[Map of Alexandria, Virginia]
Illustrates Alexandria's central position in the defense of Washington, where at least 12 outlying forts surrounded the city. Military camps of various Union officers such as Samuel Peter Heintzelman are indicated on this map.
Plan of the Rebel attack on Washington, D.C., July 11th and 12th, 1864.
As a diversionary measure to take some of the pressure off of besieged Petersburg, Confederate forces under Jubal Early launched a northern offensive beginning in late June 1864. After stops near Harper's Ferry and Shepherdstown, W. Va., and Frederick and Baltimore, Md., they reached the outskirts of Washington, D.C., by July 11. Reconnaissance showed the Union had begun some intensive reinforcement, so an attack...