Collection Items

  • Article
    The Murder of Emmett Till - Civil Rights History Project The murder of 14-year-old Emmett Till in 1955 brought nationwide attention to the racial violence and injustice prevalent in Mississippi. While visiting his relatives in Mississippi, Till went to the Bryant store with his cousins, and may have whistled at Carolyn Bryant. Her husband, Roy Bryant, and brother-in-law, J.W. Milam, kidnapped and brutally murdered Till, dumping his body in the Tallahatchie River. The newspaper...
    • Date: 1955
  • Film, Video
    Wheeler Parker oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Chicago, Illinois, Catalog Record - Electronic Resource Available Wheeler Parker, Jr., discusses his visit to Mississippi with his cousin, Emmett Till. He recalls the incident at Bryant's store and the night that Till was kidnapped, and Till's funeral in Chicago. He remembers how the murder and publicity affected his family, the reopening of the case in 2004, and efforts to memorialize Till.
    • Contributor: Parker, Wheeler - Mosnier, Joseph - Civil Rights History Project (U.S.)
    • Date: 2011
  • Film, Video
    Simeon Wright oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Chicago, Illinois, Catalog Record - Electronic Resource Available Simeon Wright discusses his cousin, Emmett Till, and his attempts to correct the historical record concerning Till's murder. He recalls Till's visit to his home in Mississippi, going to Bryant's store, and the night that Till was kidnapped. He remembers the trial, moving to Chicago, and how the murder and publicity affected his family.
    • Contributor: Wright, Simeon - Mosnier, Joseph - Civil Rights History Project (U.S.)
    • Date: 2011
  • Film, Video
    Wheeler Parker oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Chicago, Illinois, 2011-05-23. Wheeler Parker, Jr., discusses his visit to Mississippi with his cousin, Emmett Till. He recalls the incident at Bryant's store and the night that Till was kidnapped, and Till's funeral in Chicago. He remembers how the murder and publicity affected his family, the reopening of the case in 2004, and efforts to memorialize Till.
    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Parker, Wheeler
    • Date: 2011-05-23

    Resource:
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  • Film, Video
    Simeon Wright oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Chicago, Illinois, 2011-05-23. Simeon Wright discusses his cousin, Emmett Till, and his attempts to correct the historical record concerning Till's murder. He recalls Till's visit to his home in Mississippi, going to Bryant's store, and the night that Till was kidnapped. He remembers the trial, moving to Chicago, and how the murder and publicity affected his family.
    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Wright, Simeon
    • Date: 2011-05-23

    Resource:
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  • Film, Video
    Simeon Booker and Moses James Newson oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Washington, D.C., 2011-07-13.
    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Booker, Simeon - Newson, Moses J.
    • Date: 2011-07-13

    Resource:
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  • Film, Video
    Walter Bruce oral history interview conducted by John Dittmer in Durant, Mississippi, 2013-03-11. Walter Bruce shares memories of his childhood in Durant, Mississippi, where his family sharecropped. As a young man he became a carpenter and also a gospel singer. He describes his early involvement in the Civil Rights Movement, including his participation in Mississippi Freedom Summer. Bruce was involved in community and political organizing throughout the 1960s, from helping to start health clinics and participating in...
    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Bruce, Walter - Dittmer, John
    • Date: 2013-03-11

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  • Film, Video
    Simeon Booker and Moses James Newson oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Washington, D.C., Simeon Booker and Moses Newson recall their early careers in journalism at several African American newspapers. Newson remembers covering school desegregation cases in Clinton, Tennessee and Hoxie, Arkansas, for the Memphis Tri-State Defender. Booker discusses covering the Emmett Till murder and the integration of Little Rock High School for Jet. They both remember covering the Freedom Rides and the March on Washington.
    • Contributor: Booker, Simeon - Mosnier, Joseph - Newson, Moses J. - Civil Rights History Project (U.S.)
    • Date: 2011
  • Film, Video
    Emmett W. Bassett and Priscilla Tietjen Bassett oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Grahamsville, New York, 2011-07-21. Priscilla Tietjen Bassett recalls growing up in Plainfield, New Jersey, and attending Smith College, and Emmett W. Bassett remembers growing up in Henry County, Virginia, serving in World War II, and attending Tuskegee Institute, where he assisted George Washington Carver with research. They tell how they met at a protest of a segregated restaurant in Massachusetts, raising money for Emmett Till's mother, their involvement...
    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Bassett, Emmett W. - Bassett, Priscilla
    • Date: 2011-07-21

    Resource:
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  • Film, Video
    Dorie Ann Ladner and Joyce Ladner oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Washington, D.C., 2011-09-20. Doris and Joyce Ladner discuss organizing for the March on Washington with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Dorie Ladner recalls her work with SNCC in Natchez, Mississippi, and the murder and trial of Medgar Evers. They both remember growing up in Palmers Crossing, Mississippi, their family history, joining the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) youth chapter led by Clyde...
    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Mosnier, Joseph - Ladner, Dorie - Ladner, Joyce A.
    • Date: 2011-09-20

    Resource:
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  • Film, Video
    Raylawni G. Branch and Jeanette Smith oral history interview conducted by Emilye Crosby in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, 2015-12-01. Catalog Record - Electronic Resource Available Raylawni G. Branch and Jeanette Smith discuss their involvement in the Hattiesburg, Mississippi-based Civil Rights Movement. They remember their upbringings as mixed race children, Smith in Mississippi and Branch in Mississippi and Chicago, Illinois. Branch recalls entering as one of the first black students at the University of Southern Mississippi. Both speak about their activism for voting rights and education, as well as sharing...
    • Contributor: Smith, Jeanette - Branch, Raylawni G. - Crosby, Emilye - Bishop, John Melville - Civil Rights History Project (U.S.)
    • Date: 2015
  • Article
    Youth in the Civil Rights Movement - Civil Rights History Project At its height in the 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement drew children, teenagers, and young adults into a maelstrom of meetings, marches, violence, and in some cases, imprisonment. Why did so many young people decide to become activists for social justice? Joyce Ladner answers this question in her interview with the Civil Rights History Project, pointing to the strong support of her elders in...
    • Date: 1960
  • Collection
    Civil Rights History Project On May 12, 2009, the U. S. Congress authorized a national initiative by passing The Civil Rights History Project Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-19). The law directs the Library of Congress (LOC) and the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) to conduct a survey of existing oral history collections with relevance to the Civil Rights movement to obtain...
    • Contributor: Abernathy, Donzaleigh - Abernathy, Juandalynn R. - Abernathy, Ralph David - Ackerman, David M. - Ackerman, Satoko Ito - Adams-Johnson, Frankye - Anderson, Fletcher - Anderson, Cynthia Baker - Anderson, William G. - Arellanes, Gloria ... Abernathy, Donzaleigh - Abernathy, Juandalynn R. - Abernathy, Ralph David - Ackerman, David M. - Ackerman, Satoko Ito - Adams-Johnson, Frankye - Anderson, Fletcher - Anderson, Cynthia Baker - Anderson, William G. - Arellanes, Gloria - Avery, Annie Pearl - Bailey, D'army - Bassett, Emmett W. - Bassett, Priscilla - Bates, Scott - Becton, Julius W. (Julius Wesley) - Bennett, Geraldine Crawford - Blake, Harry - Bond, Julian - Booker, Simeon - Branch, Raylawni G. - Breaux, Toni - Broadway, Louise W. - Brown, Amos C. (Amos Cleophilus) - Brown, Harold K. - Brown, Robert J. - Browner, Clifford - Bruce, Walter - Burns, Julia Matilda - Burras, Carol Cummings - Caldwell, Ben R. - Camarillo, Mateo - Carawan, Candie - Carawan, Guy - Carlos, John - Carter, Robert L. - Churchville, John Elliott - Clark, Robert George - Cleaver, Kathleen - Collins, Barbara Maria - Connor, Peggy Jean - Conway, Purcell Maurice - Cotton, Dorothy F. - Cox, Courtland - Crosby, David L. - Crosby, Patricia A. - Dahmer, Ellie J. - Dahmer, Vernon - Derby, Doris Adelaide - Diamond, Dion T. - Dixon, Aaron Floyd - Dixon, Elmer - Dove, Samuel - Dudley, John F. - Duncan, Gwendolyn Annette - Finney, Ernest A., (Ernest Adolphus) - Fuller, Linda - Funchess, Glenda - Gaither, Thomas Walter - Geiger, Jack - George, Virginia Simms - Glascoe, Myrtle Gonza - Greenberg, Jack - Greene, Freddie - Grinnell, Gloria Claudette - Guster, Leesco - Guyot, Lawrence - Hamilton, Audrey Nell - Hayling, Robert Bagner - Head, Rosie M. - Henderson, Juadine - Hicks, Charles Ray - Hicks, Darryl Robertson - Hicks, Gregory Vincent - Hicks, Robert Lawrence - Hicks, Valeria Payton - Hildreth, Marilyn Luper - Hill, Oliver W. - Holloway, Eddie A. - Holloway, Emma Kate - Holloway, Lucius - Hopkins, Evans D. - Howard, Elbert - Howell, Embry - Howell, Joseph T. - Hrabowski, Freeman A. - Huggins, Ericka - Hutchings, Phil - Jackson, Gertrude Newsome - Jarmon, Charles - Jenkins, Mary F. - Jenkins, Timothy Lionel - Jenkins, Willie Elliot - Jones, Clarence - Jones, James Oscar - Jones, Jamila - Jones, Mary A. - Jones, Nathaniel Hawthorne - King, Lonnie C. - Ladner, Dorie - Ladner, Joyce A. - Lawrence, William M. - Lawson, Jennifer - Leventhal, Willy S. (Willy Siegel) - Long, Worth W. - Lowery, Joseph E. - Lucy, William - Luper, Calvin - Magee, Clarence - Mahone, Sam - Marshall, Cecilia - McCarty, Michael D. - McClary, Robert - McCullar, Johnnie Ruth - McDew, Charles - McKinney, Samuel Berry - McLaurin, Charles - McNichols, Steven - Miller, Carolyn - Miller, Grace H. - Miller, James E. - Moldovan, Alfred - Moore, E. Maynard - Montes, Carlos - Mtume, Norma - Mulholland, Joan Trumpauer - Newson, Moses J. - Noonan, Martha P. - Parker, Wheeler - Patton, Gwendolyn M. - Perry, Matthew J. (Matthew James) - Richardson, Gloria - Richardson, Judy - Robinson, Betty Garman - Robinson, Reginald - Rosenberg, Jean Voelker - Rosenberg, John M. - Roxborough, Mildred Bond - Russell, Bill - Sales, Ruby - Saunders, William - Seeger, Pete - Sellers, Cleveland - Sherrod, Charles - Sherrod, Shirley - Siler, Charles E. - Simmons, Gwendolyn Zoharah - Simpson, Euvester - Smith, Jeanette - Sobol, Anne Buxton - Sobol, Richard - Stewart, Eleanor - Strickland, William - Suggs, Frances L - Suggs, Harold - Terry, Esther M. A. - Thelwell, Michael - Tillow, Kay - Tillow, Walter M. - Todd, Lisa Anderson - Tuttle, Rick - Ulmer, Joeann Anderson - Varela, Maria - Vickers, Barbara Edna - Vivian, C. T. - Walker, Wyatt Tee - Walter, Mildred Pitts - Williams, Cecil J. - Williams, Junius W. - Wright, Simeon - Young, Carrie Lamar - Young, Sam - Zapata, Luis - Zellner, Dorothy - Bishop, John Melville - Branch, Taylor - Cline, David P. - Crosby, Emilye - Dittmer, John - Griffin, Willie James - Jeffries, Hasan Kwame - Mosnier, Joseph - Paysour, Lafleur - Reece, Dwandalyn R. - Sullivan, Patricia - Taylor, Kieran Walsh - Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - National Museum of African American History and Culture (U.S.) - Library of Congress - American Folklife Center - Archive of Folk Culture (Library of Congress) - Southern Oral History Program
    • Date: 2010

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  • Article
    Music in the Civil Rights Movement - Civil Rights History Project African American spirituals, gospel, and folk music all played an important role in the Civil Rights Movement. Singers and musicians collaborated with ethnomusicologists and song collectors to disseminate songs to activists, both at large meetings and through publications. They sang these songs for multiple purposes: to motivate them through long marches, for psychological strength against harassment and brutality, and sometimes to simply pass the...
    • Date: 1958
  • Article
    Collecting and Presenting the Freedom Struggle at the Library of Congress - Civil Rights History Project What makes a mass social movement? How is it defined? What happened as part of the movement and why? What are its obvious features and its hidden aspects? Who are the actors, both famous and obscure? These are among the prominent questions to keep in mind when we seek to understand the historical origins, changing meanings, and the current resonance of social and cultural...
    • Date: 1954
  • Article
    Nonviolent Philosophy and Self Defense - Civil Rights History Project The success of the movement for African American civil rights across the South in the 1960s has largely been credited to activists who adopted the strategy of nonviolent protest. Leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr., Jim Lawson, and John Lewis believed wholeheartedly in this philosophy as a way of life, and studied how it had been used successfully by Mahatma Gandhi to protest...
    • Date: 1954
  • Article
    School Segregation and Integration - Civil Rights History Project The massive effort to desegregate public schools across the United States was a major goal of the Civil Rights Movement. Since the 1930s, lawyers from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) had strategized to bring local lawsuits to court, arguing that separate was not equal and that every child, regardless of race, deserved a first-class education. These lawsuits were combined...
    • Date: 1951
  • Article
    The March on Washington - Civil Rights History Project For many Americans, the calls for racial equality and a more just society emanating from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial on Aug. 28, 1963, deeply affected their views of racial segregation and intolerance in the nation.  Since the occasion of March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom 50 years ago, much has been written and discussed about the moment, its impact on society,...
    • Date: 1963
  • Article
    Voting Rights - Civil Rights History Project When Reconstruction ended in 1877, states across the South implemented new laws to restrict the voting rights of African Americans. These included onerous requirements of owning property, paying poll taxes, and passing literacy or civics exams. Many African Americans who attempted to vote were also threatened physically or feared losing their jobs. One of the major goals of the Civil Rights Movement was to...
    • Date: 1877
  • Article
    Women in the Civil Rights Movement - Civil Rights History Project Many women played important roles in the Civil Rights Movement, from leading local civil rights organizations to serving as lawyers on school segregation lawsuits. Their efforts to lead the movement were often overshadowed by men, who still get more attention and credit for its successes in popular historical narratives and commemorations. Many women experienced gender discrimination and sexual harassment within the movement and later...
    • Date: 1954
  • Film, Video
    Julia Matilda Burns oral history interview conducted by John Dittmer in Tchula, Mississippi, 2013-03-13. Julia Matilda Burns describes her experience in segregated schools in Humphreys County, Mississippi, where she grew up. After becoming a teacher at Marshall High School in Belzoni, Mississippi, she began to take notice of the Civil Rights Movement, but her involvement was limited because she did not want to lose her job. Burns describes protests by whites against school desegregation in Tchula, Mississippi, and...
    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Dittmer, John - Burns, Julia Matilda
    • Date: 2013-03-13

    Resource:
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  • Film, Video
    Cleveland Sellers oral history interview conducted by John Dittmer in Denmark, South Carolina, 2013-03-21.
    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Dittmer, John - Sellers, Cleveland
    • Date: 2013-03-21

    Resource:
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  • Film, Video
    Cleveland Sellers oral history interview conducted by John Dittmer in Denmark, South Carolina, Cleveland Sellers shares memories of growing up in Denmark, South Carolina, especially the influence of Voorhees College in the community. He organized a Youth Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in Denmark, and he describes the group's activities. He discusses his first impressions of Howard University, where he joined the Nonviolent Action Group (NAG). He shares memories of...
    • Contributor: Sellers, Cleveland - Dittmer, John - Civil Rights History Project (U.S.)
    • Date: 2013
  • Film, Video
    Rosie Head oral history interview conducted by John Dittmer in Tchula, Mississippi, 2013-03-13. Rosie Head describes her early life in Greenwood, Mississippi, where her family lived and worked on a plantation. She discusses how her parents faced racial discrimination in their work and how they were cheated by the plantation owner and then blacklisted. In 1964, Head joined the Civil Rights Movement in Tchula, Mississippi, where her family had relocated. Head recounts the various ways she was...
    • Contributor: Civil Rights History Project (U.S.) - Dittmer, John - Head, Rosie M.
    • Date: 2013-03-13

    Resource:
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