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Collection Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscapes Survey

New York to Ohio

Beebe Windmill, Bridgehampton, New York.

West elevation. Photograph by Jet Lowe, 1978. (Reproduction Number: HAER, NY,52-BRIG,4-1)
Measured drawing delineated by Chalmers G. Long, Jr., 1976. (Reproduction Number HAER, NY,52-BRIG,4- Sheet 4 of 6)
Floor 4; Brake wheel with iron bevel cogs, cast iron bevel wallower. Photograph by Jet Lowe, 1978. (Reproduction Number: HAER, NY,52-BRIG,4-6)
Detail of [Floor 4; Brake wheel with iron bevel cogs, cast iron bevel wallower. Measured drawing delineated by Chalmers G. Long, Jr., 1976.] (Reproduction HAER, NY,52-BRIG,4- Sheet 5 of 6)

A now uncommon and romantic building type, the Beebe Windmill provided mechanization to the grinding of grain. This rare survivor teaches us about the evolution of industrial technologies and the ingenuity of early American craftsman who fashioned the moving parts out of the most readily available material at hand, wood.

HABS and HAER documentation provides information for the care and maintenance of structures for which the original drawings typically do not survive. The formats of HAER documentation for this windmill include a written history, photographs, and measured drawings. The selected drawings and photographs shown here demonstrate how the information in each format can supplement the other. The photographs record information as the camera sees it in a one-point perspective. The drawings illustrate the grain mill and clarify how its parts fit together, what dimensions they are, and how they interact to grind the grain.

Cape Hatteras Lighthouse, Buxton, North Carolina.

East elevation; section. Measured drawing delineated by Judith E. Collins, 1989. (Reproduction Number: HABS, NC-357, sheet 2 of 13)

Since December 1870 this black-and-white-striped lighthouse has been helping mariners make their way through the Diamond Shoals off the North Carolina coast. At 208 feet, it is the tallest brick lighthouse in the United States. In 1999, the National Park Service moved the lighthouse 2,900 feet inland to a new site in an effort to keep it from toppling into the Atlantic Ocean. The controversial relocation project took twenty-three days to execute. The light was reactivated on November 13, 1999.

Indian Dance Lodge, Elbowoods vicinity, North Dakota.

West elevation. Photograph by John A. Bryan, August 1952. (Reproduction Number: HABS ND,28-ELBO,2-1)

When this HABS photograph was taken, this thirteen-sided log structure was one of the last remaining Indian dance lodges in the country. Built in 1921 by members of the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara, the lodge is reminiscent of the ceremonial earthen lodges the tribes once erected along the upper Missouri River. The Hidatsa and the Mandan were long recognized as the farmers, merchants, and bankers of the Northern Plains. Archaeological evidence suggests that with the help of the Arikara, they traded with other Indian tribes from as far away as the present-day American Southwest.

Goodyear Airdock, Akron, Ohio.

Interior, looking north. Photograph by Jet Lowe, May 1985. (Reproduction Number: HAER OHIO,77-AKRO,6-18)

Built by Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company in 1929, this cavernous structure was used for the construction and repair of zeppelins. Eleven steel parabolic arches, 221 feet high, support the airdock without additional interior columns, creating one of the largest open interior spaces in the world. This view shows the complicated system of overhead cranes and catwalks used to construct zeppelins, along with the huge curved door for moving zeppelins in and out of the airdock. The Goodyear Airdock calls to mind the great age of lighter-than-air aviation in the 1920s.