Collection Items

  • Article
    Guatemala: Law on Organ, Tissue, and Cell Transplantation Enacted On February 27, 2024, Guatemala enacted Decree No. 5-2024, the Law for the Disposal and Transplantation of Human Organs, Tissues, and Cells. This legislation governs the donation, extraction, conservation, and use of human organs, tissues, and cells, focusing on therapeutic purposes, and applies to both nationals and foreigners residing in Guatemala. (Arts. 1 & 5.) Notably, … Continue reading “Guatemala: Law on Organ, Tissue,...
    • Contributor: Alvarez, Stephania
    • Date: 2024-05-19
  • Article
    Togo: New Constitution Promulgated On May 6, 2024, the President of the Togolese Republic, Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé, promulgated a law revising the Togolese constitution. The constitutional revision law was approved by the National Assembly, which is dominated by one party, the Union for the Republic, which is under Gnassingbé’s control.The text of the revised constitution has not yet been … Continue reading “Togo: New Constitution Promulgated”
    • Contributor: Gilbert, Louis
    • Date: 2024-05-16
  • Article
    Iraq: Parliament Passes New Law Prohibiting Prostitution, Homosexuality, Gender Change Procedures On April 27, 2024, The Iraqi House of Representatives (Iraq’s unicameral parliament) passed a law amending Law No. 8 of 1988 on combating prostitution. According to a statement issued by the Iraqi House of Representatives, the law, which is titled “Law on Combating Prostitution and Homosexuality,” aims to “preserve the entity of Iraqi society from moral … Continue reading “Iraq: Parliament Passes New Law...
    • Contributor: Sadek, George
    • Date: 2024-05-15
  • Article
    Switzerland: European Court of Human Rights Finds Switzerland Failed to Implement Regulations to Combat Climate Change On April 9, 2024, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) delivered a landmark decision, ruling that the Swiss Confederation had failed to comply with its duties under the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) concerning climate change. It ruled that the Swiss state’s inactions violated article 8 (right to respect … Continue reading “Switzerland: European Court of Human Rights...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2024-05-14
  • Article
    China: New Rules on Cross-Border Data Transfers Released On March 22, 2024, the Cybersecurity Administration of China (CAC) released the Provisions on Facilitating and Regulating Cross-Border Data Flow. Effective immediately, the new provisions ease the requirements for outbound cross-border data transfers provided by previous CAC rules, especially the Measures of Security Assessment for Outbound Data Transfer issued on July 7, 2022 (2022 Measures) … Continue reading “China: New Rules on Cross-Border Data...
    • Contributor: Zhang, Laney
    • Date: 2024-05-13
  • Article
    United States: Federal Appellate Court Holds RICO Relief Is Unavailable for Foreign Investors Defrauded by Individuals in the United States United States: Federal Appellate Court Holds RICO Relief Is Unavailable for Foreign Investors Defrauded by Individuals in the United StatesOn April 30, 2024, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit held that foreign investors who were defrauded by individuals living in the United States cannot seek relief in U.S. courts under the Racketeer … Continue reading “United States: Federal Appellate Court Holds...
    • Contributor: Price, Anna
    • Date: 2024-05-12
  • Article
    Germany: Expert Commission Recommends Reform of Laws on Abortion, Egg Donation and Surrogacy On April 15, 2024, a German expert commission presented its final report on reforms of laws relating to abortion, oocyte (egg) donation, and surrogacy. It recommended decriminalization of abortion in the early stages of pregnancy, reevaluation of existing law governing abortion in later stages, legalizing but strictly regulating egg donation, and keeping surrogacy illegal or … Continue reading “Germany: Expert Commission Recommends Reform of...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2024-05-09
  • Article
    Italy: Constitutional Court Declares the Automatic Revocation of a Driver's License and Seizure of a Vehicle Unconstitutional On March 28, 2024, Italy’s Constitutional Court declared a provision of the New Highway Code unconstitutional because it provided for mandatory judicial revocation of a driver’s license and the vehicle’s seizure in certain cases. (Decision No. 52 of March 28, 2024 (in Italian).)Underlying CaseThe Constitutional Court declared the constitutional illegitimacy of article 214, paragraph 8 of … Continue reading “Italy: Constitutional Court Declares the...
    • Contributor: Figueroa, Dante
    • Date: 2024-05-08
  • Article
    United States: President Signs Law Creating Mechanism for Delivering Seized Russian Assets to Ukraine On April 24, 2024, President Biden signed into law H.R. 815, a consolidated $95.2 billion supplemental appropriations package providing security assistance and foreign aid to Ukraine, Israel, and the Indo-Pacific region. In addition to appropriations, this legislation includes provisions that permit the federal government to use seized Russian sovereign assets to support humanitarian causes in … Continue reading “United States: President Signs Law Creating...
    • Contributor: Price, Anna
    • Date: 2024-05-07
  • Article
    Israel: Government Authorizes Temporary Shutdown of Al Jazeera's Broadcasting in Israel On April 1, 2024, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) adopted the Prevention of Foreign Broadcasting Entity Harm to State Security Law (Temporary Order–Iron Swords), 5774-2024 (Foreign Broadcasters Law).Under the authority of this law, on May 5, 2024, the Israeli government voted unanimously in favor of shutting down the Qatar-based Al Jazeera channel in Israel. The decision … Continue reading “Israel: Government Authorizes Temporary Shutdown of...
    • Contributor: Levush, Ruth
    • Date: 2024-05-06
  • Article
    Bahrain: Draft Law to Protect Private Information Stored on Personal Communication Devices On February 28, 2024, the Foreign Affairs, Defense and National Security Committee of the House of Representatives of the Kingdom of Bahrain announced it had approved a draft law amending Law No. 15 of 1976 on the Penal Code. The proposed draft law aims at protecting private and financial information stored on personal cell phones, … Continue reading “Bahrain: Draft Law to Protect Private...
    • Contributor: Sadek, George
    • Date: 2024-05-05
  • Article
    England and Scotland: Proposed Amendment to Egg Labeling Laws Designed to Cut Red Tape The British government announced on January 9, 2024, that it was undertaking a public consultation on whether the Egg Marketing Standards Regulations should be amended. The government has requested comments to determine if it should remove a requirement that farmers change the label on their eggs from “Free Range” to “Barn” when chickens are kept … Continue reading “England and Scotland: Proposed Amendment to...
    • Contributor: Feikert-Ahalt, Clare
    • Date: 2024-05-02
  • Article
    Sweden: Parliament Approves Law Allowing for Temporary 'Safety Zones' On April 10, 2024, the Swedish Parliament voted 151–148 to approve an amendment to the Police Act (SFS 1984:387), allowing for the creation of “safety zones” starting April 25, 2024.Under the amendment, “safety zones” (säkerhetszon) are defined as temporary zones in a defined area where the Swedish Police Authority (Polismyndigheten) may create a security zone … Continue reading “Sweden: Parliament Approves Law Allowing for...
    • Contributor: Hofverberg, Elin
    • Date: 2024-05-01
  • Article
    Mexico: Foreign Minister Announces Repatriation Agreement with Venezuela On March 21, 2024, Mexican Foreign Minister Alicia Barcena announced that Mexican President Manuel Lopez Obrador and Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro had reached an agreement aimed at assisting Venezuelan migrants currently residing in Mexico to opt for voluntary repatriation to Venezuela.Under the terms of this initiative, known as the “Vuelta a la Patria” (Return to … Continue reading “Mexico: Foreign Minister Announces Repatriation Agreement...
    • Contributor: Guerra, Gustavo
    • Date: 2024-04-30
  • Article
    European Union: New Directive to Protect Consumers from Greenwashing Enters into Force On March 27, 2024, Directive (EU) 2024/825 on Empowering Consumers for the Green Transition entered into force. The new directive amends the existing Consumer Rights Directive and the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive to provide consumers with better information about product lifespan and reparability and to protect them from greenwashing. Greenwashing is “the practice of giving … Continue reading “European Union: New Directive to Protect...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2024-04-29
  • Article
    England and Wales: Overseas Companies Required to Comply with UK Competition and Markets Authority Requests On January 17, 2024, the Court of Appeal of England and Wales confirmed that the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has the power to require companies based overseas to produce documents and information when requested as part of an investigation into suspected anticompetitive conduct by a vehicle manufacturer. In this case, the CMA suspects Bayerische … Continue reading “England and Wales: Overseas Companies Required...
    • Contributor: Feikert-Ahalt, Clare
    • Date: 2024-04-28
  • Article
    Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Rules That Armed Forces Are Not a 'Moderating Power' Between Branches of Government On April 8, 2024, the Federal Supreme Court of Brazil, by unanimous decision, ruled that the Brazilian Constitution does not allow the Armed Forces to play the role of “moderating power” between the executive, legislative, and judiciary powers in the country. The decision was in response to a Direct Unconstitutionality Action (Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade … Continue reading “Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Rules That...
    • Contributor: Soares, Eduardo
    • Date: 2024-04-25
  • Article
    Netherlands: New Code of Criminal Procedure Under Consideration by Legislature On March 20, 2024, the Dutch Ministry of Justice and Security announced that a new Code of Criminal Procedure (Wetboek van Strafvordering, WvSv) would come into effect on April 1, 2029, if the legislative process has been completed by then. The Dutch government submitted the bill for the new Books 1–6 of the Code of … Continue reading “Netherlands: New Code of Criminal Procedure...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2024-04-24
  • Article
    Scotland: Hate Crime Law Enters into Effect The Hate Crime and Public Order (Scotland) Act 2021 entered into force in Scotland on April 1, 2024. The act serves to consolidate “relevant hate crime laws into one place, and updates and extends some of these laws,” along with abolishing the common law offense of blasphemy.The creation of a new offense of stirring up … Continue reading “Scotland: Hate Crime Law Enters into...
    • Contributor: Feikert-Ahalt, Clare
    • Date: 2024-04-23
  • Article
    Germany: Federal Constitutional Court Reinforces Rights of Biological Fathers On April 9, 2024, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) ruled that the legal provisions on the right of the biological father to contest the paternity of the legally recognized father of the child are incompatible with article 6, paragraph 2 of the German Basic Law (Grundgesetz, GG), the country’s constitution. Article 6, paragraph … Continue reading “Germany: Federal Constitutional Court Reinforces Rights...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2024-04-22
  • Article
    Sweden: Parliament Approves New Acts Addressing Legal Gender and Medical Procedures Performed on Genitalia On April 17, 2024, the Swedish Parliament voted to approve a new transgender law that revokes the Transgender Act of 1972 (Lag om fastställande av könstillhörighet i vissa fall (SFS 1972:119)) and makes the process of changing one’s legal gender and one’s genitalia easier.Background to the New LawIn a committee initiative introduced on April 4, … Continue reading “Sweden: Parliament Approves New Acts Addressing...
    • Contributor: Hofverberg, Elin
    • Date: 2024-04-21
  • Article
    Germany: New Cannabis Act Enters into Force On April 1, 2024, the Cannabis Act (Cannabisgesetz, CanG) entered into force in Germany. It enacts a new Cannabis Consumption Act (Konsumcannabisgesetz, KCanG) and amends several other laws, such as the Medicinal Cannabis Act (Medizinal-Cannabisgesetz, MedCanG) and the Narcotics Act (Betäubungsmittelgesetz, BtMG). The purpose of the Cannabis Act is to make the responsible use of … Continue reading “Germany: New Cannabis Act Enters into...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2024-04-18
  • Article
    Netherlands: Appeals Court Orders Bank to Provide Cannabis Coffee Shop with Business Account On March 26, 2024, the Dutch Court of Appeals in Arnhem-Leeuwarden (Gerechtshof Arnhem-Leeuwarden) held that the defendant bank must offer a coffee shop owner a business account and cannot categorically exclude coffee shops. Coffee shops are establishments where, in accordance with a toleration policy, cannabis, which is technically illegal in the Netherlands, may be sold … Continue reading “Netherlands: Appeals Court Orders Bank to...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2024-04-18
  • Article
    Egypt: Court of Cassation Rejects Appeal Petition of Christian Convicted of the Crime of 'Contempt of Religion' On March 6, 2024, the Criminal Chamber of the Court of Cassation, Egypt’s highest review court on questions of law, rejected a petition of appeal submitted by Marco Gergis Saleeb, a Christian who was accused of committing the offense of “contempt of religion.”Facts of the Case On June 14, 2021, the Egyptian authorities arrested Saleeb, … Continue reading “Egypt: Court of Cassation Rejects Appeal...
    • Contributor: Sadek, George
    • Date: 2024-04-17
  • Article
    United Kingdom: Tobacco and Vapes Bill Introduced On March 20, 2024, the government of the United Kingdom (U.K.) introduced the Tobacco and Vapes Bill, which is designed to stop addiction and create the first ever smoke-free generation in the U.K. by completely prohibiting the sale of tobacco to those born on or after January 1, 2009. The aim of the bill, which … Continue reading “United Kingdom: Tobacco and Vapes Bill...
    • Contributor: Feikert-Ahalt, Clare
    • Date: 2024-04-17