frémont (1824-1902), the daughter of a Missouri Senator and wife of explorer John Charles Frémont, first came to California in 1849, when she and her young daughter spent six months at her husband's newly-acquired ranch at Mariposas, 140 miles east of San Francisco. The Frémonts also spent the years 1851-1852 and 1857-1861 at the Mariposas ranch before moving to St. Louis during...
Frémont, Jessie Benton
The argonauts of 'forty-nine, some recollections of the plains and the diggings,
David Leeper (1832-1900) left South Bend, Indiana, for an overland trip to the California gold fields in February 1849. The argonauts of forty-nine (1894) details Leeper's journey west and his life in California, 1849-1854: prospecting at Redding's Diggings, Hangtown, and the Trinity River; lumbering around Eureka; and early Sacramento and Humboldt Bay. Leeper shows special interest in the Digger Indians, illustrating the book with...
Leeper, David Rohrer
Semi-tropical California: its climate, healthfulness, productiveness, and scenery ...
Benjamin Cummings Truman (1835-1916) of Providence, Rhode Island, was a Civil War Union officer and newspaper correspondent before coming to California in 1866 as a special agent of the Post Office. In 1870 he was sent to Washington as correspondent for the New York Times and the San Francisco Bulletin but soon returned to become editor of the Los Angeles Evening Express, and owner...
Truman, Benjamin Cummings
Echoes of the past about California,
John Bidwell (1819-1900) was born in Chautaugua County, New York, and was living in Ohio when he decided to seek his fortune in California in 1841. He journeyed west as part of the first emigrant train going overland from Missouri to California, where he found work at Fort Sutter. He sided with governor Micheltorena in the 1844 revolt but aided the Bear Flag rebels...
Bidwell, John - Steele, John - Quaife, Milo Milton
Memoirs of Elisha Oscar Crosby; reminiscences of California and Guatemala from 1849 to 1864,
Elisha Oscar Crosby (1818-1895), a New York lawyer, fell victim to "California fever" and sailed for the West in December 1848. In California he had a distinguished legal and political career that led to a diplomatic appointment. Memoirs of Elisha Oscar Crosby (1945) prints handwritten reminiscences and anecdotes prepared by Crosby in his old age. Topics include: early life in New York, the voyage...
Crosby, Elisha Oscar - Barker, Charles A. (Charles Albro)
Happy days in southern California,
Frederick Hastings Rindge (1857-1905) moved from Cambridge, Massachusetts, to Los Angeles in 1882 and bought the famed rancho at Malibu, which he dubbed "Laudamus Farm." Happy days in southern California (1898) opens with a history of the region, followed by chapters dealing with different lifestyles in the area: "seaside life" at Redondo, Santa Monica, and Santa Catalina, and the fish and animals of the...