Related Resources - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
Related Resources at the Library of Congress Many rich resources relating to the Civil War exist in a variety of formats and locations at the Library of Congress. Selected holdings of the Prints and Photographs Division are highlighted below, as well as some of the resources (particularly online offerings) of other Library of Congress Divisions. Other institutions with strong Civil War holdings are also...
Technical Information - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
Digitizing the Collection During 2002-2003, JJT, Inc., of Austin, Texas, scanned the Civil War negatives. They used an overhead MARC II digital camera to scan the 7,592 glass negatives (measuring in sizes ranging between 2-1/4 x 3-1/2" and 8 x 10 inches). The images were captured in grayscale at a spatial resolution of approximately 10,000 pixels on the long side and a tonal resolution...
1961 Microfilm Edition Booklet - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
Editor's Note: Among the online Civil War Photographs are 1,047 that were originally published as a microfilm in 1961. The microfilm and an accompanying index were the work of two Library of Congress staff members: Hirst D. Milhollen of the Prints and Photographs Division and Donald H. Mugridge of the (then) General Reference and Bibliography Division.
Table of Contents - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
The following table of contents indicates how Milhollen and Mugridge divided the collection into five major sections and numerous subsections. The catalog records in this electronic edition repeat the name of the section and subsection from the original edition. The numbers listed at the end of each subsection are the photograph numbers that appear in the Time Line for the American Memory versions of...
Civil War - General Bibliography and Web Sites - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
Catton, Bruce. The Centennial History of the Civil War. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1961-1965. __________ Mr. Lincoln's Army. 1951. Reprint. New York: Anchor Books, 1990. Coddington, Edwin B. The Gettysburg Campaign: A Study in Command. 1968. Reprint. Norwalk, CT: Easton Press, 1989. Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877. New York: Harper & Row, 1988. __________ A Short History of Reconstruction, 1863-1877....
Civil War Photographers - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
Mathew Brady Cobb, Josephine. "Mathew B. Brady's Photographic Gallery in Washington." Records of the Columbia Historical Society, (1953-56): 28-69. Josephine Cobb was the Archivist-in-charge of the Still Picture Branch at the National Archives. Her article provides a scholarly account of Brady's Washington, DC, photographic studio.
Does the Camera Ever Lie? - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
Detail from Quarters of photographers attached to Engineer Corps in front of Petersburg. Petersburg, Va. March 1865. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Reproduction number: LC-B8184-7347 Photographers often want to communicate a thought or emotion with their work. Although the camera lens views the world impartially, the photographer constantly judges, deciding what to photograph and how to photograph it -- focusing on creating...
The Case of Confused Identity - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
The eye of the camera does not pass judgment on its subjects. Yet Civil War photographers could stir patriotism with their photographs, praising their compatriots while pitying their foes. Photographer Alexander Gardner wrote poignant narratives to accompany his photographs, occasionally inventing stories to make his point. In his Sketch Book, Gardner used two photographs of these dead soldiers, identifying them first as Confederate and...
The Case of the Moved Body - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
Like other Civil War photographers, Alexander Gardner sometimes tried to communicate both pathos and patriotism with his photographs, reminding his audience of the tragedy of war without forgetting the superiority of his side's cause. Sometimes, the most effective means of elevating one's cause while demeaning the other was to create a scene -- by posing bodies -- and then draft a dramatic narrative to...
Mathew Brady: Biographical Note - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
Early Career Mathew Brady arrived in New York City at the age of sixteen. He worked as a department store clerk, and started his own small business manufacturing jewelry cases. He also learned the new daguerreotype process, the first practical method of making photographic portraits. By 1844, he had his own daguerreotype studio on New York's Broadway (see the Background and Scope section of...
Solving a Civil War Photograph Mystery - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
General Grant at City Point Is this photo fact or fiction? The title information on the bottom left corner of the print says "General Grant at City Point," so the image claims to show General Ulysses S. Grant on horseback, in front of his troops at City Point, Virginia, during the American Civil War. But, once you look closely at the content of the...
1861 - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
January 1861 The South Secedes When Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president, the South Carolina legislature perceived a threat. Calling a state convention, the delegates voted to remove the state of South Carolina from the union known as the United States of America. The secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of six more states—Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia,...
1862 - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
January 1862 Abraham Lincoln Takes Action On January 27, President Lincoln issued a war order authorizing the Union to launch a unified aggressive action against the Confederacy. General McClellan ignored the order.
1863 - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
January 1863 Emancipation Proclamation In an effort to placate the slave-holding border states, Lincoln resisted the demands of radical Republicans for complete abolition. Yet some Union generals, such as General B. F. Butler, declared slaves escaping to their lines "contraband of war," not to be returned to their masters. Other generals decreed that the slaves of men rebelling against the Union were to be...
1865 - Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints
January 1865 Fort Fisher, North Carolina After Admiral David D. Porter's squadron of warships had subjected Fort Fisher to a terrific bombardment, General Alfred H. Terry's troops took it by storm on January 15, and Wilmington, North Carolina, the last resort of the blockade-runners, was sealed off. Timothy H. O'Sullivan promptly recorded the strength of the works and the effects of the bombardment.