Biography Blight, David W. Frederick Douglass' Civil War: Keeping Faith in Jubilee. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989. LC Call Number: E449 .D75 B55 1989 Huggins, Nathan Irvin. Slave and Citizen: The Life of Frederick Douglass. Edited by Oscar Handlin. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980. LC Call Number: E449 .D75 H83 Martin, Waldo E. The Mind of Frederick Douglass. Chapel Hill: University of North...
Rights and Access
The Library of Congress provides access to The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. The written permission of the copyright owners...
1818 to 1835
1818 Born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, a slave, in Tuckahoe, Talbot County, Maryland. Mother is a slave, Harriet Bailey, and father is a white man, rumored to be his master, Aaron Anthony. He had three older siblings, Perry, Sarah, and Eliza.
1836 to 1846
1836 Makes an escape plan but is discovered, jailed, and then released. He returns to work for Hugh and Sophia Auld in Baltimore and is hired out to work as a caulker in a Baltimore shipyard. The knowledge he gains there helps him escape slavery two years later.
1847 to 1859
1847 Returns from overseas tour; moves to Rochester, New York.
1877 to 1895
1877 Douglass is appointed U.S. marshal of the District of Columbia by President Hayes.
In His Own Words
To understand Frederick Douglass, his struggles, and the times he lived in, one must read about his life in his own words. Below are links to complete online texts of all three Douglass autobiographies. Two are part of the American Memory online collections at the Library of Congress; one is provided by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.
Provenance and Publication History
In 1976, the Library of Congress published Frederick Douglass: A Register and Index of His Papers In the Library of Congress to assist researchers of the collection. This introduction to the Index gives a brief history of the Papers and how they came to the Library of Congress. It was originally written by Beverly Brannan, then of the Manuscript Division, and has been updated...