Collection Items

  • Article
    Russia, Latvia: Courts Recognize Use of Emoji as Legal Signature On September 9, 2023, a regional appellate court for commercial disputes in southern Russia confirmed the ruling of a lower court that resolved a dispute between two individual entrepreneurs and recognized the use of the “thumbs up” emoji in a WhatsApp message as equivalent to signing a written contract. (Appellate court ruling, at 8.) According … Continue reading “Russia, Latvia: Courts Recognize Use of...
    • Contributor: Roudik, Peter
    • Date: 2023-12-12
  • Article
    Latvia: New Law Introduces Compulsory Military Service Starting in January 2024 On April 19, 2023, Law No. 75 on the State Defense Service entered into force in the Republic of Latvia. This law, which was signed by Latvian President Egils Levits on April 18, 2023, introduces compulsory military service, regulates the process of national conscription for males, and establishes the rules for voluntary service by female Latvian … Continue reading “Latvia: New Law Introduces Compulsory...
    • Contributor: Fremer, Iana
    • Date: 2023-10-04
  • Article
    Latvia: Amendments to Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure Law Strengthen Punishment for Domestic Violence and Support for Victims On July 15, 2023, several amendments to the Latvian Criminal Law and the Law on Criminal Procedure aimed at increasing punishments for interpersonal violence and providing better support for its victims entered into force. The amendments specifically address such crimes as threats of murder, threats to cause serious bodily harm, stalking, and violating protective orders. … Continue reading “Latvia: Amendments to Criminal Law and...
    • Contributor: Roudik, Peter
    • Date: 2023-08-30
  • Article
    Latvia: Legislature Adopts Amendments to Terminate Citizenship for Support of War Crimes in Light of Russian Invasion of Ukraine On April 21, 2022, the Saiema (Latvian legislature) adopted amendments to the Law on Citizenship that had been proposed by the Ministry of Justice providing for the termination of Latvian citizenship for dual citizens who provide support for war and other crimes against democratic countries.The Latvian new agency Delfi reported that the justification for introducing … Continue reading “Latvia: Legislature Adopts Amendments to Terminate...
    • Contributor: Roudik, Peter
    • Date: 2022-05-01
  • Article
    Latvia: New Regulations on Drone Operation (Jan. 26, 2017) The Cabinet of Ministers of Latvia adopted regulations on the operation of unmanned aerial vehicles on November 22, 2016. (Decision No. 737 of Nov. 22, 2016, LATVIJAS VĒSTNESIS [LATVIAN OFFICIAL GAZETTE], No. 231 (Nov. 28, 2016) (in Latvian).)  The new regulations require the drones to have special markings that include the full […]
    • Contributor: Roudik, Peter
    • Date: 2017-01-26
  • Article
    Latvia: Microenterprise Tax, Social Security Laws Amended (Jan. 9, 2017) Latvia’s President Raimonds Vejonis has promulgated two legal amendments that the country’s legislature, the Saeima, adopted on December 20, 2016; the changes came into effect on January 1, 2017.  The changed laws cover the taxation of microenterprises and the social security system.  (Latvian President Signs Amendments to Laws Related to Microenterprise Tax, […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2017-01-09
  • Article
    Latvia: Extension of Citizenship to Emigrants (Oct. 25, 2013) On October 1, 2013, amendments to the Latvian Citizenship Act entered into force. (Press Release, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Amendments to Citizenship Law Come into Effect on October 1, 2013 (Oct. 1, 2013).) These amendments allow those Latvian nationals who left Latvia and acquired the citizenship of […]
    • Contributor: Roudik, Peter
    • Date: 2013-10-25
  • Article
    Latvia: New Policy on Prior Notice of Audits (Sept. 10, 2013) Latvia’s tax authorities announced a new audit policy on September 5, 2013. In the future, taxpayers will be informed by mail of any planned audits before those audits actually begin. At present such notice is only sent ten days prior to the scheduled start of an audit. Under the new procedure, once […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2013-09-10
  • Article
    Latvia: Smoking Parents Will Be Prosecuted (June 5, 2013) On May 30, 2013, the Saeima (Latvia’s legislature) adopted revisions to the Protection of the Rights of the Child Law that, as stated in the Parliament’s press release, will protect a child’s right to grow up in a smoke-free environment. (Press Release, Parliamentary Press Service, Saeima Deems Smoking in the Presence of […]
    • Contributor: Roudik, Peter
    • Date: 2013-06-05
  • Article
    Latvia: Constitutional Amendment on Russian Language Proposed (Jan. 6, 2012) On January 3, 2012, the Central Election Commission of Latvia announced that a referendum on a constitutional amendment that would give the Russian language the status of a second official language in the country would be held on February 18, 2012. This decision followed the adoption of a Saeima (the Latvian legislature) […]
    • Contributor: Roudik, Peter
    • Date: 2012-01-06
  • Article
    Latvia: Law on Taxes and Fees Amended (Nov. 7, 2011) On October 13, 2011, Latvia amended its Law on Taxes and Fees; most of the new provisions will become effective on November 9. A number of the changes affect penalties. When the new Law comes into force, certain tax penalties will be reduced. These include the penalties imposed if a tax audit […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2011-11-07
  • Article
    Latvia: Restrictions on Sexual Services (Dec. 2, 2007) On October 26, 2007, the Cabinet of Ministers of Latvia adopted a decree proposed by the Riga City Hall on limiting prostitution. Latvia is not a country where prostitution is legalized, but it is also not a place that prohibits the practice. According to the new rules, sexual services can be provided […]
    • Contributor: Roudik, Peter
    • Date: 2007-12-02