Collection Items

  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Why not try this variation on Nero's theme, Benito? 1 drawing. | World War II cartoon shows an angry Mussolini, dressed as an ancient Roman, smashing a violin over Hitler's head. In the background explosions blow up "Axis" railroads in Rome. On July 19, the Allies bombed Rome for the first time, a significant blow to Italian morale. There were reports that Mussolini had asked the Germans in vain for more aid. Berryman...
    • Contributor: Berryman, Clifford Kennedy
    • Date: 1943
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Who's moronic now? 1 drawing. | World War II cartoon shows Joseph Stalin shaking hands with Italian premier Pietro Badoglio. In the background, King Victor Emmanuel III, standing in front a devastated urban landscape, smiles and says "Who's moronic now?" In 1943, as the Allies prepared to invade Italy, the king dismissed Mussolini and installed Badoglio instead. Badoglio took Italy out of the war, but the Germans...
    • Contributor: Berryman, Clifford Kennedy
    • Date: 1944
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    All roads do NOT lead to Rome 1 drawing. | World War II cartoon shows German tanks and armored vehicles fleeing down a road amid the wreckage of war in the opposite direction to a sign pointing toward "Roma." The phrase "All roads lead to Rome" alluded to the days of the Roman Empire when Rome was the center of the European world. On June 4, 1944, Rome fell to the...
    • Contributor: Berryman, Clifford Kennedy
    • Date: 1944
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    You and your infernal stock market have hurt Italian progress terribly 1 drawing. | Cartoon shows Italian dictator Mussolini decked out in full military regalia including plumed hat, spurs, and sword with bells, confronting a surprised Uncle Sam. Berryman's small bear hides behind Uncle Sam's hat. Mussolini charges, "You and your infernal stock market have hurt Italian progress terribly!" In December 1930, in the midst of the worldwide depression, the flamboyant Fascist dictator blamed the...
    • Contributor: Berryman, Clifford Kennedy
    • Date: 1930
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    When will he drop it? 1 drawing. | World War II cartoon shows a man with an enormous head, labeled "The World," lying in bed staring in terror at the ceiling. In a room on the floor above, Mussolini sits on a bed with one boot off, preparing to drop the other. Italy had refused to join Germany when the war began in September 1939, but by June 1940,...
    • Contributor: Berryman, Clifford Kennedy
    • Date: 1940
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    I'm sorry! it's really not like this every day 1 drawing. | World War II cartoon shows Hitler meeting with his Axis partners, Mussolini of Italy and Matsuoka of Japan. In the background, a little boy labeled "Yugoslavia" jumps on a vase labeled "Axis Treaty," breaking it, while another little boy in a sailor suit (Churchill?) shoots out the lights (labeled "The Italian Navy"). Hitler apologizes for the disturbance. In March 1941, Japanese...
    • Contributor: Berryman, Clifford Kennedy
    • Date: 1941
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The old daisy game 1 drawing. | World War II cartoon shows Japanese General Tojo Hideki, pulling petals labeled "War" or "Peace" off a daisy. Mussolini, with a bandaged arm and a crutch, warns, "Be careful Tojo. You don't know the half of it." Italy had somewhat belatedly entered World War II on the side of Germany, hoping to share Hitler's military triumphs, but had been markedly unsuccessful....
    • Contributor: Berryman, Clifford Kennedy
    • Date: 1941
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    "Spoiling their racket" 1 drawing. | Cartoon shows two gangsters (Mussolini and Hitler), carrying a revolver and a submachine gun, objecting to Uncle Sam protecting himself by walking with a policeman (labeled "Armament Program"). Probably refers to criticism of the United States rearmament program in 1940 as conflicting with the stated position of the U.S. as a neutral.
    • Contributor: Goldberg, Rube
    • Date: 1940
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Bullets of decency 1 drawing. | World War II cartoon shows British Prime Minister Winston Churchill firing a gun at Hitler who stands in a pool of blood along with a slathering beast labeled "The Italian Jackal." A large sign with a death's head reads "European Bathing Pool, A. Hitler, Prop." Drawn several months before the United States entered the war, the cartoon strongly supports the British...
    • Contributor: Kirby, Rollin
    • Date: 1941
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    [The acme of Italian sunsets] 1 drawing. | Cartoon showing military leaders and soldiers in Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, and Tunisia watching fighting in Tripoli and Africa.
    • Contributor: Knecht, Karl Kae
    • Date: 1943
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Hitler's heel 1 drawing. | Cartoon shows Hitler's aide, Heinrich Himmler, driving horseshoe nails into Mussolini's boot (shaped like Italy). Reflects Himmler's visit to Italy in October 1942 to check on Italian morale, adding to the rumors circulating about a growing Italian-German rift.
    • Contributor: Manning, Reg
    • Date: 1942
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    "Red" wine 1 drawing. | Cartoon shows Soviet leader Stalin offering a prim young woman (labeled "Italian Election") a glass of red wine (labeled "Promises"). Behind his back he holds a bottle labeled "Knock Out Drops." Drawn on the eve of the first general election in Italy following World War II, expresses concern at the possibility that the Communists may win, adding another country to those...
    • Contributor: Marcus, Edwin
    • Date: 1948
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Mussolini: "I thought it was a sure thing too" 1 drawing. | Cartoon shows a fat confidence man (labeled "War") saying "Come on! You can't lose" and offering a shell game (decorated with swastikas) to a small Japanese man wearing formal attire. Italian leader Mussolini, wearing a ragged uniform and showing his empty pockets, warns against the game. In 1941, after Mussolini joined forces with Hitler, the Italian army suffered one embarrassing defeat...
    • Contributor: Marcus, Edwin
    • Date: 1941
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    They thought it was Ferdinand! 1 drawing. | Cartoon shows Hitler and Mussolini treed by a snorting bull labeled "European Democracies." A sign reads "No Trespassing." Ferdinand was the famous bull (in the children's book by Munro Leaf and Robert Lawson) who refused to fight, preferring to smell the flowers. The cartoon may refer to the "May Scare" of 1938, when it appeared that Hitler had been blocked in...
    • Contributor: Marcus, Edwin
    • Date: 1938
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Another one for his museum 1 drawing. | Cartoon shows "Old Man History" carting off a statuette of Italian dictator Mussolini (labeled "Fascism"). Comments on the dismissal of Mussolini in July 1943 and the collapse of the Fascist Party in the face of the Allied invasion of Sicily.
    • Contributor: Marcus, Edwin
    • Date: 1943
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Another clock pushed forward 1 drawing. | Cartoon shows a man (labeled "Italy") setting an old-fashioned clock which has the words "European Recovery" rather than numbers. Drawn as Americans reset their clocks for Daylight Saving Time, comments on the success of the European Recovery Program (popularly known as the Marshall Plan) in promoting economic recovery in Italy after World War II.
    • Contributor: Marcus, Edwin
    • Date: 1948
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Too close for comfort 1 drawing. | Cartoon shows a battered Mussolini with his arm in a sling, a hole in his boot, and a pillow tied to his posterior, carrying a hastily packed suitcase with the contents protruding, saying "I'm scrammin' out of here, see? I'm getting out of this place, see?" His footprints show, however, that rather than leaving, he is walking in circles. A portrait...
    • Contributor: Roche, Leo Joseph
    • Date: 1943
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Sunday afternoon. Piazza in small town 1 drawing. | World War II cartoon shows three American soldiers in a small Italian town relaxing at the base of a monument bearing the ornate bust of a bygone Italian official. This is one of a series of cartoons on the American occupation in Italy.
    • Contributor: Steinberg, Saul
    • Date: 1944
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The "Duce" pays a visit to the Italian fleet 1 drawing. | World War II cartoon shows Mussolini as a diver climbing into a tiny boat (named "Mare Nostrum") containing a naval officer and a seaman. A ship sinks in the background. "Mare Nostrum" was a Latin name for the Mediterraneum when the Roman Empire controlled all the lands around it. Such control was one of Mussolini's prime military objectives. By 1942, however,...
    • Contributor: Steinberg, Saul
    • Date: 1942
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    [Military convoy traveling along winding mountain roads past Italian hill towns] 1 drawing. | World War II cartoon drawn as one of a series on the American occupation in Italy.
    • Contributor: Steinberg, Saul
    • Date: 1944
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    [Airplane firing its guns over a city whose population flees] 1 drawing.
    • Contributor: Steinberg, Saul
    • Date: 1946