Collection Items

  • Article
    Afghanistan: President Approves New Election Law (Aug. 8, 2013) On July 20, 2013, Afghan President Hamid Karzai signed the second of two election laws governing presidential and provincial elections, reducing fears that the upcoming 2014 presidential and parliamentary elections might be delayed. (Afghan President Signs New Election Law, RADIO FREE EUROPE RADIO LIBERTY [RFERL] (July 20, 2013).) The two laws were […]
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2013-08-08
  • Article
    Afghanistan: Government Inaugurates Judicial Anti-Corruption Center (Aug. 3, 2016) On June 30, 2016, after two years of discussions held among the leaders of the national unity government, Afghanistan inaugurated a center to fight corruption in the country. (Eftetahe Markaze Qazae-e Mubareza Ba Fasade Edari Dar Afghanistan [Inauguration of Judicial Center for Combatting Corruption in Afghanistan], BBC PERSIAN (June 30, 2016).) At […]
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2016-08-03
  • Article
    Afghanistan: Government Announces New Draft Penal Code (July 1, 2016) On May 1, 2016, Afghanistan’s Ministry of Justice announced that a draft of the first part of a new penal code has been finalized. (Maryam Hussaini, Peshnawais Code Jazaee Afghanistan Nehaee Shod [The Draft of the Afghanistan Penal Code Is Finalized], 8AM.AF, (May 13, 2016).) At a press conference in Kabul, Minister […]
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2016-07-01
  • Article
    Afghanistan: New Law Places Restrictions on Women (June 12, 2009) A controversial Afghan law that many Western analysts equate with legalizing rape was put into force after it received the approval of the Afghanistan Parliament (both the lower and upper house) and was signed into law by the President Hamid Karzai in March 2009. “The passage of the law has amounted to […]
    • Contributor: Vafai, Gholam
    • Date: 2009-06-12
  • Article
    Afghanistan; United Nations: Aid to Combat Corruption (Aug. 25, 2010) The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to create and put into effect a Code of Ethics and professional standards for prosecutors and to reform […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2010-08-25
  • Article
    Afghanistan: Law Restricts Women's Rights (Apr. 7, 2009) A law recently passed by both houses of Afghanistan's Parliament and signed by President Hamid Karzai but not yet published is reported to re-introduce restrictions on women's rights that were in place previously under the Taliban. The provisions are applicable to the Shi'a Muslim minority in the country that constitutes 10 to […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2009-04-07
  • Article
    Afghanistan: Cyber Crime Code Signed into Law (Aug. 16, 2017) On June 20, 2017, Afghanistan President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani signed into law the Cyber Crime Code, which forms part of the country’s new Penal Code. (Walasmashar Da Internete Jarmono Qanon Tawshih Karry [President Signed the Law of Cybercrimes], PAJHWAK Pashto (June 20, 2017).)  The Penal Code is being drafted by the Law Enforcement […]
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2017-08-16
  • Article
    Afghanistan: Distribution of Controversial Electronic Identity Cards Launched (July 19, 2018) The distribution of controversial Electronic National Identity Cards (known as the e-Tazkira) throughout Afghanistan was launched on May 3, 2018, by Afghan president Ashraf Ghani, with Ghani becoming the first person in the country to receive the card. The president cited security concerns as the factor that made him start the process, […]
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2018-07-19
  • Article
    Afghanistan: President Ghani Nominates First Female Supreme Court Justice (June 26, 2015) Afghanistan’s President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani nominated the country’s first female justice to the Afghan Supreme Court in mid-June 2015. Anisa Rasouli, currently the head of the Juvenile Appeals Court, will become the first female Supreme Court justice in Afghanistan if she receives a vote of confidence from the lower house of the […]
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2015-06-26
  • Article
    Afghanistan: Date Set for Parliamentary and District Council Elections (Aug. 4, 2017) The Afghanistan Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) has announced that July 7, 2018, will be National Election Day and that on that day Afghans will elect their representatives to the House of Representatives (Wolesi Jirga, House of the People) of the National Assembly and to the country’s district councils. (Afghanistan Pa 2018 Kal […]
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2017-08-04
  • Article
    Afghanistan; Iran; Pakistan: Agreement to Halt Drug Traffic (Nov. 30, 2011) On November 28, 2011, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) praised the three-way pact on drug smuggling signed by officials from Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran on November 27. The agreement is designed to increase information sharing in the fight against the drug trade. Ninety percent of the opium in […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2011-11-30
  • Article
    Azerbaijan: Peacekeeping Contingent in Afghanistan Will Be Doubled (Sept. 29, 2008) On September 18, 2008, the Security and Defense Committee of the Parliament of Azerbaijan unanimously approved amendments to the Law on Participation in Peacekeeping Operations in Afghanistan, which were introduced in the legislature by the Azerbaijani President Ilhom Aliyev. The goal of the proposed bill is to double the Azerbaijani contingent in […]
    • Contributor: Roudik, Peter
    • Date: 2008-09-29
  • Article
    Afghanistan: President Proposes Changes to Draft Criminal Procedure Law (Feb. 27, 2014) On February 17, 2014, it was reported that Hamid Karzai, the President of Afghanistan, ordered that a controversial draft law on criminal procedure be changed. The provision under discussion is contained in article 26 of the proposed legislation, which would establish that relatives could not testify against each other in criminal cases. […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2014-02-27
  • Article
    Afghanistan: Steps Toward Ending Use of Children in the Military (Aug. 6, 2014) According to a United Nations report, Afghanistan has endorsed a 15-article “Road Map Toward Compliance” for protecting children from military recruitment. This step follows the January 30, 2011, agreement between Afghanistan and the U.N., which was a commitment to protect children affected by war and prevent their recruitment into the armed forces. […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2014-08-06
  • Article
    Afghanistan: Appeals Court Upholds 20-Year Sentence for Koran Translators (June 15, 2009) A court in Afghanistan sentenced two men to 20 years of imprisonment for modifying the Koran in their Dari-language translation of the religious book, sparing them the maximum punishment. An appeals court upheld the decision. The crime of modification of the Holy Quran is punishable by death. The defendants were Ahmad Ghaws […]
    • Contributor: Vafai, Gholam
    • Date: 2009-06-15
  • Article
    Afghanistan: First Sentence for a Government Official Tied to Drug Trafficking (Aug. 9, 2010) On August 3, 2010, the Primary Court of the Afghan Criminal Justice Task Force sentenced a former police chief to ten years in prison, in addition to fining him US$14,000 for his ties to drug traffickers. (Daniel Richey, Afghanistan Court Jails Top Government Official for Drug Trade Ties, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Aug. […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2010-08-09
  • Article
    Canada: Bill Introduced to Allow Canadian Aid Workers to Work in Afghanistan On March 9, 2023, Canadian Public Safety Minister Marco Mendicino introduced Bill C-41, An Act to amend the Criminal Code and to make consequential amendments to other Acts in Canada’s House of Commons. The bill aims to allow aid workers to operate where a “terrorist group controls a geographic area” without being prosecuted for providing … Continue reading “Canada: Bill Introduced to Allow Canadian...
    • Contributor: Chalupovitsch, Michael
    • Date: 2023-04-03
  • Article
    United Kingdom: High Court Orders Government to Reconsider Rejected Afghan Journalists' Relocation Applications On February 13, 2023, the High Court of the United Kingdom (U.K.) ordered the U.K. government to reconsider the relocation applications of eight Afghan journalists that had been rejected under the terms of the Afghan Relocations and Assistance Policy (ARAP). The journalists, who had worked in high profile roles for the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) … Continue reading “United Kingdom: High Court Orders Government...
    • Contributor: Feikert-Ahalt, Clare
    • Date: 2023-03-21
  • Article
    International: UNESCO Calls for Preservation of Afghanistan's Cultural Heritage, Unhindered Right to Education On August 19, 2021, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) made a statement that “calls for the preservation of Afghanistan’s cultural heritage in its diversity, in full respect of international law, and for taking all necessary precautions to spare and protect cultural heritage from damage and looting.” In addition, the director general … Continue reading “International: UNESCO Calls for Preservation of...
    • Contributor: Boomer, Elizabeth
    • Date: 2021-08-24
  • Article
    Afghanistan: Ministry of Mines and Petroleum Launches Campaign to Stop Illegal Extraction of Mineral Resources (July 26, 2019) On June 19, 2019, Afghanistan’s Acting Minister of the Ministry of Mines and Petroleum (MOMP), Narges Nehan, announced that the Ministry had begun a country-wide survey to identify and ban the illegal extraction of major metals and mineral resources, whose value, according to the Afghanistan Geological Survey, is estimated to be worth […]
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2019-07-26
  • Article
    Belgium: Terror Suspects Convicted, Sentenced (May 13, 2010) It was reported on May 10, 2010, that eight people were convicted in Belgium for leading a terrorist group and recruiting people to fight for the Taliban and al-Qaeda in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The fighters were recruited from Belgium and France. (Belgium Convicts Eight on Terrorism Charges, BBC NEWS, May 10, 2010, […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2010-05-13
  • Article
    United Nations: Ban Ki-moon Decries Increase in Child Soldiers (June 10, 2016) The United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, expressing shock at the marked increase in violations of children’s rights, has called for changes in law and policy to better protect young people. His concern was focused on the use of child soldiers in a number of countries, particularly Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan, and […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2016-06-10
  • Article
    Sweden: First Sentence for "Forced Marriage" Upheld by Appellate Court (Nov. 9, 2016) On October 7, 2016, the Scania and Blekinge Court of Appeal upheld a verdict against a father for forcing his daughter to marry against her will while they were on vacation in Afghanistan. (Press Release, Hovrätten har i dag meddelat dom i målet om tvångsäktenskap [The Appellate Court Has Today Issued a […]
    • Contributor: Hofverberg, Elin
    • Date: 2016-11-09
  • Article
    Japan: Refueling Mission in the Indian Ocean Extended (Dec. 19, 2008) Japan's Self Defense Forces have refueled other countries' vessels in the Indian Ocean to support the U.S.-led effort in Afghanistan since 2001, under Japan's limited-term anti-terrorism legislation (Anti-Terrorism Special Measures Law, Law No. 113, of 2001). When the original anti-terrorism legislation expired in November 2007 after several extensions, the Special Measures Law […]
    • Contributor: Umeda, Sayuri
    • Date: 2008-12-19
  • Article
    Ireland: High Court Finds Government in Breach of EU-Imposed Duty concerning Asylum Seeker Protection On April 21, 2023, the High Court of Ireland determined that the minister for children, equality and youth, along with others in the government, had failed to meet the duty imposed on them by the European Union (EU) to grant a 17-year-old Afghan asylum seeker accommodation or shelter, and provide him with food and basic … Continue reading “Ireland: High Court Finds Government in...
    • Contributor: Feikert-Ahalt, Clare
    • Date: 2023-07-19