Collection Items

  • Article
    Canada: Supreme Court Strikes Down Statutory Bar on Self-Induced Intoxication Defense On May 13, 2022, the Supreme Court of Canada rendered a unanimous decision in the case of R. v. Brown in which it declared section 33.1 of the Criminal Code — a statutory bar on using self-induced intoxication as a defense to violent crimes of general intent — “unconstitutional and of no force or effect … Continue reading “Canada: Supreme Court Strikes Down Statutory...
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2022-06-23
  • Article
    Brazil: New Decree Creates Comprehensive Protection Program for Children and Adolescents On May 18, 2022, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro issued Decree No. 11,074, which amended Decree No. 9,579 of November 22, 2018, and created the Comprehensive Protection Program for Children and Adolescents – Protect Brazil and its management committee (comitê gestor).Decree No. 9,579 consolidated normative acts published by the federal executive branch that provide for infants, … Continue reading “Brazil: New Decree Creates Comprehensive Protection...
    • Contributor: Soares, Eduardo
    • Date: 2022-06-22
  • Article
    Australia: Tasmania Outlaws Stealthing, Adds New Strangulation Offense to Criminal Code On June 6, 2022, the Criminal Code Amendment Bill 2022 (Tas) received royal assent, having been passed by the Tasmanian Parliament in May 2022. The bill amends the definition of “consent” in the Criminal Code Act 1924 (Tas) to specifically provide that a person does not freely agree to sexual intercourse if that person communicates … Continue reading “Australia: Tasmania Outlaws Stealthing, Adds New...
    • Contributor: Buchanan, Kelly
    • Date: 2022-06-21
  • Article
    Turkey: Penal and Criminal Procedure Code Amendments Increase Sanctions for Crimes Against Women and Health Workers, Criminalize Stalking, Reform Sentence Mitigation On May 27, 2022, Law No. 7406 amending the Turkish Penal Code (TPC), the Criminal Procedure Code (CPC), and other provisions was published in Turkey’s Official Gazette. Among other changes, the amendments to the TPC and CPC make a woman being the victim an aggravating factor for certain offenses and introduce a number of procedural … Continue reading “Turkey: Penal and Criminal Procedure Code...
    • Contributor: Cantekin, Kayahan
    • Date: 2022-06-20
  • Article
    Turkmenistan: Government Imposes Restrictions on Women's Appearance and Personal Freedoms In May 2022, media sources* both within and outside the Republic of Turkmenistan reported that the Turkmenistan government had introduced restrictions on women’s appearance and beauty culture, as well as on personal freedoms related to travel and abortion access.According to Radio Liberty, the new rules were imposed shortly after a new president of the country, … Continue reading “Turkmenistan: Government Imposes Restrictions on Women’s...
    • Contributor: Fremer, Iana
    • Date: 2022-06-16
  • Article
    Brazil: New Law Creates Protective Measures for Child Victims of Domestic Violence On May 24, 2022, Law No. 14,344, creating new mechanisms for preventing and confronting domestic and family violence against children and adolescents, was signed into law by Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro. The provisions of the law were formulated in accordance with articles 226(§ 8) and 227(§ 4) of the Federal Constitution and with specific provisions … Continue reading “Brazil: New Law Creates Protective Measures...
    • Contributor: Soares, Eduardo
    • Date: 2022-06-15
  • Article
    United States: US Citizen and Four Chinese Citizens Indicted on Espionage and Transnational Repression-Related Charges On May 18, 2022, the U.S. Department of Justice issued a press release stating that one U.S. citizen and four Chinese intelligence officers have been formally indicted on several charges related to espionage and transnational repression, which is generally understood as harassment or intimidation of foreign nationals by their own government. The U.S. citizen involved, … Continue reading “United States: US Citizen and Four...
    • Contributor: Myers, Louis
    • Date: 2022-06-15
  • Article
    Austria: Amendments to Ensure Adequate Gas Supply Enter Into Force On June 9, 2022, an amendment to the Energy Steering Act 2012 (Energielenkungsgesetz 2012, EnLG 2012) and an amendment to the Natural Gas Sector Act 2011 (Gaswirtschaftsgesetz 2011, GWG 2011) entered into force in Austria. The amendments are meant to safeguard the security of the gas supply in Austria, which is threatened by the ongoing … Continue reading “Austria: Amendments to Ensure Adequate Gas...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2022-06-14
  • Article
    Italy: Legislation to Contain Energy Costs Enters into Effect On April 29, 2022, Law No. 34 of April 27, 2022, which converted into law Decree-Law No. 17 of March 1, 2022 (D.L. No. 17), entered into effect in Italy, approving urgent measures for containing the costs of electricity and natural gas, developing renewable energies, and relaunching industrial policies. The law contains various amendments, with the … Continue reading “Italy: Legislation to Contain Energy...
    • Contributor: Figueroa, Dante
    • Date: 2022-06-14
  • Article
    Mexico: President Introduces Bill to Protect Mexico's Airspace from Organized Criminal Activities On April 28, 2022, Mexico’s president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, sent to the Mexican Congress a bill aimed at protecting Mexico’s airspace from organized criminal activities.Background to the BillThe preamble of the bill proposes to enact the Law to Protect Mexican Airspace to counter the increase in illegal aerial operations conducted by criminal organizations. Such … Continue reading “Mexico: President Introduces Bill to Protect...
    • Contributor: Guerra, Gustavo
    • Date: 2022-06-13
  • Article
    Sweden: Parliament Directs Government to Investigate Return of Sámi Cultural Heritage Objects On May 4, 2022, the Swedish parliament voted to direct the Swedish government to propose rules and a framework for returning cultural heritage items, including cultural objects and human remains, to the indigenous Sámi population. As part of its general mandate, the parliament, in addition to passing laws, can also direct the government to initiate … Continue reading “Sweden: Parliament Directs Government to Investigate...
    • Contributor: Hofverberg, Elin
    • Date: 2022-06-12
  • Article
    United Arab Emirates: Supreme Council Elects New President of the Union On May 14, 2022, the United Arab Emirates’ Supreme Council of the Union elected Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed, the ruler of the emirate of Abu Dhabi, as the new president of the union and pledged allegiance to him. The election came after the death of the president of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Sheikh Khalifa … Continue reading “United Arab Emirates: Supreme Council Elects...
    • Contributor: Sadek, George
    • Date: 2022-06-09
  • Article
    Brazil: Constitutional Amendment Increases Maximum Age for Appointment of Justices to Superior Courts On May 17, 2022, the Brazilian National Congress promulgated Constitutional Amendment No. 122, which amends the Federal Constitution to raise the maximum age for choosing and appointing members of the Supreme Federal Court to 70 years.In practice, the proposal of 70 years as the maximum age for appointing justices is an adjustment to the terms … Continue reading “Brazil: Constitutional Amendment Increases Maximum Age...
    • Contributor: Soares, Eduardo
    • Date: 2022-06-08
  • Article
    Australia: Legislation Increasing Penalties for Trafficking of Firearms Passed On February 16, 2022, the Criminal Code Amendment (Firearms Trafficking) Bill 2022 was introduced in the Australian Parliament. The bill, which amends the federal Criminal Code Act 1955 (Cth), was quickly passed by both the Senate and the House of Representatives on March 30, 2022, before receiving assent by the Governor-General on April 1, 2022.Broadly, … Continue reading “Australia: Legislation Increasing Penalties for Trafficking...
    • Contributor: Buchanan, Kelly
    • Date: 2022-06-07
  • Article
    Germany: Act to Accelerate Use of Liquefied Natural Gas to Counter Reliance on Russian Gas Enters Into Force On June 1, 2022, an act to accelerate the use of liquefied natural gas (LNG) entered into force in Germany. The act intends to counter Germany’s reliance on Russian gas and ensure an adequate and diversified gas supply. It provides for accelerated procurement procedures and allows forgoing the environmental impact assessments under certain conditions to … Continue reading “Germany: Act to Accelerate Use of...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2022-06-07
  • Article
    Mexico: Supreme Court Strikes Down Law Requiring Sharing of Personal Data with Government to Combat Cell Phone Crime On April 25, 2022, Mexico’s Supreme Court announced that it had declared unconstitutional a law ordering the creation of a national registry of cell phone users (abbreviated and known as PANAUT) for the collection of their personal and biometric data by telecommunications companies and preservation by the Mexican government.According to the bill that proposed this … Continue reading “Mexico: Supreme Court Strikes Down Law...
    • Contributor: Guerra, Gustavo
    • Date: 2022-06-06
  • Article
    Turkey: Regulation on Turkish Citizenship Amended to Increase Citizenship-by-Investment Value Requirements On May 13, 2022, the Regulation Amending the Regulation on the Implementation of the Law on Turkish Citizenship was published in Turkey’s Official Gazette. The new regulation amended some provisions in the 2010 Regulation on the Implementation of the Law on Turkish Citizenship that govern the country’s citizenship-by-investment program. This program makes a foreigner who … Continue reading “Turkey: Regulation on Turkish Citizenship Amended...
    • Contributor: Cantekin, Kayahan
    • Date: 2022-06-05
  • Article
    Switzerland: Voters in Canton of Zurich Approve Constitutional Amendment Codifying Net Zero Target On May 15, 2022, Swiss voters in the canton of Zurich approved a constitutional amendment codifying a target to achieve net zero, meaning “cutting greenhouse gas emissions to as close to zero as possible.” The vote was 67.12%–32.88%, with voter turnout at 45.21%. The specific year by which net zero must be achieved will be … Continue reading “Switzerland: Voters in Canton of Zurich...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2022-06-02
  • Article
    Brazil: Superior Electoral Tribunal and Federal Supreme Court Sign Agreement to Combat Fake News About Judiciary On May 18, 2022, Brazil’s Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral, TSE) issued a press release announcing that the TSE and the Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) had signed an agreement to establish a program to combat fake news involving the judiciary and to disseminate information about the 2022 general elections. The signing … Continue reading “Brazil: Superior Electoral Tribunal and Federal...
    • Contributor: Soares, Eduardo
    • Date: 2022-06-01
  • Article
    Italy: New Law Reduces Excise Taxes and VAT on Fuels to Ameliorate Financial Crisis Caused by War in Ukraine On May 2, 2022, Decree Law No. 38 of May 2, 2022 (D.L. No. 38) Concerning Urgent Measures Regarding Excise Taxes and Value-Added Tax (VAT) on Fuels entered into effect in Italy.Reduction of Excise TaxesThe new legislation aims at mitigating the negative effects that the recent exceptional increase in the prices of energy products due to … Continue reading “Italy: New Law Reduces Excise...
    • Contributor: Figueroa, Dante
    • Date: 2022-05-31
  • Article
    Switzerland: Government Adopts Ordinance to Ensure Adequate Natural Gas Supply During Ukraine Crisis In its session on May 18, 2022, the Swiss Federal Council (government) adopted an ordinance to prevent a looming natural gas shortage resulting from the ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine. The National Economic Supply Act (NESA) (Landesversorgungsgesetz, LVG), which the ordinance is based on, allows the government to take preparatory measures to ensure the … Continue reading “Switzerland: Government Adopts Ordinance to Ensure...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2022-05-30
  • Article
    Italy: Constitutional Court Declares Criminal Code Provision on Doping Unconstitutional On April 22, 2022, the Italian Constitutional Court issued Decision No. 105, declaring unconstitutional a phrase in a Criminal Code provision concerning the use or administration of drugs or other substances for the purposes of altering the competitive performance of athletes.The provision at issue, paragraph 7 of article 586-bis of the Code (which had been introduced … Continue reading “Italy: Constitutional Court Declares Criminal...
    • Contributor: Figueroa, Dante
    • Date: 2022-05-26
  • Article
    Switzerland: Voters Overwhelmingly Approve Opt-Out System for Organ Donations On May 15, 2021, Swiss voters approved by a vote of 60.20%–39.80% an amendment to the Swiss Transplantation Act. The amendment replaced the current explicit opt-in rule for organ donations (consent solution) with an opt-out rule (presumed consent solution). The presumed consent solution assumes that a person wishes to donate unless they have made a … Continue reading “Switzerland: Voters Overwhelmingly Approve Opt-Out System...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2022-05-25
  • Article
    United States: Federal Appellate Court Affirms US Citizen's Conviction for Child Sex Abuse Crimes Committed Overseas On May 5, 2022, a three-judge panel on the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals held that a federal statute criminalizing noncommercial child sex abuse committed by Americans while traveling overseas is constitutional. (United States v. Rife, No. 20-5688 (6th Cir. 2022).)Case HistoryUnited States citizen Micky Rife traveled to Cambodia in 2012, where he obtained a … Continue reading “United States: Federal Appellate Court Affirms...
    • Contributor: Price, Anna
    • Date: 2022-05-24
  • Article
    Egypt: New Laws Regulating Marriage, Polygamy, and Divorce Proposed Between March and May 2022, members of the Egyptian Council of Representatives (parliament) proposed new draft laws protecting the rights of women by regulating marriage, polygamy, and divorce.MarriageActing to stem a rise in the divorce rate in Egypt — which reportedly reached 222,000 in 2020 — and an “abnormal” increase in family crimes and spousal … Continue reading “Egypt: New Laws Regulating Marriage, Polygamy,...
    • Contributor: Sadek, George
    • Date: 2022-05-23