Collection Items

  • Article
    France: Bank Support Plan (Oct. 23, 2008) The French Parliament recently passed Amended Law 2008-1061 of October 16, 2008, on Finances to Fund the Economy, aimed at restoring trust in the French banking and financial system and guaranteeing the good functioning of the economy. The measures adopted reflect the action plan devised by the Member States of the European […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2008-10-23
  • Article
    France: Database EVAFISC Lawful (Oct. 11, 2011) On August 24, 2011, the Conseil d'Etat, France's Supreme Court for administrative matters, rejected the request of a Swiss subsidiary of the British bank HSBC to have the database EVAFISC set aside. EVAFISC is designed to identify taxpayers residing in France who hold undisclosed bank accounts abroad. (Conseil d'Etat, Décision No. 336382, […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2011-10-11
  • Article
    France: Justice Reforms Adopted (Dec. 6, 2016) On October 12, 2016, the French Parliament adopted a law reforming various aspects of the French justice system. The President promulgated the law on November 18.  (Loi n° 2016-1547 du 18 novembre 2016 de modernisation de la justice du XXIe siècle (1) [Law No. 2016-1547 of 18 November 2016 to Modernize XXIst […]
    • Contributor: Boring, Nicolas
    • Date: 2016-12-06
  • Article
    France: New Bioethics Law (July 18, 2011) Law 2011-814 of July 7, 2011, on bioethics was finally adopted by the French Parliament after months of debate and published in the JOURNAL OFFICIEL, France's official gazette, of July 8, 2011. (Loi n° 2011-814 du 7 juillet 2011 relative à la bioéthique, LEGIFRANCE (last visited July 14, 2011)). The new Law […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2011-07-18
  • Article
    France: Internet Piracy Law (Oct. 1, 2009) On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and the Protection of Creation on the Internet. The earlier provision was found to be unconstitutional by the Constitutional Council. (Projet de loi […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2009-10-01
  • Article
    France: Immigration Reform Pending (Nov. 2, 2007) Following a campaign promise made by presidential candidate Nicolas Sarkozy, in the last few weeks the French Parliament has debated a new immigration law that would further tighten the requirements for family reunification. Law 2006-911 of July 24, 2006, on Immigration and Integration, had already made the conditions for family reunification more […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2007-11-02
  • Article
    France: Fight Against Terrorism (Jan. 13, 2009) Law 2008-1245 of December 1, 2008, prolongs the application of articles 3, 6, and 9 of Law 2006-64 of January 23, 2006, on Combating Terrorism and on Various Provisions Concerning Security and Borders Controls, which was passed by the French Parliament following the London bombings of July 2005. These three provisions were […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2009-01-13
  • Article
    France: Carbon Tax Plan (Sept. 21, 2009) On September 10, 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced his government's controversial plan to impose a new “carbon tax” (taxe carbone), to take effect on January 1, 2010, on emissions from fossil fuels such as coal, heating oil, gasoline, and natural gas. The tax, called a climate-energy contribution, is to be stipulated […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2009-09-21
  • Article
    France: Biometric Passports (June 2, 2008) On April 30, 2008, the French government issued a decree implementing biometric passports and creating a national database to store fingerprints, photographs, and information relating to the civil status of passport applicants. The decree was published in the official gazette of May 4, 2008. It is designed to comply with European Council […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2008-06-02
  • Article
    France: Competition Authority Ordinance (Dec. 4, 2008) Law 2008-776 on the Modernization of the Economy, which was passed by the French legislature on August 4, 2008, established a new single competition authority, the Autorité de la concurrence.The creation of the Competition Authority was recently implemented by Ordinance 2008-1161 of November 13, 2008. The Ordinance sets forth the investigation powers […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2008-12-04
  • Article
    France: New Austerity Measures (Nov. 16, 2011) On November 7, 2011, the French Council of Ministers announced new austerity measures aimed at further reducing the public debt and achieving financial balance by 2016. The government hopes to save €17.4 billion (about US$23.5 billion) during the period 2012 to 2016, in order to cut the debt by €65 billion ($87.75 […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2011-11-16
  • Article
    France: 2011 Finance Law (Feb. 2, 2011) Law 2010-1657 of December 29, 2010, on Finances for 2011 contains measures aimed at reducing France's public deficit from a level of 7.7% of the gross domestic product to 6%. The ultimate goal is to reduce the deficit to 3% by 2013. The government hopes to achieve its goal through drastic cuts […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2011-02-02
  • Article
    France: Amended Financial Law (Oct. 3, 2011) Law 2011-1117 of September 19, 2011, on Amending the 2011 Financial Bill, was published in France's official gazette on September 20, 2011 (Loi no. 2011-1117 du 19 septembre 2011 de finances rectificative pour 2011, LEGIFRANCE). The original draft law mainly contained provisions concerning financial aid to Greece. The government decided, however, to […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2011-10-03
  • Article
    France: GMO Prohibition Confirmed (June 19, 2014) The Conseil d’Etat, France’s highest court for administrative matters, has rejected a request from corn producers to strike down a government regulation prohibiting the sale, use, and growing of a type of genetically modified corn known as MON 810. (Ordonnance du 5 mai 2014, Association générale des producteurs de maïs (AGPM), SARL […]
    • Contributor: Boring, Nicolas
    • Date: 2014-06-19
  • Article
    France/Rwanda: Genocide Convictions (July 29, 2016) On July 6, 2016, a court in Paris convicted two former local officials of “crimes against humanity,” “genocide,” and “widespread and systematic practice of summary executions” in a “concerted plan aimed at the destruction” of the Tutsi ethnic group. They were sentenced to life in prison. (Génocide rwandais : deux anciens bourgmestres condamnés à perpétuité […]
    • Contributor: Boring, Nicolas
    • Date: 2016-07-29
  • Article
    France: Compensation of Victims of French Nuclear Testing (Jan. 22, 2010) The French Parliament recently adopted Law 2010-2 of January 5, 2010, on the compensation of victims of French nuclear testing (Loi 2010-5 du 5 janvier 2010 relative à la reconnaissance et à l'indemnisation des victimes des essais nucléaires français, Legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: les autres textes législatifs et réglementaires) (last visited Jan. 19, […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2010-01-22
  • Article
    France: Compensation of Victims of French Nuclear Testing (July 8, 2009) On June 30, 2009, the French National Assembly adopted a draft law on the compensation of victims of French nuclear testing (Projet de loi relative à la reconnaissance et à l'indemnisation des victimes des essais nucléaires français, 30 juin 2009, Assemblée Nationale website, available at http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/13/ta/ta0308.asp). The draft law provides for the […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2009-07-08
  • Article
    France: New Anti-Piracy Law (Jan. 20, 2011) The French Parliament recently adopted Law 2011-13 of January 5, 2011, on Fighting Piracy and on State Police Powers at Sea. It is aimed at reinforcing the intervention capabilities of the French state, in particular, on the high seas (Loi 2011-13 du 5 janvier 2011 relative à la lutte contre la piraterie […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2011-01-20
  • Article
    France: Government Initiates Judicial Reforms (May 25, 2021) On April 14, 2021, the French prime minister and the minister of justice submitted a bill to Parliament that aims to reform certain aspects of the French judiciary and to “restore trust between citizens and the judiciary institutions.” This bill includes provisions on filming trials, preliminary investigations, attorney-client privilege and the confidentiality […]
    • Contributor: Boring, Nicolas
    • Date: 2021-05-25
  • Article
    France: Digital Book Pricing Law (July 1, 2011) The French Parliament recently adopted Law 2011-590 of May 26, 2011, on the price of digital books (Loi n° 2011-590 du 26 mai 2011 relative au prix du livre numérique, LEGIFRANCE (last visited July 1, 2011).) The Law provides that “any person established in France who publishes an e-book for distribution in […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2011-07-01
  • Article
    France: Law on Identity Protection (Apr. 11, 2012) Law 2012-410 of March 27, 2012, on Identity Protection was published in France's official gazette of March 28, 2012, without several of its original provisions. (Loi n° 2012-410 du 27 mars 2012 relative à la protection de l'identité, LEGIFRANCE.) The Constitutional Council, the body that reviews French laws for their constitutionality, had […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2012-04-11
  • Article
    France: Parliament Repeals Obsolete Laws (Jan. 30, 2020) On December 11, 2019, the French President signed into law Loi n° 2019-1332 tendant à améliorer la lisibilité du droit par l’abrogation de lois obsolètes [Law No. 2019-1332 for the Improvement of the Comprehensibility of the Law by the Abrogation of Obsolete Laws]. This Law aims to make French law easier to […]
    • Contributor: Boring, Nicolas
    • Date: 2020-01-30
  • Article
    France: Retirement Reform Found Constitutional (Nov. 22, 2010) On November 9, 2010, the French Constitutional Council found that the reform of the retirement system, which raised the legal minimum retirement age from 60 to 62 and the age for receipt of a full pension from 65 to 67, was in conformity with the Constitution. The constitutional challenge had been submitted […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2010-11-22
  • Article
    Australia; China; France: Extradition Treaties (May 2, 2008) On April 24, 2008, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China (PRC) ratified extradition treaties with France and Australia. Each treaty has 23 articles. The treaties cover, among other matters, extradition obligations, extraditable offenses, reasons that can be used and reasons that should be used […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2008-05-02
  • Article
    France: 2012 Finance Law Amendment (July 13, 2012) On July 4, 2012, Pierre Moscovici, France's Minister of Economy, presented a revision of the 2012 Finance Law to the Council of Ministers. (Loi de finances rectificative pour 2012, Portail du Gouvernement (July 4, 2012).) The amended budget is designed to meet the promise of holding the budget deficit to 4.5% of […]
    • Contributor: Atwill, Nicole
    • Date: 2012-07-13