Collection Items

  • Article
    Belize: Legislation Introduced to Start Consultations on a New Constitution On July 15, 2022, Henry Charles Usher, the minister of public service, constitutional and political reform, and religious affairs of Belize, introduced the People’s Constitution Commission Bill, 2022, in the Belize House of Representatives. The bill proposes the establishment of the People’s Constitution Commission charged with conducting a review of the Constitution of Belize over … Continue reading “Belize: Legislation Introduced to Start Consultations...
    • Contributor: Chalupovitsch, Michael
    • Date: 2022-08-11
  • Article
    European Union: New Rules on Cross-Border Parental-Responsibility Disputes and Child Abduction Take Effect On August 1, 2022, the Brussels IIb Regulation took effect, which provides updated rules for cross-border disputes in the European Union (EU) regarding parental responsibility and child abduction. It repeals and replaces the Brussels IIa Regulation, which has been in effect since March 2005. The regulation aims to provide more efficient rules and expedite procedures … Continue reading “European Union: New Rules on Cross-Border...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2022-08-10
  • Article
    Maldives: President Ratifies New Evidence Act with Controversial Provision on Revealing Journalist Sources On July 18, 2022, Maldives President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih ratified the Evidence Act (Act No. 11/2022). The law was passed by the Maldives Parliament on June 30, 2022. The act “specifies the procedures to be followed when gathering evidence in civil and criminal proceedings, as well as the processes to be followed when submitting, accepting, … Continue reading “Maldives: President Ratifies New Evidence Act...
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2022-08-09
  • Article
    France: Statute of Limitations for Hidden Environmental Offenses Extended On April 12, 2022, the Cour de cassation (Court of Cassation), France’s highest jurisdiction for civil and criminal matters, rendered a decision establishing a new starting point for the statute of limitations for illegal hidden waste disposal. Article R632-1 of the Code pénal (Penal Code) punishes the disposal of waste outside of authorized waste disposal locations … Continue reading “France: Statute of Limitations for...
    • Contributor: Boring, Nicolas
    • Date: 2022-08-08
  • Article
    Pakistan: Supreme Court Issues Detailed Judgment on Dismissal of Resolution of No-Confidence Motion Against Then-PM Imran Khan On July 13, 2022, the Supreme Court of Pakistan published a judgment detailing the reasons for issuing its landmark unanimous short order dated April 7, 2022. That order declared the ruling of the deputy speaker of the National Assembly (NA) dismissing the resolution of no confidence (RNC) motion against the country’s prime minister (PM) “to be contrary … Continue reading “Pakistan: Supreme Court Issues...
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2022-08-07
  • Article
    Switzerland: New Legislation on E-Voting Trials Enters into Force On July 1, 2022, revisions to the Ordinance on Political Rights (PoRO) (Verordnung über die politischen Rechte, VPR) and a completely revised Ordinance of the Federal Chancellery on Electronic Voting (OEV) (Verordnung der Bundeskanzlei über die elektronische Stimmabgabe, VEleS) entered into force in Switzerland. They amend the legal requirements for electronic voting (e-voting) trials and … Continue reading “Switzerland: New Legislation on E-Voting Trials...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2022-08-04
  • Article
    Norway: Appeals Court Holds COVID Hotel Quarantine Rules Do Not Violate Constitution or European Convention on Human Rights On July 6, 2022, the Norwegian Appeals Court for Eidsivating ruled that ordering foreigners to stay at designated quarantine hotels for 10 days did not violate their rights under the Norwegian Constitution or their right to family life under article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), allowing a monetary fine for a … Continue reading “Norway: Appeals Court Holds COVID Hotel...
    • Contributor: Hofverberg, Elin
    • Date: 2022-08-02
  • Article
    Israel: 'Fruit of the Poisonous Tree' Legislation Adopted On June 30, 2022, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) approved the Evidence Ordinance (Amendment No. 19) Law, 5782-2022 (amendment law). The amendment law added section 56A(a)–(b) to the Evidence Ordinance [New Version] 5731-1971, as amended (the law). The new provision regulates the rules that apply to the disqualification of unlawfully obtained evidence in criminal trials. The … Continue reading “Israel: ‘Fruit of the Poisonous Tree’...
    • Contributor: Levush, Ruth
    • Date: 2022-08-01
  • Article
    Croatia: Euro to Be Introduced as Official Currency On July 12, 2022, the Council of the European Union adopted legislation that will enable Croatia to begin replacing its national currency, the kuna (HRK), with the euro (€) on January 1, 2023, and become the 20th member of the euro area. Previously, as part of the decision-making process, the Eurogroup endorsed the positive assessment … Continue reading “Croatia: Euro to Be Introduced as...
    • Contributor: Roudik, Peter
    • Date: 2022-07-31
  • Article
    Haiti: Government Postpones Bringing New Criminal Code into Force On June 22, 2022, the Haitian newspaper Le National reported that the executive branch of the Haitian government had postponed bringing into force the new Code Pénal (Criminal Code) of Haiti from June 24, 2022, to June 24, 2024. While the official reasons behind the decision are unclear, reports indicate that the legal profession and … Continue reading “Haiti: Government Postpones Bringing New Criminal...
    • Contributor: Chalupovitsch, Michael
    • Date: 2022-07-28
  • Article
    Sweden: Parliament Directs Government to Take Measures Regarding Swedish Energy Supply and Russian Oil and Gas Imports On May 19, 2022, the Swedish parliament passed a proposal to direct the Swedish government to take measures regarding Sweden’s reliance on Russian energy by, among other things, arguing for requiring “origin labeling of fossil energy” (ursprungsmärkning av fossil energi) in the European Union (EU). In addition, the parliament instructed the government to investigate the … Continue reading “Sweden: Parliament Directs Government to Take...
    • Contributor: Hofverberg, Elin
    • Date: 2022-07-27
  • Article
    Israel: Supreme Court Rules Possession of US Visa Not Grounds for Insider-Trading Conviction Reversal On June 21, 2022, Israel’s Supreme Court rejected the appeal of two appellants against their conviction and sentencing by the Tel Aviv District Court for insider trading. The court evaluated the objectives of criminal punishment for insider trading offenses and the social impact that conviction of such offenses might have, and rejected civil compensation as … Continue reading “Israel: Supreme Court Rules Possession of...
    • Contributor: Levush, Ruth
    • Date: 2022-07-26
  • Article
    Brazil: National Health Surveillance Agency Maintains Ban on Electronic Cigarettes On July 6, 2022, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária, Anvisa) decided to maintain the current ban on the importation, advertising, and sale of electronic cigarettes in Brazil.The decision was made during an extraordinary public meeting of Anvisa, where the board unanimously approved the regulatory impact analysis report (relatório de … Continue reading “Brazil: National Health Surveillance Agency Maintains...
    • Contributor: Soares, Eduardo
    • Date: 2022-07-25
  • Article
    Norway: Supreme Court Accepts Encrypted Data from Foreign Authorities as Evidence On June 30, 2022, the Norwegian Supreme Court held that data collected by foreign authorities from an encrypted communication network was admissible as evidence in Norwegian courts. (Supreme Court Case HR-2022-1314-A (Decision).)Background to the DecisionThe case in question concerned data collected by French police from an encrypted source, EncroChat, during surveillance of a criminal network. … Continue reading “Norway: Supreme Court Accepts Encrypted Data...
    • Contributor: Hofverberg, Elin
    • Date: 2022-07-24
  • Article
    European Union: Commission Proposes Legislation to Reduce Gas Use to Prepare for Russian Gas-Supply Disruptions On July 20, 2022, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation to reduce gas use in Europe by 15% until the spring of 2023. The regulation intends to counter the reliance of European Union (EU) member states on Russian gas by improving the coordination framework for national gas-demand reduction measures. In addition, it … Continue reading “European Union: Commission Proposes Legislation to...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2022-07-21
  • Article
    Kazakhstan: Newly Adopted Constitutional Amendments Introduce New Governance Model and Strengthen Role of Parliament On June 7, 2022, the Central Election Commission (CEC) of the Republic of Kazakhstan published Resolution No. 47/506 on the Results of the Voting in the Republican Referendum of June 5, 2022. The resolution confirmed that over six million citizens had cast their ballots in the nationwide referendum, with 77.18% voting in favor of adopting the proposed … Continue reading “Kazakhstan: Newly Adopted Constitutional...
    • Contributor: Fremer, Iana
    • Date: 2022-07-20
  • Article
    Egypt: Prime Minister Cancels COVID Restrictions on Entry of Foreigners and Egyptians into Country On June 16, 2022, Dr. Mostafa Kamal Madbouly, Egypt’s prime minister and chairman of the Supreme Committee for the Management of the Epidemic and Health Pandemic Crisis (Supreme Committee) issued Resolution No. 2 of 2022, repealing all previous restrictions imposed on the entry of Egyptians and foreigners into the country during the COVID-19 pandemic. The … Continue reading “Egypt: Prime Minister Cancels COVID Restrictions...
    • Contributor: Sadek, George
    • Date: 2022-07-19
  • Article
    Bosnia and Herzegovina: New Law on Renewable Energy Sources of Republika Srpska Enters into Force On March 5, 2022, a new Law on Renewable Energy Sources of Republika Srpska entered into force in Republika Srpska, replacing the 2013 Law on Renewable Energy Sources and Efficient Cogeneration. Republika Srpska (the Bosnian Serb Republic) is one of the two highly autonomous entities established by the 1995 Dayton Accords to make up the country of … Continue reading “Bosnia and Herzegovina: New...
    • Contributor: Roudik, Peter
    • Date: 2022-07-18
  • Article
    Cameroon: New Law on Medical Research Involving the "Human Person" Adopted On April 27, 2022, the Parliament of Cameroon adopted a law providing a new framework for medical research involving the “human person.” This law places a particular emphasis on the right to information and the free, informed, and written consent of the participants. It also provides guarantees regarding respect for privacy and confidentiality of personal … Continue reading “Cameroon: New Law on Medical Research...
    • Contributor: Boring, Nicolas
    • Date: 2022-07-18
  • Article
    Brazil: Superior Electoral Tribunal May Cancel Registration of Candidates Who Spread Fake News During 2022 General Elections On May 31, 2022, Federal Supreme Court Justice Alexandre de Moraes, who will head the Superior Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Superior Eleitoral, TSE) when Brazil’s general elections are held on October 2, 2022, was quoted as saying that the TSE may revoke the registration of candidates who share false information about electoral disputes on social media. … Continue reading “Brazil: Superior Electoral Tribunal May Cancel...
    • Contributor: Soares, Eduardo
    • Date: 2022-07-17
  • Article
    Saudi Arabia: New Law Regulating Family Matters Promulgated On March 9, 2022, the king of Saudi Arabia, Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud, issued Royal Decree No. M/73 (the decree), promulgating the first legal instrument to regulate family matters in the kingdom (the legislation). In addition, the decree includes a provision mandating 18 years as the minimum age of consent for both men and women. … Continue reading “Saudi Arabia: New Law Regulating Family...
    • Contributor: Sadek, George
    • Date: 2022-07-17
  • Article
    Canada: Federal Government Proposes New Firearms Control Bill On May 30, 2022, Bill C-21, An Act to Amend Certain Acts and to Make Certain Consequential Amendments (Firearms), was introduced in the Canadian House of Commons on behalf of Minister of Public Safety Marco Mendicino. The bill is a revised version of one that was introduced in February 2021 but did not progress beyond … Continue reading “Canada: Federal Government Proposes New Firearms...
    • Contributor: Ahmad, Tariq
    • Date: 2022-07-14
  • Article
    Finland: Parliament Amends Border Guard Act to Protect Against Foreign Hybrid Attacks On July 7, 2022, the Finnish Parliament adopted legislation to amend the Border Guard Act (Rajavartiolaki 2005/578) to allow for protection against hybrid attacks, meaning nonmilitary attacks against the Finnish community from foreign governments.Following the 2022 invasion of Ukraine by Russia and actions by Belarus, the Finnish government published a report on changes to the … Continue reading “Finland: Parliament Amends Border Guard Act...
    • Contributor: Hofverberg, Elin
    • Date: 2022-07-14
  • Article
    Brazil: Federal Police Will Monitor Social Media and Combat Fake News During 2022 General Elections According to an interview published in the Brazilian newspaper O Globo on May 30, 2022, the Brazilian Federal Police are currently constituting a group to monitor social media for the purpose of combating fake news during the general elections to be held on October 2, 2022.The group will be part of the electoral crimes division … Continue reading “Brazil: Federal Police Will Monitor Social...
    • Contributor: Soares, Eduardo
    • Date: 2022-07-13
  • Article
    Switzerland: Federal Supreme Court Holds 'Stealthing' Not Punishable as Sexual Act with Persons Incapable of Judgement or Resistance On May 11, 2022, the Swiss Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgericht, BG) held in case 6B_34/2020 and case 6B_265/2020 that the act of “stealthing” does not fall under the offense of “sexual acts with persons incapable of judgement or resistance” according to article 191 of the Swiss Criminal Code (Schweizerisches Strafgesetzbuch, StGB). “Stealthing” means the “removal … Continue reading “Switzerland: Federal Supreme Court Holds ‘Stealthing’...
    • Contributor: Gesley, Jenny
    • Date: 2022-07-13