Collection Items

  • Article
    China: Supreme People's Court Introduces New Type of Judicial Interpretation On June 16, 2021, China’s Supreme People’s Court (SPC) circulated a decision to amend the Provisions on the Work Concerning Judicial Interpretation. The amended judicial interpretation (JI) introduces a new type of JI—“rules”—which will be adopted to regulate the trial and enforcement activities of Chinese courts.This is the first time the SPC has amended the … Continue reading “China: Supreme People’s Court Introduces New...
    • Contributor: Zhang, Laney
    • Date: 2021-07-29
  • Article
    Israel: Supreme Court Authorizes Surrogacy Arrangements for Gay Men On July 11, 2021, Israel’s Supreme Court, sitting as a High Court of Justice in an extended bench of five justices, unanimously accepted a petition to issue an operative remedy in accordance with an earlier decision by the court rendered on February 27, 2020. The 2020 decision recognized that the surrogacy arrangement provided under the … Continue reading “Israel: Supreme Court Authorizes Surrogacy Arrangements...
    • Contributor: Levush, Ruth
    • Date: 2021-07-29
  • Article
    Norway: Supreme Court Finds Assumed Consent Cannot Be Invoked for DNA Use in Missing Person Case On July 1, 2021, the Supreme Court of Norway ruled that assumed consent in the case of a missing person cannot be invoked to collect his DNA from a biological registry, even though the purpose of accessing the DNA is to help find him or his remains. (Supreme Court Case HR-2021-1436-A (sak nr. 21-005349STR-HRET).)In a … Continue reading “Norway: Supreme Court Finds Assumed Consent...
    • Contributor: Hofverberg, Elin
    • Date: 2021-07-29
  • Article
    Spain: Bill on Comprehensive Guarantee of Sexual Freedom Approved for Congressional Debate On July 6, 2021, Spain’s Council of Ministers approved the text of the bill on the Organic Law on the Comprehensive Guarantee of Sexual Freedom, also known as “the law of only yes is yes.” The bill will be debated in Congress in the fall of 2021.The bill would provide for the adoption and implementation … Continue reading “Spain: Bill on Comprehensive Guarantee of...
    • Contributor: Rodriguez-Ferrand, Graciela
    • Date: 2021-07-29
  • Article
    Norway: Supreme Court Defines Extent of Swedish Sami Reindeer Herder Rights On June 30, 2021, the Norwegian Supreme Court issued a precedent on cross-border reindeer herding rights, recognizing that the right of Swedish reindeer herders to herd reindeer in Norway is based on the principle of time-immemorial use (alders tids bruk) and not the Norwegian Cross-Border Reindeer Herding Act. (Norwegian Supreme Court Case, June 30, 2021, … Continue reading “Norway: Supreme Court Defines Extent of...
    • Contributor: Hofverberg, Elin
    • Date: 2021-07-28
  • Article
    Israel: Government Approves COVID "Happy Badge" for Public Gatherings On July 22, 2021, the Israeli Coronavirus Cabinet approved a new “green pass framework” in an effort to maintain “an open economy through vaccinations and tests, advocacy and enforcement, and the continuation of a safe life routine with a minimum of restrictions.” The Green Pass is an entry permit to places or facilities for recovered … Continue reading “Israel: Government Approves COVID “Happy Badge”...
    • Contributor: Levush, Ruth
    • Date: 2021-07-27
  • Article
    Israel: Supreme Court Affirms Constitutionality of Basic Law: Israel – Nation State of the Jewish People On July 8, 2021, Israel’s Supreme Court, sitting as a High Court of Justice in an extended bench of 11 justices, rejected 15 joint petitions challenging the constitutionality of Basic Law: Israel – The Nation State of the Jewish People or specific provision in it. The petitioners included human rights organizations and “individuals belonging to … Continue reading “Israel: Supreme Court Affirms Constitutionality of...
    • Contributor: Levush, Ruth
    • Date: 2021-07-27
  • Article
    Sweden: Supreme Court Sets Precedent of Disbarring Attorneys for Serious Breaches of Proper Attorney Conduct On July 13, 2021, the Swedish Supreme Court held that an attorney who had passed along information from an arrested client “with full restrictions” had seriously breached proper attorney conduct (på ett allvarligt sätt åsidosatt god advokatsed) and should be disbarred. (Supreme Court, Ö 5090-20, July 13, 2021 (Case).) According to the Swedish Code of … Continue reading “Sweden: Supreme Court Sets Precedent of...
    • Contributor: Hofverberg, Elin
    • Date: 2021-07-27
  • Article
    Turkey: Council of State Upholds President's Decision to Withdraw Turkey from Istanbul Convention On June 28, 2021, Turkey’s Council of State, Tenth Chamber ruled in a 3–2 decision to uphold President’s Decision No. 3718 (published on March 20, 2021) withdrawing Turkey from the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence (Istanbul Convention), which the country had ratified on February 10, 2012. … Continue reading “Turkey: Council of State Upholds President’s...
    • Contributor: Cantekin, Kayahan
    • Date: 2021-07-26
  • Article
    Zambia: Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act Enacted On May 20, 2021, Zambia enacted the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act of 2021, repealing and replacing the 1993 act of the same name. According to its preamble, the objectives of the new act include revising and consolidating the law relating to narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances, and precursor chemicals as well as providing for … Continue reading “Zambia: Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances...
    • Contributor: Goitom, Hanibal
    • Date: 2021-07-26
  • Article
    Turkey: New Court Decisions and Developments in Law Regarding Scope and Limits of Presidential Decrees In June 2021, three decisions of Turkey’s Constitutional Court striking down certain provisions of presidential decrees on constitutional grounds were published in the Official Gazette. In addition, a Council of State (High Administrative Court of Turkey) decision dismissing a constitutional claim against a presidential decree was made public on June 29, 2021. The decisions are … Continue reading “Turkey: New Court Decisions and Developments...
    • Contributor: Cantekin, Kayahan
    • Date: 2021-07-25
  • Article
    France: Constitutional Council Strikes Part of Recent Security Law On May 20, 2021, France’s Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Council) struck parts of a domestic security bill that had recently been adopted by the French Parliament. While the council’s decision upheld most of the bill as constitutional, one of the provisions struck down was a section of the controversial article 52 (formerly referred to as article … Continue reading “France: Constitutional Council Strikes Part of...
    • Contributor: Boring, Nicolas
    • Date: 2021-07-23
  • Article
    Japan: Diet Passes Three New Laws to Promote a "Digital Society" Japan’s parliament, the Diet, recently passed three laws to promote a “digital society.” The new laws, which were published in the Official Gazette on May 19, 2021, are the Basic Act on Forming a Digital Society (Act No. 35 of 2021), the Act on Establishing the Digital Agency (Act No. 36 of 2021), and the … Continue reading “Japan: Diet Passes Three New Laws...
    • Contributor: Umeda, Sayuri
    • Date: 2021-07-23
  • Article
    China: Supreme People's Court Issues Online Litigation Rules, Addressing Review of Blockchain Evidence On June 16, 2021, China’s Supreme People’s Court (SPC, China’s highest court) issued the Online Litigation Rules for People’s Courts (SPC press release in English). Taking effect on August 1, 2021, the judicial interpretation will apply to not only the SPC but also over 3,500 lower courts throughout China. The 39-article rules cover the legal … Continue reading “China: Supreme People’s Court Issues Online...
    • Contributor: Zhang, Laney
    • Date: 2021-07-21
  • Article
    International: International Chamber of Commerce Elects First Woman President of International Court of Arbitration The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the world’s leading arbitral institution and the institutional representative of more than 45 million businesses worldwide, has elected Claudia Salomon as the first ever woman president of the ICC International Court of Arbitration (ICC Court). The Global Arbitration Review presented the ICC Court with its “Best Development in International … Continue reading “International: International Chamber of Commerce Elects...
    • Contributor: Boomer, Elizabeth
    • Date: 2021-07-21
  • Article
    Italy: Penalty System for Violation of Food Safety Regulations Redesigned On May 23, 2021, Law No. 71 of 2021, which converted into law, with amendments, Decree-Law No. 42 of March 22, 2021 concerning penalties for food safety violations, entered into effect in Italy.The new law redesigns the penalty system for first-time violators of agrifood and food safety legislation, which are currently sanctioned with pecuniary administrative … Continue reading “Italy: Penalty System for Violation of...
    • Contributor: Figueroa, Dante
    • Date: 2021-07-20
  • Article
    Egypt: Parliament Approves Draft Law Amending Provisions Penalizing Sexual Harassment On June 27, 2020, the Legislative and Constitutional Committee of the Egyptian Council of Representatives (parliament) approved a draft law amending provisions of Law No. 58 of 1937 on the Penal Code that sanction the crime of sexual harassment. The new amendment applies to article 306 duplicate and article 267 of the Penal Code, enhancing the … Continue reading “Egypt: Parliament Approves Draft Law...
    • Contributor: Sadek, George
    • Date: 2021-07-19
  • Article
    England and Wales: Employment Tribunal Rules Gender-Critical Beliefs Protected by Equality Act In a decision handed down on June 10, 2021, the Employment Appeals Tribunal (EAT) in England and Wales held that a worker’s gender-critical beliefs toward transgender people are protected as a philosophical belief under section 10 of the Equality Act 2010. Consequently, firing an employee for having gender-critical beliefs could be discriminatory against the worker.The … Continue reading “England and Wales: Employment Tribunal Rules...
    • Contributor: Feikert-Ahalt, Clare
    • Date: 2021-07-19
  • Article
    England and Wales: High Court Rules Asylum-Seeker Housing Unlawful On June 3, 2021, the High Court of England and Wales found that housing provided to asylum seekers in Napier Barracks in southeast England by the Home Office was unlawful due to poor living conditions and the adverse impact of those conditions on the physical and mental health of the asylum seekers. (R, on the … Continue reading “England and Wales: High Court Rules...
    • Contributor: Feikert-Ahalt, Clare
    • Date: 2021-07-18
  • Article
    European Union: Ban on Single-Use Plastics Takes Effect On July 2, 2021, the Directive on Single-Use Plastics took effect in the European Union (EU). The directive bans certain single-use plastics for which alternatives are available. A “single-use plastic product” is defined as a product that is made wholly or partly from plastic and that is not conceived, designed, or placed on the market … Continue reading “European Union: Ban on Single-Use Plastics...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2021-07-18
  • Article
    Greenland: Residents Vaccinated Against COVID-19 Eligible for Danish Corona Passports On July 14, 2021, the Greenlandic government announced that residents who have been vaccinated against COVID-19 in Greenland are eligible to apply for a Danish Corona Passport.According to the announcement, the passport must be requested at the Greenlandic citizen service website, sullissivik.gl. Following the request, the Danish Corona Passport will be available for download within … Continue reading “Greenland: Residents Vaccinated Against COVID-19 Eligible...
    • Contributor: Hofverberg, Elin
    • Date: 2021-07-15
  • Article
    Uzbekistan: Law on International Commercial Arbitration Adopted On August 17, 2021, the Republic of Uzbekistan’s Law on International Commercial Arbitration (ICA Law) will enter into force.This law was signed by Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev on February 16, 2021, with the purpose of strengthening arbitral resolution of international commercial disputes, defining the role and status of arbitration, and ensuring the implementation of arbitral … Continue reading “Uzbekistan: Law on International Commercial Arbitration...
    • Contributor: Fremer, Iana
    • Date: 2021-07-15
  • Article
    England and Wales: Supreme Court Clarifies Relationship Between Criminal Law and European Convention Rights to Freedom of Expression and Peaceful Assembly On June 25, 2021, the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom handed down its judgment in Director of Public Prosecutions v. Ziegler et al. (Ziegler), regarding the relationship between the criminal law and the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly guaranteed by articles 10 and 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights … Continue reading “England and Wales: Supreme Court Clarifies...
    • Contributor: Feikert-Ahalt, Clare
    • Date: 2021-07-14
  • Article
    Japan: Basic Act on Disaster Management Amended Japan is very vulnerable to natural disasters because of its climate and topography. In recent years, intense rainfalls damaged some localities of Japan and caused deaths. In response to frequent natural disasters, the Diet (Japan’s parliament) amended the Basic Act on Disaster Management (Act No. 223 of 1961) in order to strengthen the implementation system … Continue reading “Japan: Basic Act on Disaster Management...
    • Contributor: Umeda, Sayuri
    • Date: 2021-07-14
  • Article
    International: 130 Countries and Jurisdictions Agree to Plans for Global Minimum Corporate Tax Rate On July 1, 2021, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) announced that 130 countries and jurisdictions had signed a two-pillar statement for a global minimum corporate tax rate. Included among the signatories were all of the G20 countries, representing more than 90% of global GDP, and jurisdictions commonly regarded as tax havens, such … Continue reading “International: 130 Countries and Jurisdictions Agree...
    • Contributor: Boomer, Elizabeth
    • Date: 2021-07-13