About this Collection
In 2012, Egypt inaugurated, what was considered by many, one of its first truly free and fair elections, following the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. This revolution, part of the larger movement known as the Arab Spring in the West, resulted in the downfall of the Mubarak regime. Hosni Mubarak had ruled Egypt following the assassination of Egyptian president Anwar al-Sadat in 1981, thereby rendering him the longest serving Egyptian ruler since Muhammad Ali Pasha, whose reign lasted from 1805 to 1848. Following massive demonstrations, which lasted over 18 days and received coverage worldwide, Mubarak decided to step down, paving the way for what many considered to be the first free elections in the country’s history. During these exciting times, many of the old established parties as well as newly formed ones vied for office in the ensuing political power vacuum, each presenting the public with its own platform and perceived solutions to the nation’s ills. Egypt’s, albeit very brief, experiment with democracy resulted in the election of Mohamed Morsi of the Freedom and Justice party, a Muslim Brotherhood affiliate, and the new president Mohammed Morsi was sworn in on June 30, 2012. He would nevertheless be overthrown a year later by a military coup, and would die in jail in June 2019.
A major marker in the country’s political history, the Egyptian elections of 2012 received global coverage and witnessed a proliferation of political platforms advertised on websites associated with various parties and distinguished political personalities. Perhaps for the first time, popular social media channels covered the events on a daily basis, thus providing documentation of what was happening on the ground and people’s opinions of it. This collection of websites includes many of these Egyptian parties’ websites, in addition to the coverage of major news agencies and social media outlets. As a result, this collection provides a comprehensive overall picture of this historic event as it unfolded and the ensuing developments.
Collection Period: March 2012 to August 2012.
Frequency of Collection: The majority of sites in the collection were targeted for capture weekly, with fewer targeted for capture monthly.
Languages: Collection material in Arabic, with English.