Collection Items

  • Article
    United Nations; United Nations: Call for Death Penalty Moratorium (Jan. 2, 2008) On December 18, 2007, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution calling for a moratorium on capital punishment. The vote, held in a plenary session, was 104 nations in favor of the moratorium, 54 against, and 29 abstaining. The resolution, as all such U.N. General Assembly resolutions, is non-binding. Secretary-General Ban […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2008-01-02
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    United Nations: Trademark Treaty (Dec. 30, 2008) The Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks, a United Nations-sponsored agreement, will become effective on March 16, 2009. It was adopted by the members of the U.N. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in March 2006 and is designed to update a 1994 treaty on the subject and make the process of […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2008-12-30
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    United Nations: Fishing Treaty Approved (Dec. 1, 2009) On November 25, 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) announced its approval of a new treaty designed to close ports to illegal fishing ships. The Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fishing will become effective when ratified by 25 nations. FAO […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2009-12-01
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    United Nations: Treaty on Shipbreaking (May 26, 2009) On May 15, 2009, a new treaty on shipbreaking was signed in Hong Kong by 66 countries, including Australia, Brazil, China, and South Africa. The treaty was sponsored by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for safety and security at sea and prevention of marine pollution […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2009-05-26
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    United Nations: Mercenaries Not Regulated (Apr. 2, 2008) A United Nations working group on the use of mercenaries reported to the U.N. Human Rights Council in Geneva on March 10, 2008. According to the report, the number of private security and military companies, which operate domestically and internationally, is increasing and they are without proper oversight and accountability. These private […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2008-04-02
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    United Nations: Report on Debt Bondage (Sept. 26, 2016) On September 15, 2016, Urmila Bhoola, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Slavery, presented a report on slavery in the modern world, in particular debt bondage, to the 33rd Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC), being held September 13-30, 2016.  (Debt Bondage Remains the Most Prevalent […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2016-09-26
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    Nepal; United Nations: Human Rights Agreement (Mar. 2, 2009) On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and protect the rights of the people of that nation. The OHCHR representative in Nepal, Richard Bennett, […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2009-03-02
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    United Nations: Treaty Signing Initiative Successful (Oct. 5, 2009) The United Nations' annual push to have international conventions signed by a large number of countries was highly successful as of the end of September 2009, as 64 countries, 20 more than in 2008, took action on existing treaties. The documents involved covered a wide range of concerns, from protection of human […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2009-10-05
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    Italy; United Nations: Wiretapping Bill Criticized (July 14, 2010) On July 13, 2010, Frank La Rue, United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression, criticized a draft Italian law on wiretapping. The proposed law covers surveillance and eavesdropping in criminal investigations, but some observers are concerned it may limit the work of journalists and impinge on freedom of expression. La Rue […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2010-07-14
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    United Nations: Medical Waste Regime Recommended (Sept. 19, 2011) As reported on September 14, 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxic Waste, Calin Georgescu, is proposing that an international legal regime be developed to manage toxic medical waste. The goal would be to manage and dispose of the waste and promote use of disposal methods that are […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2011-09-19
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    United Nations: Pirate Fishing Agreement Drafted (Sept. 9, 2009) The “Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing,” sponsored by the United Nations, has now been worked out and 91 countries have agreed to the text. It is the first such agreement designed to combat illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing. The talks were […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2009-09-09
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    United Nations: Treaty Prohibiting Nuclear Weapons (Oct. 5, 2017) On July 7, 2017, the United Nations Conference to Negotiate a Legally Binding Instrument to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons, Leading Towards Their Total Elimination, meeting in New York, adopted the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, by a vote of 122 in favor, one against (the Netherlands), and one abstention (Singapore). (Matthew Santiago, UN […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2017-10-05
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    United Nations: Eight Countries Sign Nagoya Protocol (May 17, 2011) On May 11, 2011, at the 19th session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development held in New York, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, and Tunisia signed the Nagoya Protocol on biodiversity. They thereby joined 13 other nations that have already signed the document. (Indonesia and Seven Other […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2011-05-17
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    United Nations: Groundwork Laid for Fishing Treaty (Feb. 12, 2009) The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) announced on February 3, 2009, that significant progress had been made towards an international treaty designed to stop illegal sea-fishing operations. Five days of talks on the subject were held at the FAO offices in Rome, with participants from more than 80 nations, and […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2009-02-12
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    United Nations: Officials Urge De-Criminalizing Homosexuality (Sept. 21, 2010) On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws should be reformed to protect the rights of all people. Pillay was speaking at a panel […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2010-09-21
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    United Nations: Annual Treaty Signing Campaign Launched (Sept. 21, 2010) The third week of September is the annual United Nations push to have nations sign, ratify, or accede to a number of international accords. The 43 agreements highlighted this year cover a range of subjects, including human rights, environmental protection, biodiversity, disarmament, climate change, counter-terrorism, and protection of the safety of U.N. […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2010-09-21
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    United Nations/United States: Rights Experts Criticize Conditions in Flint (May 12, 2016) On May 3, 2016, three human rights experts from the United Nations called the contamination of the water supply in Flint, Michigan a human rights issue and called for swift action to correct the situation. They mentioned the potential long-term adverse effects on the children of the city and stated, “[t]he Flint […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2016-05-12
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    United Nations: Arms Trade Treaty Scheduled to Become Effective (Sept. 30, 2014) The United Nations announced on September 25, 2014, that the Arms Trade Treaty adopted by the General Assembly in 2013 will enter into force in 90 days. It reached the necessary number of 50 ratifications on that date with the deposit of instruments of ratification by eight countries: Argentina, the Bahamas, Bosnia […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2014-09-30
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    United Nations/North Korea: Additional Sanctions Adopted (June 7, 2017) On June 2, 2017, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2356 (2017), sponsored by the United States, “to extend the number of individuals and entities targeted by sanctions first imposed under resolution 1718 (2006) — an asset freeze and travel ban for those involved in the Democratic People’s Republic of […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2017-06-07
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    United Nations: Guidelines Target Internet Drug Deals (Mar. 20, 2009) On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it was founded in 1968. Professor Hamid Ghodse, President of the INCB, described the new guidelines as […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2009-03-20
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    United Nations: Arms Embargo Against Somalia Strengthened (Dec. 3, 2008) On November 20, 2008, the United Nations Security Council, through the unanimous adoption of Resolution 1844 (2008), strengthened the arms embargo on Somalia established under Resolution 733 of 1992 and amended by subsequent resolutions. Resolution 1844 specifies sanctions against violators and expands the mandate of the U.N. Committee established in 1992 to […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2008-12-03
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    United Nations: Treaty Against Doping in Sports (Nov. 18, 2008) One hundred countries have now signed a global treaty against doping in competitive sports. Paraguay signed the agreement on November 12, 2008, making it possible to reach that goal. The International Convention Against Doping in Sport, which was adopted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in October 2005, […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2008-11-18
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    United Nations: Resolution Declares Crimea Referendum Invalid (Apr. 2, 2014) On March 27, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring invalid the March 16 Crimean referendum to secede from Ukraine. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 100 Member States in favor and 11 against, with 58 abstentions. (Press Release, GA11493, General Assembly General Assembly Adopts Resolution Calling […]
    • Contributor: Zeldin, Wendy
    • Date: 2014-04-02
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    United Nations: New Agreement on Electronic Waste (Mar. 21, 2012) A new agreement signed by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) was announced on March 12, 2012. (Press Release, ITU, UN Systems Collaborate on Electronic Waste Disposal (Mar. 12, 2012).) It is designed to reduce the negative environmental impact of electronic waste through […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2012-03-21
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    Tanzania; United Nations: Protection Needed for Albinos (Sept. 8, 2014) On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with the condition in state-run care centers, to protect them from being targeted by those who believe […]
    • Contributor: Johnson, Constance
    • Date: 2014-09-08