Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    School exercise tablet, Cuneiform tablet no. 01 The student tablets are recognizable by their roundness, deliberately made so by scribes in order not to confuse them with other tablets, which were almost always square or rectangular. All student tablets were unfired as the intention was to reuse the same tablet. The teacher in the scribal school (edubba) typically inscribed the lesson, three words or a short sentence, on one side of...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    School exercise tablet, Cuneiform tablet no. 10 The student tablets are recognizable by their roundness, deliberately made so by scribes in order not to confuse them with other tablets, which were almost always square or rectangular. All student tablets were unfired as the intention was to reuse the same tablet. The teacher in the scribal school (edubba) typically inscribed the lesson, three words or a short sentence, on one side of...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Disbursement of skins, Cuneiform tablet no. 11 Three columns are on the obverse, with only the total and date on the reverse. The reverse states: su-nigin 574 kus-gu4-hi-a (grand total of 574 cow hides), followed by sa-bi-ta (disbursed) Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Temple offerings (satukku), Cuneiform tablet no. 12 Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian as part of a collection of Islamic bookbindings, manuscripts, textiles, and ceramic and metal objects illustrating the history of the development of writing and book arts in the Middle...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Disbursement of wages, Cuneiform tablet no. 13 Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian as part of a collection of Islamic bookbindings, manuscripts, textiles, and ceramic and metal objects illustrating the history of the development of writing and book arts in the Middle...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Accounting tablet, Cuneiform tablet no. 14 This tablet contains 6 columns on each side, but large sections are missing of some of the columns. The tablet concerns the rations for temple dependents Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian as part of...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Clay bulla, Cuneiform tablet no. 15 A seal was rolled over the text, but is currently illegible. This item, as No. 16, was used to identify bundles of tablets. The tablets were tied with cord, the knot being covered with a ball of clay. The ball was then inscribed with information and/or date. Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Clay bulla, Cuneiform tablet no. 16 This item, as No. 15, was used to identify bundles of tablets. The tablets were tied with cord, the knot being covered with a ball of clay. The ball was then inscribed with information and/or date. Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Receipt of wool. Inscribed obverse, reverse, and side, Cuneiform tablet no. 17 Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian as part of a collection of Islamic bookbindings, manuscripts, textiles, and ceramic and metal objects illustrating the history of the development of writing and book arts in the Middle...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Receipt of silver with envelope, Cuneiform tablet no. 18 Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian as part of a collection of Islamic bookbindings, manuscripts, textiles, and ceramic and metal objects illustrating the history of the development of writing and book arts in the Middle...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Accounting or receipt, Cuneiform tablet no. 19 Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian as part of a collection of Islamic bookbindings, manuscripts, textiles, and ceramic and metal objects illustrating the history of the development of writing and book arts in the Middle...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    School exercise tablet, Cuneiform tablet no. 02 The student tablets are recognizable by their roundness, deliberately made so by scribes in order not to confuse them with other tablets, which were almost always square or rectangular. All student tablets were unfired as the intention was to reuse the same tablet. The teacher in the scribal school (edubba) typically inscribed the lesson, three words or a short sentence, on one side of...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Ledger of fish, Cuneiform tablet no. 20 Images and drawings of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Old Babylonian (Akkadian). Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian as part of a collection of Islamic bookbindings, manuscripts, textiles, and ceramic and metal objects illustrating the history of the development of writing and book arts in the...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Inscribed brick, Cuneiform tablet no. 21a The brick is in two pieces, the two of which may not even belong together (see also 21b). The brick is carelessly incised, with chicken-foot shaped signs, unlined, reddish on back. Lines 2-4 read as follows: "nu MAN SU MAN KUR as-sur A as-sur / é? NU MAN SU MAN as-sur / MAN MAN SU MAN" Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Unknown: inscribed brick, Cuneiform tablet no. 21b Inscribed brick. The brick is in two pieces, the two of which may not even belong together (see also 21a). The brick is carelessly incised, with chicken-foot shaped signs, unlined, reddish on back. Lines 2-4 read as follows: "nu MAN SU MAN KUR as-sur A as-sur / é? NU MAN SU MAN as-sur / MAN MAN SU MAN" Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Cone inscription, Cuneiform tablet no. 22 Most appears illegible. The image of Sumerian transliteration of the Cuneiform is not available. Cone of Sin-qusid Images and drawings of the cones are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian as part of a collection of Islamic bookbindings, manuscripts, textiles, and ceramic and...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Bill of sale, Cuneiform tablet no. 23 Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian as part of a collection of Islamic bookbindings, manuscripts, textiles, and ceramic and metal objects illustrating the history of the development of writing and book arts in the Middle...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Bill of sale, Cuneiform tablet no. 24 Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian as part of a collection of Islamic bookbindings, manuscripts, textiles, and ceramic and metal objects illustrating the history of the development of writing and book arts in the Middle...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Votive plaque, Cuneiform tablet no. 25 This tablet is a votive temple inscription, standardized during the reign of Gudea. Part of the top, right , and bottom edge are missing. Writing only on obverse, using standard 10-line votive inscription style. 2 columns, 6 lines on the left, 4 on the right. The tablet is thought to come from Drehem or Jokha. The inscription reads: For Ningirsu, the strong warrior of...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Votive cone inscription, Cuneiform tablet no. 26 Votive cones, or nails, would be placed in the wall of a temple, with only the head of the cone showing for decoration. Very often hundreds would decorate the walls of a temple. This cone is heavily encrusted with much of the inscription illegible. It does, however, have 10 lines, and although most of the signs differ significantly from LC Cuneiform table no. 25,...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Receipt of livestock, Cuneiform tablet no. 27 Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian as part of a collection of Islamic bookbindings, manuscripts, textiles, and ceramic and metal objects illustrating the history of the development of writing and book arts in the Middle...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Seal contract, Cuneiform tablet no. 28 This tablet is not yet translated, but possibly concerns the receipt of oil and beer. The contract has been stamped with a very elaborate cylinder seal. On all four side corners will be noticed the raised relief of a goddess Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Seal contract, Cuneiform tablet no. 29 This tablet is in very poor condition, heavily constructed and broken on the corner. The unique aspect of the tablet, however, is that the break reveals the original contract sealed inside the tablet. Signs are legible: iti ezen (month of the festival...) and mu (year) Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website....
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    School exercise tablet, Cuneiform tablet no. 03 The student tablets are recognizable by their roundness, deliberately made so by scribes in order not to confuse them with other tablets, which were almost always square or rectangular. All student tablets were unfired as the intention was to reuse the same tablet. The teacher in the scribal school (edubba) typically inscribed the lesson, three words or a short sentence, on one side of...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor
  • Book/Printed Material
    Balanced account, Cuneiform tablet no. 30 Images, drawings, and transcriptions of the tablets are also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website. Content in Sumerian. Acquired by the Library of Congress in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian as part of a collection of Islamic bookbindings, manuscripts, textiles, and ceramic and metal objects illustrating the history of the development of writing and book arts in the Middle...
    • Contributor: Kirkor Minassian Collection (Library of Congress) - Minassian, Kirkor