Collection Items

  • Article
    Nepal: President Authenticates New Amendment to Citizenship Act On May 31, 2023, Nepal’s president, Ramchandra Paudel, authenticated the Nepal Citizenship (First Amendment) Bill, 2079. The previous president, Bidya Devi Bhandari, had twice refused to ratify this amendment to Nepal’s Citizenship Act despite “repeated requests from the government followed by a series of consultations with the legal and political experts,” thereby arousing fears of … Continue reading “Nepal: President Authenticates New Amendment to...
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2023-06-26
  • Article
    Nepal: President Declines to Authenticate New Amendment to Citizenship Act for Second Time A senior official at the Office of the President of Nepal stated on September 21, 2022, that President Bidya Devi Bhandari had refused to ratify an amendment to Nepal’s Citizenship Law (Nepal Citizenship (First Amendment) Bill, 2079) by the September 20 deadline to authenticate the bill. This was the second time that the president had … Continue reading “Nepal: President Declines to Authenticate New...
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2022-10-23
  • Article
    Nepal: Parliamentary Panel Approves Amendment of Citizenship Act Regarding Naturalization of Foreign Women (June 30, 2020) On June 21, 2020, the Committee on State Affairs and Good Governance in Nepal’s House of Representatives approved a proposed amendment to Nepal’s Citizenship Act that would require foreign women married to Nepali nationals to wait seven years to become naturalized citizens. The amendment had been under consideration of the committee for […]
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2020-06-30
  • Article
    Nepal: Immunization Law Adopted (May 24, 2016) On January 26, 2016, Nepal’s President, Bidya Devi Bhandari, signed into law legislation on immunization. According to the Sabine Vaccine Institute, the new law is “a landmark piece of legislation that will make the country’s national immunization program more financially sustainable as new, costlier vaccines are introduced.”  (Nepal Enacts Bill to Strengthen […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2016-05-24
  • Article
    Nepal: Minimum Wage Increased (May 23, 2016) It was reported on March 1, 2016, that the Government of Nepal had amended the minimum wage provided for under the Labor Act, 1992.  Notice of the change was published in the Nepal Gazette dated February 1, 2016.  (Anup Raj Upreti & Tilak Bikram Pandey, Minimum Wage / Salary, 2016 (2072), LEGAL […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2016-05-23
  • Article
    Nepal: New Constitution Amended (Jan. 27, 2016) By a two-thirds vote on January 23, 2016, the Parliament of Nepal accepted an amendment of the country’s new Constitution. The Constitution had been adopted just a few months ago, in September 2015. (Nepal Parliament Amends New Constitution, INDIA.COM (Jan. 24, 2016); Wendy Zeldin, Nepal: New Constitution Approved, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Oct. […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2016-01-27
  • Article
    Nepal: New Constitution Approved (Oct. 1, 2015) On September 16, 2015, the Constituent Assembly of Nepal approved a new Constitution for the country (Taylor Gillan, Protesters Gather in Response to Nepal Constitution, PAPER CHASE (Sept. 21, 2015); Constitution of Nepal – Final, Legislature Parliament of Nepal website [click on PDF link] (last visited Sept. 28, 2015) (in Nepali); Constitution […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2015-10-01
  • Article
    Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Nepal: Motor Vehicles Agreement (Sept. 21, 2015) Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Nepal (BBIN) signed a Motor Vehicles Agreement for the Regulation of Passenger, Personal and Cargo Vehicular Traffic on June 15, 2015 in Thimpu, Bhutan.  Aside from facilitating the cross-border movement of passengers and goods, the agreement is expected to “promote safe, economical [,] efficient and environmentally sound road […]
    • Contributor: Rahman, Shameema
    • Date: 2015-09-21
  • Article
    Nepal: Supreme Court Strikes Down Amnesty Provision in Truth and Reconciliation Law (Mar. 17, 2015) On February 26, 2015, Nepal’s Supreme Court struck down the amnesty provision in the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) Act. (Monica Moyo, Nepali Supreme Court Rejects Amnesty for War Crimes, AMERICAN SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW (Feb. 26, 2015).)  The amnesty provision grants the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Commission on Enforced […]
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2015-03-17
  • Article
    Nepal: Two Commissions on War Crimes Established (Feb. 25, 2015) On February 10, 2015, the government of Nepal established two commissions to investigate allegations of war crimes and disappearances associated with the country’s ten-year civil war, which lasted from 1996 to 2006. (Alexandra Farone, Nepal Forms Commissions to Probe War Crimes, PAPER CHASE (Feb. 10 2015); Nepal: Conflict Profile, INSIGHT ON CONFLICT […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2015-02-25
  • Article
    Nepal: Supreme Court Rules Government Ordinance on Truth and Reconciliation Commission to Be Unconstitutional (Jan. 8, 2014) On January 2, 2014, Nepal’s Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country’s civil war of 1996-2006. (Amy Mathieu, Nepal Top Court Rejects Amnesty Legislation, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Jan. 4, 2014); Nepal: Pillay […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2014-01-08
  • Article
    Nepal: Court Orders Government to Finish Constitution; Failed Efforts Result in Disbanding of Legislature (May 29, 2012) On May 24, 2012, Nepal's Supreme Court ordered the country's government to finish a draft of a new constitution by May 27, denying a request from the government for a three-month extension. (Maureen Cosgrove, Nepal High Court Orders Government to Finish New Constitution, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (May 25, 2012).) The decision to […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2012-05-29
  • Article
    Nepal: Law on Discrimination Based on Caste (May 26, 2011) On May 24, 2011, Nepal's legislature passed the Bill on Caste-Based Discrimination and Untouchability, designed to end discriminatory practices aimed at those considered to be members of the lowest castes, known as “Dalits.” It had been under consideration by the Parliament for two years. The legislation prohibits such discrimination and treatment of […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2011-05-26
  • Article
    Nepal: Bill on Tobacco Control Adopted by Legislature (May 9, 2011) The Constituent Assembly of Nepal, the country's legislature, approved the Tobacco Product Control and Regulatory Bill, 2010 on April 11, 2011. The new law will take effect 90 days after its endorsement by the President of Nepal. (Nepal Legislature-Parliament Passes New Tobacco Control Law, International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease website […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2011-05-09
  • Article
    Nepal: Bill on Extradition Drafted (Sept. 29, 2010) It was reported on September 28, 2010, that Nepal's Ministry of Law and Justice has readied a draft bill on extradition. If adopted, the law would establish legal means for the extradition of persons residing in Nepal who have committed crimes in other countries, although the Supreme Court would have the power […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2010-09-29
  • Article
    Nepal; United Nations: Report Recommends Investigation of Extrajudicial Killings (Sept. 24, 2010) On September 23, 2010, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal released a report recommending the establishment of an independent organ to investigate the possibility of extrajudicial killings having been committed by Nepalese security forces. Jyoti Sanghera, acting head of the OHCHR bureau in Nepal, […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2010-09-24
  • Article
    Nepal: Ban Imposed on Commercial Tree Felling, Sales, and Exports (June 2, 2010) It was reported on May 26, 2010, that Nepal's Forest Ministry had ordered district forest offices in 74 districts, especially in the Taraj and Chure regions, to ban the “cutting, selling and export of trees and other forest products for commercial purposes” in government- and community-managed forests. (Ministry Outlaws Tree-Cutting, THE KATHMANDU […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2010-06-02
  • Article
    Nepal: Proposed Amendments to Firearms Law Would Hike Licensing Fees (Apr. 23, 2010) It was reported on April 19, 2010, that Nepal's Cabinet has under consideration a proposal to amend the Arms and Ammunition Regulation 2029 [1972], chiefly to raise licensing fees. Licenses to carry arms anywhere in the country would cost significantly more under the proposed changes; fees for use restricted to one's home […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2010-04-23
  • Article
    Nepal: International Call for Improvement of Adoption Process (Mar. 2, 2010) The International Adoption Working Group (IAWG), an ad hoc organization comprising diplomatic mission representatives of countries that have or are considering having adoption agencies (private or state-run) in Nepal, recently called upon the Nepali government to improve the inter-country adoption process. A press release issued on February 24, 2010, by the U.S. […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2010-03-02
  • Article
    Nepal: Fast-Track Courts Ordered for Cases Involving Women, Children (Feb. 24, 2010) On February 23, 2010, Nepal's Supreme Court made public a judgment that mandates the establishment by government authorities of a system of fast-track courts for cases involving women and children. To that end, those authorities – the Office of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, the Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare, […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2010-02-24
  • Article
    Nepal: Legislature Passes Constitutional Amendment (Jan. 29, 2010) On January 28, 2010, Nepal's legislature passed the seventh amendment to the country's interim constitution. The amendment, which passed with a two-thirds majority, will permit the president, vice president, prime minister, and other high-ranking officials to take their oaths of office in their native languages. The issue became politically important when Parmananda […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2010-01-29
  • Article
    Nepal; Sri Lanka: Agreement to Increase Bilateral Cooperation in Several Areas (July 30, 2009) Nepal and Sri Lanka agreed on July 25, 2009, to undertake increased cooperation in several key areas, after their respective foreign secretaries engaged in a wide-ranging discussion of the two countries' relations. The talks covered 15 major areas of bilateral cooperation identified by the new Nepal-Sri Lanka Permanent Joint Commission, inaugurated earlier […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2009-07-30
  • Article
    Nepal: Supreme Court Rules Vice President's Oath in Hindi Unconstitutional (July 30, 2009) On July 25, 2009, after a year-long trial, the Supreme Court of Nepal ruled that Vice President Parmananda Jha's taking of the oath of office in Hindi, instead of Nepali, on July 23, 2008, was unconstitutional. The two-justice bench, comprising Chief Justice Min Bahadur Rayamajhi and Justice Balram KC, stated: “[t]he oath […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2009-07-30
  • Article
    Nepal: Model Constitution Published, Discussions on New Constitution Underway (June 11, 2009) It was reported that under a model constitution proposed on May 21, 2009, Nepal would have a parliamentary form of government, with a Prime Minister and a President. The territory of the new Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal would be divided into seven autonomous provinces governed by separate administrative units; the 75 […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2009-06-11
  • Article
    Nepal: Supreme Court Orders Formulation of Law Against Torture (June 5, 2009) It was reported on May 23, 2009, that the Supreme Court of Nepal, in response to a writ petition, has ordered the government to formulate a law against torture, declaring it to be a crime. The order was issued on May 22 by the joint bench of Justices Balaram K.C. and Tahir […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2009-06-05