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Collection Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints

Other Photographs

This section provides access to photographs that could not easily be placed in chronological sequence. Most of the categories here are derived from Part IV and Part V in the 1961 microfilm edition.

  • The Federal Navy -- 1861-1865
    A miscellaneous group of photographs; the dated ones, through No. 552, are arranged chronologically, and the undated ones that follow are arranged alphabetically by ship.
  • Charleston, South Carolina -- 1863-1865
    General Gillmore's success at Fort Pulaski earned him a much more difficult undertaking: the reduction of the defenses of Charleston Harbor, with the aid of a squadron under Rear Admiral John A. Dahlgren. Operations began early in July 1863; by October hard work and heavy losses had reduced Fort Wagner and Battery Gregg (renamed Fort Putnam by the federals) on Morris Island, and had silenced Fort Sumter. But no further progress was made until February 18, 1865, when General William T. Sherman's approach overland brought about the evacuation of Charleston. The photographers who came to record the flag-raising ceremony at Fort Sumter on April 14, 1865, just four years after the surrender with which the Civil War opened, thoroughly documented the forts, federal and Confederate, and the lovely old city, which fortunately had suffered only limited damage. Present-day addresses for the Charleston buildings are added where possible; the movement is in general inland from the Battery along Market Street, with excursions down side streets as they are reached, and left to the Arsenal at what were then the city limits.
  • Florida
    Federal invaders occupied Jacksonville and other points on the east coast of Florida in March 1862, but the main federal attempt in this area was made in February 1864, and came to grief at the Battle of Olustee. The photographs reflect only the fact of Union occupation.
  • The Capital at War
    As the war lengthened, Washington became the center of the increasingly complex prosecution of the war, as well as a vast depot and medical center for the Eastern armies. Although the local photographers realized early that there was much worth recording on their own doorsteps, most of these views are from the last year of the war or even after its close. Locations employing present-day directions are given where possible.
  • Alexandria, Virginia
    These views show Alexandria, under federal occupation since May 24, 1861, when Colonel E. E. Ellsworth of the New York Fire Zouaves met his death at the Marshall House (No. 752) -- the first conspicuous casualty of the war.
  • The Hospitals
    These are interior and exterior views of five hospitals out of several dozen, both in town and on the outskirts (although completely in the urban area today). They were all overflowing from the nearly continuous fighting that Grant began in May 1864.
  • The U. S. Sanitary and Christian Commissions
    The government-appointed Sanitary Commission and its large staff channeled and guided the efforts of more than 7,000 local societies for the maintenance of military health and the relief of wounded and sick soldiers. The Christian Commission, arising out of a convention of Y.M.C.A.'s, focused primarily on the spiritual health of the soldiers, but was naturally drawn into a the administration of material relief. The Sanitary Commission transferred its central office to Washington; the Christian Commission maintained only a branch there, with its central office in New York.
  • Artillery
    These five views are without place or date.
  • Miscellany
    These six views are without place or date.
  • Portraits
    These portraits were all taken by the Brady Gallery.
  • Officers of the Federal Army
  • Officers of the Federal Navy
    In this section the officer's rank given in the caption is that of the insignia or uniform visible in the portrait. Further information is added in brackets in two cases: (1) when the officer achieved, during his active Civil War service, a higher rank than the one shown, this higher rank and its date are inserted; and (2) when the rank shown was bestowed at or after the end of the war (often as a brevet), the date of such rank is added. Such information serves to some degree to date the portrait, as well as to give a truer idea of the officer's actual wartime rank.
  • Officers of the Confederate States Government
  • Officers of the Confederate Army and Navy
  • Additional Portraits
    Portraits of enlisted men (and one officer) not included in the earlier microfilm edition of this set of selected photographs.
  • Brady and Gardner
    Portraits of Mathew Brady, his studio, a facsimile of a letter he wrote to Lincoln, and a photograph of Alexander Gardner's darkroom on wheels.
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